The Sun is an almost perfectly symmetric yellow dwarf star [spectral class G2V] which is at the center of our Solar System.

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12
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2answers
385 views

How are the northern lights produced?

Although I've never seen it myself, I hear the northern lights are a sight to be seen! I know they're related to the Earth's magnetic field but I don't know much more about them. What is the physical ...
25
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5answers
4k views

Why isn't the sunset/sunrise rainbow-colored

When the sun is rising/setting, it goes through a phase where the light is bending from the atmosphere. I believe this image will explain much better than I ever could. Now, if light goes through ...
4
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1answer
258 views

Does any lower frequency electromagnetic radiation naturally reach us from the Sun?

I am not sure whether the sun originally emits everything in the electromagnetic spectrum, (whatever the relative strengths of each portion might be), but I do read that many waves, including gamma / ...
1
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2answers
175 views
7
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2answers
198 views

Flying eggshells

This question was asked on Judaism.StackExchange a few days ago, but I think it has a better chance of being answered here. Disregarding the grammatical discussion in the comments on that question1,...
0
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2answers
4k views

Day/night cycle in Greenland

I have heard that in Greenland there is day for 6 months and night for 6 months. Is this true? If so, how does it happen?
0
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0answers
36 views

Variance of daylight over short periods of time?

I've searched various publication archives but I'm a signal processing engineer and not an applied physicist, so I might not be using the right terms. While I can find various average values for the ...
0
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3answers
349 views

Could we recharge the sun's “batteries”?

From this link: The Sun is 4.6 billion years old and is estimated to live in this stable phase another 4.6 billion years. Since the Sun is a star, once it reaches the end of its lifetime, it ...
0
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1answer
50 views

What length should be the gap to block UV waves from the Sun?

The origin of the question is practical, but the theoretical part is interesting too. Let's rest a little bit on the roof on a sunny summer day. We don't want to get burned, so we usually place some ...
10
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5answers
3k views

How badly could someone be injured by concentrated sunlight?

Recently-ish, I stumbled across an interesting short story (by way of Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange) where a soccer referee is apparently incinerated by concentrated sunlight. Where ...
26
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5answers
7k views

Can the sun cast a shadow?

The sun's light can cast the shadow of another object, but does it ever cast its own shadow?
-1
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1answer
469 views

If the sun stopped burning, would we ever know it?

I read somewhere that since gravity moves at the speed of light, if the sun were to leave its position we would "know" about it through the absence of light and its gravitational effects on our planet ...
-1
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4answers
279 views

Sun revolves around the Earth [duplicate]

What if somebody says that Sun revolves around the Earth and not Earth revolving around the Sun? What would be the consequences?
7
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2answers
4k views

Why is getting a tan in the evening less likely than getting a tan in the morning?

When I was young I read one book in which is written that you get more tan on the morning than on evening even light angle from Sun to Earth is the same. Don't remember exact reason, I think because ...
0
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1answer
116 views

Quick question on parallax and parsec

I know that 1 parsec (pc) is the distance of star at which 1 AU subtends 1 arcsecond. so $1 pc = \frac{1 AU}{1"}$ Now, if two stars in a binary with a separation of 3" and have a trigonometric ...
-1
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1answer
271 views

Quick question on ideal gas law

I know that the ideal gas law is: $$P = nkT$$ So Pressure = Number of Particles per unit volume * kT Why is the number of particles per unit volume = $\frac{\rho}{\mu M_H}$? Shouldn't it simply be $...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculate the latitude / longitude coordinates of the location where the Sun is at the zenith

There are plenty of resources showing how to calculate zenith and azimuth of the Sun when the time and the location are given. However, I need to calculate the location where the sun is at the ...
4
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1answer
272 views

Could the Earth be ejected when the sun burns out?

My younger brother came home from school today and told us at the dinner table that when the sun burns out the Earth could be ejected from its orbit. Skeptical, I asked his source. He quoted his ...
15
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2answers
591 views

What would happen to wet laundry in the vacuum of space?

Imagine for a second that I was in a college dorm room frustrated that all the dryers were broken or in use. I'm impatient and not a jerk so I don't wait or take out someone else's laundry, I shoot it ...
0
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3answers
776 views

Is the solar energy Infinite?

Is the solar energy coming from the sun infinite and will continue to be radiated to our earth forever? (discarding any outer factors) what's the sun's fuel?
3
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1answer
653 views

Why do we see the sun's light color different from the moon's light color?

Why do we see the color of the sun's light as red or orange, while we see the moon's light as white, although it's reflected from the sun?
11
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3answers
4k views

If I were standing on the surface of the sun, how far could I see?

Assuming it would be possible to handle the intense heat... Is the surface even? If not, would average surface elevation be an appropriate definition of "surface"?Does the sun have an atmosphere that ...
1
vote
2answers
919 views

How much of the Earth would a spoonful of the Sun scorch?

How much of the Earth would a spoonful of the Sun scorch if held at ground level? I basically would like to conceptualize the heat of the Sun on a smaller scale, please.
2
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1answer
100 views

Rosenberg-Coleman effect

I know only that it states some variations of the Sun's magnetic fields. What is the Rosenberg-Coleman effect specifically?
2
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0answers
482 views

What is the shape of the Sun's orbit around the Milky Way? [closed]

Here is a question for you really bright folks. How does the motion of the sun along the midpoint of the plane of the galaxy look like? I suspect it to travel above and then below the plane but I ...
3
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1answer
102 views

The origin of the colour of the sun

I have learned so many concepts under astrophysics and unfortunately, I have muddled everything together... Let me try to illustrate my problem: When a star is in main sequence, it fuses hydrogen to ...
-2
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1answer
409 views

How far in meters from the Sun's center is the Earth-Sun center of mass?

Like any set of massive objects separated by distance, the Earth and Sun have a center of mass. How far in meters from the Sun's center is the Earth-Sun center of mass? Just curious? Also what percent ...
1
vote
1answer
864 views

Duration of Satellite orbit in the shadow of the Earth

I want to determine how many minutes a satellite is in a circular orbit around the Earth at about $1000 km$ altitude. I assumed that the Sun-Earth vector lies exactly in the orbital plane of the ...
1
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3answers
619 views

Would we be able to hear the sun if space were full of air? [duplicate]

I was wondering if the sun could be audible from earth in an air-filled space scenario. We can ignore all the other disastrous consequences! Thanks!
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1answer
283 views

Is sun revolving around certain mass in space with reference to some other galaxy?

Every planet and satellite revolves around their mother planet and about their own axis as we know. So they are compacted as a system. Then why not sun?
-1
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2answers
100 views

Does a form of energy exists without any medium?

Sun contains fire,is it?Or some pure form of energy?If space has no air how can fire exist there,it may exist cause a burning piece of magnesium keep on burning in vaccum but,to start fire,oxygen is ...
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Does the Sun produce audible sound?

Theoretically if I were able to build some sort of device that let me sit 1 foot away from the surface of the Sun (or any star for that matter) without being vaporized, would a star produce any sort ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Sun energy production as a function of depth

I've heard a few times that the Sun's energy output per unit volume is less than that of a human, with the Sun's much higher power output being a result of its much greater size. In a blog post, ...
5
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3answers
5k views

Why is spectrum obtained by sunlight, said to be continuous?

My sir spoke about atomic spectra today. Sir said that, unlike the spectrum obtained by analyzing the sunlight, the spectra of atoms are not continuous. I got a doubt here, i,e even the sunlight ...
34
votes
4answers
3k views

Does the sun rotate?

As implied from the question, does the sun rotate? If so, do other stars not including the sun also rotate? Would there be any consequences if the sun and other stars didn't rotate? Me and my friends ...
21
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1answer
2k views

How fast is the Earth-Sun distance changing

This is inspired by Evidence that the Solar System is expanding like the Universe?, which referenced an article by G. A. Krasinsky and V. A. Brumberg, "Secular Increase of Astronomical Unit from ...
2
votes
2answers
932 views

Light formed by the sun?

This is an extract from the astrophysics chapter in my book: Hydrogen atoms fuse to form helium. At the same time, lots of of gamma photons and neutrinos are produced. The photons take thousands ...
11
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1answer
276 views

Why do some sunsets have a green flash?

Some sunsets exhibit a phenomenon called "green flash," where there is a quick flash of green light right as the sun is setting. I have seen this myself several times, and sort of understand it. I am ...
18
votes
3answers
305 views

What happens to the electron companions of cosmic ray protons?

If primary cosmic rays are made mostly of protons, where are the electrons lost, and does this mean that the Earth is positively charged? Does the sun eject protons and electrons in equal number?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why aren't solar panels efficient?

Why can't solar panels produce 1 Kw per 1 square meter? This is the energy of the Sun's radiation per square meter on Earth but solar panels don't come close. Why can't we trap all that energy? ...
28
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6answers
7k views

Can the apparent equal size of sun and moon be explained or is this a coincidence?

Is there a possible explanation for the apparent equal size of sun and moon or is this a coincidence? (An explanation can involve something like tide-lock effects or the anthropic principle.)
4
votes
3answers
348 views

A question once confused Confucius

A well known story "Two Children arguing about the sun" (From Lie Zi, ca. 500BC): On the way traveling to the east, Confucius saw two children were arguing. One child thought that the sun is ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Question about the refraction of Fresnel lenses

If you line up the suns rays parallel to a Fresnel lens, the light is concentrated, and the focus directly underneath. However, what happens if the sun is off to the side, making the light hit at an ...
1
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1answer
432 views

Strömgren Sphere of Sun

I have a homework problem: The Sun emits $ \sim5 x 10^{23}$ photons per second with $hν > 13.6$ $eV$. If the density of hydrogen atoms in interplanetary space is $n =$ $109 m^{-3}$, what ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Is it possible to focus the sun in such way?

Imagine the sliding part of the mirror is controlled by computer and opens on intervals. Is it possible to increase the power of the beam by making it bounce between the mirrors thus going through ...
8
votes
1answer
185 views

The effect of dark lines in the Sun's spectrum on reflected paint/ color

Its well known that the Sun's spectrum is not continuous, and that there are dark bands within the suns spectrum. Is it possible to produce a color of paint that is bright in, say, indoor lighting and ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Application of diffraction problem!

Here is a problem that I am working on, which is the applying the concepts of diffraction to the setting of the sun: Air has a small, usually negligible index of refraction. It is 1.0002926. This ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Calculating the solar power hitting Earth

I'm trying to calculate the amount of power from the sun hitting the earth, but I am getting a number which is off by a factor of ~4. I calculate the "area" of the earth, as seen from the sun, and ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What size will the Sun become once it is a red giant?

How big will the Sun be once it becomes a red giant? How much of the solar system will it engulf?
2
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3answers
23k views

How long until the sun cannot sustain human life on earth?

The sun will last, at its current brightness for 9 billion more years. How long until the sun gets burned down to the point where it cannot sustain life on Earth anymore? Updated: I am more concerned ...