Surface tension occurs due to the tendency of liquid molecules to favor their own kind. Surface tension is important in fluid multiphase systems typically at small length and velocity

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
5answers
5k views

How far can water rise above the edge of a glass?

When you fill a glass with water, water forms a concave meniscus with constant contact angle $\theta$ (typically $\theta=20^\circ$ for tap water): Once you reach the top of the glass, the water-air ...
-2
votes
1answer
149 views

Does water have the same surface tension at same temperature but different volume?

I'm making an experiment and it is written in my older questions. Now, my question is - Does water have the same surface tension at same temperature but different volume?
5
votes
1answer
487 views

Lotus effect dust removal

I have found hundreds of papers describing the contact angle of water droplet sitting on hydrophobic surface and the change between Wenzel Regime and the Cassie-Baxter regime. Now, as I understand ...
0
votes
1answer
603 views

Calculational method for determining surface tensions from photograph of menisci?

How can I get from a photograph of a liquid surface to a value for the surface tension.
1
vote
1answer
243 views

Why does water make a liquid film?

Cut a narrow slit in a thin sheet of opaque material. Immerse the sheet in a liquid, such as water. After removing the sheet from the liquid, you will see a liquid film in the slit. The question is: ...
5
votes
2answers
984 views

Solving the Young-Laplace equation for arbitrary axisymmetric geometry

Say I have a non-ellipsoidal soap bubble and I want to numerically analyse the pressure in the inner lobe of this bubble here: The Young Laplace equation gives the pressure difference across a ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Beer bottle leftovers pour quickly only after waiting?

Why is it that after pouring a delicious beer from a bottle, I can hold it upside down for several seconds without reward, but if I wait a bit, the remainder presumably settles at the bottom and ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Physics behind Water drops during falling from a tap

what is physics behind Water drops during falling from a tap. water drop animation A drop or droplet is a small column of liquid, bounded completely or almost completely by free surfaces. Why Water ...
5
votes
1answer
343 views

Distinctive properties of liquids

The molecules are closely arranged in solids, loosely arranged in liquids and are free to move in gases... But, Why are liquids (especially water) exhibiting these distinctive properties such as ...
5
votes
1answer
927 views

Are coffee's properties different enough from water's to cause increased spillage while walking?

I recently found this article, which describes how... It just so happens that the human stride has almost exactly the right frequency to drive the natural oscillations of coffee, when the fluid is ...
3
votes
1answer
586 views

Change in appearance of liquid drop due to gravity

A liquid drop is spherical in shape due to surface tension. But why does it appear as a vertical line under the free-fall due to gravity? (E.g. During a rain - falling raindrop) Is there a specified ...
8
votes
4answers
634 views

Zigzag flow of water along a vertical glass window

I've observed this behavior many times. When it rains, the rainwater will form vertical channels along a glass window. The flow of water is mostly confined within these vertical channels and the ...
3
votes
2answers
597 views

Need help understanding dynamic and static contact angles

I've run into a conceptual road block. I'm coming to you guys because I think my adviser is getting annoyed with me. The concept involves a meniscus being pulled up a cylinder. I understand that ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does water flow out of an upside-down bottle? (Rayleigh Taylor Instability)

I am currently reading the excellent book An Indispensable Truth: How Fusion Power Can Save the Planet by Francis F. Chen and I came across this explanation. The Rayleigh–Taylor Instability ...
2
votes
2answers
13k views

'Applications' of surface tension [closed]

What are some common applications, uses, exploitations of the properties of surface tension? Here is what I mean. A water strider can walk on water, that is a consequence of surface tension. ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Why does a bullet bounce off water?

It is known that bullets can ricochet off a body of water. Is surface tension responsible for this or is this the same behavior we see when an asteroid ricochets off the atmosphere? I don't think ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

What is “surface fluid adhesion energy”?

This is related to my previous question. Pardon me for asking so many questions recently. My physics knowledge is not that good, and some answers are hard to find. In the question in the link, I ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Is this formula for the energy of a configuration of 3 fluids physically reasonable?

I have studied for a couple of months now a mathematical model of the energy of a configuration of immiscible fluids situated in a fixed container such that the fluids fill the container. In other ...
2
votes
1answer
698 views

Contact angle formula still holds for liquid liquid interface?

I have seen in http://books.google.fr/books/about/Molecular_theory_of_capillarity.html?id=_ydSF_XUVeEC&redir_esc=y that there is a formula for the contact angle with a solid wall of a liquid-gas ...
2
votes
1answer
554 views

How specifically do emulsifiers work?

I'd like to understand better how emulsifiers prevent droplet coalescence. There must be something more they do than just lower the surface tension between the droplet and the ambient substance. I ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Amount of material required for a pressure tank

I read the answer for the question Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”? and thought something sounded ridiculous. My engineering requirement is that the walls be strong enough. Here $T$ will be the ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Lower state of energy for 'connected' molecules

Quote from Wikipedia: Another way to view surface tension is in terms of energy. A molecule in contact with a neighbor is in a lower state of energy than if it were alone (not in contact with a ...
6
votes
1answer
973 views

Collision frequency at surfaces

Collision frequency for particles in gases is well known, and collision theory is used to derive chemical reaction rates in gases, (and particles in liquid solutions as well). Using the mean velocity ...
1
vote
1answer
342 views

Causes of surface tension between two fluids

Suppose that we have two fluids $A$ and $B$ in a container $\Omega$, and we notice that $A,B$ do not mix. Can you pleas explain to me what is the cause of this property? What properties of the two ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Cooking pasta: why does adding a lid lead to overflow?

When cooking pasta, some organic foam usually forms on the surface of the boiling water and the situation can be kept under control by adjusting the heat (and/or adding some oil). Covering the pot ...
2
votes
2answers
501 views

Does the potential energy of fluid rising on a string change?

Lets say I have a glass of water at rest. Then I go and hang a string above the water (vertically), such as the end of the string is immersed in the water. Over time some of the water is going to ...
4
votes
2answers
210 views

At what size will self-gravitation contribute more to stability than surface tension?

The governments of Earth have embarked on an experiment to place a massive ball of water in orbit. (umm... special water that doesn't freeze) Imagine this to be a fluid with a given density, $\rho$ ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

Surface Tension of a Liquid - When a liquid body is acclerating

As far as I understand it (which admittedly isn't very far), surface tension forces are made up by the tension-attractive forces of molecules at the liquid-gas/vacuum interface, such as those between ...
6
votes
2answers
687 views

Surface tension of solutions and mixtures

The inspiration for this question is over on cooking.stackexchange, asking more about actual measurements for commonly consumed liquids, but I'm interested more generally as well. What determines the ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Hydrostatic friction: why do water droplets stay at rest on an inclined glass surface?

Tjis is a non-expert question on a (seemingly simple) text-book topic. The question is about "hydrostatic friction", defined as follows. Consider a drop of water resting on a flat surface. If the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Bubble formation

I know that surface tension plays a key role in the formation of a bubble. I guess a bubble contains air inside it. Now how is it so that a soap bubble contains air both inside it and outside it? ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Properties of liquid and air bubbles

What is/are the properties of a liquid (e.g. viscosity, surface tension) which is conducive to formation of stable bubbles floating in air (not the bubble inside the liquid)? E.g., if soap dissolved ...
-3
votes
4answers
690 views

Can a “bowl” shaped liquid half-bubble be free-floating in the air?

Intent: Not looking to make-up something, I seek explanations which are possible to duplicate Description of Phenomenon: The halved side of the bubble would be horizontal to Earth's surface, and the ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Dropping condition

Imagine opening a water tap in order to have a smooth and cylindrical outflow and then slowly decrease the flow by adjusting the knob. At a certain moment, the side profile of the flow will become ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Are there any liquids with zero surface tension?

Having read the Wikipedia page on superfluids I'm still not sure if stuff like liquid helium at the lambda point actually have surface tension or not. Is superfluidity the same thing? And are there ...