A basic principle of solutions of *linear* differential (often wave) equations, ensuring that the sum ("superposition") of two solutions is automatically a solution as well. Conversely, solutions (amounting to quantum states in quantum mechanics, since the Schrödinger equation is linear) can be ...

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238 views

Combination of Simple Harmonic Motions

Will the combination of 2 Simple Harmonic motions will be an SHM in itself? For example for simple functions such as $$\ f(t)=\sin\omega t-\cos\omega t$$ I can use trigonometry to show that it can ...
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2answers
182 views

How can the central maximum in a double slit experiment have greater intensity than the original beam?

I have read in more than one place that the maximum intensity in a double slit experiment can be defined as the sum of the amplitudes of the light in each slit. For example, if the intensity of a ...
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3answers
2k views

Quantum Joke (not a real joke, not a riddle)

Supposing I want to make a quantum joke, like writing this on a coffee machine: $$| \text{Status}\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\ \big( | \text{Working}\rangle \color{red}{\pm} | \text{Down}\rangle ...
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0answers
40 views

Classical string as a limit case of elastic quantum states superposition

The usuall way to "half-popularly" show that the quantum mechanics formalism is not unconnected to the classical mechanics is to demonstrate a classical case as a limit of a quantum case. The main ...
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5answers
187 views

Looking for clarification on superposition [closed]

I have always had a hard time accepting the concept of superposition from quantum mechanics. I know that the leading physicists say that the cat is both alive and dead until it is observed and that an ...
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1answer
63 views

Kim delayed choice experiment

In Kim's delayed choice experiment as described in Wikipedia, you get interference patterns or not depending on whether you look at detectors D3 and D4 (which give you path information) or look at ...
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2answers
74 views

Measurement on a particle described by a quantum superposition of quark states

Some particles are described as a quantum superposition of quark states. For example, the pion meson: $$ |\pi^0⟩=\frac{|u\bar u⟩−|d \bar d⟩}{\sqrt{2}} $$ Is it possible to design an experiment giving ...
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3answers
673 views

A quantum particle moving from A to B will take every possible path from A to B at the same time

If a quantum particle can take an unlimited number of paths to get from point A to point B wouldn't a quantum particle never get from point A to point B? A quantum particle takes every path at the ...
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2answers
127 views

Does this quote from my textbook imply that not all states are superpositions?

I read this at a book; The difference between bits and qubits is that a qubit can be in a state other than $|0\rangle$ or $|1\rangle$. It is also possible to form linear combinations of ...
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2answers
341 views

Problem in understanding the concept of 'superposition' as explained by Dirac

The concept of 'superposition' has really made me insane, actually. What I thought it was just simple superposition of matter waves. For instance, let's take the Double-Slit experiment: take the ...
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3answers
421 views

Is the superposition of stationary states a stationary state? If not, then why not?

I am a beginner in Quantum mechanics and as I understand,the superposition of stationary states is also a solution of time-independent Schrödinger equation (TISE). The wave functions that are the ...
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3answers
136 views

What are the functions of these coefficients $c_1,c_2,c_3,c_4$ in $ \psi_{sp^3}= c_1\psi_{2s}+ c_2\psi_{2p_{x}} + c_3\psi_{2p_y}+ c_4\psi_{2p_{z}}$?

Hybridised orbitals are linear combinations of atomic orbitals of same or nearly-same energies. Atomic orbitals interfere constructively or destructively to give rise to a new orbital which is what we ...
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1answer
200 views

Superposition of two wave functions of different Hilbert spaces

I am trying to think of this problem for quite some time. Let's say, we have two sets of wave functions $\lbrace|\psi\rangle\rbrace$ and $\lbrace|\phi \rangle\rbrace$ and they belong to two different ...
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1answer
135 views

Question on the logic behind quantum computing

According to Wikipedia, "Quantum computing studies theoretical computation systems (quantum computers) that make direct use of quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to ...
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1answer
101 views

Periodicity of function as a result of superposition in Quantum Mechanics

Say we add infinitely many waves (states of definite momentum) so as to produce a function that gives a very well-defined position, does that addition(using Fourier series) make that function ...
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1answer
177 views

Superposition of waves with different initial phase in Quantum Mechanics [closed]

In Quantum Mechanics, if a particle's state is a superposition of many states, then we say that its position is well-defined (by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, because here we have ill-defined ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Superposition in Quantum Mechanics

First of all, let $V$ be a vector space over the field $\mathbb{F}$. It is possible then to show, by Zorn's Lemma that there is a basis for $V$. The main point is that although basis are quite ...
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2answers
207 views

Why does the superposition principle work in method of images?

Okay, let there be a conducting sphere having radius $a$ initially charged with $Q$ & insulated. Now, $q$ is brought in front of the conductor at $y$ from the center. Now, Jackson in his book ...
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99 views

How to interpret physical quantities in a superposition state?

When a spin 1/2-particle is in a superposition of spin-up and spin-down states: Should one consider the particle spin undefined in the superposition state or should one consider the particle spin ...
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2answers
185 views

How are standing waves a result of constructive and destructive interferences?

For constructive I can understand. But destructive I can't. I can not picture the shape of two pulses or waves maybe that form the resulting standing wave. The places where waves are canceled just ...
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2answers
53 views

Does entanglement have to be verified synchronously

I am not a physicist so, first of all I like to apologise if I my question is stupid. I just want to know where I am going wrong here. But if I have understood anything about the entanglement ...
2
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2answers
302 views

Principle of superposition and QED

For finding a net force on a charge when it is in influence of many charges we simply do vectorical addition of all individual interaction of that charge with others. That's what is principle of ...
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1answer
267 views

How to visualize a Schrödinger cat state?

I recently read about Schrödinger cat states, which are basically a superposition of two coherent states $|\alpha\rangle$ with opposite phases, that is, $$ |\mathrm{cat}\rangle = |\alpha\rangle \pm ...
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1answer
165 views

Operators is a infinite dimensional matrix, how can it multiply by a wave function that is a n*1 (n is finite) matrix

My confusion started from thinking the quantum superposition principle. Several website say that the quantum superposition means all state can be represented as infinity superposition of orthogonal ...
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1answer
59 views

How to experimentally create an atom in a superposition of ground and excited states? [closed]

For Quantum Computing we use atoms in superposed states, but how do we physically create them?
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87 views

Probability density for wavefunction given as infinite superposition of eigenstates

How do we find the probability density as a function of (x,t), if the wavefunction is expressed as an infinite superposition of eigenstates? When the wavefunction is expressed as a superpostion of ...
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2answers
208 views

Linearity in Quantum Mechanics that make superposition possible

As a beginner in QM, all the video lectures that i have seen talk about superposing wave functions in order to get $\psi$. But from what i know from linear algebra, the system must be linear in order ...
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0answers
72 views

Why isn't everthing in a superposition state? [duplicate]

I know that a superposition is a state in which there are 50% and 50% (other % also) chances of two things to happen so why am I not in a superposition state? Example, I am at rest and i now choose to ...
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4answers
165 views

Why can't a classical bit behave like a qubit?

For example i have a 2 qubits which can have 4 possibilities i.e. 00, 01, 10, 11 so this shows that the 2 qubits can contain four bits of information as they are superpositioned but i think 2 ...
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1answer
584 views

Wave superposition, is my textbook wrong?

Here's the question: Two coherent electromagnetic waves are incident simultaneously at some point in space. The intensity of each independent wave is $I_0$. What is the intensity of the superposition ...
7
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2answers
222 views

How does quantum superposition make calculation faster?

In every description of a quantum computer I've seen (that isn't extremely technical), they've been described as computers that use qubits, that use a superposition of 1 and 0 to make processing ...
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2answers
161 views

Why superpositions? [closed]

I've seen a lot of stuff on superpositions, namely the double slit experiment. And every video I watch, it tells me the same thing: It's amazing that when these particles are being observed they ...
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4answers
582 views

Is a photon always in a state of superposition while traveling through space?

In the double-slit experiment, we emit a photon that is in a state of superposition (wave form) which travels through both slits to interfere with itself. When we measure which slit it went through, ...
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1answer
121 views

Fourier series for a wave on an infinite string?

From "Vibrations and Waves" by A.P. French I know that any wave on a string length $L$ can be represented by: $$y(x,t)=\Sigma^\infty_0 A_n \sin(\frac{n\pi x}{L})\cos(\omega_nt-\delta_n)$$ But can we ...
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0answers
41 views

Accuracy of quantum mechanical algorithms

Is it possible for a quantum mechanical algorithm to ensure when the wave function collapses that the right answer will be obtained 100% of the time? For this, I am excluding processes such as ...
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2answers
159 views

Is the interference quantum mechanical superposition the same as entanglement? [duplicate]

Are the interference of two wave functions an equivalent way of saying that they are entangled?
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1answer
94 views

Are The Quantum Assumptions of MBT Theory Correct?

I've become very interested in Tom Campbell's MBT Theory (Plenty of YouTube videos). I can't explain it all here because it takes a book (The one he's written). It's based on the virtual reality ...
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1answer
208 views

The wave equation, methods of solving and superposition of waves?

I have some questions concerning the wave equation: $${\partial^2 y \over \partial x^2} = {1\over c^2}{\partial^2 y \over \partial t^2}$$ Firstly, does the method of separation of variables give ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Time reversal on superposition: I think [duplicate]

Imagine I have a box, and in it, I have a photon in a superposition of state |1> and |0>. I look into the box and register that the photon is in state |1>. Now, if I have ALL information in the ...
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1answer
106 views

Can I state that $\Psi (x_1, \dots , x_n,t)= \sum_{i=1}^n a_i \psi (x_i,t) $ via superposition?

Given that the hamiltonian $\hat H$ of a system is a linear operator and $\dot \psi (x_i,t)$ does not depend on spatial coordinates $x_1, ..., x_n$ with bases $\hat e_1, ... , \hat e_n$ can I state ...
4
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1answer
146 views

How to check whether Schrödinger's cat was in superposition of states?

Suppose we can make an arbitrarily precise preparation of a Schrödinger's cat (and isolate it arbitrarily well so that decoherence is not a problem). If we prepare lots of cats in this state, what ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Why do wave functions need to be normalized? Why aren't the normalized to begin with? [duplicate]

Before I started studying quantum mechanics, I thought I knew what normalization was. Just pulling off Google, here's a definition that matches what I've understood normalization to mean: ...
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1answer
348 views

Superposition in classical Mechanics

I watched a video in YouTube solved these problem using superposition First he fixed the bottom rope and found the accelearations Second he fixed the upper pulley and found the accelerations Third ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Is there a formal proof for the superposition theorem?

I was just wondering whether there is a formal prove for the superposition theorem in electric circuits? I tried searching it online but couldn't find anything sufficient. Most of the sources assume ...
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3answers
94 views

How are Superposition and Entanglement related?

How are Superposition and Entanglement related? I don't know much of Quantum Mechanics. I am CSE student and got started with this Quantum Computing. It is interesting! If anybody can help me on ...
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1answer
128 views

Can hydrogen atom state be a superposition of 2 pure states with opposite spin?

The task is: We are performing measurements on hydrogen atom, that is in an unknown state $\psi$. $\psi$ is a superposition of $n=1$ and $n=2$ pure states and is orthogonal to ...
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63 views

Superpositions: forcing particles into a state

According to a MinutePhysics video ("How to See Light") physicists won a Nobel Prize for showing that creating a certain superposition state for a particle and observing the particle state after it ...
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4answers
237 views

Physical meaning of linear combination of possible states in infinite well

The solution of infinite well, positioned from $x=0$ $x=l$, is $$ \Psi_n(x,t)= \sqrt{\frac{2}{l}}\sin\left(\frac{n\pi}{l}x\right)e^{iE_nt} $$ But the most general solution of this problem is : $$ ...
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4answers
1k views

Resultant frequency if 3 harmonic notes (a chord) is played

If I know the frequency of individual notes being played (let's assume D, F# and A), how do I determine the final frequency if they are played (nearly) simultaneously as a chord. To put the problem ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Is it equivalent to derive Gauss's law from discrete and continuous source distributions?

I've seen two derivations for Gauss's law in electrostatics. The first assumes a discrete charge distribution, the second a continuous one: Use superposition $$\vec{E}=\sum_{i=1}^n\vec{E}_i,$$ so ...