Superconductivity is the transmission of current with no resistive losses, and is one of the most active areas of condensed matter physics research.

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Superconductivity reasons (Intutitive)

Superconductivity I read in a book "Physics - Resnik and Halliday" the explanation of Type-I Superconductors{cold ones} that: The Electrons that make up current at super-cool temperatures move in ...
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How does quantum trapping with diamagnets work?

I just saw this demonstration by someone from a Tel Aviv University lab. What they achieved there is mind blowing. I myself own a levitron that uses the Hall effect to levitate a magnet, the problem ...
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Superconducting gap, temperature dependence: how to calculate this integral?

Tinkham (page 63) states that the temperature dependence of the gap energy of a superconductor $\Delta(T)$ can be calculated using the following integral: How can this actually be carried out? I am ...
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Why is high temperature superconductivity so hard to solve?

The phenomenon of high temperature superconductivity has been known for decades, particularly layered cuprate superconductors. We know the precise lattice structure of the materials. We know the band ...
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Can superconducting magnets fly (or repel the earth's core)?

If a superconducting magnet and appropriate power supply had just enough $I\cdot s$ (current $\cdot$ length) so that when it was perpendicular to the earth's magnetic field, the force of the ...
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Shine a light into a superconductor

A type-I superconductor can expel almost all magnetic flux (below some critical value $H_c$) from its interior when superconducting. Light as we know is an electromagnetic wave. So what would happen ...
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How can I put a permanent current into a superconducting loop?

I know that you can use induction to create a current in a superconducting loop, but this only works as long as the coil that induces the field has a current flowing through it. And obviously, this ...
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How does a phonon cause two electrons to attract each other and form a cooper pair?

We know that like charges repel each other. But my professor claimed that two electrons can attract each other as well. What he said was that due to screening an electron travelling at some speed ...
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Superfluidity and superconductivity?

Superfluidity and superconductivity? Is there any relation between the two aside from the fact that they are somewhat analogies , I see a lot of people on the internet who claim the helium (in it's ...
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How do superconducting materials float in magnetic field?

The movie Avatar got me interested in the subject, but so far I only found sophisticated articles loaded with unfamiliar words. Is there a simple way to explain how magnetic field affects ...
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What is a $p_x + i p_y$ superconductor? Relation to topological superconductors

I often read about s-wave and p-wave superconductors. In particular a $p_x + i p_y$ superconductor - often mentioned in combination with topological superconductors. I understand that the overall ...
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Why does a superconductor obey particle-hole symmetry?

We normally solve the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equations in order to compute the energy spectrum of a superconductor. The Nambu spinor is a common object that is used in formulating these equations. ...
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How is Meissner effect explained by BCS theory?

Someone says we can derive the GL equations from BCS theory, which can explain Meissner effect, but I want a more clear physical picture of this phenomena.
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Can a superconducting wire conduct unlimited current?

A superconducting wire has no electrical resistance and as such it does not heat up when current passes through it. Non-superconducting wires can be damaged by too much current, because they get too ...
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Superconductor symmetry breaking

When water freezes continuous translational symmetry is broken. When a metal becomes superconducting, what is the symmetry that gets broken?
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How come a photon acts like it has mass in a superconducting field?

I've heard the Higgs mechanism explained as analogous to the reason that a photon acts like it has mass in a superconducting field. However, that's not too helpful if I don't understand the latter. ...
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What are the easiest to get/make LN2 superconductors?

I am starting to build multistage Peltier cooler at the moment, and it should be able to reach -100C at least (but if I fail I can always get boring LN2). Doing some experiments with superconductors ...
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superconductor levitating in earth's magnetic field? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can superconducting magnets fly (or repel the earth's core)? I've seen superconductors levitating on magnets. But is it possible for superconductors to levitate on ...
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Aharonov-Bohm Effect and Flux Quantization in superconductors

Why is the magnetic flux not quantized in a standard Aharonov-Bohm (infinite) solenoid setup, whereas in a superconductor setting, flux is quantized?
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Can an analog to the Meissner Effect be proposed for matter and gravitational fields?

In the study of electromagnetic fields and quantum electrodynamics we observe and theorize on the behavior of superconductivity and the Meissner effect. Has an analog of these behaviors been proposed ...
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Literature Request: Introduction to d-wave superconductivity

I'm looking for a pedagogic introduction to d-wave superconductivity. Ideally, this would involve a derivation of d-wave superconductivity and the form of the gap parameter from some fundamental ...
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Superconductivity: why can't the resistance reach 0?

When we study electricity in high school we examine the resistance of conductors and its relation with temperature. Diagrams show the relationship at the beginning is pretty much a linear with ...
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What is “quantum locking”?

I've always assumed that "quantum locking" was a term invented by the writers of Dr Who, but this video suggests otherwise. What is quantum locking? Is it real?
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Reference needed for Iron-based superconductors

Iron-based superconductor is a class of high-$T_c$ superconductors discovered in 2008. Are there any review papers about these superconductors yet? If not, which are the key papers in the field?
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How can Ohm's law be correct if superconductors have 0 resistivity

Ohm's law states that the relationship between current ( I ) voltage ( V ) and resistance ( R ) is $$I = \frac{V}{R}$$ However superconductors cause the resistance of a material to go to zero, and ...
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How is stable levitation possible?

This question is with reference to the video in this blog post: http://www.universetoday.com/90183/quantum-levitation-and-the-superconductor/ My question is the following: how is the disc stable in ...
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What do we know of superconductivity in thin layers?

motivated by another question, i wonder if there are special properties of superconductivity when restricted on 2D or very thin layers related to the effective permittivity in function of the ...
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Has BCS Cooper pair condensate been observed in experiment?

Feshbach resonance in s-wave scattering states a BCS Cooper pair condensation at B-field just above the resonance where the scattering length a <0. Just wondering if the condensation has been ...
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How to generalize BdG equation in order to match a graphene with a metal superconductor?

I want to generalize BdG equation in order to compute the conductance of a junction of graphene with a metal superconductor. The previous works done until now on this hetrojunction is devotted to use ...
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Simple & intuitive explanation of superfluidity?

I know that superfluidity is caused by the fluid having zero viscosity. This only happens at very low temperature, so the fluid (e.g. Helium-4) is a Bose-Einstein condensate. I also know that in a ...
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Why do electrons not bump into impurities in a superconductor?

Just a simple question. Why is it, that when a material becomes superconducting, and by that gets zero resistivity, the electrons don't hit impurities in the material? For the material to have zero ...
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Where does the phase difference come from in a Josephson Junction?

When you separate two superconductors by a thin insulating film, a current $I(t)=I_0 \sin{\theta(t)}$ flows between the superconductors, where $\theta$ is the phase difference between the ...
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If something has zero resistance, does it have infinite amperage?

If amps = volts / ohms, and ohms is 0, then what is x volts / 0 ohms?
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Sign conventions in Devoret Les Houches course on quantum fluctuations in electrical circuits

In this article on p. 364 Devoret writes the "equations of motion" (using KCL) for the electric circuit shown on p. 363. He uses flux instead of voltages. The sign convention he uses, as shown on p. ...
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Josephson effect - fractional or not

It is well known that a current proportional to $J\propto\sin(\phi_1-\phi_2)$ flows when two superconductor with phases $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ are connected. Also, a current which depends on the ...
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What is the 'super' parameter of superconductivity and what is the role of Cooper pair?

Only thing I know about superconductors is that here the electrical current face zero resistance. My first question is what is 'super' (physical or mathematical entity) about a superconductor. Or more ...
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Anticommutatorrelation in Bogoliubov-de Gennes Hamiltonian

I almost solved the problem Equivalence of Bogoliubov-de Gennes Hamiltonian for nanowire. In the next steps I used the notation by arXiv:0707.1692: $$ \Psi^{\dagger} = ...
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Interaction strength in BCS theory

I'm looking to plot the band gap $\Delta(T)$ as a function of temperature between $T = 0$ and $T = T_c$ by numerical evaluation of the band gap equation $$\frac{1}{\mathcal{N}(0)V} = ...
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Effect of strength of magnetic field on the height of a levitating superconductor?

Quantum levitation, flux pinning -- basically, when a superconductor floats above a permanent magnet, is really fascinating. But does the strength of the magnetic field influence the superconductor's ...