# Tagged Questions

It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

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### How to calculate critical temperature of the Ising model?

Can someone name a paper or book which calculates the critical temperature of the Ising model from scratch? It might be a book and should contain the necessary prerequisites. I have had a basic course ...
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### Effect of temperature on radioactivity?

I'm researching the effect of temperature on uranium radioactivity, however I can't find any solid empirical evidence to prove the notion that temperature does not affect radioactivity. Can anyone ...
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### How much power to keep surface of aluminum plate at given temperature? [closed]

I want to heat one side of an aluminum plate enough to hold the other side of that plate $100K$ above ambient. I'm willing to assume that the heated side of the plate is "well" insulated (along with ...
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### Lake Ice Temperature

Given: A lake with an established sheet of ice of some nominal thickness covering it. It is night (no radiant energy from the sun). No wind. Air temperature -10 degrees Celsius. Will the ...
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### At what wind speed does wind chill's conductive cooling exactly cancel out the compressive heating of the air?

At relatively slow wind speeds such as 15mph, wind chill drains heat from an object as it flows past, and this conductive cooling effect seems to increase as the wind speed increases. However, at very ...
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### Confusion on electron volt and Kelvin?

If an element A has a binding energy of X eV with element B, can it be said that it is equivalent to X*11600K as 1 eV approx equals 11600K. I do not think this is correct as temp. is linked to the ...
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### Why the breath sometimes warm and sometimes cold? (2 different explanations!)

If you blow air against your hand with your mouth open, you feel warm breath. If you do with with your lips closed except for a small opening, you feel cold breath. One explanation from here says "...
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### How do we measure the temperature of vacuum?

Afaik. temperature is in relation with the kinetic energy of the individual molecules. In vacuum there are only a few molecules so measuring their kinetic energy is very hard, because vacuum has a ...
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### How can one calculate the drop in air temperature associated with a rise in its humidity?

Background: I wish to model the effect of an evaporative cooling system in a humid, tropical environment to be used as a feasibility study. Anecdotally, such a system would be ineffective, but I would ...
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### Why does blowing on someone who is wet feel colder than on someone who is dry?

The title says it all. If I'm standing in the wind and I'm wet, I feel much colder than when I'm dry. This is true no matter how warm or cold the water. Why is this?
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### Why is water not considered a proper liquid in terms of thermometers?

We were just discussing about why liquids in general are used in glass thermometers. I was wondering why water isn't considered a proper liquid. Is it because of the way is expands differently to ...
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### How are thermometers calibrated?

I know this is quite vague, but I was just thinking about it......like obviously now we mass produce things and we don't really think about them. But how was the first thermometer calibrated/how are ...
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### Why does temperature change the friction coefficient of my stovetop?

I have a Ceran cooking field at home, it's a glass-ceramic surface with heating coils embedded beneath. When I slide a pan around there's much more friction on a hot plate than on a cool one. Why? ...
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### Implementing fixed-temperature, solid-wall boundary conditions

I wish to simulate the behaviour of a fluid along one dimension, where the right boundary is transmissive and the left boundary is a solid wall at a fixed temperature. Temperature is not one of my ...
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### Thermodynamics: Apartment Airflow: What Am I doing wrong air

Our apartment is a sauna. But sometimes it's much much hotter inside the apartment than it should be (night time it's 68 degrees outside but thermometer still says 90 inside!). I have 2 fans, one ...
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### Thermal equilibrium - magnetization [closed]

The electronic ground state of neutral sodium atoms in a magnetic field splits into two no longer degenerate energy states. In the thermal equilibrium the occupation probability of the states is the ...
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### What are the problems in the idea that a person would freeze to death in outer space?

It is said that the body would freeze to death, if left in outer space, which is true, since the temperature is around $3$K. But what are the flaws in this theory, in terms of thermodynamics (if we ...
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### Is there a way to make atom move faster without heating them?

The more heat you add the faster the atom will move. This is something that is common knowledge. My question is it possible to make the atoms in let's say a gas move faster without adding heat of a ...
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### Gas pressure within containers [closed]

If, hypothetically, a gas had no inner pressure, and it was made to fill up a container. If, then, the pressure within the container was increased by filling it up with yet more gas, until high ...
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### Temperature of a single dipole [duplicate]

When taught about the temperature of a system from an illustrative point of view, I was told to think of molecules vibrating and hitting one another. If the molecules vibrate faster and faster (and in ...
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### Temperature dependent chemical potential

Chemical potential is determined by the number of electrons in the system and coincides with the Fermi energy at zero temperature. The chemical potential can shift as temperature changes if the ...
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### How did my candle wax crawl up the sides of the jar?

I have an Ikea candle which has sat on my bookshelf in the sun for >5 years. Aside from an hour or two shortly after I bought the candle, I have not burned the candle regularly (in fact, the wick is ...
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### Why thermal conductivity increases with temperature?

what is the molecular mechanism with which thermal conductivity increases by increasing temperature? at least for metals? I know that heat increases the oscillations of the atoms in the crystal. But ...
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### Cooling down to absolute zero by radiation

Consider a system consisting of a gas, it is put in a container which is permits transmission of all kinds of electromagnetic waves. If this system is isolated and put in a perfect vacuum, and left ...
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### Can we determine the surface temperature of stars other than the sun by using the black body radiation theory?

It is well known that the surface temperature of the sun can be determined by fitting the solar spectrum to the black body radiation spectrum. Is this scheme feasible for other stars? Possibly the ...
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### Heat distribution in a long cylindrical electrical resistive element

I want to know what the maximum temperature will be within a heating element. Quite a few assumptions can be made, such as constant thermal conductivity, constant electrical resistivity, and assume ...
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### Do solids have translational energy?

Along with having vibrational energy, do both crystalline and amorphous solids also have translational energy? I ask because I've always understood solids to have just vibrational motion/energy. But ...
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### How cold does this ice have to be to freeze this water bottle solid?

We are at sea level in a room that is 21 celsius. We have 1 liter of sterile water with a temperature of 21 celsius in a normal plastic bottle. We have a 20 liter bucket of ice cubes, consisting of ...
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### How much faster are airmolecules going when the temperature raise from 15 to 25 degrees C?

As far as I know the temperature of the air depends on how fast the airmolecules are moving. But what is the increase of speed (in km/h) of those air molecules?
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### Will most solid state of something also be the coldest? [closed]

It is said that when something is cold its molecules have low kinetic energy, how is that different from something in a solid state. ... The coldest theoretical temperature is absolute zero, at ...
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### Blocks releasing heat energy [closed]

If you had two blocks, two different sizes yet the same temperature. Which one would release the most energy in the shortest amount of time and why?
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### What is the lowest possible theoretical temperature that nuclear fusion can occur at?

I am not talking about the pseudo-science of so called cold fusion I am interested in what temperature you can get away with to produce fusion reaction. I was thinking in terms of micro-fusion or at ...
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### what is temperature coefficient of resonant frequency?

I am trying to find the definition for temperature coefficient of resonant frequency, (TCF), but it seems like there is well-defined information about this term. Even for articles in google scholar....
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### What is the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid on earth?

I have a trouble when considering the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid subjected to vertical temperature gradient. The liquid is heated from below or above that induces a natural convection ...
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### Why do I spill lesser water if it's hotter?

If I pour water in a glass to make a cup of tea, I noticed that if the water that comes out of the kettle is very hot, almost no water is spilled. If the water is cold though, much more water is ...
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### Does the temperature of a body depend on the frame of reference? [duplicate]

Does the temperature of a body depend on the frame of reference?
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### How to calculate precipitation chance with basic weather data?

I would like to know if there is any algorithm which allows us to calulate precipation chance with following data: temperature, humidity, illuminance (in lux) and pressure. I've searched it in google, ...
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### Estimate heating wires temperature

Im design a power supply to work with heating wires and one of the task is to estimate the temperature of the bare wire for a given current or power consumption. I've tried to measure the ...
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### Temperature of a trapped particle

How is the temperature of the center of mass of a trapped particle (e.g. in a Paul or Penning trap with laser cooling) defined? I assume it has something to do with the equipartition theorem and ...
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### Normalizing temperature data of CPU sensors to ambient

My scenario: I want my application to stop or take some decision based on temperature. say like if my ambient is morethan 41 i want to switch off the application and we do not have an separate ...
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### Does entropy always increase with temperature? [duplicate]

For any system can we always say that entropy increases with temperature. In other words: $$\left(\frac{\partial S}{\partial T} \right)_{\{\alpha\}}\ge0$$ where $\{\alpha\}$ is the set of parameters ...
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### Thermodynamics: efficiency of a heat engine [closed]

How can we calculate efficiency of a real heat engine? Do we have to consider volume of an object while calculating efficiency? Like in this question If so, how we have to proceed? Thanks in ...
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### Can a High Enough Temperature Create a Black Hole?

My very basic understanding of GR leads me to think that if a substance has a high enough temperature, it can transform into a black hole without a mass required to create a black hole. The equation ...
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### How do I find the temperature of an object being heated on one side and cooled on the other [closed]

Ok so i'm trying to figure out what temperature a beam would be when one end is put into the ground and the other side is in the open air above. Assuming the beam is perfectly insulated besides the ...
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### How to calculate heat emitted and the range

If I have a source of heat and I know it's surface temperature and size (suppose there are no barriers, only vacuum) can I then calculate the length to which the heat will be felt, and create a graph ...
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### How many neutrons would it take to boil a gallon of water? [closed]

How many neutrons would it take to boil a gallon of water?
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### How could I calculate the Heat Index with low humidity?

The formula shown in the Heat Index(HI) requires that the relative humidity should be equal to or greater than 40%, so how to calculate the heat index when the humidity is less than 40%? Or is there ...
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### Is it possible for dark energy density be decreasing? [closed]

I have an equation relating dark energy density and temperature, actually they have a linear relationship, my question is how to choose the temperature? If I choose the temperature of universe, the ...