Superconductivity is the transmission of current with no resistive losses, and is one of the most active areas of condensed matter physics research.

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Can flux pinning be used for propulsion in Earth's magnetic field?

I was wondering if the following steps would result in a net displacement on a spacecraft operating in Earth's magnetic field: Turn on a superconductor Use a linear actuator to shift some mass Turn ...
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220 views

Why aren't superconductors shiny? [duplicate]

Superconductors are really good at conducting electricity. Should they not reflect light very well too?
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94 views

Is a single particle transition allowed between two superconductors having Majorana modes?

Sorry maybe I ask a very naive and stupid question. The motivation to ask it is as follows: I am considering the parity protection of Majorana qubit based on Kitaev's 1D model. As we know, in the ...
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464 views

Do topological superconductors exhibit symmetry-enriched topological order?

Gapped Hamiltonians with a ground-state having long-range entanglement (LRE), are said to have topological order (TO), while if the ground state is short-range entangled (SRE) they are in the trivial ...
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128 views

Dimensional analysis of magnetic energy: dimensions of µ0 and H

When calculating the energy difference between the normal and the superconducting state in a superconductor at zero magnetic field, the result is as follows: Now I'm quite confident of this result, ...
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640 views

Experimental signature of topological superconductor

I was wondering if someone can provides some clear experimental signatures of a topological superconductors ? I was thinking about that, because for topological insulator, one of the hallmarks is ...
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141 views

A correct explanation for the levitation of a superconductor above a magnet [duplicate]

I teach high school physics and I'm trying to put together a correct explanation for the levitation of a superconductor above a magnet without a high level of quantum mechanics (but consistent). I ...
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What is the RC time constant in a superconductor?

In conventional conductors, the RC time constant is the time required to charge or discharge a capacitor through a resistor by ≈ 63.2 percent of the difference between the initial value and final ...
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1answer
669 views

How can I put a permanent current into a superconducting loop?

I know that you can use induction to create a current in a superconducting loop, but this only works as long as the coil that induces the field has a current flowing through it. And obviously, this ...
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176 views

Explanation of Superconductivity

I can't get a definitive explanation of why superconductivity happens and I am getting mixed explanations from my textbooks. I will tell you what I know and hopefully you can correct any ...
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619 views

How does phonon cause two electrons to attract each other?

We know that like charges repel each other. But my professor claimed that two electrons can attract each other as well. What he said was that due to screening an electron traveling at some speed wont ...
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64 views

Superconducting magnet

This is a somewhat more detailed question related to this one. The problem I want to solve is problem 1 here. What I tried: a) From $V=-L\frac{\mathrm{d} i}{\mathrm{d} t}$, we can integrate and ...
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501 views

Superconducting diamagnetic sphere in uniform magnetic field

What is the size of the magnetic dipole moment $\vec m$ of a superconducting diamagnetic sphere $radius=R$ in a uniform magnetic field $\vec B_0$? Since there is no free current, we can solve for ...
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273 views

Interaction strength in BCS theory

I'm looking to plot the band gap $\Delta(T)$ as a function of temperature between $T = 0$ and $T = T_c$ by numerical evaluation of the band gap equation $$\frac{1}{\mathcal{N}(0)V} = ...
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Superconductivity [duplicate]

What is the correct explanation of why superconductivity occurs in metals when they are cooled to a temperature below $T_c$? My textbook has the following explanation: Superconductivity is the ...
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223 views

Some questions about the edge states for time-reversal invariant topological superconductors?

Stimulated by my some recent calculations on edge states(ES) for time-reversal invariant(TRI) topological superconductors(TS) as well as many questions concerning the "edge states" in Physics ...
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65 views

Single electron pumps, superconducting energy gap

I am seeking to find out how many electrons per gate cycle are pumped at different temperatures. The Single Electron Pump is made out of Al, with a $T_c=1.2\,\mathrm{K}$. This single electron pump is ...
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1answer
188 views

Ginzburg-Landau model for superconductivity

Could someone kindly elaborate more on the Simple Interpretation section from this Wikipedia Article? I refer to the part on the natures of $\alpha , \beta$. Why can one assume that ...
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422 views

What is the importance of the Fermi energy $E_F$ or the chem. potential $\mu$ for topological superconductors

A lot of effort is put into shifting the Fermi energy of a topological insulator to exactly zero which then provides some advantages when this TI is coupled with a superconductor. I don't understand ...
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5answers
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How can Ohm's law be correct if superconductors have 0 resistivity

Ohm's law states that the relationship between current ( I ) voltage ( V ) and resistance ( R ) is $$I = \frac{V}{R}$$ However superconductors cause the resistance of a material to go to zero, and ...
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131 views

Alternative to Cooper pairing in superconductivity

BCS theory, in which electrons form Cooper pairs, has been successful in explaining conventional superconductivity. Physicists have adopted similar pairing mechanism in an attempt to explain ...
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Current between supeconducting rings

How to calculate the current between two superconducting rings with radius r separated by a distance d? Please note that being unfamiliar to the concept of superconducting rings, I can't approach ...
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1answer
289 views

How is a Majorana fermion created when a s-wave superconductors is in proximity to a topological insulator (e.g. via an antidot)

Kane and Fu proposed a few geometries how to create Majorana zero modes using a s-wave superconductor in proximity to a 3D topological insulator (TI). -> ...
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1answer
2k views

What is a $p_x + i p_y$ superconductor? Relation to topological superconductors

I often read about s-wave and p-wave superconductors. In particular a $p_x + i p_y$ superconductor - often mentioned in combination with topological superconductors. I understand that the overall ...
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1answer
195 views

Electrical energy storage in superconductors

I am a first year A-level student and I am doing a project about the possibility of storing electrical energy in a superconductor. I have researched and I am aware of the critical current density and ...
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1answer
229 views

What is paramagnetic current-current correlation?

I know what paramagnetism is. But first I want to know about the paramagnetic current and then the above-mentioned correlation? Actually, I am working on a paper on superconductivity where I have ...
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1answer
299 views

A question on the doped Kitaev-Heisenberg model?

Recently, some groups have studied the effects of doping the Kitaev model on honeycomb lattice(e.g.,http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.6681 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.4155) and their calculations show the ...
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Why does a superconductor obey particle-hole symmetry?

We normally solve the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equations in order to compute the energy spectrum of a superconductor. The Nambu spinor is a common object that is used in formulating these equations. ...
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What observables are indicative of BCS Cooper pair condensation?

What observables are indicative of BCS Cooper pair condensation? "Thought" experiments and "numerical" experiments are allowed. This question is motivated by the question Has BCS Cooper pair ...
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273 views

Flow of supercurrent in a superconductor

I have two questions one practical and one theoretical. Even though I have a decent understanding of superconductivity both phenomenological as well as theoretical (i.e. BCS), some things just slipped ...
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1answer
197 views

Effect of strength of magnetic field on the height of a levitating superconductor?

Quantum levitation, flux pinning -- basically, when a superconductor floats above a permanent magnet, is really fascinating. But does the strength of the magnetic field influence the superconductor's ...
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4answers
269 views

Induction cooker + superconductive pot

What will happen if I put a super-conductive object on an induction cooker, and turn the cooker on?
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1k views

Superconducting gap, temperature dependence: how to calculate this integral?

Tinkham (page 63) states that the temperature dependence of the gap energy of a superconductor $\Delta(T)$ can be calculated using the following integral: How can this actually be carried out? I am ...
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509 views

Zero Resistance in Quantum Hall Effect and Superconductivity

What is the difference between the zero resistance of $R_{xx}$ in integer quantum Hall effect and the zero resistance in superconductivity?
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Superconducting Wavefunction Phase (Feynman Lectures)

In Volume 3, Section 21-5 of the Feynman lectures (superconductivity), Feynman makes a step that I can't quite follow. To start, he writes the wavefunction of the ground state in the following form ...
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Superconductor general concept questions

I was thinking about building an electric motor using superconductors and I have some general concept questions in regards to how the behavior might be different from ordinary wires. The Meissner ...
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51 views

What is meant by the quantum integrity in a superconducting loop

I encountered this in the context of using squid microscopy to test for d-wave pairing in an iron arsenide superconductor where the goal of the experiment was to detect half integer flux quantum ...
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What are virtual excitations in the context of superconductors?

In a superconductor I have read that the energy gap can be defined as the energy difference between the ground state and the virtual excitations of the system. Is this the energy required to form a ...
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How do superconducting materials float in magnetic field?

The movie Avatar got me interested in the subject, but so far I only found sophisticated articles loaded with unfamiliar words. Is there a simple way to explain how magnetic field affects ...
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What do massive photons have to do with superconductivity?

I keep reading that the idea of massive photons leads to an explanation of the Meissner effect but I fail to see how photons are involved with the repulsion of fields inside a superconductor. How ...
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Why can't a superconductor make a DC motor self sustaining?

Superconducting wire can host a low current magnetic field. I do not know if it supports a corresponding electrical field. Can a superconducting wire that sustains a current accelerate a DC motor? ...
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Usage of helium in MRIs

More and more articles pop up on the shortage of helium, and on the importance of it. Its usage in MRI's spring to mind for example. I looked it up and found out that helium is used for its 'low ...
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60 views

Superconducting nanowire in a parallel magnetic field

Consider a nanoscopic wire (with radius $R$) of superconducting material. The wire lies along the $z$-axis and a magnetic field $\mathbf{H}_a = H\mathbf{e}_z$ is applied. The magnetic field is too ...
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262 views

Meissner Effect for Type-II Superconductors

I was wondering whether the breakdown field strength for the Meissner effect may be attributed to the Zeeman effect? I can see the latter (along with the Stark effect) to be more analogous to electron ...
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251 views

The requirements for superconductivity

Which properties are sufficient evidence for a material to be not superconducting? I am looking for a set of statements like If the material is semiconducting, it is not superconducting Edit: I ...
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464 views

What does “particle number conservation” mean in condensed matter physics?

What exactly does it imply about a condensed matter system to have particle number conserved or not conserved? For example, why does the superconducting phase break particle number conservation while ...
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106 views

What papers detail the early research on heavy fermion superconductors?

Can someone point me to the papers detailing when/where/how heavy fermion superconductors were first synthesized, tested and documented?
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354 views

Has BCS Cooper pair condensate been observed in experiment?

Feshbach resonance in s-wave scattering states a BCS Cooper pair condensation at B-field just above the resonance where the scattering length a <0. Just wondering if the condensation has been ...
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778 views

Why are Topological Superconductors hard to make?

Topological insulators (TI) have already been made in lab. Topological superconductors (TSC), being close cousins of TI, seem harder to make. Why is that? It seems that materials in connection with ...
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397 views

What does the term liquid mean in condensed matter physics?

In condensed matter physics, people always say quantum liquid or spin liquid. What does liquid mean?