It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

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Air preasure vs temperature [closed]

Suppose you have a container of 1 liter of air at sea level with an initial pressure of 1 atmosphere. How high could the pressure get by only raising the temperature. Is there a point (providing the ...
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3answers
336 views

Why does $S = k_B \ln W$ not always apply?

I thought for a long time that the Boltzmann formula for entropy, $S = k_B \ln W$, was a universally true statement, or rather the definition of entropy from the perspective of statistical mechanics. ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the source of the Curie point?

I'm seriously revisiting my knowledge on magnetism, and the Curie point has been both enlightening and mystifying. I understand what it does ((ferro)magnetism disappears above it), and have a faint ...
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3answers
39 views

Wind restistance as function of temperature

Is temperature-dependent wind resistance the reason there's a significant increase in fuel consumption in my Prius car when air temperature drops by 30 degrees K from 300 degrees K? I think I see a ...
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1answer
21 views

Phase diagrams and critical pressure

If a solid substance is pressurized past its critical pressure, what happens? Is the critical pressure only a factor when a substance is over the critical temperature also? On another note what makes ...
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5answers
5k views

What happens when I place an ice cube into boiling water

My friend tried this experiment at home: She put an ice cube into boiling water. The water in the container stops boiling while the ice melts to water. My question: Why does the water stop boiling ...
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0answers
44 views

Cooling of salt on a conveyor belt

Hi there and thanks in advance! My name is Chris, I'm a chemist who's been put in charge of getting the boss's new salt plant running smoothly. He owns several small companies and I'm the closest ...
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1answer
118 views

Quantum field theory: zero vs. finite temperature

I have recently been made aware of the concept of thermal field theory, in which the introductory statement for its motivation is that "ordinary" quantum field theory (QFT) is formulated at zero ...
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1answer
31 views

Is there a limit to the difference between the boiling and melting points of any material?

Is there a mathematical limit to the difference in the temperatures, a substance acquires before changing states, in this particular case, is there a limit to the difference between the boiling and ...
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15 views

Color Temperature Variation of Sunlight

I want to know what is the Variation of the color temperature in Kelvin of Sunlight as viewed from the earth from Sunrise to Brightday to Noon to Sunset. Will there be any change in the color ...
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6answers
2k views

Why does the bathroom become hot after a bath?

I have noticed many times that whenever I enter into the bathroom just after someone else bathed the temperature inside it would be high. Is it that the body heat comes out when we pour a lot of ...
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0answers
17 views

Experiments on the melting of snow?

When snow melts there are three main variables: the temperature of the air, the altitude of the sun, and the distance of the sun from the earth (which changes because the earth moves in an ellipse ...
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2answers
24 views

Consequences of $T_{sat}$ and $P_{sat}$ dependence

I understand that boiling point increases as pressure increases. This means that if you boil water at higher pressure it is going to need much more energy to break the bonds and thus boil at higher ...
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5answers
17k views

What is the effect of an increase in pressure on latent heat of vaporization?

What is latent heat of vaporization ($L_v$) in the first place? Wikipedia seems to indicate that it is the energy used in overcoming intermolecular interactions, without taking into account at all any ...
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0answers
60 views

Are there any liquid that becomes solid on heating under room temperature?

The title says it all. When I searched around, there are answers which involve extra steps like super cooling and then heating or exposing the liquid to high pressure. But I would like to know if ...
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2answers
266 views

Is there a limit to how hot an object can get?

If heat is the measure of how fast the atoms are moving in an object, than isn't there a limit to how hot that object can get as nothing can go as faster than the speed of light. So because the atoms ...
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7answers
6k views

Why is there no absolute maximum temperature?

If temperature makes particles vibrate faster, and movement is limited by the speed of light, then temperature must be limited as well I would assume. Why there is no limits?
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1answer
56 views

Rate of change of temperature of the Universe

Temperature of the whole universe is about 2.7K base on the wmap satellite. I know that temperature has to decrease to time and I have difficult time finding references for rate of change of ...
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1answer
904 views

What leads to the existence of critical temperature?

We know that $T_c$ is the temperature above which no amount of pressure could force a gas to liquefy. But why is this? Somehow I don't buy the point that the gas molecules exert too much pressure ...
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0answers
37 views

Why do different color materal differ temperature in the same sunlight?

I have a blue, red, and green cup and put a thermometer in each. Of the 3 the blue cup had the coldest temperature inside, then green, then red. I understand there may be differences in the ...
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1answer
194 views

The difference in how temperature feels inside in the summer vs. in the winter?

72 degrees feels cooler when it's hotter outside, say 90 F but warmer if it's really cold outside, say 32F However it also feels different if it's 90 vs say 70F outside. Why is that?
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1answer
34 views

How the mechanical equivalent of heat is employed in this situation?

Reading a little about the "mechanical equivalent of heat" what I understood is that we can convert units between calorie and $J$ by setting $$1\mathrm{\ J} =4.1860 \mathrm{ \ cal}.$$ Now, I saw a ...
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1answer
43 views

Gas/liquid pressure equilibrium of water in an exotic environments

So I'll preface this by saying this is not some evil homework assignment, this came about from some idle talk of colonizing the moon by a couple of software engineers when we realized we had no idea ...
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2answers
55 views

Emissivity and Final Temperature of a Black and White object

Objects can be categorized as blackbodies (emissivity $\epsilon = 1$), grey bodies (emissivity $\epsilon < 1$) and white bodies (emissivity $\epsilon = 0$). If we placed two objects (identical ...
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0answers
11 views

Temperature dependence of phase transition in Quantum Hall Effect

Most phase transitions have a distinct critical temperature, depending on the parameters of the system. For example, the critical temperature of Bose-Einstein condensation depends on the particle ...
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4answers
492 views

What is temperature?

Recently I read an interesting article about negative temperature. I was puzzled because I thought before that temperature has definite meaning in thermodynamics: it tells about how fast atoms jiggle. ...
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0answers
75 views

Might the zero point of the Kelvin scale been mislocated? [closed]

This is fundamentally a thermodynamics question, but it has ties to cosmology and the temperature of the cosmic microwave background (cmb). Since T(cmb) ~ 2.725 K it brings up a comparison with the ...
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1answer
30 views

Heat capacity at constant volume and internal energy

I read that heat supplied at constant volume to a system containing ideal gas changes the internal energy of system, i.e $q=nC_v\Delta T=\delta U$ But what happens if I heat a system and change its ...
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35 views

Meaning of $\frac{1}{\beta} \frac{\partial \ln{Z}}{\partial X}$ in arbitrary ensembles with X being a sharp Observable of the System

I often find the statement, that for an arbitrary ensemble with Observables $O_i$ of which only the mean value is known, and $\tilde{O}_j$ that are known exactly, the partition function $Z_{\vec{\...
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0answers
18 views

Rate of Temperature Change in Air to Air Contact

What is the rate of temperature change when it is x Liters of air to x Liters of air at two different temperatures directly contacting each other? I need to know this for a hypothetical telekinesis ...
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6answers
5k views

The temperature of photon and its energy

Do photons have temperature? If not, does it mean that photon lose energy while travelling through space? As the planets farther away from the sun are comparatively cooler than the one that are ...
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1answer
50 views

Conterflow heat exchanger with different flow rates

If we have tube in tube heat exchanger, in classic situation surface area in contact with both fluids is the same (if we ignore wall thickness of the tube). If fluids have significantly different ...
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1answer
48 views

How accurate is the following description (quoted) of what happens when a liquid is heated in a closed vessel?

"Boiling does not occur when liquid is heated in a closed vessel. On heating continuously vapour pressure increases. At first a boundary is visible between the liquid and vapour phases because liquid ...
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0answers
80 views

What is the difference between thermodynamic and empirical temperature?

When I've studied Thermodynamics I did so in Callen's book and there the author talks about temperature as a single thing, which mathematically is simply defined as: $$T = \dfrac{\partial U}{\partial ...
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1answer
95 views

Does temperature affect to movement of electrons?

Does temperature affect to the movement of the electrons circulating the core of an atom? Do they move faster if temperature increases?
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2answers
80 views

The temperature of an electron

Does an electron have a temperature, if so, what is it? Imagine an electron (Ke = 1 eV) in a tube at room temperature (300 K) what is its temperature? Imagine now same electron in space (3 K) ...
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1answer
78 views

Does gold hold heat [closed]

If you held a torch to a piece of gold then pulled it away would the gold be hot to the touch?
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2answers
5k views

Ice bath is always 3C, why?

I've always learned that a mixture of ice and water should reach equilibrium at approximately 0C. I've actually tried to create that a number of times in different contexts and always fail. First, ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

Why aren't the hottest stars mostly invisible due to radiating mostly in ultra-violet? [duplicate]

The hottest stars have surface temperatures in the range of 40,000K. Wolfram Alpha says that such a star acting as a black body should radiate almost no energy in the visible spectrum. Why then do ...
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1answer
61 views

Does solar eclipse have impact over increase of earth's temperature?

Does a solar eclipse have an impact on global temperature? Wired theory : When I jump, does the Earth recoil? Yes, the Earth has to move in some way for momentum to be conserved. However, since ...
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5answers
5k views

Why does a larger thermal conductivity provide a smaller temperature gradient?

I was thinking about Fourier's Law in heat transfer today and for some reason I am just not understanding the relationships it gives us. Fourier's tells us that if the heat transfer rate is kept ...
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1answer
91 views

Help me solve a heat conduction/emission transfer problem. Mathematica has failed me

My problem: A thin-walled tube (length $L$, diameter $D$ and wall thickness $t \ll D$) is in a vacuum. It is held on one end (at $x=0$) by a heat source at constant temperature $T(0)=T_0$. The only ...
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1answer
25 views

Calculating Effects of Added Insulation on Rate of Temperature Change

I have recently begun tracking the temperature data available from my Nest thermostat. Among other things, the hope is to use this data to measure the effectiveness of additional insulation and other ...
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1answer
36 views

Coefficient of Linear Expansion (Formula)

Quoting directly from my textbook: We define average coefficent of linear expansion in the temperature range $\Delta T$ as: $$ \bar \alpha = \frac 1L \frac{\Delta L}{\Delta T} $$ The ...
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1answer
213 views

Restoration of spontaneously broken symmetry at high energy

It is common to find books saying that above a certain energy, a certain symmetry in particle physics is restored, e.g. the $SU(2)\times U(1)$ electroweak symmetry was unbroken between $10^{-36}$ to $...
2
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2answers
85 views

Does invariant mass depends of temperature? [duplicate]

From special relativity theorie we know that $E = mc^2$. When a system acquires energy, mass becomes greater. That is clear for kinetic energy, because we have a formula that gives m as a function of ...
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2answers
876 views

How loud is the thermal motion of air molecules?

In other words, given a magical room with walls that produce no vibration and transmit zero vibration from the outside, and nothing on the inside except room temperature air, what would be the noise ...
4
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5answers
4k views

Does decrease in temperature affect mass $E=mc^2$?

My understanding of Quantum physics and String Theory is very basic and I don't yet have a grasp on the maths, but in my research I have come up with a question. Does a decrease in temperature also ...
46
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8answers
55k views

Will a hole cut into a metal disk expand or shrink when the disc is heated?

Suppose you take a metal disc and cut a small, circular hole in the center. When you heat the whole thing, will the hole's diameter increase or decrease? and why?
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4answers
1k views

Is it possible for a crystal to have different structures at different temperatures?

For instance, suppose it is a 50-50 alloy of two metals that is BCC at room temperature $T_0$. If I raise (or lower) the temperature, is it possible for the bonds in the crystal to rearrange and form ...