A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string. PLEASE DO NOT USE THIS TAG for non-relativistic material strings, such as, e.g., a guitar string.

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4
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1answer
240 views

Can T-duality resolve spacelike singularities?

Schwarzschild singularities are described by the Kantowski-Sachs metric with a contracting S2. Of course, T-duality doesn't apply to S2. But what about a Kasner-type singularity with two contracting ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Nonzero space-like commutation relation in string theory?

How did Nima Arkani-Hamed come up with the following nonzero space-like commutation relation in string theory? $$\left\langle \left| \left[ \hat{\mathcal{O}}(\vec{x}), \hat{\mathcal{O}}(\vec{y}) \...
5
votes
2answers
603 views

Question about Calabi-Yau manifolds and quantum fluctuations at the Planck scale

Super string theory establishes that at each point of our 4 dimensional spacetime, there is attached a 6-dimensional Calabi-Yau (CY) manifold which encodes the geometry of the additional compactified ...
7
votes
3answers
711 views

Giant string in space

I saw an interview with Ed Witten, where he said one way to confirm string-theory is to observe a giant string floating in space, left over from the Big-Bang. How does one observe such a string, does ...
6
votes
1answer
628 views

Is Weyl invariance absolutely necessary for string worldsheets?

The Polyakov action for a string worldsheet has Weyl invariance. In the conformal gauge augmented with Weyl gauge-fixing, we can always impose a flat worldsheet metric in Minkowski coordinates. The ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Why are unorientable strings with reversed orientations different?

If a string is unorientable, why is the a string with reversed orientation different from the initial string? Why do we have Kalb-Ramond 2-forms?
4
votes
1answer
199 views

What is the stress-energy distribution of a string in target space?

If $| \psi \rangle$ is a string mode, how do you compute $\langle \psi | \hat{T}^{\mu\nu}(\vec{x}) | \psi \rangle$ where $\vec{x}$ is a point in target space? This information will tell us the energy ...
3
votes
1answer
277 views

M2-brane wrapped twice around $S^1$

M-theory wrapped around $S^1$ is type IIA, especially in the limit of zero radius. An M2-brane wrapped around $S^1$ once is a type IIA string. The zero mode anyway. In the limit of very small radius, ...
4
votes
1answer
267 views

Orbifolds of the $c =1$ Bosonic theory on a circle

For a $c=1$ Boson on a circle at the self-dual rdius, we get an enhanced gauge symmetry $\hat{SU}(2)_1$. It is said that we can orbifold this model by any finite subgroup of $SU(2)$ since $SU(2)$ is a ...
38
votes
3answers
7k views

What if the LHC doesn't see SUSY?

A question in four parts. What are the main problems which supersymmetry purports to solve? What would constitute lack of evidence for SUSY at the proposed LHC energy scales (e.g. certain predicted ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Good introductory text for matrix string theory

Where can I find a good introductory text for matrix string theory? Most textbooks don't cover it, or only cover it very superficially. What is the basic idea behind matrix string theory? How can ...
7
votes
1answer
234 views

Statistics and macrolocality in string theory

Take two identical closed strings, both tracing out exactly the same path in space. These two strings are coincident everywhere. Call this state I. Take a single closed string following exactly the ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

Can long strings always snap?

In quantum chromodynamics, long flux tubes will always snap because a quark-antiquark pair gets created from the vacuum, and hadronization results with a quark attached to each new end. In string ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

2D CFTs and permutation orbifolds

Suppose we have 2 systems with the same partition function, does this mean the 2 systems are the same? For example, in 2D CFTs, would the equality of two partition functions imply that the underlying ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

Can a $CFT_2$ which can't be factorized into chiral and antichiral parts and/or have a central charge not a multiple of 24 have AdS duals?

In the article Three dimensional gravity reconsidered by Ed Witten, he remarked that the CFT dual to three dimensional quantum gravity has to admit a holomorphic factorization and have a central ...
2
votes
3answers
289 views

Tachyonic complex structure directions in flux vacua

In flux compactifications to 4D, e.g. Type IIB on a CY orientifold $X$, one uses fluxes to stabilize the axio-dilaton $\tau$ and the complex structure moduli $z_a$ - the periods of the holomorphic ...
4
votes
2answers
346 views

Is our universe a 2+1D superconformal field theory?

If our universe comes from a flux compactification of string theory over 6 dimensions with a nonzero flux, then it can't be continually deformed to another compactification with zero flux as the total ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

Gribov ambiguities for splitting strings in the BRST conformal gauge

The standard textbook treatment of the conformal gauge for a free string with BRST ghosts is fine, but when a string splits into two, we have Gribov ambiguities for the conformal gauge. We can impose ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

Inflation and string theory in general relativity

How can we relate inflation and string theory? We study some inflationary cosmological model or some string cosmological model under some specific assumptions or conditions. Is their any relation or ...
7
votes
1answer
358 views

How do ideas of leading singularities and Grassmanian help in curing infrared divergences when calculating N=4 scattering amplitudes?

Broadly speaking how do ideas of leading singularities and Grassmanian help in curing infrared divergences when calculating N=4 scattering amplitudes? My understanding is that one gets infra red ...
5
votes
2answers
884 views

How much can AdS/CMT tell us?

I will begin my research on AdS/CMT, however I find AdS/CMT is only a phenomelogical method, so I want to know can AdS/CMT give some results the condensed matter physicists can not give, or even ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Does String Theory disagree with General Relativity?

I would like to expand on what I mean by the title of this question to focus the answers. Normally whenever a theory (e.g. General Relativity) replaces another (e.g. Newtonian Gravity) there is a ...
8
votes
1answer
270 views

What happens when two D-branes annihilate?

What happens when two D-branes annihilate? Do we get a radiation of strings?
4
votes
2answers
392 views

Why do we have so many dualities in string theory?

Why do we have so many dualities in string theory? Is there a reason for that?
2
votes
1answer
425 views

With estimates of mass constraints on magnetic monopoles, how likely is one to be found by the LHC(MoEDAL)?

Fermilab seems to have ruled out monopoles with mass less than 850 GeV, but I have seen some estimates of the mass thought to be in the order of up to $10^{18}$ GeV, which, of course, would make them ...
2
votes
0answers
447 views

Static gauge choice in string theory

In solving different problems in string theory and also in brane theory, we consider this static gauge choice and I think that's due to the local symmetry(Repara. Inv. and Weyl) that we have in our ...
3
votes
1answer
477 views

Questions on string theory vacuum and quantizing gravity

Actually I have few questions. The answer to a question related to string field theory helped me, but let me still ask it as its probably a bit different. When e.g we do bosonic/super string theory ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Electric charge in string theory

The mass of an elementary particle in string theory is related with the way the string vibrates. The more frantically a string vibrates the more energy it posses and hence the more massive it is. My ...
2
votes
2answers
300 views

What mechanism in string theory enforces the consistency of self-couplings of massless vector bosons?

I have been reading the stackexchange questions on enhanced symmetries in string theory, the Leech lattice, monstrous moonshine, etc. , and I have a question to ask. An astute commentator pointed out ...
3
votes
3answers
548 views

Do extra-dimensional theories like ADD or Randall-Sundrum require string theory to be true?

What I mean is could it turn out that the world is not described by string theory / M-Theory, but that nevertheless some version of one of these extra-dimensional theories is true? I have no real ...
4
votes
3answers
631 views

What is the physical meaning of enhanced gauge symmetries in string compactifications?

For some very special cases of string compactification backgrounds, we get mysterious enhanced gauge symmetries. What is their physical meaning, and why do they arise? Is there any geometrical ...
5
votes
2answers
232 views

If we are willing to accept tachyonic string modes, are there valid projections other than the GSO projections?

One reason superstring theory has often been touted as being an improvement over bosonic string theory is that we can impose GSO projections to remove the tachyonic mode. If we insist upon the no ...
9
votes
1answer
864 views

Dual conformal symmetry and spin networks in ABJM

In this question, I would love to hear some independent opinions on an issue I asked Juan Maldacena, Nathan Berkovits, Dan Jafferis, and others, but all the physicists may be missing something. The ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Meaning and types of singularity in case of string or any cosmological model (Mathematical description)

What is actual meaning of singularity can we use this term for conclusion in any research paper( related to cosmological models ).what r the types .
6
votes
1answer
215 views

Are there string backgrounds which can't be described by first quantized string theory?

In the strong coupling limit of type IIA and heterotic E8 string theory, we get 11 dimensional M-theory in which we have no strings. Instead, we have M2 branes. Are there any other backgrounds in ...
6
votes
0answers
191 views

Is string theory over a time varying background a conformal field theory to all orders in perturbation theory?

When computing the first order perturbative corrections to string theory over a curved background, we find the background has to be Ricci-flat if the dilaton is constant and we have no fluxes. Such is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Where's the mass?

When you look a the Polyakov or Nambu-Goto action, you see a T for tension, but no mass. When you look the action of a relativistic particle, you see the m. See here. So here's the question. Where is ...
4
votes
2answers
985 views

Black Hole Singularity and String Theory

This question arises in a somewhat naive form because I am largely unfamiliar with String Theory. I do know that it incorporates higher space dimensions where I shall take the overall dimensionality ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Covariant Quantisation and the Time Operator in String Theory

Covariant quantisation in string theory is accomplished by giving the commutator relations $[X^\mu(\sigma,\tau),P^\nu(\sigma',\tau)] = i \eta^{\mu\nu} \delta(\sigma - \sigma')$. Although ...
-3
votes
1answer
222 views

Why String theory introduced in cosmological models to study nature of universe? [closed]

Why String theory ? simple cosmological model is not sufficient for study of nature of universe
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Number of dimensions in string theory and possible link with number theory

This question has led me to ask somewhat a more specific question. I have read somewhere about a coincidence. Numbers of the form $8k + 2$ appears to be relevant for string theory. For k = 0 one gets ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Is there an upper bound on the gauge group rank in F-theory compactifications on CY 4-folds?

It is known that in F-theory compactifications on CY 4-folds one can get gauge groups with very large ranks. The largest single factor* gauge group for compact CY 4-folds I found in the literature is ...
1
vote
2answers
424 views

Why do string theory and Hopf algebra renormalization seem to have no intersection?

Hopf algebra appears in recent papers that systematize renormalization of quantum field theory (QFT). For example see Connes' work and citing papers or a paper referenced here on PSE: R. E. Borcherds,...
8
votes
3answers
366 views

Question about associative 3-cycles on G2 manifolds

Let $X$ be a manifold with $G_2$ holonomy and $\Phi$ be the fundamental associative 3-form on $X$. Let $*\Phi$ be the dual co-associative 4-form on $X$. Now consider a particular associative 3-cycle $...
3
votes
2answers
349 views

Gravitational and gauge-gravitational anomalies in N=1 D=4 supergravity coupled to a SUSY gauge theory with chiral matter

When people talk about the first superstring revolution they often mention the miraculous cancellation of anomalies via the Green Schwarz mechanism. My question is whether such a string-theoretic ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

String worldsheets with periodic time?

If we try to work out the details of string theory over a worldsheet with genus 1, does that mean we have periodic time on the worldsheet? But if we have periodic time, and in some portions of the ...
6
votes
1answer
400 views

What is the current status of the swampland?

What is the current status of the swampland? Have people expanded the list of swampland criteria? If let's say I wish to figure out if the Standard Model belongs to the swampland, are there any ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Give a description of M-theory your grandmother can understand

Inspired by this question, let me ask a similar question. Is it possible to do the same (give a description of M-theory your grandmother could understand)for M theory? While I know even experts don't ...
1
vote
2answers
601 views

Does string theory provide quantitative experimental predictions? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What experiment would disprove string theory? We carefully observe things, observe patterns and then build theories that predict. String theory is frequently criticized ...