# Tagged Questions

Surface tension occurs due to the tendency of liquid molecules to favor their own kind. Surface tension is important in fluid multiphase systems typically at small length and velocity

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### Why do these experiments contradict the accepted theory about puddles? (+ my work)

A few months ago, I tried to tackle the problem of finding the shape, the height and other properties of a puddle (whenever a few mL of some liquid are dropped in a "uniform way" so that the puddle ...
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### Why does water remain as a “hemispherical bubble” when it falls on a page?

Today while drinking water, a drop of it accidentally felt on a page of my book, and I was thinking that, "Oh my god! The water will spread instantly, making the part of page wet". But, I observed, ...
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### Drop of water in zero gravity [closed]

Suppose there is a drop of water in gravity-free space. A man slowly touches the drop and keeps his fingers touched. What happens? Does the drop change its shape? Or wet his fingers? Or there is no ...
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### Water droplet lensing

Suppose I have a camera that is looking straight down at a single droplet of water resting on a flat surface. The droplet is small enough that surface tension forms it into a rounded shape. Inside ...
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### Surface tension between the glass slide and cover slip during wet mounting

When I was going through the chapter "Surface Tension" from high school physics, I read about surface tension acting on glass slide during wet mounting. It says that one free end forms concave surface ...
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### Does surface tension attenuate turbulence?

Rapids and several other "white water" systems could be typical examples of turbulent motion. To describe such flows the Navier-Stokes equations must be extended by terms describing the surface ...
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### What is the effect of surface tension on an air bubble inside water?

When an air bubble is formed inside water, and while it's still inside, does a force due to surface tension act on it? Why and where does this force act? I read somewhere that a bubble would detach ...
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### If the surface tension is reduced to half(say by using a surfactant), what would be the effect on the size of an air bubble in the liquid

If I reduce the surface tension to half of the original value, what would be the effect on the size of an air bubble in the fluid? What would be the effect on buoyancy and drag forces? Also, if I ...
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### Maximum hole size to stop a fluid passing through a solid

In a previous question, the following is answered in a general sense: Assume I have a inverse cone which holds 200ml water. I am going to cut the tip of the cone to create a small hole. How to ...
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### Are there any liquids with zero surface tension?

Having read the Wikipedia page on superfluids I'm still not sure if stuff like liquid helium at the lambda point actually have surface tension or not. Is superfluidity the same thing? And are there ...
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### Why does surface tension of water-ethanol binary mixture decrease with increasing concentration of ethanol?

I was thinking that it must be due to weaker hydrogen bonding in ethanol than in water. But then I learnt that Raman Spectroscopy and viscosity measurements suggest that upto a certain ethanol ...
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### triangular symmetry of surface tension configuration of small grains on water

This is freshly ground pepper on water. Why is there a triangular configuration of the water around the pepper fragment? Surely all these pepper fragments have different shapes? You can clearly see ...
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### Fluidics and surface tension

If a one cent coin is set carefully onto the surface of water horizontally (flat side parallel to the water surface). What are the relevant forces to determine if it would sink.
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### Water floating on water [duplicate]

In the video made by the slo-mo guys as shown here, at time 1:47 comes a moment when a water droplet(almost completely spherical), is seen to 'float' on the surface of the water for a while. So why ...
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### what is the mathematical expression of the water drop curve on the surface?

As a part of a high-school research about water drops on surfaces, I've been trying for a long time to find some theory that gives the expression of the curve, without any success. In fact, the ...
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### Surface Tension and Its Direction?

Can Anyone explain what is the direction of Surface Tension? I studied it is along the Tangential plane to the surface e considered at the location of length element considered.. And within that plane ...
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### Tennis ball in a glass of water

If you pour water into a glass half full and put a tennis ball there it would aim to its sides. But if you pour water completely full a ball would aim to center. It's definitely related to a surface ...
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### How much of water's surface tension is entropic?

Water molecules on the surface of an air-water interface have preferred orientations that lower their energy. This implies that these molecules are not uniformly distributed in orientation space, ...
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### What are the dynamics of the “break the surface tension with a drop of soap” experiment?

There's a common experiment exemplified in the first few seconds of this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WsksFbFZeeU You put some food coloring in the center of a plate of milk, then put a ...
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### Why surface tension behaves so differently?

When a needle (or any other object) floats on water, its acting upwards balancing the gravity. But when an object (or may be a needle suspended in water) submerged in water, it acts downwards. ...
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### Hydrostatic friction: why do water droplets stay at rest on an inclined glass surface?

This is a non-expert question on a (seemingly simple) text-book topic. The question is about "hydrostatic friction", defined as follows. Consider a drop of water resting on a flat surface. If the ...
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### Can a droplet of water bounce back when it hits a water surface?

Is it possible that a droplet of water can bounce from the surface of a volume of water?
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### Physics behind blowing soap bubbles

Is it possible, using the surface tension of a soap bubble, to calculate the maximum pressure (created by the air flow) it can withstand while still attached to the orifice to prevent it from bursting?...
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### When does a liquid 'wet' a solid surface?

What is exactly meant when it is said that a liquid wets a solid surface. Has it got only to do with the contact angle ?
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### Explaining the shape of a raindrop and a drop of mercury

I saw on wikipedia that the shape of a raindrop is explained by using Laplace pressure. But why? Since the drop is in motion, we shouldn't be able to use an hydrostatic law, am I wrong? ...
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### A question concerning ad/absorption [duplicate]

Why does a bone dry sponge resist ad(ab)sorbing a liquid whereas a damp sponge readily soaks it up?
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### What is the highest frequency for ripples on water

I want to transmit sound vibrations as ripples on water, as an experimental audio delay effect. Can I make ripples at audio frequencies, that will travel over about 10cm or more? How about other ...
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### Surface tension in a balloon wtih water [duplicate]

Imagine such situation: We have an empty balloon. We put a long, narrow tube into this balloon and we fill it with water. Then, the volume (and surface) of the balloon will start to increase. The ...
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### Why the Du Noüy ring method does not depend on the material the ring is made of?

Du Noüy ring method is a way to measure surface tension. Why the measured force, $$F= 2\pi \cdot (r_i + r_a) \cdot \gamma$$ does not depend on the material the ring itself is made of? Wouldn't a ...
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### What is the difference between pressure in water droplet and that in an air bubble?

The question is at least supposed to be simple but yeah, I need some detailed answers. I have tried thinking about it in the lines of surface tension but it seems what is required of me is more than ...
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### Which side of liquid gas interface is at high pressure?

With respect to what(whether liquid or gas) should I consider that the convex side has higher pressure and concave at lower prsseure? As seen in the example of image it is given that air bubble inside ...
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### A cup of water in ZERO gravity

What will happen if I try to pour a cup of water in zero gravity, into another empty cup? Will the water come out of the cup? The adhesive force between the water molecules and the interior of the cup ...
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### Torque and Force of Pulley fixed on side

If you had only 1 pulley that is connected to a rotating shaft, and which has a rope circled around it once, with a mass M on one side and with the rope fixed on the other end, how would you then ...
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### Noncoalescingِ drops on vibrating liquid surface [duplicate]

if you set a dish filled with soapy water onto a loudspeaker or other vibrator and make vibration, When it oscillates, it is possible to hold small droplets on its surface for a long time. I mean, ...
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### percolation permeability threshold in Helium before and after lambda point transition

There's an experiment demonstrating the properties of super-fluid Helium compared to normal fluid Helium, in which the Helium is put in a jar who's bottom is porous. The super-fluid can pass through ...
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### Does surface tension play a role in planet's shape?

I'm thinking that when the planets and stars were forming along with gravity surface tension also could have played a role in making them spherical. Am I correct?
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### Surface tension: the paper clip experiment

In the paper clip experiment, the surface tension of water prevents the clip from falling, thus we can assume it exerts a force of $mg$ (weight of clip) upwards. However, if you try to pull the clip ...
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### How are probe liquids selected for Surface Energy measurements?

Why are water, ethylene glycol and diiodomethane generally used for surface energy measurement?
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### Is surface tension the result of a pressure drop over the air-water interface or visa versa, for a two sphere system?

For a liquid bridge between two spheres the Young-Laplace equation states that: $\vartriangle p= \gamma\bigl(\frac{1}{R_1}+\frac{1}{R_2}\bigr)$ where $\vartriangle p$ is the capillary pressure ...
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### why doesn't water in a inverted tumbler with its mouth covered with a porus cloth fall down ?

Is it due to the greater external atmospheric pressure acting upwards on the molecules or due to surface tension ?
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### Why is a network pattern (weaving pattern) stronger than a whole solid surface of the same material

For example badminton racquets and huts.
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### Why rough surfaces promote nucleation of CO2 in carbonated drinks?

Glassware with scratched/etched surfaces generate more bubbles (video 1, video 2). Why these rough surfaces allow easier heterogeneous nucleation?
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### Why do bubbles group when one pops? [duplicate]

I was recently observing the way bubbles move as they pop and disappear. I noticed that when bubbles destabilize and pop, the remaining bubbles immediately surrounding it will move to fill its place. ...
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### Beading of water on a hot surface

dropping water on a hot metal surface covered in dust results in the water forming beads. but if the surface is cold the water just flows over it. The temperature of the surface is roughly 120 degrees ...
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### Does eq. of continuity hold in vacuum too?

When a streamlined flow of water flows down through an ordinary tap, it's cross-sectional area decreases according to eq. of continuity due to atmospheric pressure. If the same apparatus were to be ...
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### What will be the shape of liquid if there is no gravitational force [duplicate]

We all know that liquid will take a shape of container in which its filled, but What will be the shape of liquid if there is no gravitational force?
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### Why do liquids separate in space with no gravity?

I've seen videos of people in space (on ISS) who squeeze a bottle or something and liquid comes out, it then separates into smaller balls. Why is this surely it should stay pretty much together ...
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### Forces causing capillary rise

I have learnt two derivations to calculate the height of the liquid column in a narrow capillary. Here is a derivation using forces and equilibrium : This is the exact derivation given in my book. ...