A postulated symmetry between bosonic and fermionic fields in quantum field theories and string theories.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
135 views

Type I' String theory as M-theory compactified on a line segment?

I was considering the S-dual of the Type I' String theory (the solitonic Type I string theory). That is the same as the S-dual of the T-Dual of Type I String theory. Then, that means both length ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Quantum master equation in the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism

I am reading the Section 15.9 of Weinberg's book "The Quantum Theory of Fields, vol. 2". Under a shift $\delta\Psi[\chi]$ in $\Psi[\chi]$, we have $$ \begin{split} \delta ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Complex masses for Dirac and Weyl spinors

I'm trying understand how to rotate Dirac fields to absorb complex phases in masses. I have a few related questions: With Weyl spinors, I understand, $$ \mathcal{L} = \text{kinetic} + ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Scalar-fermion bound state

Is it possible to have a bound state between a scalar and a fermion? For example, a squark--anti-squark bound state, provided that the decay width is sufficiently small compared to the binding energy? ...
5
votes
1answer
247 views

T-Duality between Type HE String theory and Type HO string theory

My question is regarding T-Duality between the 2 Type H string theories. I know that the Type II String theories are T-dual to each other because T-Duality changes the sign of the Gamma Matrix so ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Question on Type HO/HE string theory

The Heterotic string state is a tensoring of the bosonic string left-moving state and the Type II string right-moving state. Therefore, I expect the spectrum to be: $$\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} \hline ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Bosonic-Fermionic interactions in supersymmetry

There are a lot of supersymmetric theories, and, sometimes,in the Lagrangian, there are interacting terms between bosonic and fermionic degrees of freedom, and sometimes not. Why ? For instance, for ...
7
votes
3answers
556 views

How can string theory work without supersymmetry?

This question is inspired from reading Mitchell Porter's nice answer here to a question asking why supersymmetry should be expected naturally. Among other things, he explains that since weak scale ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Question on the Hagedorn tower in Type I string theory

In a previous question (Mass spectrum of Type I string theory), I had asked about the mass spectrum of Type I string theory. I got a response saying that it is a Hagedorn tower. However, my source ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Flavour diagonal SUSY breaking

Because there is a single Yukawa matrix for the SM leptons, the lepton mass and flavour states can be aligned, by diagonalization, even if the Yukawa matrix had off-diagonal elements. SUSY breaking, ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Mass spectrum of Type I string theory

I understand that the massless fields of the Type I string theory are the described by: [\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{\rm{Sector}}}&{{\rm{Massless fields}}}\\ {{\rm{R - R}}}&{{C_0}}\\ {{\rm{NS - ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Spectra of the Type II String theories

The spectrum of the Type II string theory (both IIA and IIB) is given by: \begin{array}{*{20}{c}} \hline & {{\text{Sector}}}& & {{\text{Spectrum}}}& & {{\text{Massless Fields}}} ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Why should SUSY be expected naturally?

In the last 40 years (approximately) people have been "discovering", "rediscovering" and "studying" SUSY as a powerful tool and "symmetry principle". Question: What if SUSY is not realized in ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Holonomy twisting

There is Witten's topological twist of standard SUSY QFTs with enough SUSY into Witten-type TQFTs. What is a holonomy twist?
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Holomorphic coupling as a source for gaugino condensation

On the top of page 23 of hep-th/03061119, it is pointed out that treating the holomorphic gauge coupling $\tau$ as a background (spurion) superfield allows one to think of its $F$-term, $F_\tau$ as ...
7
votes
2answers
168 views

Supersymmetric Chern-Simons theories in $d=3$

I am reading up on Chern-Simons matter theories in $d=3$. Here is the quote (from http://thesis.library.caltech.edu/7111 page 15) that I am having trouble with: One could also add a supersymmetric ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Does the number of left handed chiral quark superfields always equal half the number of quark flavours?

In Weinberg's "The Quantum Theory of Fields Vol III" page 267 we're told that $n_f = 2N_f$. Where $n_f$ are the number of flavours and $N_f$ is the number of left chiral quark superfields (or the ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Supersymmetry and non-compact $R$-symmetry group?

The $R$-symmetry for $N$ supercharges is $U(N)$. Is it possible to generalize $R$-symmetry [let's take $U(4)$) to be something like $U(2,2)$ (maybe analogous to Wick rotation of $SO(3,1)$ to ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Perturbation in Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics.

To do perturbation analysis of Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanical Hamiltonian, the superpotential is first scaled by a constant $\lambda >> 1$ and then expanded about it's critical point. Finally ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Scalar top quark (stop) pair production

A rather simple question: Starting from an electrically neutral state, pairs of top quarks are produced as top and anti-top, and denoted as $t\bar t$. Now the production of pairs of scalar top ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

$\mathcal{N}=2$ susy hypermultiplet self-CPT?

Is the multiplet given by $$\left( -\frac12,0,0,\frac12 \right)$$ self-CPT conjugate? There seems to be no common agreement upon that: Weinberg (QFT 3, page 47) and many others claim it is not, ...
12
votes
1answer
251 views

Supersymmetric Noether theorem and supercurrents — invariance requirements

Consider $\mathcal{N}=1,d=4$ SUSY with $n$ chiral superfields $\Phi^i,$ Kaehler potential $K,$ superpotential $W$ and action ($\overline{\Phi}_i$ is complex conjugate of $\Phi^i$) $$ S= \int d^4x ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

Why does in string theory the amount of supersymmetry have to be $\cal{N} \leq 2 $?

Why is this, that in string theory the maximum amount of supersymmetry is $\cal{N} = 2$, whereas in supergravity one can have up to $\cal{N} = 8$ ?
8
votes
3answers
496 views

What is kappa symmetry?

On page 180 David McMohan explains that to obtain a (spacetime) supersymmetric action for a GS superstring one has to add to the bosonic part $$ S_B = -\frac{1}{2\pi}\int d^2 \sigma ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

Supersymmetry calculations using computer algebra

Already the early papers on supergravity were written using computer algebra software to do some calculations. What modern packages do people normally use for doing such calculations? Of course ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Strange Grassmann double integration

I can unterstand why because the integration over Grassman variables has to be translational invariant too, one has $$ \int d\theta = 0 $$ and $$ \int d\theta \theta = 1 $$ but I dont see where ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

References for Understanding Minahan's N=4 SCFT review

This is about the same paper as this thread: Some questions about chapter I.1 (by Minahan) of the "Review of AdS/CFT Integrability" but it was never answered. I have some different ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

How to determine R charge?

Ref. 1, page 15, equation (23) defines the $U(1)_V$ and $U(1)_A$ actions as $$e^{i\alpha F_V}: \Phi(x,\theta^{\pm},\bar{\theta}^{\pm}) \rightarrow e^{i\alpha q_V}: \Phi(x,e^{-i\alpha ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

How to determine predicted CP violation for a given SUSY point?

I'm currently studying at the spectra of some supersymmetric models, and would like to know whether the parameter points I'm looking at are ruled out due to excessive CP violation. I am using SPheno, ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Is there a relation between supersymmetry and entropy?

Considering that entropy denotes the level of order/disorder in a system, would it be possible for entropy and supersymmetry to exist at the same time? Or, are they entirely unrelated?
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Soft Mass and Physical Mass in Softly-broken SUSY

In softly broken SUSY, the bare mass parameters may be specified at e.g. the GUT scale, and then we can run these down to another scale using RGEs, similar in form to the RGEs for gauge couplings, ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Geometric interpretation of hidden SUSY

Hidden supersymmetry, which is the classical(non-super) symmetry in the form of susy, acting on a non-Grassmann space (e.g., Grassmann space is $(t,x,\theta,\bar{\theta})$, corresponding ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Does anybody know of any good sources that explain (generically) how we form Lagrangians/Actions/Superpotentials for different field content?

I regularly find that I'll understand where the field content in a particular physics paper comes from, but then a Lagrangian or action or superpotential is stated and I don't know how it's derived. ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

WIMPs and Gravitinos

I was just wandering if a gravitino could be in the WIMP class, because they are both massive (admittedly WIMP's more so) and are both weakly interacting and predicted by R-parity. i.e Gravitinos are ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

What are the implications if Supersting theory is discredited? [duplicate]

Please forgive my ignorance, I am not a student of physics in any capacity, therefor my understanding of string theory is extremely limited to say the least. Based on the recent lack of evidence in ...
3
votes
1answer
212 views

Tangent bundles and $\mathbb{C}P^n$ and $\mathbb{C}^n$

As discussed here the complex projective space $\mathbb{C}P^n$ is the set of all lines on $\mathbb{C}^n$ passing through the origin. It would seem natural to assume that any $\mathbb{C}P^n$ can be ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

A puzzle from 'The origin of the hidden supersymmetry'

In the paper arXiv:1004.5489 The origin of the hidden supersymmetry, the author use {Qa,Qa}={Qb,Qb}=2H, {Qa,Qb}=0 for N=2 hidden SUSY, which is different from what I was taught: {Qa,Qa}={Qb,Qb}=0, ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Hamiltonian in SUSY (SUSY algebra)

I was reading the book Supersymmetry, Theory, Experiment and Cosmology by P. Binétruy, and on page 25 the author goes from $$ 1)[Q_r,Q_t]_+ \gamma^{0}_{ts}=2\gamma^{\mu}_{rs}P_{\mu} $$ $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Differences between Goldstone bosons and fermions

I have been looking into basic SUSY and SUGRA theory and have a question relating to Goldstinos (particles giving gravitinos mass). Simply are these analogous to Goldstone bosons produced in the ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

sigma model on $S^1 \times S^3$

In arXiv:1207.3497 - 4D partition function on $S^1 \times S^3$ and 2D Yang-Mills with nonzero area, Yuji Tachikawa explains the partition function for an 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ sigma model on $S^3 \times ...
16
votes
3answers
12k views

What is the current status of string theory (2013)?

I've seen a bunch of articles talking about how new findings from the LHC seem to disprove (super)string theory and/or supersymmetry, or at least force physicists to reformulate them and change ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Induce a Fayet-Iliopoulos term

In a supersymmetric U(1) gauge theory, if I leave off the Fayet-Iliopoulos term $\kappa [V]_D$, what keeps it from being induced in loop corrections?
5
votes
1answer
102 views

CP-violation in SUSY QED?

I have just gone through the exercise of constructing the supersymmetrized QED action. In the end, I get a reasonable action which matches literature. But after a little analysis, I find that the ...
7
votes
0answers
130 views

How to perform contour integral in Nekrasov's formula

My question is technical. It is about instanton counting calculation (see this paper). The partition function of SU(N) gauge theory with $N_f$ fundamental multiplets in k instanton background is ...
2
votes
3answers
423 views

Mathematically: What is SUSY?

Wikipedia says: In particle physics, supersymmetry (often abbreviated SUSY) is a symmetry that relates elementary particles of one spin to other particles that differ by half a unit of spin and ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Supersymmetric Sigma Model

I was working through the Mirror Symmetry book by Clay Math Institute. It deals with supersymmetric sigma model in 10.4 section. It doesn't derive how the action is invariant under the variation. I am ...
10
votes
1answer
462 views

About defining “baryons” and “mesons”

I want to understand the proof of the claims (of the construction as well as of its uniqueness) of gauge singlet states given around equation 2.13 (page 10) of this paper. Also does the listing of ...
7
votes
1answer
271 views

Canonical quantization in supersymmetric quantum mechanics

Suppose you have a theory of maps $\phi: {\cal T} \to M$ with $M$ some Riemannian manifold, Lagrangian $$L~=~ \frac12 g_{ij}\dot\phi^i\dot\phi^j + \frac{i}{2}g_{ij}(\overline{\psi}^i ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Divergence in Supergravity

I'm not familiar with supergravity so here's my question: I've heard in talks that if one finds divergence for five-loop 4-graviton scattering amplitudes in five dimensions this translates to a ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

Can mass dimension of a field be viewed as another 'quantum number'?

While studying SUSY in 4D, I noticed the dynamical chiral superfield has dimension [GeV], whereas the dynamical vector superfield (for gauge theories) is unitless. Because I was introduced to the ...