I an attempt to evade the Goldstone Theorem, it is argued in Gilbert and Klein and Lee's paper that in a non-relativistic field there exists a preferred direction which can be used to evade ...
We know that: Nambu-Goldstone bosons come from Goldstone theorem: a spontaneous (continuous)-symmetry breaking of the system leads to massless scalar modes. quantum anomaly: is the anomalous ...
I know what paramagnetism is. But first I want to know about the paramagnetic current and then the above-mentioned correlation? Actually, I am working on a paper on superconductivity where I have ...
Why is the magnetic flux not quantized in a standard Aharonov-Bohm (infinite) solenoid setup, whereas in a superconductor setting, flux is quantized?
Is there a difference between a half skyrmion and a meron? I'm asking this in regard to half skyrmion theories of High Tc Superconductors. It would be interresting to know if the proposed half ...