A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string. PLEASE DO NOT USE THIS TAG for non-relativistic material strings, such as, e.g., a guitar string.

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9
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3answers
206 views

Embedding of $F(4)$ in $OSp(8|4)$?

Is the superconformal algebra in five dimensions, $F(4)$, a subalgebra of the (maximal) six-dimensional superconformal algebra $OSp(8|4)$?
2
votes
1answer
169 views

M-theory on a Planck scale torus

We know that 11D M-theory is described by BFSS matrix model and for M-theory on a torus $T^p$ (at least for small $p$s) the description is given by SYM theory in $p+1$ dimensions by using the ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Superstring theory and renormalization [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does the renormalization group apply to string theory? Renormalization in string theory QED and some quantum theories require renormalization techniques and take it as ...
4
votes
1answer
538 views

The Universe is a Hologram

First my background: no physics, but Ph.D. in math. I was reading this article on Slashdot. It links to this Wikipedia page. The content of the Slashdot article is that some physicists believe the ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

How to handle D-brane particles in the S-matrix using string worldsheets?

In string theory, it's possible to collide a number of strings only in the asymptotic past, and get a final asymptotic state which contains a D0-brane, an anti D0-brane, and a number of strings. If ...
7
votes
1answer
132 views

Is the LEP B meson asymmetry evidence for higher dimensions and/or string theory?

According to this blog, new standard model calculations have changed the 3 sigma B meson forward and backward production asymmetry observed at LEP into two anomolies: A 2.5 sigma B meson production ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Good introductory books on AdS/CFT correspondence [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Introduction to AdS/CFT Since my question in a similar topic was deleted, I'll ask away and hope ppl won't come here telling me: this was already asked! :\ I have a ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Relation between quarks and strings

In string theory(s), are quarks just individual strings, or are they made of multiple strings? Are the heavier quarks made of heavier or longer strings? Are there red, blue, and green strings ...
6
votes
2answers
446 views

Why is a stack of N D-branes equivalent to an extremal black brane?

A stack of N D-branes can have open strings ending on them. There is a U(N) brane gauge field, and r adjoint Higgs fields, with r equal to the number of transverse spatial dimensions. The eigenvalues ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Is matrix picture of quantum mechnics further used in QFT and superstring theories?

Just curious: is matrix picture of quantum mechnaics further used in QFT and superstring theories? It seems like not....
2
votes
1answer
252 views

“low-energy effective action” but in what sense?

In string theory, consistency with Weyl invariance imposes dynamics on the background fields through the vanishing of the beta functions. Those dynamics can also be derived from the so-called low ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Examples of manifolds and fluxes coming from generalized complex geometry

The paramount object in generalized gomplex geometry is the Courant algebroid $TM\oplus T^\star M$, where the manifold $M$ is called background geometry I think (I am not sure). More generally this ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Can we use some type of magnifying glass to magnifying gravity react on a body by theoretical physics?

Can we use some type of magnifying glass to magnifying gravity react on a body by theoretical physics? If so, could someone use it to destroy the earth
8
votes
1answer
478 views

Clarification on “central charge equals number of degrees of freedom”

It's often stated that the central charge c of a CFT counts the degrees of freedom: it adds up when stacking different fields, decreases as you integrate out UV dof from one fixed point to another, ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

Black hole entropy

Bekenstein and Hawking derived the expression for black hole entropy as, $$ S_{BH}={c^3 A\over 4 G \hbar}. $$ We know from the hindsight that entropy has statistical interpretation. It is a measure ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Folded and/or compacted dimensions in M-theory?

I've on many occasions that there are various numbers of 'extra' dimensions above the 4th. However, I've heard that they are 'compacted' or 'folded' tightly and unimaginably small. Now, as I ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the essence of BCFW recursion techniques?

I have recently briefly read about new methods as the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) on-shell recursion method. Can anybody please tell me about the essence of it? What does it mean for the ...
5
votes
0answers
161 views

Implications of Unruh-inertia to theories of gravity

If it turns out to be true that the galaxy rotation curves can be explained away by Unruh modes that become greater than the Hubble scale at accelerations around $10^{-10} m/s^2$ as proposed in here, ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Where does this equation for a perturbed metric come from?

I'm reading an article which includes the following equation involving a perturbed metric: $$G_{AB} = \eta_{AB} + \overset{1}{\gamma}_{AB} + 2\overset{1}{\chi}_{(A,B)}\tag{4.1}$$ I don't understand ...
4
votes
1answer
439 views

Boundary conditions in AdS/CFT

This question is in reference to this very famous paper of Witten. In general through the whole paper why is the author able to just focus on the scalar field propagating in the bulk and not need ...
0
votes
1answer
393 views

Would string theory change everything? [closed]

Whilst I don't know anything except the definition of String theory and I'm a beginner, I'm curious about it. What I would like to know is: does string theory change a lot in Physics? If it's not ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Is there any analogy between electron positron annihilation and brane anti-brane annihilation?

I would like to know if there is any similarity between electron positron annihilation and brane anti-brane annihilation? Is it there then can we use electron positron annihilation knowledge to study ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

How can we have massive states of strings and CFT on the string worldsheet at the same time?

Ok, so we can have conformal invariance on a string world sheet. However, it is well known that to preserve conformal symmetry we require states to be massless. So how is it that string theories ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

What is relation between Holographic principle and Hologram?

What is relation between Holographic principle and Hologram? The holographic principle is a property of quantum gravity and string theories which states that the description of a volume of space can ...
9
votes
1answer
361 views

Does string theory provide a physical regulator for Standard Model divergencies?

In other question, Ron Maimon says that he thinks string theory is the physical regulator. I did not know that string theory regularize divergencies. So, Q1: How does string theory regularize the ...
16
votes
4answers
3k views

Introduction to AdS/CFT

AdS/CFT seems like a really hot topic and I'd like to start reading about. I am looking for the best introduction at my level, i.e. I have a background in QFT, CFT and general relativity at the level ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What should a physics undergrad aspiring to be a string theorist learn before grad school?

The question I guess is pretty clear. I am a physics undergrad wishing to pursue research in quantum gravity(string theory?). What are the subjects I should learn other than the usual compulsory ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

uncertainty principle of spin in (super)string theory

In quantum mechanics, uncertainty principle states that we can only measure the quantity of spin in one axis but not others. Then what about in superstring theory? As quantum mechanics is basically ...
2
votes
2answers
298 views

How seriously do string theorists take the “landscape”

The string theory landscape seems to this outside observer to be an intermediate step in the intellectual progress toward a more robust theory that explains why our one universe has the particular ...
7
votes
1answer
402 views

Mathematical concept of supersymmetry

I wish to study supersymmetry in field theory(sometime in december). However, I am quite not sure what is needed for its study. In supersymmetry, I just want to get the mathematical idea, such as its ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Open String Coupling

I'm reading Zwiebach's First Course in String Theory. At present I'm learning about string coupling. Zwiebach says it's possible to prove that $g_o^2=g_c$ where $g_o,\ g_c$ are open and closed string ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

Is it really true that slow-roll inflation is incompatible with string theory?

In this blog post, Motl claimed that slow-roll inflation is incompatible with string theory. Is that really true, and why do people think so?
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Commonalities among string theories?

So string theory is a developing theory with presumably different variants. What is the commonality among all these variants? What makes the next modification of a current string theory another string ...
1
vote
1answer
315 views

Would someone who is only interested in string theory benefit from working out the problems in Jackson electrodynamics?

This is a soft question. I'm not sure if it is appropriate for this site. Would someone who is only interested in string theory benefit from working out the problems in Jackson electrodynamics? I ...
8
votes
1answer
226 views

does AdS/CFT implies that there is an CFT in physical horizons?

so my rough understanding is that the AdS/CFT duality is some sort of isomorphism between an N dimensional gravitational theory and a N-1 dimensional conformal field theory on the boundary. The ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

Mass Shell in Light Cone Coordinates

I'm reading Zweibach's introduction to string theory, and don't understand one of his claims. He defined the mass shell to be the set of points in momentum space s.t. $p^2+m^2 = 0$. Then the physical ...
8
votes
0answers
130 views

gauss-bonnet gravity constraints from string theory

recently there has been advances in observational constraints of gravity theories that contains scalars coupled to the gauss-bonnet topological term: http://arxiv.org/abs/0704.0175 ...
0
votes
1answer
238 views

Relation between Higgs boson and force of gravitation

I don't know and I can't handle it. I am so much curious about the recent discoveries in science. European Space Agency and NASA are doing great work. Hats up to these institutions. My nights are ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is anti-gravity possible in theoretical physics?

Is anti-gravity possible in string theory? I have read some articles about scientists making assumptions about the existence of anti-gravity, but is it possible in string theory?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How does the holographic principle imply nonlocality?

For example in the discussions here and here there are comments by Ron Maimon: Your complaint about locality would be more serious if holography didn't show the way--- the CFT in AdS/CFT ...
8
votes
1answer
646 views

What are some significant contributions of string theory to other fields of physics?

What are some contributions that string theory has made to other branches of physics/science (other than research in string theory)? I'm looking for specifics, for example mentioning what string ...
-2
votes
1answer
364 views

What if microstates increase proportional to universe volume? [closed]

I am probably a delusional crank with a lot of crazy, overly speculative conjectures. If I am not delusional, than at the very least I've been ahead of the curve, the last 40 or so years. I was a ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Some questions about flavour and R-symmetry in $2+1$ ${\cal N}=3$ theory

I have heard this fact that for ${\cal N}=3$ theories in $2+1$ with $N_f$ ${\cal N}=3$ matter fields the flavour symmetry group is $USp(N_f)$, $U(N_f)$ or $SO(2N_f)$ depending on whether the gauge ...
4
votes
5answers
807 views

Regarding string theory: how to refute the argument “if it cannot be tested experimentally then it is not science”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What differs string theory from philosophy or religion? I find a lot of people disbelieve in string theory, saying that since it cannot be tested experimentally then it ...
6
votes
2answers
824 views

Does String theory say that spacetime is not fundamental but should be considered an emergent phenomenon?

Does String theory say that spacetime is not fundamental but should be considered an emergent phenomenon? If so, can quantum mechanics describe the universe at high energies where there is no ...
4
votes
1answer
638 views

Wilson loops and gauge invariant operators (Part 2)

These questions are sort of a continuation of this previous question. I would like to know of the proof/reference to the fact that in a pure gauge theory Wilson loops are all the possible gauge ...
17
votes
4answers
6k views

Is spacetime discrete or continuous?

Is the spacetime continuous or discrete? Or better, is the 4-dimensional spacetime of general-relativity discrete or continuous? What if we consider additional dimensions like string theory ...
2
votes
2answers
199 views

Are the only observables in string theory the S-matrix?

Is the S-matrix the only observable in string theory? What about time varying spacetime backgrounds, or thermal states then?
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Hypothetical very massive particles

I'm looking for a table or compilation of hypothetical very massive ($m\gtrsim 1$ TeV) particles and their expected masses (or bounds on them or relation with other scales). All I know is (please, ...
2
votes
1answer
352 views

Pedagogic reference for calculation of 2-loop anomalous dimension (supersymmetric)

I want to know of pedagogic references which teach how to compute anomalous dimensions (..wave-function renormalization..) at lets say 2-loops. I guess there might be specialized techniques for ...