It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

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Triple point temperature and freezing point

Why does the triple point temperature have very similar values to the freezing point, in most substances?
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4answers
20k views

Does wrapping a wet paper towel around a glass bottle really speed up the cooling process?

There are claims like this one that you can improve the cooling speed of beverages when you put them wrapped in a wet paper towel inside the refrigerator/freezer. I've just tried it by myself and ...
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2answers
125 views

Is there a naturally occuring sound pressure level reference?

There are lots of devices that purport to measure the absolute value of sound pressure levels. Here is an example, here's another, there's also this iPhone App. Putting such devices side-by-side in ...
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8answers
3k views

Celsius to Fahrenheit confusion: why there is no 1 to x ratio?

Why is it not possible to know the ratio of 1°C to how many Fahrenheit and use that to convert from or to Celsius/Fahrenheit? What is really happening? Fahrenheit increases linearly and so does ...
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1answer
23 views

General relation between power density of any engine and dissiapation rate and temperature

Many years ago ( before my university studies ) I read that renewable resources are fundamentally limited by laws of thermodynamics to produce energy very slowly (low specific power or power density) ...
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4answers
423 views

What is temperature?

Recently I read an interesting article about negative temperature. I was puzzled because I thought before that temperature has definite meaning in thermodynamics: it tells about how fast atoms jiggle. ...
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711 views

Why does the bathroom become hot after a bath?

I have noticed many times that whenever I enter into the bathroom just after someone else bathed the temperature inside it would be high. Is it that the body heat comes out when we pour a lot of ...
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1answer
23 views

How do I determine the temperature of a fluid that was x degrees mixed with another fluid of y degrees?

Let's say that I have two, different fluids that are miscible and are of two different temperatures. How can I calculate the temperature of a mixture of the two fluids? Without a thermometer, of ...
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3answers
150 views

Is my conceptual understanding pertaining to heat & temperature correct?

From what I've understood: Heat is the total sum of translational energy possessed by individual atoms in an object. Temperature is the average translational energy possessed by individual atoms ...
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1answer
32 views

Specific heat ratio range [closed]

I know that the specific heat ratio, $\gamma$, exists in the range $1 <\gamma< 2$, and I am required to demonstrate a proof of this. I have come across the following proof (but I don't really ...
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9answers
21k views

Why does the gas get cold when I spray it?

When you spray gas from a compressed spray, the gas gets very cold, even though, the compressed spray is in the room temperature. I think, when it goes from high pressure to lower one, it gets cold, ...
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2answers
58 views

Violently shaking object

Would violently shaking something cause a temperature change? For example, if a container of water was shook violently enough; would it be possible to make it boil?
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3answers
116 views

Unit consistency

Does $^\circ\mathrm{C}^2$ have any physical consistency? I know that $\mathrm{K}^2$ is a valid unit even though I don't know in which context it can be used. But I feel strange about ...
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1k views

What happens to a body, initially at 300K, kept in isolated space? Will it's temperature drop to 0k?

With regards to Thermal Radiation, given a stable body initially at 300 Kelvin placed in isolation, after continuous Thermal Radiation will it's temperature gradually reduce to 0 kelvin ...
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1answer
47 views

Converting $F^2$ to $C^2$

I'm trying to convert Fahrenheit squared $F^2$ into Celsius squared $C^2$. I know how to convert a value $x$ in $F$ into $C$ with: $\frac{5}{9}(x - 32)$ I also know how to convert a value $x$ in ...
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7answers
2k views

What exactly is heat?

Is it energy? Is it energy per unit volume? Is it energy per unit time i.e power? What is it?
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0answers
27 views

Water as heat source in a heat pump

Consider we have water flowing in a pipe, which is working as a hot source for a heat pump. We are able to know the temperature of the water in both ends of the pipe, yet we don't have information ...
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2answers
7k views

Does tea stay hotter with the milk in it?

A little thought experiment, similar to this one: Imagine you are making a cup of tea when the door bell rings. You've poured the boiling water into a cup with a teabag in it. As you're just about to ...
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0answers
13 views

Altitude altimeter application

What is the most precise formula to calculate altitude and what parameters should i considet such as pressure, temperature, dew point, ... I am developing an altimeter app and i don't know what the ...
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8answers
4k views

Is it theoretically possible to reach 0 kelvin?

I'm having a discussion with someone. I said that it is -even theoretically- impossible to reach 0K, because that would imply that all molecules in the substance would stand perfectly still. He said ...
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2answers
942 views

A draft makes people feel cold. How can that be measured?

On some days our office feels very cold to the point at which we find it difficult to type because our hands have gone numb. But our facilities manager insists it is the same temperature as always. ...
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0answers
17 views

Temperature Frequency relationship for gas?

I am getting something like this T (C) = Constant*log(Frequency) I do not have background of physics and I am wondering, if there is any formula which can explain the physics behind it? Something ...
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1answer
47 views

CMB anisotropy, temperature and doppler effect

How would you derive the following equation: $$ T' = T_{CMB} \left( \frac{\sqrt{1-v^2}}{1+v\cos{\theta}} \right) $$ which describes how the temperature of the CMB varies due to the speed $v$ of the ...
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4answers
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How can I calculate Vapor Pressure Deficit from Temperature and Relative Humidity?

I have a series of measurements of temperature and relative humidity (RH), together with mosquito capture data. Because mosquitoes are sensitive to desiccation, it's reasonable that RH may be useful ...
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0answers
45 views

Is it possible to efficiently extract phonons from a lattice?

The population inversion generated in lasers occurs in multi-level atomic systems. As an example, the Nd:YAG energy diagram is shown below. The pump pushes the Nd ions up to the upper levels, and ...
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11answers
2k views

How can it be that the beginning universe had a high temperature and a low entropy at the same time?

The Big Bang theory assumes that our universe started from a very/infinitely dense and extremely/infinitely hot state. But on the other side, it is often claimed that our universe must have been ...
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0answers
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How do I calculate temperature diffusion in a gas contained in a heatsink?

To simplify the problem, consider a sphere with a diameter of $25\mathrm{mm}$ inside an infinite heatsink at $300\mathrm{K}$. At $t=0$ I instantaneously raise the temperature of the gas in the ...
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2answers
77 views

relationship of number of standing waves with Temperature?

If we have let us say fixed air column of length 'L', in a open-closed column problem, lamba is equal to 4*L/(2n-1). n = number of nodes / anti nodes in air column How does 'n' changes with ...
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0answers
39 views

Superfluids (meaning, properties)

I am curious as to what a superfluid is? I have seen videos that say that they have zero viscosity, and I know that it means that there is no friction between the layers of the fluid. But what is its ...
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1answer
53 views

PP Chain and CNO cycle relationship

At what temperature would the energy generation rates of the PP-Chain and CNO cycles be roughly equivalent? The dependences are so vastly different that I am wondering how and by what equations they ...
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1answer
41 views

Temperature in a vacuum made in the lab

Is the thermal energy of a vacuum 0? And, how close to a perfect vacuum can we make in the lab?
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3answers
230 views

Why does the system move until equal temperatures are obtained?

In my college level thermodynamics class, the teacher gave us the example of a closed system which consisted of a box thermally insulated. A piston fully divides the box in two parts, and each is ...
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1answer
37 views

The meaning of the temperature in the Shockley Equation

In the Shockley equation, which is the model of the $I$-$V$ curve of a p-n junction, what does the Temperature refer to, carrier temperature or lattice temperature? When a p-n junction subjected on a ...
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1answer
94 views

How to heat water to 80°C? [closed]

I'm trying to figure out an easy water to get 80°c to consistently make the perfect cup of coffee. Let's assume room temperature water is 22°c. What is the ratio of boiling water to room temp water ...
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1answer
104 views

Number $g(T)$ of relativistic degrees of freedom as a function of temperature $T$

Let us consider the total number of relativistic degrees of freedom $g(T)$ for particle species in our universe: $$g(T)=\left(\sum_Bg_B\right)+\frac{7}{8}\left(\sum_Fg_F\right)$$ Where the sums are ...
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2answers
66 views

Is there any relation between temperature dependence of resistance and fermi energy in metals?

Given that the resistance varies linearly with temperature in metals, is there any way we can calculate the Fermi energy from this information?
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2answers
49 views

What is the theoretical instantaneous temperature of a gas?

When we measure the temperature of a gas we typically integrate the molecular collisions and wind up with an 'average' temperature due to the sensor comprising a relatively large thermal mass. And ...
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0answers
34 views

100°C =100K = how? [duplicate]

I'm in first year. Our class is in lesson " Heat and Thermodynamics". While solving a numerical problem of a reversible engine he told us that 100 degree Celsius is equal to 100 kelvin. I inquired but ...
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3answers
229 views

100°C = 100 K =?

I'm in first year. Our class is in lesson " Heat and Thermodynamics". While solving a numerical problem of a reversible engine he told us that 100 degree Celsius is equal to 100 kelvin. I inquired but ...
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1answer
62 views

why doesn't liquid metal vaporize in a vacuum?

I am wondering why molten metal in a vacuum of electron beam and machines never turns to gas like liquid water does when exposed to a vacuum.
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2answers
90 views

(Why) is dumping liquid nitrogen on your head dangerous?

A chemist who dumped liquid nitrogen on his head described the act as very dangerous; yet, at the same time, he mentioned that the Leidenfrost effect would protect him from the dangers of this act. ...
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2answers
65 views

How do you calculate/estimate hypersonic leading edge and skin temperatures?

At lower speeds (below Mach 5-ish), stagnation temperature (TAT) is a very accurate proxy for skin temperature. But at mid/high hypersonic speeds (especially in the thin upper atmosphere where mass ...
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6answers
15k views

The difference between heat and temperature

So as I understand it, heat energy of an object is the SUM of all the kinetic energies of the molecules of the object (upto constant factor). The temperature on the other hand is the AVERAGE of the ...
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2answers
283 views

What temperature is achieved in focus point by 5000 flat 1x1cm mirrors onto a satellite dish?

There is this video ("R5800 Solar Death Ray") where teenager built a 5000 mirror device which concetrates the solar rays which is showing the potency of the mosaic method of concentrating sunlight ...
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0answers
34 views

How water anomalies affects the Mpemba effect?

I understand basic explanation of Mpemba effect like this: Distant molecules are easier to realign into new formations. But if we compared two bottles of water like in Mpemba effect and one of them ...
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4answers
63 views

Fall in temperature due to expansion

The following lines are from my book. The gas is heated and allowed to expand at such a rate that the fall in temperature due to expansion is less than the rise in temperature due to the heat ...
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0answers
31 views

An interesting question on the mass of a droplet of liquid experiencing the Leidenfrost Effect

Background and Inspiration: I have seen numerous demonstrations of the leidenfrost effect, both on the internet and in my mother's kitchen. But I started wondering about a general case after having a ...
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0answers
71 views

How does a heated constant volume flow behave, for an expanding flow tube leading into the free atmosphere

I have a helium gas flow with a flow rate that has been set to a constant value ($0.3\,m^3/h$). It's streaming upwards in the picture, and beyond the upper big red dot position, it meets the ...
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4answers
2k views

Why the breath sometimes warm and sometimes cold? (2 different explanations!)

If you blow air against your hand with your mouth open, you feel warm breath. If you do with with your lips closed except for a small opening, you feel cold breath. One explanation from here says ...
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1answer
109 views

Why is my breath hot when i open my mouth all the way, but cold if I blow like a whistle? [duplicate]

I observed this as when I want to cool my soup I blow like a whistle and when I want to warm my hands I open my mouth more as my breath is warmer now.