Surface tension occurs due to the tendency of liquid molecules to favor their own kind. Surface tension is important in fluid multiphase systems typically at small length and velocity

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Why is the pressure inside a soap bubble higher than outside?

Apparently, the air inside a soap bubble is under higher pressure than the surrounding air. This is for instance apparent in the sound bubbles make when they burst. Why is the pressure inside the ...
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Water Droplet Saturation Phenomenon

What is the term used to describe the behaviour of (for example) a water droplet in free fall when it has reached a certain speed and then the force on the droplet causes the larger droplet to ...
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How do adhesive and cohesive forces affect surface tension? [closed]

Surface tension appears at the interface of two immiscible fluids if the cohesive force of attraction is more than adhesive force. What will be the physical effect if the adhesive force is more than ...
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Will a drop of liquid flow from from the wide opening to the narrow opening of a thin funnel by the effect of air pressure?

We have a funnel that is thin enough to keep a drop of liquid inside it as shown in this figure. Assuming that the funnel is placed on a horizontal table, will the drop flow from the left side to ...
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What kinds of reactions happen when bubbling air through water?

Mostly I have seen air bubbling used to remove impurities in the water itself, like exemplified in this course packet. This is called "Sparging," but I have yet to learn much about transfer between ...
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Air vs. Water attraction of Oxygen Molecules

The air we breathe is made up of nitrogen and oxygen gases. The water in a pond is made of a single hydrogen/oxygen molecule. If it wasn't for the surface tension on top of the water, oxygen molecules ...
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Surface Tension - Lung Alveoli

So, the way I understand this is as follows : The alveoli (pretend they're bubbles) have diameters of the order of microns implying a massive pressure required to inflate them by the Young-Laplace ...
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56 views

water surface tension and buoyancy

When you put a little pin on the surface of water and it floats. Is this because of surface tension or buoyancy? Can somebody also draw a force diagram for me to explain how water surface tension ...
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triangular symmetry of surface tension configuration of small grains on water

This is freshly ground pepper on water. Why is there a triangular configuration of the water around the pepper fragment? Surely all these pepper fragments have different shapes? You can clearly see ...
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Which metal will be on the surface after solidification?

I know that there are some metals that just "like" to be on a surface, so if I make an alloy of such metal and some other metal, the first one will be on the surface after solidification of initially ...
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59 views

Determine the maximum capillary rise

The problem I have is this: A capillary tube is immersed vertically in water. Knowing that water starts to evaporate below 2kPa, determine the maximum capillary rise and tube diameter. Assume the ...
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Why doesn't rain fall down in streams (as opposed to drops)

Why is it that raindrops don't collide and 'stick together' on their descent to Earth, arriving in streams rather than separate drops?
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What causes the 'tears' in yoghurt drinks?

Fluid dynamical instabilities are present in many different everyday things. The famous tears in wine for example are a classical example of a Marangoni effect, where surface tension gradients due to ...
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Does water have surface tension in a vacuum?

I could be totally wrong here but I was thinking about water surface and what creates that. My thought is it is the thin mixture of water and air separating the two. This mixture creates the boundary ...
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Measuring the solid air surface tension

For hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials, $Y_{SG}$= Interfacial tension between the solid and gas $Y_{SL}$ = Interfacial tension between the solid and liquid $Y_{LG}$ = Interfacial tension ...
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2answers
97 views

What is the effect of surface tension on an air bubble inside water?

When an air bubble is formed inside water, and while it's still inside, does a force due to surface tension act on it? Why and where does this force act? I read somewhere that a bubble would detach ...
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1answer
38 views

Evolution of minimization of surface tension

What are governing equations (or/and variational principles) for evolution of a simply connected body of water in vacuum? Initial state - for time $t=0$ we have a bounded simply connected set ...
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1answer
45 views

Modeling Water Surface Impact

I have a project that is to model the wave equation in a pond due to a pebble being thrown in. The project is quite simple as all we really have to model is the wave equation with an initial ...
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1answer
41 views

Relationship between existence of forces on a liquid surface, and the tendency to decrease the surface area

What does the following sentence imply? "Because of the existence of forces across any line in the surface of a liquid, the surface tends to shrink whenever it gets a chance to do so." Why does the ...
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1answer
71 views

Time taken in changing surface tension [closed]

I had read some where that the water in glasses has a high surface tension, but in lota (It is sort of a spherical container) the surface tension is lower. How can I measure the water surface ...
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How much of the forces when entering water is related to surface tension?

When an object enters water with high velocity, (like in Why is jumping into water from high altitude fatal?), most of it's kinetic energy will be converted, eg to accelerate water, deform the object ...
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1answer
50 views

Measuring cross-section area of a flexible tube (5mm dia approx)

I want to measure the avg. inner cross-section area of a flexible tube of outer diameter 5mm. Since the cross-section isn't a circle exactly, use of vernier caliper to measure inner diameter fails. ...
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physics of wet hair

I'm curious about the physics behind the clumping of wet hair. More specifically, how the amount of water in hair and distance between hairs affect the clumping process. I know intuitively that when ...
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1answer
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Water falling, why does it spin?

I have noticed that water, when falling will rotate. Looking closely at a thin stream from a faucet and placing a flat object mid stream you will see the water is rotating. The further down the stream ...
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How does surface tension enable insects to walk on water?

I understand that water molecules at the surface have a net inward attraction due to the lack of water molecules above them. I've been reading a bunch of articles, and they say that this inward pull ...
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In the formula for the mass of a drop of water on the end of a tube, is r internal or external radius?

In the formula for the mass $m$ of a drop of water forming on the end of a vertical capillary tube, $$m = \frac{2\pi r \gamma}{g},$$ does $r$ refer to the internal or external radius of the ...
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Why do floating objects attract? [duplicate]

Objects floating on the surface of calm water seem to be attracted to one another and tend to come together in a drift. Is this attraction like gravity?
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119 views

Why will two bubbles floating on water surface attract each other?

Two identical bubbles floating on water surface will form clumps, according to the "cheerio effect". But what's the detail about the force? It's necessary to calculate the shape of water surface, in ...
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What are circles on broth (eating soup) surface?

Think about broth in the soup, usually it has circles on its surface. What are their properties? Why there are many of them (not a few big blobs)? Are they depended on liquid's temperature? What needs ...
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Why doesn't the water spill out?

In this experiment, a number of coins are put into a cup full of water, without spilling it. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2mKpZHnEzw Firstly, let me clarify one thing. If you fill up a cup ...
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155 views

Formation of meniscus

If molecules at the surface of a liquid have higher energy and want to minimise the surface area, then why is a mensicus formed which of course increases the surface area?
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Resource(s) for developing a good understanding of surface tension?

I have read through several junior undergraduate level explanations of surface tension. Here is a typical presentation at that level: Molecules at the surface of a fluid experience approximately ...
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Needle Floating on a Water Surface

So, I'm trying to find the largest radius of a needle before it ends up sinking, and I know that it's a balance of needle weight vs surface tension. However, I'm not really sure how the surface ...
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What is a good model for computing water dropping on a surface?

Before introducing my question I would like to outline the fact that I'm a coder, so I can be wrong when using some kind of terminology. What is a good model for computing the flow, the shape and all ...
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where does the energy of water droplet go?

My experiment: I took a string (3 mm diameter and wet) and a water source (1 drops per 2 seconds). Then I attached the string to the water source. The string was then tied to ground Observation : ...
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Tension in string due to surface tension

Suppose you take a loop of string and place it on the surface of a liquid, the string should become taut due to surface tension. How would you be able to calculate the tension in the loop of string? ...
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Non-determinitric flow of water stream on vertical porcelain surface

I noticed several times while washing my hands that accumulated water when starts streaming vertically does not flow vertically in straight line on vertical porcelain surface under the force of ...
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Why is it tension in surface tension?

Why is it called surface tension not surface compression?
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Problem with ring-method of du Nouy for calculating surface tension

I need to calculate the surface tension of a liquid with the ring-method of du Nouy and the correct formula to use is: $\gamma = \frac{F}{4\pi R}$ I understand that the surface tension is the ...
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Does quasi-static motion imply zero energy dissipation?

When a droplet is deposited on a surface with some surface roughness and subsequently tilted it can stick due to pinning (think of droplets on a window after rain). What I am interested in is ...
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How is the water meniscus at the edge of a capillary tube

Suppose we have a capillary tube in which water can rise to a height of x cm. If we dip the tube such that the height above the surface is less than x, then how will the water meniscus be at the edge ...
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Capillary tube of insufficient length

I was wondering if we have a very thin glass tube placed in a tub of liquid and the portion of the tube outside the liquid is lesser than the height to which the liquid can rise because of ...
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Why does water sometimes form bubbles when I pour it into a glass?

Sometimes when I'm filling up a container with water from the tap, bubbles will form on the top of the water. They look a little like soap sud bubbles, but there's no soap suds present. I notice, ...
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Water doesn't flow above the rim, one reason is surface tension. Is another reason viscosity?

According to Surface tension, water molecule don't get the force from outside and get little bit outward. Is one reason viscosity? Let's look at the water in a fully filled glass. No part is outside ...
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Variational principles: Meniscus

In determining the shape of a meniscus, we have to minimize the energy per unit length along the direction perpendicular to the cross-section of the meniscus: $$\frac{E}{L}=\int^L_0 dx [\gamma ...
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195 views

What are the equations of motion of a hole in a soap bubble?

Imagine the following situation: I have a thin stationary water film, like a soap bubble, suspended inside a large ring. I throw a small loop of string onto the film and punch a hole inside it. How ...
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Surface tension between water (liquid) methane (gas)

In my project I should calculate surface tension between water and methane with lammps. I write the program.I use SPC model for water and $l_j$ for methane and water - methane. But now I don't know ...
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Problem understanding the capillary action equation

As you know the equation of capillary action id given by: $h=\dfrac{2\gamma\cos\theta}{\rho gr}$ Where: $h$ is the height the liquid is lifted, $\gamma$ is the liquid-air surface ...
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About an upside down cup of water against atmosphere pressure

There is an experiment we learned from high school that demonstrated how atmosphere pressure worked. Fill a cup of water and put a cardboard on top of it, then turn it upside-down, the water will not ...
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Why do new towels dry better after a few uses?

Most of you will be familiar with the phenomenon: you have bought a new towel and you first have to wash it or use it a couple of times before it starts to work properly, i.e. dry your body after ...