It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

4
votes
4answers
10k views

How can I calculate Vapor Pressure Deficit from Temperature and Relative Humidity?

I have a series of measurements of temperature and relative humidity (RH), together with mosquito capture data. Because mosquitoes are sensitive to desiccation, it's reasonable that RH may be useful ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Is it possible to efficiently extract phonons from a lattice?

The population inversion generated in lasers occurs in multi-level atomic systems. As an example, the Nd:YAG energy diagram is shown below. The pump pushes the Nd ions up to the upper levels, and ...
23
votes
11answers
2k views

How can it be that the beginning universe had a high temperature and a low entropy at the same time?

The Big Bang theory assumes that our universe started from a very/infinitely dense and extremely/infinitely hot state. But on the other side, it is often claimed that our universe must have been ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

How do I calculate temperature diffusion in a gas contained in a heatsink?

To simplify the problem, consider a sphere with a diameter of $25\mathrm{mm}$ inside an infinite heatsink at $300\mathrm{K}$. At $t=0$ I instantaneously raise the temperature of the gas in the ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

relationship of number of standing waves with Temperature?

If we have let us say fixed air column of length 'L', in a open-closed column problem, lamba is equal to 4*L/(2n-1). n = number of nodes / anti nodes in air column How does 'n' changes with ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Superfluids (meaning, properties)

I am curious as to what a superfluid is? I have seen videos that say that they have zero viscosity, and I know that it means that there is no friction between the layers of the fluid. But what is its ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

PP Chain and CNO cycle relationship

At what temperature would the energy generation rates of the PP-Chain and CNO cycles be roughly equivalent? The dependences are so vastly different that I am wondering how and by what equations they ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Temperature in a vacuum made in the lab

Is the thermal energy of a vacuum 0? And, how close to a perfect vacuum can we make in the lab?
2
votes
3answers
240 views

Why does the system move until equal temperatures are obtained?

In my college level thermodynamics class, the teacher gave us the example of a closed system which consisted of a box thermally insulated. A piston fully divides the box in two parts, and each is ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

The meaning of the temperature in the Shockley Equation

In the Shockley equation, which is the model of the $I$-$V$ curve of a p-n junction, what does the Temperature refer to, carrier temperature or lattice temperature? When a p-n junction subjected on a ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

How to heat water to 80°C? [closed]

I'm trying to figure out an easy water to get 80°c to consistently make the perfect cup of coffee. Let's assume room temperature water is 22°c. What is the ratio of boiling water to room temp water ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Number $g(T)$ of relativistic degrees of freedom as a function of temperature $T$

Let us consider the total number of relativistic degrees of freedom $g(T)$ for particle species in our universe: $$g(T)=\left(\sum_Bg_B\right)+\frac{7}{8}\left(\sum_Fg_F\right)$$ Where the sums are ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

What is the theoretical instantaneous temperature of a gas?

When we measure the temperature of a gas we typically integrate the molecular collisions and wind up with an 'average' temperature due to the sensor comprising a relatively large thermal mass. And ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

100°C =100K = how? [duplicate]

I'm in first year. Our class is in lesson " Heat and Thermodynamics". While solving a numerical problem of a reversible engine he told us that 100 degree Celsius is equal to 100 kelvin. I inquired but ...
0
votes
3answers
252 views

100°C = 100 K =?

I'm in first year. Our class is in lesson " Heat and Thermodynamics". While solving a numerical problem of a reversible engine he told us that 100 degree Celsius is equal to 100 kelvin. I inquired but ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

why doesn't liquid metal vaporize in a vacuum?

I am wondering why molten metal in a vacuum of electron beam and machines never turns to gas like liquid water does when exposed to a vacuum.
1
vote
2answers
93 views

(Why) is dumping liquid nitrogen on your head dangerous?

A chemist who dumped liquid nitrogen on his head described the act as very dangerous; yet, at the same time, he mentioned that the Leidenfrost effect would protect him from the dangers of this act. ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

How do you calculate/estimate hypersonic leading edge and skin temperatures?

At lower speeds (below Mach 5-ish), stagnation temperature (TAT) is a very accurate proxy for skin temperature. But at mid/high hypersonic speeds (especially in the thin upper atmosphere where mass ...
1
vote
2answers
357 views

What temperature is achieved in focus point by 5000 flat 1x1cm mirrors onto a satellite dish?

There is this video ("R5800 Solar Death Ray") where teenager built a 5000 mirror device which concetrates the solar rays which is showing the potency of the mosaic method of concentrating sunlight ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

How water anomalies affects the Mpemba effect?

I understand basic explanation of Mpemba effect like this: Distant molecules are easier to realign into new formations. But if we compared two bottles of water like in Mpemba effect and one of them ...
0
votes
4answers
63 views

Fall in temperature due to expansion

The following lines are from my book. The gas is heated and allowed to expand at such a rate that the fall in temperature due to expansion is less than the rise in temperature due to the heat ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

An interesting question on the mass of a droplet of liquid experiencing the Leidenfrost Effect

Background and Inspiration: I have seen numerous demonstrations of the leidenfrost effect, both on the internet and in my mother's kitchen. But I started wondering about a general case after having a ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

How does a heated constant volume flow behave, for an expanding flow tube leading into the free atmosphere

I have a helium gas flow with a flow rate that has been set to a constant value ($0.3\,m^3/h$). It's streaming upwards in the picture, and beyond the upper big red dot position, it meets the ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Why the breath sometimes warm and sometimes cold? (2 different explanations!)

If you blow air against your hand with your mouth open, you feel warm breath. If you do with with your lips closed except for a small opening, you feel cold breath. One explanation from here says ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Why is my breath hot when i open my mouth all the way, but cold if I blow like a whistle? [duplicate]

I observed this as when I want to cool my soup I blow like a whistle and when I want to warm my hands I open my mouth more as my breath is warmer now.
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is the gas constant really a constant?

For ideal gases we have $$ C_p-C_v=R $$ now the left hand side of this equation is temperature dependent, so how is it possible that gas constant $R$ is temperature independent?
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Are black holes hot?

If no light can escape black holes, in my mind they would act as a greenhouse, collecting radiation from the stars or CMB or anything. Or is all this energy just absorbed by the black hole?
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Is the size of the universe directly related to its temperature? [duplicate]

The universe was at its hottest when it was at its smallest. As the universe expands, it gets cooler. Is the expansion of the universe the direct cause the cooling? I suppose it would be more clear ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Cooling effect of sipping

Is the primary action of cooling of a sipped hot fluid explained by the reduced flow of the hot fluid, the air cooling of the fluid as it is sipped or another factor?
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What does a hot, optically thin gas *look* like?

In another question I tried to answer what a sample of the Sun's photosphere or core would look like, if it could be brought into the lab. Here is a broader question - if I have a small inert ...
0
votes
2answers
706 views

Temperature in a Voltaic Cell

The potential difference across a voltaic cell varies with temperature. But my question is whether the voltage increases or decreases as temperature rises. According to the Nernst equation, the two ...
1
vote
1answer
661 views

How effectively does heat flow through copper wire?

If I have a line of copper wire (lets say 1 meter long, 1mm thick) and one end is a flattened disk of copper about the size of a quarter, and I apply a lot of heat to it (I'm talking 800 Celsius) will ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does an infrared thermometer display very low temperature when being directed to the outer air?

I'm toying with an infrared thermometer - one which you point onto an object, press the button and it instantly measures the temperature by estimating the infrared radiation from the object. It shows ...
6
votes
3answers
15k views

Why does increasing the temperature of a thermistor decrease it's resistance?

Surely, upon an increase in temperature, the atoms within the thermistor would vibrate with more energy and therefore more vigorously, hence making the electrons flowing through the electric circuit ...
10
votes
6answers
865 views

Why does heat added to a system at a lower temperature cause higher entropy increase?

Entropy is defined in my book as $\Delta\ S = \frac{Q}{T}$. To derive the formula it says that entropy should be directly proportional to the heat energy as with more energy the particles would be ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Why does hot air rise?

Why does hot air rise? I did an experiment: I made a model of hot air and cool air with marshmallows and toothpicks. The hot air had more volume than the cold air. Then, I weighed it. They both ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Given temp and conductivity can I back-calculate to resistance, in order to plug in a new temp value and calculate a more accurate conductivity?

Background: I used a small CTD (conductivity, temperature, depth) recorder to log a series of dive profiles in a mixed coastal estuary. The recorder logged observed temperature and conductivity every ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

What are the Fermi and Debye temperature constants?

What are the Fermi temperature and Debye temperature constants? We were discussing these in class and I don't fully understand what these constants are or why we have them. Can anyone explain?
4
votes
3answers
5k views

How to calculate the evaporative cooling rate needed to protect a house from forest fire

Recently in our area there has been a large forest fire and I've been looking into home defense from such things. I am not a physicist - but can do some basic math. I was wondering how I could ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

How hot is your photon?

This question comes from my answer to the question Can a cubic meter of space at absolute zero have any object with mass inside? and the related discussion under it. To summarize, I stated that the ...
2
votes
3answers
372 views

Can a cubic meter of space at absolute zero have any object with mass inside?

I ask this question because, I have seen many places where they say the average temperature of the universe is some 2 degrees K and this somehow relates to mass present within a given volume of space. ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

absolute minimum vs absolute maximum [duplicate]

there is such a thing as a absolute minimum temperature defined by At the physically impossible-to-reach temperature of zero kelvin, or minus 459.67 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 273.15 degrees ...
8
votes
4answers
649 views

Existence of negative temperatures and the definition of entropy

How negative temperatures can be possible has been treated on StackExchange before (several times in fact), but in light of some recent academic discussion, most of these answers seem to be possibly ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

How to calculate precipitation chance with basic weather data?

I would like to know if there is any algorithm which allows us to calulate precipation chance with following data: temperature, humidity, illuminance (in lux) and pressure. I've searched it in google, ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why does a thermal memory need a thermal bath?

In the article "Thermal Memory: A Storage of Phononic Information Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 267203 – Published 29 December 2008" it's said that a thermal memory need a thermal bath, similar to a power ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Trying to determine transient response of air conditioned room

I have an air conditioned room which intakes airflow at temperature $T_{in}$ at a mass flow rate $\dot m$. The air leaks out of the room at mass flow rate $\dot m$ and temperature $T_{room}$. The room ...
1
vote
3answers
243 views

Determining a temperature increase from heat energy [closed]

A 15.0g bullet traveling horizontally at 865 $\frac{m}{s}$ passes through at a tank containing $13.5$kg of water and emerges with a speed of $534\frac{m}{s}$. What is the maximum temperature ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Time required for water to freeze

recently I was wondering if there is any specific formula in order to calculate how long it takes for certain liquids to freeze (especially water). I know this depends on: the volume of the liquid, ...
2
votes
4answers
210 views

What is planetary surface temperature given constant sub-surface temperature?

If a planet of radius $R_1$ has a constant sub-surface temperature $T_0$ at $R_0<R_1$, what is the long-term equilibrium surface temperature $T_1$? Say we assume constant thermal diffusivity of ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

How does the entropy change during the cooling of a hot coffee in a cold cup?

The second Law of Thermodynamics states that entropy always increases in the universe: things become more disorganised. This means, that if I have a hot coffee in a cold cup, then the heat will ...