Just a quick question, same as in the title. I'm trying to understand stable D-branes.
How exactly do superstrings reduce the number of dimensions in bosonic string theory from 26 to 10 and remove the tachyons?
In bosonic string theory, to obtain the photon as the first excited state, the ground state must have a negative mass (tachyon). By applying $1 + 2 + 3 + \cdots = -1/12$, it can be shown (in a ...