The Sun is an almost perfectly symmetric yellow dwarf star [spectral class G2V] which is at the center of our Solar System.

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Sunspots and brightness

I tried to look up some facts regarding sunspots and its relation between the brightness of the sun, only to find information that are intriguing yet not what I am looking for. My understanding is ...
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Variance of daylight over short periods of time?

I've searched various publication archives but I'm a signal processing engineer and not an applied physicist, so I might not be using the right terms. While I can find various average values for the ...
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What is the Sun's core made of?

The obvious answer is hydrogen and helium plasma but the nuclear fusion can also create heavier elements. Are these heavier elements a significant portion of the core? Do the heavier elements "sink" ...
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What length should be the gap to block UV waves from the Sun?

The origin of the question is practical, but the theoretical part is interesting too. Let's rest a little bit on the roof on a sunny summer day. We don't want to get burned, so we usually place some ...
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Flying eggshells

This question was asked on Judaism.StackExchange a few days ago, but I think it has a better chance of being answered here. Disregarding the grammatical discussion in the comments on that ...
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Could we recharge the sun's “batteries”?

From this link: The Sun is 4.6 billion years old and is estimated to live in this stable phase another 4.6 billion years. Since the Sun is a star, once it reaches the end of its lifetime, it ...
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How badly could someone be injured by concentrated sunlight?

Recently-ish, I stumbled across an interesting short story (by way of Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange) where a soccer referee is apparently incinerated by concentrated sunlight. Where ...
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If the sun stopped burning, would we ever know it?

I read somewhere that since gravity moves at the speed of light, if the sun were to leave its position we would "know" about it through the absence of light and its gravitational effects on our planet ...
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Sun revolves around the Earth [duplicate]

What if somebody says that Sun revolves around the Earth and not Earth revolving around the Sun? What would be the consequences?
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Can the sun cast a shadow?

The sun's light can cast the shadow of another object, but does it ever cast its own shadow?
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Quick question on parallax and parsec

I know that 1 parsec (pc) is the distance of star at which 1 AU subtends 1 arcsecond. so $1 pc = \frac{1 AU}{1"}$ Now, if two stars in a binary with a separation of 3" and have a trigonometric ...
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Quick question on ideal gas law

I know that the ideal gas law is: $$P = nkT$$ So Pressure = Number of Particles per unit volume * kT Why is the number of particles per unit volume = $\frac{\rho}{\mu M_H}$? Shouldn't it simply ...
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Is it true that the sun will cause very high temperatures on Earth long before the red-giant-phase?

I heard at least three claims about the development of the heat of the sun. In an old book, I read, that nothing dramatically will happen in the next few billion years. Wikipedia states, that the ...
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Could the Earth be ejected when the sun burns out?

My younger brother came home from school today and told us at the dinner table that when the sun burns out the Earth could be ejected from its orbit. Skeptical, I asked his source. He quoted his ...
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Does the earth gets closer to the sun?

We know that the sun loses an amount of it's mass equivalent to the amount of energy it produces, according to the E=mc² equation. so the sun is losing mass every second. Does this affect the ...
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136 views

Does one square centimenter of the sun core really radiate this amount of energy?

I have been thinking that since the core of the sun maintains its temperature at 15 million degrees Kelvin, then every cubic centimeter of this core is receiving a certain amount of energy to keep it ...
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212 views

Is the solar energy Infinite?

Is the solar energy coming from the sun infinite and will continue to be radiated to our earth forever? (discarding any outer factors) what's the sun's fuel?
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229 views

Why do we see the sun's light color different from the moon's light color?

Why do we see the color of the sun's light as red or orange, while we see the moon's light as white, although it's reflected from the sun?
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a weird image of sun

Have you ever notice the sunset's image in the sea? It's like long light path to the end of the horizon! I've attached a sample of this: How can we explain this? I know that it can happen even in ...
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If I were standing on the surface of the sun, how far could I see?

Assuming it would be possible to handle the intense heat... Is the surface even? If not, would average surface elevation be an appropriate definition of "surface"?Does the sun have an atmosphere that ...
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87 views

The origin of the colour of the sun

I have learned so many concepts under astrophysics and unfortunately, I have muddled everything together... Let me try to illustrate my problem: When a star is in main sequence, it fuses hydrogen to ...
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What is the shape of the Sun's orbit around the Milky Way? [closed]

Here is a question for you really bright folks. How does the motion of the sun along the midpoint of the plane of the galaxy look like? I suspect it to travel above and then below the plane but I ...
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How far in meters from the Sun's center is the Earth-Sun center of mass?

Like any set of massive objects separated by distance, the Earth and Sun have a center of mass. How far in meters from the Sun's center is the Earth-Sun center of mass? Just curious? Also what percent ...
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272 views

Duration of Satellite orbit in the shadow of the Earth

I want to determine how many minutes a satellite is in a circular orbit around the Earth at about $1000 km$ altitude. I assumed that the Sun-Earth vector lies exactly in the orbital plane of the ...
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Would we be able to hear the sun if space were full of air? [duplicate]

I was wondering if the sun could be audible from earth in an air-filled space scenario. We can ignore all the other disastrous consequences! Thanks!
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Sun: When its closest and when its farther away?

If the sun is closest to the North American Hemisphere in the winter than it is in the summer, why doesn't our faces and hands tan and/or blister quicker? Please provide two hyperlink sources with ...
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125 views

Is sun revolving around certain mass in space with reference to some other galaxy?

Every planet and satellite revolves around their mother planet and about their own axis as we know. So they are compacted as a system. Then why not sun?
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Does a form of energy exists without any medium?

Sun contains fire,is it?Or some pure form of energy?If space has no air how can fire exist there,it may exist cause a burning piece of magnesium keep on burning in vaccum but,to start fire,oxygen is ...
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Does the Sun produce audible sound?

Theoretically if I were able to build some sort of device that let me sit 1 foot away from the surface of the Sun (or any star for that matter) without being vaporized, would a star produce any sort ...
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Sun energy production as a function of depth

I've heard a few times that the Sun's energy output per unit volume is less than that of a human, with the Sun's much higher power output being a result of its much greater size. In a blog post, ...
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333 views

Light formed by the sun?

This is an extract from the astrophysics chapter in my book: Hydrogen atoms fuse to form helium. At the same time, lots of of gamma photons and neutrinos are produced. The photons take thousands ...
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Why do some sunsets have a green flash?

Some sunsets exhibit a phenomenon called "green flash," where there is a quick flash of green light right as the sun is setting. I have seen this myself several times, and sort of understand it. I am ...
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321 views

Why does the Sun turn red near sunset?

At daytime the Sun's light is yellowish if not near white. Why when the Sun starts to go down that it's light turn more red. I don't think the earth's rotation is so rapid to cause a red shift. Why ...
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371 views

Why aren't solar panels efficient?

Why can't solar panels produce 1 Kw per 1 square meter? This is the energy of the Sun's radiation per square meter on Earth but solar panels don't come close. Why can't we trap all that energy? ...
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What would happen to wet laundry in the vacuum of space?

Imagine for a second that I was in a college dorm room frustrated that all the dryers were broken or in use. I'm impatient and not a jerk so I don't wait or take out someone else's laundry, I shoot it ...
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Earth's Temperature

I have a question regarding earth's temperature... How come the average temperature in the middle east (Israel, Saudi Arabia, Sudan or lower) is always so much significantly higher than in Europe ...
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Question about the refraction of Fresnel lenses

If you line up the suns rays parallel to a Fresnel lens, the light is concentrated, and the focus directly underneath. However, what happens if the sun is off to the side, making the light hit at an ...
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What causes the dimensions of a star increase when its hydrogen fuel is exhausted?

What causes the dimensions of a star increase when its hydrogen fuel is exhausted? For example, the Sun is expected to increase its radius 250 times. What causes this if its temperature is expected to ...
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Is it possible to focus the sun in such way?

Imagine the sliding part of the mirror is controlled by computer and opens on intervals. Is it possible to increase the power of the beam by making it bounce between the mirrors thus going through ...
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Stellar Activity Cycle versus Metallicity

Our Sun exhibits sunspot max/mins on about a 11 year period. It's a G2 spectral class on the HR Diagram. We know that some stars exhibit "starspot" cycles of various intensities and periods. These ...
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The effect of dark lines in the Sun's spectrum on reflected paint/ color

Its well known that the Sun's spectrum is not continuous, and that there are dark bands within the suns spectrum. Is it possible to produce a color of paint that is bright in, say, indoor lighting and ...
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Why is spectrum obtained by sunlight, said to be continuous?

My sir spoke about atomic spectra today. Sir said that, unlike the spectrum obtained by analyzing the sunlight, the spectra of atoms are not continuous. I got a doubt here, i,e even the sunlight ...
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Calculating the solar power hitting Earth

I'm trying to calculate the amount of power from the sun hitting the earth, but I am getting a number which is off by a factor of ~4. I calculate the "area" of the earth, as seen from the sun, and ...
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2answers
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Gravitational Effect Versus the Speed of Light [duplicate]

If, for some reason, the sun were to suddenly disappear altogether, I would like to know the following: would we "feel" it first (i.e. being thrown into outer space due to no longer having anything ...
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1answer
236 views

Strömgren Sphere of Sun

I have a homework problem: The Sun emits $ \sim5 x 10^{23}$ photons per second with $hν > 13.6$ $eV$. If the density of hydrogen atoms in interplanetary space is $n =$ $109 m^{-3}$, what ...
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Calculate the latitude / longitude coordinates of the location where the Sun is at the zenith

There are plenty of resources showing how to calculate zenith and azimuth of the Sun when the time and the location are given. However, I need to calculate the location where the sun is at the ...
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How faster is the effect of force exerted by gravity? [duplicate]

We all know that Earth revolves around the Sun due to Gravitational force of the Sun. Also we know that it takes just over 8 minutes for the Sun's light to reach Earth. Now let us say, hypothetically ...
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A question once confused Confucius

A well known story "Two Children arguing about the sun" (From Lie Zi, ca. 500BC): On the way traveling to the east, Confucius saw two children were arguing. One child thought that the sun is ...
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calculating the solar declination

I was looking at this page http://www.illustratingshadows.com/www-formulae-collection.pdf and found the equation used for estimating the solar declination (sun declination). One problem, though, I ...
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In the calculation of sunrise, where do the magic numbers come from?

In this question about how to calculate sunrise, there is a link to a page that describes a algorithm to calculate sunrise sunset. But when I start to follow the instructions I find that there is a ...