The Sun is an almost perfectly symmetric yellow dwarf star [spectral class G2V] which is at the center of our Solar System.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
47 views

What happens if an object stops orbiting the sun? [closed]

What would happen if an object (like a space ship) was to stop its orbit around the sun. would time slow down with that object (the same way time sped up for the characters in that great film ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Would an object falling on the surface of the Sun look like this? [closed]

I've been playing around with some rustic animation and then I came to simulating gravity over squishy objects, I simulated a squishy ball of unknown "squishiness" (I'm sorry I don't know a lot of ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How can we see the moon while it's between the Earth and the Sun?

I know this sounds like (and probably is) a stupid question, but I can't figure it out. As far as I know, the crescent shape of the moon is when the moon is on the sunny side of the Earth, but that ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Why is moonlight less colourful than yellow light?

Just what the title states; and this isn't an original question: On full-moon, moonlight is almost as bright as mid-dawn; yet there is hardly any colour visible. This is not the case with sunlight. ...
-2
votes
1answer
174 views

Is there any metal or any material that can survive the Sun? [closed]

If we were to send a unmanned spaceship through the Sun. What material can survive?
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Proton flux model or data at energy range up to 100 keV

I am looking for a model or at best the database of proton fluxes (solar p+) at a energy range of some eV up to 100 keV. I have already found the SOHO database: http://umtof.umd.edu/pm/ But the ...
0
votes
5answers
70 views

Static model of the Earth motion

Believe it or not, an old man I know in 2015 still negates the Earth orbital motion around the Sun. He believes the earth is rotating on itself and acknowledges this gives day and night on every ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Would a giant satellite laser work as a weapon?

If someone built a satellite to float about in space, which used mirrors to focus and magnify energy from the sun directly into one direct spot (like in the James Bond film Die Another Day) would it ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

Why is the colour of sunlight yellow?

I was going through the preliminary papers of other schools and found a question that I did not know. It was "Why sunlight appears yellow?". Can anyone answer it?
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Will the Sun ever get 100x powerful? If so, when?

I was doing a theoretical research regarding life on Titan. The temperature of Titan is so low, and it needed more sunlight, as a result, the Sun would require to get hotter. My question is, when will ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

How long is a 'sun year'? [closed]

I know that a 'sun day' is the time that a sun spot takes to orbit one time across the suns surface (25-30 days dependent on location I think) and what is actually defined as a 'sun year' is how long ...
2
votes
2answers
396 views

Which will collide first, the moon and Earth, or Sun and Earth?

As time progresses, which scenario will happen first? The moon colliding with Earth, or the Earth colliding with the Sun? I figure the Moon and Earth will happen first, based on proximity, but the sun ...
-1
votes
1answer
151 views

Mass loss for Fusion energy? [closed]

I am thinking how you can estimate the mass loss of the fusion energy for 1 kWh. I think you cannot use Einstein's $E=mc^2$ to calculate the mass loss in the fusion reaction of the Sun. How can ...
2
votes
3answers
561 views

Why doesn't the Sun appear green to our eyes?

The spectrum of the Sun as seen at sea level can be seen at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Solar_Spectrum.png so we can see that wavelengths around green to yellow are the ones that are the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does the Sun turn red near sunset?

At daytime the Sun's light is yellowish if not near white. Why when the Sun starts to go down that it's light turn more red. I don't think the earth's rotation is so rapid to cause a red shift. Why ...
52
votes
2answers
7k views

Why is the Sun almost perfectly spherical?

Relatively recent measurements indicate that the Sun is nearly the roundest object ever measured. If scaled to the size of a beach ball, it would be so round that the difference between the widest ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Looking at the sun through heavy fog, do invisible wavelengths get through?

This morning it was particularly foggy and my son was excitedly looking at the sun through the fog, since of course he normally can't look directly at it and see the disk. I told him to stop looking ...
-1
votes
1answer
134 views

How much radiation does the Earth receive from the Sun's total radiation? [closed]

I was thinking how to solve this problem. $1\,\mathrm{AU}$ is roughly the distance from the Earth to the Sun, $1.4960 \times 10^{11}\,\mathrm{m}$. The radius of Earth is approximately $6.4 \times ...
37
votes
4answers
4k views

How far out from the Sun is visible light still sufficient to read a book?

Recent pictures from the New Horizons spacecraft, shown below, seem to indicate that, at Pluto's distance, we are entering a twilight zone, with a distinct lack of colors, although that could be due ...
-1
votes
1answer
76 views

In what ways does the sun output energy?

I'm curious about the energy output of the sun, and how it breaks down. What fraction is from EM radiation, solar wind, neutrinos, et cetera? How does energy output vary over the EM spectrum? I was ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Why is sunlight not violet in color?

I have a UV lamp which appears violet in color, but our own sun also emits UV rays so where does the violet go? Why does sunlight not appear violet?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Can a baseball travel through the Sun?

A baseball moving sufficiently close to the speed of light could theoretically spend less than a nanosecond inside of the Sun in the balls frame. If a baseball were traveling close enough to the speed ...
4
votes
5answers
562 views

How can sunlight be white , but pictures of the sun be orange?

I was thinking about elementary physics today and realised: We learned and proved that sunlight is white. But i don't understand why when you look at a picture of a satellite orbiting the sun , it(the ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

Explanation for the spectrum of the sun?

My Question is, why exactely does the intensity vanish below 240 nm ? If i look at the plank's law, obviously the intensity for $\lambda \rightarrow 0$ and $\lambda \rightarrow \infty$ will vanish, ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Modeling incoming solar radiation

I want to write a model for estimating incoming solar radiation for a specific latitude on earth but I am struggling to find an appropriate source which shows the required equations for doing so. ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Will Mercury fall to the Suns core?

When the Sun enters its red giant phase, what exactly will happen to Mercury?
1
vote
2answers
100 views

What causes the death of the Sun?

In a previous question I learned that in each second only a miniscule portion of the total hydrogen in the Sun is converted to helium and that the number is 1/10^18 of its mass converted each second. ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Density of the Sun

Being either on the surface or somewhere inside; where is the density of the gases of the Sun equal to the density of the ground we stand on here on earth?
2
votes
3answers
154 views

Are there more photons than nuclei within the Sun?

Are there more photons than nuclei within the Sun? Is there a good way to estimate what the ratio would be?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why is radiation under Poynting-Robertson drag anisotropic?

According to the Wikipedia article on Poynting-Robertson drag, the reason solar radiation slows an orbiting object is because the re-radiation of photons by the object is anisotropic in the frame of ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Where is the Hydrogen the Sun consumes?

I understand the Sun consumes 600,000,000 tons of Hydrogen each second. Where is this Hydrogen? Is all the Hydrogen the Sun will ever consume inside it or are there vast amounts of Hydrogen in space ...
-3
votes
1answer
157 views

Is the sum of mass of all planets in our solar system is 40% the mass of the Sun? [closed]

According to Chandrasekhar Limit,the mass of an object can not exceed than 1.4 times the mass of the sun.But according to some other theories,the sun was very large at former times and earth and ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Power radiated by the Sun at different locations [closed]

I am wondering can someone help to solve second part which extends first part; The power radiated by the Sun is ${3.9*10^{26}}_{watt}$. The earth orbits the sun in a nearly circular orbit of radius ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Do trace elements in a stellar proto-cloud affect the spectrum of the resulting star?

Two quick questions regarding the origin of our Sun: Our own Sun was probably part of a much larger gas cloud and I wonder, if two distinct stars condense from a homogenous protocloud, do very slight ...
3
votes
3answers
223 views

Does one square centimenter of the sun core really radiate this amount of energy?

I have been thinking that since the core of the sun maintains its temperature at 15 million degrees Kelvin, then every cubic centimeter of this core is receiving a certain amount of energy to keep it ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Image formation or Diffraction?

I was watching this video on the YouTube channel Veritasium. In this episode, the host shows people paper containing holes of different shapes in the middle. So there is a paper which has a hole in ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Did the Sun form around a solid core?

When Jupiter formed I assume like the other planets it started as tiny clumps of matter that eventually came together, became gravitationally bound and then eventually captured a lot of gas. I've also ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

What causes red skies? [duplicate]

This morning, as I was walking to work, I noticed that the skies were different. It had a reddish tint. What causes this?
3
votes
1answer
296 views

What is the Correlation Between Solar Wind Velocity/Density and Sunspot Count?

We have the Advanced Composition Exporer (ACE), which orbits in the L1 libration point as a source for solar wind velocity and density (particles/cm^3) data. Typically, at a velocity in the range of ...
7
votes
1answer
363 views

Are the electrons at the centre of the Sun degenerate or not?

Trying to find an answer to this question, I came across two different methods of determining whether electrons at the center of the sun are degenerate or not. The first method, used here, calculates ...
4
votes
2answers
272 views

Can the Sun's core be treated as an ideal gas?

I know that a gas behaves more like an ideal gas at higher temperature, and that is very well achieved in the Sun's core. But also low pressure is needed for a gas to behave like an ideal gas, and the ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

Is it possible to calculate the relative abundances of elements in the sun based on its line spectrum using a common lab spectroscope?

There are many problems that I feel would hinder the process: atmospheric noise, light pollution etc. Let's assume that I bypass these problems and get an accurate emission line spectrum on the ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

How do solar cells increase the lifespan of the Sun?

While reading "Physics of Solar Cells" by Würfel, I came across an amusing statement: An interesting aspect arises if we had to pay for solar energy, but could also get a refund for energy ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Does the Earth gets closer to the Sun?

We know that the sun loses an amount of it's mass equivalent to the amount of energy it produces, according to the $E=mc^2$ equation. so the sun is losing mass every second. Does this affect the ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Entropy of the Sun

Is it possible to measure or calculate the total entropy of the Sun? Assuming it changes over time, what are its current first and second derivatives w.r.t. time? What is our prediction on its ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Calculating the Surface Temperature of the Sun with a Metallic Strip from the Surface of Earth

I am trying to calculate the surface temperature of the sun with a copper strip. I have a temperature sensor to calculate the temperature of the strip and that's it. Assuming the rate at which energy ...
9
votes
3answers
8k views

How fast will the sun become a red giant?

I've read many accounts of our sun's distant fate, but what I've never heard is on what time scale these events occur. For instance, when the sun runs out of hydrogen, I presume it doesn't just WHAM! ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How does the heat of Sun come on Earth when there is no medium?

Sun is the most important source for life on Earth which gives sunlight and heat on Earth. But I was wondering like how does the heat of Sun come on Earth when there is no medium out there in space?
2
votes
3answers
139 views

Is sunlight truly white?

I recently purchased a book on nuclear astrophysics, with no goal of mastering the topic but merely to read in between exams and hopefully learn something, it is revealed that the sun is composed ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How close to the surface of the Sun would one have to be to determine an 'upright' position relative to it's surface?

As we stand upon the surface of the earth we're able to establish a relative 'up' and 'down' direction due to gravitational forces. As we leave the confines of the earths gravitational attraction ...