# Tagged Questions

Surface tension occurs due to the tendency of liquid molecules to favor their own kind. Surface tension is important in fluid multiphase systems typically at small length and velocity

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### where does the energy of water droplet go?

My experiment: I took a string (3 mm diameter and wet) and a water source (1 drops per 2 seconds). Then I attached the string to the water source. The string was then tied to ground Observation : ...
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### Tension in string due to surface tension

Suppose you take a loop of string and place it on the surface of a liquid, the string should become taut due to surface tension. How would you be able to calculate the tension in the loop of string? ...
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### Non-determinitric flow of water stream on vertical porcelain surface

I noticed several times while washing my hands that accumulated water when starts streaming vertically does not flow vertically in straight line on vertical porcelain surface under the force of ...
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### Why is it tension in surface tension?

Why is it called surface tension not surface compression?
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### Problem with ring-method of du Nouy for calculating surface tension

I need to calculate the surface tension of a liquid with the ring-method of du Nouy and the correct formula to use is: $\gamma = \frac{F}{4\pi R}$ I understand that the surface tension is the ...
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### Does quasi-static motion imply zero energy dissipation?

When a droplet is deposited on a surface with some surface roughness and subsequently tilted it can stick due to pinning (think of droplets on a window after rain). What I am interested in is how/...
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### How is the water meniscus at the edge of a capillary tube

Suppose we have a capillary tube in which water can rise to a height of x cm. If we dip the tube such that the height above the surface is less than x, then how will the water meniscus be at the edge ...
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### Can water pressure ever be high enough to trap gas bubbles or keep them from surfacing?

Can water pressure ever become high enough to trap gas bubbles and/or keep them from surfacing?
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### Problem understanding the capillary action equation

As you know the equation of capillary action id given by: $h=\dfrac{2\gamma\cos\theta}{\rho gr}$ Where: $h$ is the height the liquid is lifted, $\gamma$ is the liquid-air surface ...
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### Water doesn't flow above the rim, one reason is surface tension. Is another reason viscosity?

According to Surface tension, water molecule don't get the force from outside and get little bit outward. Is one reason viscosity? Let's look at the water in a fully filled glass. No part is outside ...
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### Stability and lifetime of soap bubbles formed with light gases like helium or hydrogen?

A friend asked me if it would be possible to make soap bubbles out of a gas like hydrogen and if you did, would they float higher, faster. Due to the lower mass of light gases (compared to the air) I ...
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### English/German translation of Latin scientific texts in general, “Principia Generalia Theoriae Figurae Fluidorum in Statu Aequilibrii” in particular

I am trying to get my hands on an English or German translation of the seminal work by Gauss on fluid shapes in equilibrium: "Principia generalia Theoriae Figurae Fluidorum in statu Aequilibrii [...
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### Absorption of Water

I was just watching the videos Chris Hadfield put on youtube from space, and was wondering why water doesn't get absorbed as well onto his toothbrush in space? And what characteristic of toothbrushes ...
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### Explanation for breaking up of a stream of water into droplets

Water falling from a tap eventually breaks into droplets at a particular distance from the tap. The distance(from the tap) at which it breaks into droplets is observed to be an increasing function of ...
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### Hydrostatic pressure on a teapot spout

The phenomenon where water flows on the outside side of a teapot spout is named "The teapot effect", and occurs due to a difference in pressure between water and the atmosphere. Consider the image of ...
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### Stripeless cleaning of windows

Cross post: http://chemistry.stackexchange.com/q/4377/22 Last week I was discussing with a friend how we thought the stripeless cleaning of windows is achieved when using a cleaner like Windex Glass ...
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### Water entering hole at a depth, surface tension

The following is the question that very commonly appears in all HS textbooks. A hollow sphere with a hole is taken to a depth of 40cm when the water starts entering the hole. if the surface tension of ...
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### Surface tension and capillarity

The cause of surface tension is said to be asymmetry in the forces experienced by the molecules at the surface due to different interactions with air and liquid, but then the same argument also ...
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### Collision frequency at surfaces

Collision frequency for particles in gases is well known, and collision theory is used to derive chemical reaction rates in gases, (and particles in liquid solutions as well). Using the mean velocity ...
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### Why molecular forces do not obey inverse square law?

Most of the forces in physics obey inverse square law, but why molecular forces don't obey it.. Since molecular forces is also a form of electromagnetic force..
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### How to measure a solid-solid surface energy?

Many techniques exist to measure the surface energy between a liquid and a liquid or a liquid and a gas (see e.g. the wiki page). Methods to measure the surface energy between a solid and a fluid are ...
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### What causes insects to cast large shadows from where their feet are?

I recently stumbled upon this interesting image of a wasp, floating on water: Assuming this isn't photoshopped, I have a couple of questions: Why do you see its image like that (what's the ...
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### Do gasses always mix because of their Gibbs free energy?

As far as I know there are no two gasses that don't mix (excluding demixing by gravitational effects). For me, as someone working with fluids and surface tensions a lot, this means that the surface ...
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### Why do some liquid metals have anomalously-high surface tension/heat of vaporization ratios?

In a didactic article, Victor Weisskopf estimated the size of molecules in a liquid from measurements of their surface tension and heat of vaporization. If atoms are exceedingly small, then only a ...
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### Contact angle of liquid drop on surface

How do you explain point 44 of the attached pdf document on surface tension? Here's the link. How is the direction of surface tension found out? (I know it tangential but in which direction along ...
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### Surface tension of solutions and mixtures

The inspiration for this question is over on cooking.stackexchange, asking more about actual measurements for commonly consumed liquids, but I'm interested more generally as well. What determines the ...
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### Need help understanding dynamic and static contact angles

I've run into a conceptual road block. I'm coming to you guys because I think my adviser is getting annoyed with me. The concept involves a meniscus being pulled up a cylinder. I understand that ...
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### Satellite droplets in a breaking liquid jet

The famous example of a dripping faucet is an example of a Rayleigh-Plateau instability in which there is a certain jet radius below which perturbations on the surface will grow to break the jet into ...
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### Surface Tension of a Liquid - When a liquid body is acclerating

As far as I understand it (which admittedly isn't very far), surface tension forces are made up by the tension-attractive forces of molecules at the liquid-gas/vacuum interface, such as those between ...
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### Wrinkling paint - soluto/thermocapillarity - is it due to the primer or solvent [closed]

This is really a one-and-a-half part question. I know that when paint is mixed with a solvent or used with a primer, it sometimes wrinkles. As I understand, a key physical phenomena here is a non-...
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### Why does water make a liquid film?

Cut a narrow slit in a thin sheet of opaque material. Immerse the sheet in a liquid, such as water. After removing the sheet from the liquid, you will see a liquid film in the slit. The question is: ...
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### Increment of surface tension with increase of temperature

What is the reason for the increase in surface tension of molten copper/cadmium with increase in temperature?
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### Does water have the same surface tension at same temperature but different volume?

I'm making an experiment and it is written in my older questions. Now, my question is - Does water have the same surface tension at same temperature but different volume?
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### Beer bottle leftovers pour quickly only after waiting?

Why is it that after pouring a delicious beer from a bottle, I can hold it upside down for several seconds without reward, but if I wait a bit, the remainder presumably settles at the bottom and ...
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### Properties of liquid and air bubbles

What is/are the properties of a liquid (e.g. viscosity, surface tension) which is conducive to formation of stable bubbles floating in air (not the bubble inside the liquid)? E.g., if soap dissolved ...
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### Physics behind Water drops during falling from a tap

what is physics behind Water drops during falling from a tap. water drop animation A drop or droplet is a small column of liquid, bounded completely or almost completely by free surfaces. Why Water ...
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### Are coffee's properties different enough from water's to cause increased spillage while walking?

I recently found this article, which describes how... It just so happens that the human stride has almost exactly the right frequency to drive the natural oscillations of coffee, when the fluid is ...
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### Change in appearance of liquid drop due to gravity

A liquid drop is spherical in shape due to surface tension. But why does it appear as a vertical line under the free-fall due to gravity? (E.g. During a rain - falling raindrop) Is there a specified ...