It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
1answer
52 views

How cold does this ice have to be to freeze this water bottle solid?

We are at sea level in a room that is 21 celsius. We have 1 liter of sterile water with a temperature of 21 celsius in a normal plastic bottle. We have a 20 liter bucket of ice cubes, consisting of ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

How much faster are airmolecules going when the temperature raise from 15 to 25 degrees C?

As far as I know the temperature of the air depends on how fast the airmolecules are moving. But what is the increase of speed (in km/h) of those air molecules?
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Will most solid state of something also be the coldest? [closed]

It is said that when something is cold its molecules have low kinetic energy, how is that different from something in a solid state. ... The coldest theoretical temperature is absolute zero, at ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Blocks releasing heat energy [closed]

If you had two blocks, two different sizes yet the same temperature. Which one would release the most energy in the shortest amount of time and why?
2
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the lowest possible theoretical temperature that nuclear fusion can occur at?

I am not talking about the pseudo-science of so called cold fusion I am interested in what temperature you can get away with to produce fusion reaction. I was thinking in terms of micro-fusion or at ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

what is temperature coefficient of resonant frequency?

I am trying to find the definition for temperature coefficient of resonant frequency, (TCF), but it seems like there is well-defined information about this term. Even for articles in google scholar....
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What is the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid on earth?

I have a trouble when considering the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid subjected to vertical temperature gradient. The liquid is heated from below or above that induces a natural convection ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Why do I spill lesser water if it's hotter?

If I pour water in a glass to make a cup of tea, I noticed that if the water that comes out of the kettle is very hot, almost no water is spilled. If the water is cold though, much more water is ...
0
votes
2answers
240 views

How to calculate precipitation chance with basic weather data?

I would like to know if there is any algorithm which allows us to calulate precipation chance with following data: temperature, humidity, illuminance (in lux) and pressure. I've searched it in google, ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Estimate heating wires temperature

Im design a power supply to work with heating wires and one of the task is to estimate the temperature of the bare wire for a given current or power consumption. I've tried to measure the ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Temperature of a trapped particle

How is the temperature of the center of mass of a trapped particle (e.g. in a Paul or Penning trap with laser cooling) defined? I assume it has something to do with the equipartition theorem and ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Normalizing temperature data of CPU sensors to ambient

My scenario: I want my application to stop or take some decision based on temperature. say like if my ambient is morethan 41 i want to switch off the application and we do not have an separate ...
4
votes
3answers
132 views

Does entropy always increase with temperature? [duplicate]

For any system can we always say that entropy increases with temperature. In other words: $$\left(\frac{\partial S}{\partial T} \right)_{\{\alpha\}}\ge0$$ where $\{\alpha\}$ is the set of parameters ...
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

Thermodynamics: efficiency of a heat engine [closed]

How can we calculate efficiency of a real heat engine? Do we have to consider volume of an object while calculating efficiency? Like in this question If so, how we have to proceed? Thanks in ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Can a High Enough Temperature Create a Black Hole?

My very basic understanding of GR leads me to think that if a substance has a high enough temperature, it can transform into a black hole without a mass required to create a black hole. The equation ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How do I find the temperature of an object being heated on one side and cooled on the other [closed]

Ok so i'm trying to figure out what temperature a beam would be when one end is put into the ground and the other side is in the open air above. Assuming the beam is perfectly insulated besides the ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How to calculate heat emitted and the range

If I have a source of heat and I know it's surface temperature and size (suppose there are no barriers, only vacuum) can I then calculate the length to which the heat will be felt, and create a graph ...
-4
votes
2answers
45 views
0
votes
1answer
17 views

How could I calculate the Heat Index with low humidity?

The formula shown in the Heat Index(HI) requires that the relative humidity should be equal to or greater than 40%, so how to calculate the heat index when the humidity is less than 40%? Or is there ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Is it possible for dark energy density be decreasing? [closed]

I have an equation relating dark energy density and temperature, actually they have a linear relationship, my question is how to choose the temperature? If I choose the temperature of universe, the ...
4
votes
3answers
58 views

Why do Temperatures Equalize

I have some Oxygen at Temp A in one container and some Nitrogen at Temp B in another container. If I mix these two containers eventually both the Oxygen and Nitrogen will be at the same temperature. ...
0
votes
6answers
65 views

The Kelvin-Celsius problem

Let's suppose we have temperatures 30°C and 35°C. Converting them to Kelvin we have 303.15K and 308.15K. In the second case, the temperature difference is 5K. While in first case, temperature ...
-1
votes
2answers
41 views

A 50 g Ice Cube with an initial temperature of -10°C is put in 400 g of water at 40°C. Find final temperature [closed]

My calculations: $$Q_g + Q_l = 0$$ $$Q_g = -Q_l$$ $$mc\Delta T = -mc\Delta T$$ $$(0.05)(2100)(T_f+10) = -(0.4)(4200)(T_f-40)$$ $$105(T_f+10) = -1680(T_f-40)$$ $$105T_f + 1050 = -1680T_f + 67,200$$ $$...
6
votes
3answers
75 views

Degrees of freedom and temperature

I quote the following lines directly from the Wikipedia page titled "Heat capacity": "...rotational kinetic energy of gas molecules stores heat energy in a way that increases heat capacity, since ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Diminishing solar temperature and its effects on earth

This is a hypothetical question; considering both the earth and the sun as black bodies. If the temperature of the sun decreased N times, what would be the effect on the radiation intensity received ...
8
votes
3answers
119 views

Gross “temperature” of a globular cluster

Globular clusters can be very large, which means we can do statistics about the stars in them. And that means we can try matching their star-as-particle potential/kinetic energy distribution against ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

Can a black hole have negative temperature?

Stephen Hawking said that black hole also have temperature and it is related to its mass so in other words a black hole can also be shown to have a negative temperature! I know that nothing is colder ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the smallest practical milliKelvin temperature sensor or technique?

I need to track the temperature of a mass of less than 1 gram, and the two constraints are accuracy and mass of the attached sensor/circuitry (it must be less than 1.5g). Ideally it should be a non ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Does contracted spring weigh more than stretched one?

(One of examples that potential energy contributes to mass.) Does hot object weigh more than cold one? (One of examples that kinetic energy contributes to mass.) If these are true and justified by ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Intuitive explanation of the shape of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution

At higher temperatures (for an ideal gas), the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution is spread more widely and has a lower maximum. At lower temperatures, the spread is much more narrow and the peak is much ...
3
votes
4answers
452 views

Mass in special relativity?

Is the mass of a object at rest defined by $$E=mc^2$$ where $m$ is the rest mass. I.e. does the rest mass include every thing from thermal to gravitational potential energy and every other possible ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Mixing Water at Different Temperature

If I have cup of water at room temperature (say, $25^\circ$C). What would be the resultant temperature if I pour another cup of same amount of water at $100^\circ$C to it? Is it simply $\frac{25+100}...
-1
votes
2answers
82 views

Is Moon too hot?

I find it puzzling that Moon's maximum "daily" equatorial temperature is almost 400K. Earth's theoretical black body temperature would be 279K at 1AU, and Moon is the same distance from Sun, yet its ...
1
vote
2answers
815 views

Why do electron and hole mobilities decrease with temperature?

From page 35 of "Microelectronics" by Millman Grabel Mobility $\mu$ decreases with temperature because more carriers are present and these carriers are more energetic at higher temperatures. ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Milk or sugar first to maximize temperature of a hot cup of tea?

If there is a hot cup of tea and we were asked to add milk and sugar, which mixing order would make the hottest tea? I personally think that the order doesn't matter, since sugar wouldn't change the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Temperature of the System right after mixing water at different temperature

Let's assume that 100gm of water at temperature 25$^{\circ}$C and another of 300gm at 90$^{\circ}$C. After mixing both samples, we would eventually get a constant temperature (say $T^{\circ}_f$) and ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Why does hot water gets cooler on stirring instead it should have gotten hotter

When we keep on stirring hot water vigorously it starts getting cooler. But we are increasing the random kinetic energy of the molecules of water. Heat is as it is the energy of RANDOM motion of atoms....
0
votes
2answers
643 views

How fast will 1 Liter of 65°C water get back to 20°C?

I want to make a very simple example for a PID controller (to learn and understand it). I thought of a controller for a water boiler. 1 liter of water in the boiler is in a 20°C room (fixed ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Newton's Law of Cooling [closed]

As shown in Figure 3.3.11, a small metal bar is placed inside container A, and container A then is placed within a much larger container B. As the metal bar cools, the ambient temperature $T_A(t)$ of ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Is there a limit to how hot an object can be? [duplicate]

We know that speed of physical object cant exceed speed of light, a body cant be cooler than 0k, thus does there exist a limit to hotness of an object?
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Why water's temperature is less than air?

I measured the temperature of water and found that it's less than room temperature. I think evaporation is the main reason of it. Are there any reason except evaporation for the less temperature of ...
1
vote
3answers
43 views

Heat transfer between water tank and room temperature

I have 20 gallons of water (salt water, but this might be irrelevant). These 20 gallons have a heater that maintains a minimum of 78º F. With the increasing temperatures during summer, the water ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Air preasure vs temperature [closed]

Suppose you have a container of 1 liter of air at sea level with an initial pressure of 1 atmosphere. How high could the pressure get by only raising the temperature. Is there a point (providing the ...
9
votes
3answers
336 views

Why does $S = k_B \ln W$ not always apply?

I thought for a long time that the Boltzmann formula for entropy, $S = k_B \ln W$, was a universally true statement, or rather the definition of entropy from the perspective of statistical mechanics. ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What is the source of the Curie point?

I'm seriously revisiting my knowledge on magnetism, and the Curie point has been both enlightening and mystifying. I understand what it does ((ferro)magnetism disappears above it), and have a faint ...
0
votes
3answers
39 views

Wind restistance as function of temperature

Is temperature-dependent wind resistance the reason there's a significant increase in fuel consumption in my Prius car when air temperature drops by 30 degrees K from 300 degrees K? I think I see a ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Phase diagrams and critical pressure

If a solid substance is pressurized past its critical pressure, what happens? Is the critical pressure only a factor when a substance is over the critical temperature also? On another note what makes ...
1
vote
5answers
5k views

What happens when I place an ice cube into boiling water

My friend tried this experiment at home: She put an ice cube into boiling water. The water in the container stops boiling while the ice melts to water. My question: Why does the water stop boiling ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Cooling of salt on a conveyor belt

Hi there and thanks in advance! My name is Chris, I'm a chemist who's been put in charge of getting the boss's new salt plant running smoothly. He owns several small companies and I'm the closest ...