A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string.

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148 views

Was there some phenomenological motivation for Ramond and Neveu-Swarz models?

This remark from Lubos puzzles me Ramond's string - and Neveu-Schwarz string - wasn't really an "origin of string theory". String theory had "origin" as bosonic string theory which has no ...
12
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3answers
1k views

What is a brief formulation of string theory?

I know that similar questions have been asked before, but none of them is exactly what I would like to know. I want to have a general idea of what string theory is, without having to read several ...
3
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1answer
756 views

Are There Strings that aren't Chew-ish?

String theory is made from Chew-ish strings, strings which follow Geoffrey Chew's S-matrix principle. These strings have the property that all their scattering is via string exchange, so that the ...
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1answer
422 views

Can anyone clarify Brian Greene's relation of holographic parallel universes with Plato's cave/

The string theorist Brian Greene recently came up with the book The Hidden Realities. In Chapter 9, and also in the article http://discovermagazine.com/2011/jun/03-our-universe-may-be-a-giant-hologram ...
11
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3answers
1k views

What are the details around the origin of the string theory?

It is well-known even among the lay public (thanks to popular books) that string theory first arose in the field of strong interactions where certain scattering amplitudes had properties that could be ...
7
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2answers
212 views

Particles mass determined by SO(D-2) vs SO(D-1)

I've recently come across this statement that massless particles arise from $SO(D-2)$ symetry and massive particles from $SO(D-1)$. I would have guessed that it would be the exact opposite way, but ...
13
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1answer
504 views

How come random matrices can predict energy spectra of heavy atoms?

Some of the applications of random matrices is to find the spectra of heavy atoms in nuclear physics which are usually difficult to find otherwise. How can starting from randomness of some kind, ...
3
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1answer
212 views

Is there a SQCD gluino string, similar to the gluon string?

A gluon string is a particular kind of open string terminated in two particles which are the sources for the field. Is it possible to have a similar arrangement with gluinos? At first glance, it seems ...
2
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2answers
361 views

Correlation functions in thermal field theory etc

Suppose I am studying a field theory at finite temperature or some black hole formation scenario from boundary theory perspective in the sense of AdS/CFT. How is it possible to gain information about ...
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0answers
134 views

Picture changing operators

What is a picture-changing operator in string theory? How do they work?
6
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2answers
370 views

Lagrangians combining terms with 1 and 2 derivatives

How are field theory Langrangians treated when some terms have 2 derivatives but others have only 1? Because the number of derivatives in a Lagrangian term is more easily even than odd, the ...
9
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1answer
581 views

Geometric/Visual Interpretation of Virasoro Algebra

I've been trying to gain some intuition about Virasoro Algebras, but have failed so far. The Mathematical Definition seems to be clear (as found in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virasoro_algebra). I ...
3
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2answers
278 views

How is the complexification of spacetime justified?

As always the caveat is that I am a mathematician with very little knowledge of physics. I've started my quest for knowledge in this field, but am very very far from having a good grasp. General ...
7
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3answers
414 views

Is the “Great Attractor” an indicator of the “Multiverse”?

I have heard a bit about the Great Attractor (the gravitational anomaly that seems to be "sweeping" our universe in one direction). Someone (and forgive me, I do not recall the specifics) has ...
3
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1answer
217 views

Flux compactification

How flux compactification solves the moduli space problem in string theory? Please provide some details and, if posible, an example. Thanks in advance.
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5answers
405 views

Can computers survive bubble nucleations?

According to string landscape theory, our vacua with a cosmological constant of $10^{-123}$ is a metastable vacua which can decay to a supersymmetric vacua with either a zero or negative cosmological ...
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3answers
786 views

Does gravity require strings?

OK, before I ask my question, let me frame it with a few (uncontroversial?) statements: The low-field-limit plane-wave solution to Einstein's equations is helicity-2. In the early days of string ...
2
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2answers
676 views

Is string theory a quantum theory of gravity?

I have read that string theory predicts (or requires ?) the existence of gravitons. So, would that make it a quantum theory of gravity ? If so, I have also read that quantum gravity would allow us to ...
2
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1answer
295 views

Do Neveu-Schwarz conditions make sense?

When putting fermions on the string, we have to choose boundary conditions for our spinor fields - Ramond or Neveu-Schwarz. NS conditions on the closed string have antiperiodic conditions such as ...
2
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1answer
232 views

Does kaon decay etc prove “CP violation” or just “CP or CPT violation”

Shlomo Sternberg (math professor at Harvard) wrote a book called "Group theory and physics". On p156 (link) there's a strange offhand comment: "Experiments done in 1964 by Fitch and Cronin seem to ...
6
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1answer
434 views

Do we need a quantum deformation of the diffeomorphism group in string theory?

Let me justify my question before I go on. In string theory, gravitons are strings extended over space. Longitudinal gravitons are pure gauge modes of the diffeomorphism group. However, in string ...
9
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8answers
2k views

Why are extra dimensions necessary?

Some theories have more than 4 dimensions of spacetime. But we only observe 4 spacetime dimensions in the real world, cf. e.g. this Phys.SE post. Why are the theories (e.g. string theory) that ...
2
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1answer
217 views

Could extra dimensions be or become clustered?

String theory - for example - requires extra spatial dimension. Say for example in 10 dimensional string theory, what theoretically prevents clustering of the extra 6 dimensions in 2 timeless 3 ...
4
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2answers
174 views

Is it outside science to figure out the precise string compactification of our universe?

String theory has at least $10^{500}$ 6D compactifications. Denef and Douglas proved the computational complexity of finding a compactification which fits the parameters of the low energy effective ...
3
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1answer
258 views

Can we have non continuous models of reality? Why don't we have them?

This question is about Godel's theorem, continuity of reality and the Luvenheim-Skolem theorem. I know that all leading physical theories assume reality is continuous. These are my questions: 1) Is ...
7
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0answers
163 views

Chiral fermions from torsion flux in M-theory?

Witten's 1981 paper "Search for a realistic Kaluza-Klein theory" is frequently cited for its observation that, in a compactification of d=11 supergravity on a manifold with SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) ...
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1answer
498 views

The measure problem in the anthropic principle

The anthropic principle is based upon Bayesian reasoning applied to the ensemble of universes, or parts thereof, conditioned upon the existence of conscious observers. That still leaves us with the ...
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1answer
227 views

D-branes wrapping divisors and/or cycles

What is the difference between a divisor and a homology cycle? What is the difference between a D-brane wrapped around a divisor and a D-brane wrapped around a cycle? Thanks.
3
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1answer
97 views

Why is the sum over string worldsheets of varying genuses unitary?

It can be shown the sum over all Feynman diagrams in quantum field theory leads to a unitary S-matrix. Where can I find a proof that the sum over string worldsheets with varying genuses also leads to ...
5
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1answer
336 views

Mathematically rather than physically speaking, is there something “special” about 10 (or 11) dimensions?

As I understand it, string theory (incorporating bosons and fermions) "works" in $9+1=10$ spacetime dimensions. In the context of dual resonance theory, I've read descriptions of why that is ...
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1answer
208 views

Compactification of Dimensions

As the only way String theory can respect the principles of quantum mechanics and Special theory of relativity, by formulating it in hypothetical nine dimensional space. You could use string ...
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0answers
196 views

Is there any simple proof of the no-ghost theorem?

Is there any simple proof of the no-ghost theorem in string theory?
2
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1answer
247 views

Drawbacks of Standard model

I am a graduate level student, interested in String theory. I was reading a paper on "String Theory and Einstein's Dream" published in Current Science, vol. 89, No. 12, p 2045, Dec. 25, 2005. and I ...
2
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1answer
438 views

Why doesn't string theory have a mass gap?

Gravitons are string modes which can have arbitrarily small energies. Just make the wavelength arbitrarily large. String theory has no mass gap, but why? A classical string can only have positive ...
1
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1answer
353 views

Charges and Topology

I must apologize, I was a little bit excited when I began understanding some of this, I can not say I can compete with professionals, and words are still difficult concepts. In (1) S.H. et al. it is ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Black Holes and String states

We seem to know that black hole energy, and apparently event horizon geometry and topology, are functions of Mass, Charge and Angular Momentum. Area is a function of geometry and topology as well, ...
6
votes
1answer
692 views

On black holes, Hawking radiation and gravitational atoms

Over the past hour or so I've been following one of my standard physics-based, wanders-through-the-internet. Specifically, I began by reviewing some details of dark energy theory but soon found myself ...
5
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1answer
194 views

If strings are infinitely extended, are they nonlocal?

To completely localize a string within any bounded region of space, no matter how large, requires an infinite energy. Does this mean strings modes are inherently nonlocal?
9
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1answer
456 views

Does the renormalization group apply to string theory?

Can we implement a scale dependent cutoff Λ to string theory? Can we perform a renormalization group analysis of string theory consistently?
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1answer
534 views

What is the smoking gun signature of string theory?

What is the smoking gun signature of string theory? Suppose we have a complete and consistent model of quantum gravity with a zero or negative cosmological constant, but all we are given is its ...
2
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1answer
405 views

What is the mathematical nature of space time quantization in string theory/super string theory?

I don't know much about string theory, apart from it being a theory of everything which brings QM, QED and nuclear forces and gravity under one single roof. I am curious to know from a mathematical ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

The 4D Physics of a Superstring Background

Suppose I have a compactification of string theory to four Minkowski dimensions of the form $M^{1,3}\times X$, where the internal CFT on $X$ is a $c=9$, $(2,2)$ SCFT. For example, let the SCFT on $X$ ...
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1answer
175 views

The chiral ring of N=2 WZW models

Does anyone knows if the chiral ring of the Kazama-Suzuki models have been found? If yes, please send me the reference. Thanks
7
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1answer
649 views

String theory and trace anomaly in semiclassical gravity?

what does string theory have to say about the trace anomaly in the expectation value of the stress energy tensor of massless quantum fields on a curved background and its interpretation as the ...
6
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2answers
231 views

Does the lack of modular nuclearity in string theory mean anything?

Nuclearity is a postulate in algebraic quantum field theory (AQFT). Basically, it says thermal states at any temperature always have a thermodynamic limit with extensive quantities. This is violated ...
7
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1answer
349 views

Chern-Simons Theory in 3D

For the CS theory on a three manifold $M$ with a gauge group $G$, it is said that the gauge field $A$ is a connection on the trivial bundle over $M$. Why the bundle should be trivial? I know that ...
6
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3answers
507 views

Is there a maximum number of types of elementary particles?

Doing a Google search i found a paper called The maximum number of elementary particles in a super symmetric extension of the standard model. It claims in the abstract that the upper bound is 84 (i ...
5
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1answer
773 views

Some questions on Conformal Field Theory, Current algebras and the Sugawara construction

Since I don't know how to add another question to an already existing topic, I'm opening a new thread. However I'm referring to: Beginners questions concerning Conformal Field Theory As noted, a ...
0
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1answer
202 views

Is the quantum state or information of a particle is all that differentiates it from another particle?

So I have learned in my QM classes that you can't tell one electron from another electron. They are indistinguishable. I also learned that the wavefunction of a particle includes the spacial part and ...
3
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0answers
194 views

If D-branes are the same as p-branes, and p-branes open out to “another universe”, why is the other universe invisible in D-branes?

Related to my other misguided question, D-branes are equivalent to p-branes. D-branes are described by a sheet in topologically trivial spacetime. p-branes are extremal black branes. They have an ...