A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string. PLEASE DO NOT USE THIS TAG for non-relativistic material strings, such as, e.g., a guitar string.

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6
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107 views

Why is there no double counting of $s$- and $t$-channels in string theory?

In string theory for the four particle tree diagram exchange, why is there some mysterious crossing duality between the $s$- and $t$- and $u$-channels? Why isn't there a double counting in the Feynman ...
3
votes
1answer
362 views

How broad is the term “String Theory”?

How broad is the term "String theory"? Typical brief descriptions of string theory focus on the fact that it describes fundamental particles as being string-like rather than point-like, or, more ...
13
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2answers
442 views

Renormalization in string theory

I'm taking a course in string theory and have encountered renormalization for the first time (and I suspect it isn't the last). Specifically, while quantizing the bosonic and spinning strings, an ...
8
votes
2answers
459 views

Is eternal inflation and the multiverse compatible with causal patch complementarity?

The argument for eternal inflation is we have some patch of metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant, and so it expands exponentially a la de Sitter. Most of the patch decays to something ...
5
votes
2answers
828 views

Critics of Mannheim's Conformal Gravity Theory?

I'm looking for more articles/reactions/critiques/support for Philip Mannheim's recent conformal gravity theory. See here: http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2186v1 Any ideas on where to start?
10
votes
1answer
408 views

D-brane Lagrangian?

As I understand it from the threads I read, D-branes are viewed as somewhat secondary to strings: If I know what all the open strings do, then I know what the D-branes do as well. But if the D-brane ...
6
votes
1answer
77 views

Are there stable string theory vacua with non-minimal cosmological constant?

Naive reasoning suggests that a string theory vacuum with cosmological constant Lambda1 is always unstable as long as there is a string theory vacuum with cosmological constant Lambda2 < Lambda1 ...
7
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0answers
113 views

What is the state-of-the-art on spacelike singularities in string theory?

What lessons do we have from string theory regarding the fate of singularities in general relativity? What happens to black hole singularities? What happens to cosmological singularities? Which ...
12
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1answer
442 views

What are some predictions from string theory that say some crystalline materials “will end up in one of many lowest-energy ground states?”

I am referring to this recent "news feature" by Zeeya Merali from Nature magazine www.nature.com/uidfinder/10.1038/478302a. Here is the specific quote: "To make matters worse, some of the testable ...
9
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1answer
124 views

Is there a background independent closed string field theory?

Analogous to the background independent open string field theory by Witten. If there isn't, what are the main stumbling blocks preventing its construction?
6
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2answers
1k views

Recommendations for time-line and road map in graduate school towards specializing in Maldacena's conjecture

This question was asked on Theoretical Physics Stackexchange and was grossly misread and closed. I am again posting the question here hoping to get some valuable insights. Also some people were ...
11
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0answers
137 views

Super Lie-infinity algebra of closed superstring field theory?

Bosonic closed string field theory is famously governed by a Lie n-algebra for $n = \infty$ whose $k$-ary bracket is given by the genus-0 (k+1)-point function in the BRST complex of the string. One ...
15
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2answers
402 views

Generalized Complex Geometry and Theoretical Physics

I have been wondering about some of the different uses of Generalized Complex Geometry (GCG) in Physics. Without going into mathematical detail (see Gualtieri's thesis for reference), a Generalized ...
5
votes
1answer
40 views

Scaling solutions in context of Denef - Moore

My question is based on the paper Split states, entropy enigma, holes, halos. What are the scaling solutions discussed on page 49 of the paper ? It is stated that the equations ${\sum_{j, i\neq ...
13
votes
1answer
70 views

Local Fermionic Symmetry

That is perhaps a bit of an advertisement, but a couple of collaborators and myself just sent out a paper, and one of the results there is a little bit surprising. We found (in section 6E) a fermionic ...
8
votes
3answers
111 views

Does the complex 3-sphere have a complex structure modulus?

This question has a flavor which is more mathematical than physical, however it is about a mathematical physics article and I suspect my misunderstanding occurs because the precise mathematical ...
13
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1answer
194 views

realization of: CFT generating fuction = AdS partition function

An important aspect of the AdS/CFT correspondence is the recipe to compute correlation functions of a boundary operator $\mathcal{O} $ in terms of the supergravity fields in the interior of the ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

CFT on a torus and diagonal modular invariants

Suppose we have a CFT which is sigma model with a torus target $T^2$ at a rational value of the moduli. Does it always give rise to a diagonal modular invariant?
16
votes
1answer
280 views

Is string theory local?

By locality I mean something like the Atiyah-Segal axioms for Riemannian cobordisms (see e.g. http://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/FQFT). I.e. to any (spacelike) hypersurface in the target we associate a ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

How is black hole complementarity derived from path integrals or string theory?

How is the black hole complementarity version of the holographic principle derived from path integrals and/or string theory? That has never been obvious to me. Can someone show me how to do it step by ...
8
votes
1answer
96 views

Why isn't there heterotic holographic QCD?

I think the question speaks for itself... Top-down holographic QCD, like Sakai-Sugimoto, always involves the Type II string. There are one or two papers on hQCD using the Type 0 string. But I can't ...
17
votes
2answers
876 views

BPS states : Mathematical definition

First of all, let me congratulate the theoretical physics community for this site. I am a mathematics student with very little background in phyiscs. The question I want to ask is: What is the proper ...
5
votes
0answers
59 views

Why Are Even and Odd Regge Trajectories Degenerate? [duplicate]

The Gribov-Froissart projection treats even angular momentum differently from odd angular momentum. But in QCD, I believe that the odd trajectories interpolate the even trajectories--- the two ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

How Exactly Does Linear Regge Trajectories Imply Stability?

(for a more muddled version, see physics.stackexchange: http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/14020/whats-with-mandelstams-argument-that-only-linear-regge-trajectories-are-stable) There is a ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Choice and identification of vacuums in AdS/CFT

I know how we define a vacuum in flat space QFT and also in a curved space QFT. But, can somebody tell me how do the choice of vacuum state in (say) the CFT side of AdS/CFT changes the choice of ...
13
votes
2answers
111 views

Uniqueness of supersymmetric heterotic string theory

Usually we say there are two types of heterotic strings, namely $E_8\times E_8$ and $Spin(32)/\mathbb{Z}_2$. (Let's forget about non-supersymmetric heterotic strings for now.) The standard argument ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why Is String Theory Called A Theory [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Laws of Atomic Theory - how is this possible? Generally in science, a theory is effectively a fact. The theory of evolution is not a guess, or a hypothesis. It's ...
1
vote
1answer
405 views

How is the operation of a Goldleaf Electroscope explained in terms of virtual particles?

If an electroscope is charged negatively the electrons on the leaves will repell each other and stand apart. It is clear than there is a steady force between the leaves that counters gravity. How is ...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

String matrix models with c>1

Question 1: What is the status of string random matrix models (~ triangulated random surfaces) with c>1? In my limited search, I have just come across a few papers by Frank Ferrari (in 2000-2002) on ...
3
votes
0answers
238 views

The implications of the holographic principle on string theory S-matrices

The S-matrix of superstring theory will have finitely many massive particles which decouple in the asymptotic future/past and massless particles like gravitons, photons and dilatons. Typically, there ...
4
votes
1answer
717 views

What do “tachionic” neutrinos mean for QG?

Reading about the spectacular Opera claim, I`m (again ;-P) wondering if a confirmation of superliminous neutrinos could help settle some still open quantum gravity issues ...? In this post, Lumo ...
6
votes
1answer
253 views

Why are the even and odd Regge trajectories degenerate?

This is an old classic which I don't think ever got a clear answer. The Gribov-Froissart projection that gives the relativistic version of Regge trajectories treats even angular momentum differently ...
0
votes
2answers
997 views

Understanding Black hole information paradox?

I am not a physicist, I am a enthusiast trying to understand thinking behind "Holographic Principle" by Leonard Susskind. Recently I saw program on DS Through the wormhole - The riddle of the black ...
13
votes
1answer
42 views

SuperHiggs Mechanism on different Backgrounds & Compactifications

I've been studying Bagger & Giannakis paper on the SuperHiggs Mechanism found here. The paper shows how SUSY is broken by a $B_{\mu\nu}$ gauge field background restricted to $T^3$ in $M^7\times ...
3
votes
2answers
399 views

Singularities and quantized space time

Discrete space time quanta would solve the problems of infinite densities for singularities in General Relativity and Quantum Gravity by imposing a non zero limit on the minimum radius of black holes. ...
7
votes
2answers
929 views

Why is the string theory graviton spin-2?

In string theory, the first excited level of the bosonic string can be decomposed into irreducible representations of the transverse rotation group, $SO(D-2)$. We then claim that the symmetric ...
8
votes
1answer
520 views

What's with Mandelstam's argument that only linear regge trajectories are stable?

While thinking about how to answer a "describe string theory" question, I remembered an old argument of Stanley Mandelstam's that linear Regge trajectories implies stability. I never fully understood ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

Why is Compactification restricted to Toroids, Calabi-Yau et al?

I think I've missed this point somehow. I've just started with Compactification and so far, I don't really see why it is restricted to the above mentioned types of manifolds? I have to admit, when ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Was there some phenomenological motivation for Ramond and Neveu-Swarz models?

This remark from Lubos puzzles me Ramond's string - and Neveu-Schwarz string - wasn't really an "origin of string theory". String theory had "origin" as bosonic string theory which has no ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a brief formulation of string theory?

I know that similar questions have been asked before, but none of them is exactly what I would like to know. I want to have a general idea of what string theory is, without having to read several ...
3
votes
1answer
809 views

Are There Strings that aren't Chew-ish?

String theory is made from Chew-ish strings, strings which follow Geoffrey Chew's S-matrix principle. These strings have the property that all their scattering is via string exchange, so that the ...
2
votes
1answer
460 views

Can anyone clarify Brian Greene's relation of holographic parallel universes with Plato's cave/

The string theorist Brian Greene recently came up with the book The Hidden Realities. In Chapter 9, and also in the article http://discovermagazine.com/2011/jun/03-our-universe-may-be-a-giant-hologram ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the details around the origin of the string theory?

It is well-known even among the lay public (thanks to popular books) that string theory first arose in the field of strong interactions where certain scattering amplitudes had properties that could be ...
7
votes
2answers
225 views

Particles mass determined by SO(D-2) vs SO(D-1)

I've recently come across this statement that massless particles arise from $SO(D-2)$ symetry and massive particles from $SO(D-1)$. I would have guessed that it would be the exact opposite way, but ...
13
votes
1answer
528 views

How come random matrices can predict energy spectra of heavy atoms?

Some of the applications of random matrices is to find the spectra of heavy atoms in nuclear physics which are usually difficult to find otherwise. How can starting from randomness of some kind, ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Is there a SQCD gluino string, similar to the gluon string?

A gluon string is a particular kind of open string terminated in two particles which are the sources for the field. Is it possible to have a similar arrangement with gluinos? At first glance, it seems ...
2
votes
2answers
391 views

Correlation functions in thermal field theory etc

Suppose I am studying a field theory at finite temperature or some black hole formation scenario from boundary theory perspective in the sense of AdS/CFT. How is it possible to gain information about ...
2
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0answers
149 views

Picture changing operators

What is a picture-changing operator in string theory? How do they work?
6
votes
2answers
381 views

Lagrangians combining terms with 1 and 2 derivatives

How are field theory Langrangians treated when some terms have 2 derivatives but others have only 1? Because the number of derivatives in a Lagrangian term is more easily even than odd, the ...
9
votes
1answer
621 views

Geometric/Visual Interpretation of Virasoro Algebra

I've been trying to gain some intuition about Virasoro Algebras, but have failed so far. The Mathematical Definition seems to be clear (as found in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virasoro_algebra). I ...