1
vote
1answer
123 views

Can spin liquids without spin-rotation and time-reversal symmetries possess nonzero Spin Density Wave (SDW) order parameters?

For those spin liquids with SU(2) spin-rotation symmetry or time-reversal(TR) symmetry , the Spin Density Wave (SDW) order parameters are always zero, say $\left \langle \mathbf{S}_i \right ...
9
votes
1answer
719 views

Topological order vs. Symmetry breaking: what does (non-)local order parameter mean?

Topological order are sometimes defined in opposition with the order parameter originating from a symmetry breaking. The latter one being possibly described by a Landau theory, with an order ...
5
votes
1answer
228 views

What is the code distance in quantum information theory?

What is the code distance in quantum information theory? Code distance seems to be a very important concept in fault tolerant quantum computation and topological quantum computation.