This tag is for non-relativistic material strings, such as, e.g., a guitar string. PLEASE DO NOT USE THIS TAG for relativistic strings and string theory.

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2
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2answers
98 views

Why is Heisenberg uncertainty principle not valid in waves in string?

We know from high school physics that when the incident wave is traveling from a low density region (high wave speed) region towards a high density (low wave speed) region on a string, the width of ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Why are tensions in the pulley different when the pulley has a mass or moment of inertia?

When two blocks are connected by a string passing over a pulley whose moment of inertia is given (means pulley is not massless) then why does the string not have same tensions?
0
votes
3answers
54 views

Reaction Force on String Wrapped Around Circular Peg

A massless inextensible string is wrapped around a frictionless circular peg. The string is taut, with tension $T_2$ and $T_1$ at the points where it leaves of the pg as shown. The segment wrapped ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Tension in a massless string as it bends around a concave shape

I understand that tension in a massless string must be the same throughout when the string is straight, to prevent any section of it from accelerating at an infinite rate. However, I fail to see how ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Is there a general rule for determining the direction of tension force?

Tension, for me, is a tricky thing. After finishing a related chapter of my book and watching a video, I still can't get a hang of it. Here is a situation: My knowledge is that tension, just like ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Pulley-rope tension question

I'm learning mechanics and I don't understand the following (simple, I guess) concept. Here's a pulley-rope system: The force of tension, as I understand it, is defined as the force exerted on an ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Parabolic polarization of a hanging chain

When a chain hangs between two short posts, I can use my hand to oscillate it up and down in a standing wave. It's easy to demonstrate three of the possible normal modes, at the fundamental frequency ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Why is the net work done in a pulley-string system zero?

In any pulley system, where the pulleys and strings are massless and frictionless, why is the net work done by Tension zero?
-1
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0answers
18 views

Reflected wave from free end

A wave pulse on a string moving from left to right towards a free end will reflect and propagates from right to left with the same speed and amplitude as the incident wave, and with the same polarity. ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Question about force in transverse waves on a string

In deriving wave equation or power transmission of wave transmitted by a string, it is usually stated (with some assumptions) that the transverse force on a point of the string is proportional to the ...
0
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2answers
93 views

Is a string taut if the tension is zero?

I'm studying vertical circles and a particle on a string will remain in motion as long as the string is taut. However, what if there is 0 tension in the string? Is it still technically taut?
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Picking a guitar string of fixed length to get any nth harmonic, is it possible?

In physics textbook, we can calculate the nth harmonic of a vibrating string of a fixed length. How can we do this in a real guitar? For example, if I just pick a single open string, how can I get ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

String wrapping around a motionless cylinder

A particle is connected to the end of a thin, weightless string, which has its other end connected to the cylinder, in such a way that motion of the particle causes the string to wrap around the ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Analysis of motion of a body moving on a string?

I was wondering about something I observed yesterday. To give some background, one of my hobbies is slacklining. This is essentially like tight-rope walking but with a one inch piece of (in this case ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Distribution forces

I've got two trees and between them is a rope. When someone about 100kg sits at the center of the rope, what are the forces on both parts of rope (to the left-hand side from the person and right-hand ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Tensions in a rope [duplicate]

If two tensions are acting on a rope such that they are equal (each is 10 N) and opposite (180 degrees) then what will be the total tension in the rope? I cant seem to figure out if these two will ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Waves on a guitar string

Can there be traveling waves on a string that is attached at both ends (like a guitar string), or does such a configuration allow only standing waves ?
0
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3answers
84 views

Tension on a string

A string is attached at both extremities and put under tension $T_0$ at rest. We know that if we pull the string upwards from the middle, the tension will increase. But why is it that, admittedly, ...
2
votes
1answer
291 views

Wave on a guitar string, differential equation

The mechanical energy of an element of the string is : $$dE(x,t) = \frac{1}{2}\left[T_0\left(\frac{\partial y}{\partial x}\right)^2 + \mu\left(\frac{\partial y}{\partial t}\right)^2\right]dx$$ Where ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Solve hanging rope question by using Lagrangian density [closed]

for this one, I can only do the first(a) $$V_{total}=\frac{mg}{l} \int_{x_0}^{d-x_0}{y(x)\sqrt{1+(\frac{dy(x)}{dx})^2}}dx$$ and have no idea about others.
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Wave hitting a boundary with a mass on it?

If we have a transverse wave that is infinite in the $-x$ direction and terminate by a mass $m$, that is allowed to move in the $y$ direction at $x=0$ as shown in the diagram below: I think we can ...
0
votes
4answers
781 views

Does increasing the tension on a string also increase the density?

Consider a string under tension, for example, a string on a guitar. When a guitar string is plucked, it vibrates at a certain frequency. When the tension on the string is increased by twisting the ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Derive Equation for Position of Antinode

I'm not sure what to do for this. The equation for standing waves on a string is given by: $$ y=2A\sin{(kx)}\cos{(\omega t)} $$ Use this equation to derive an equation for the position of the ...
1
vote
2answers
282 views

Can we define tension in a string as the reactive force produced in a string being pulled at both ends?

In my textbook, the definition of tension was given that Tension is the reactive force which exists when string is being stretched at its both end. After it there was a case given that to calculate ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Can two bodies of different mass attached at ends of string passed over a frictionless pulley produce equal tension on both sides?

In my textbook there is given a case that to calculate acceleration and tension produced in string when string is attached at it's ends with two bodies of masses such that $m1>m2$ and the tension ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

When do we assume that a rope has different tensions in different places?

Working a problem with 2 pulleys and masses in class this week the professor at one point assumed that the tension on the two sides of a pulley would be different. Every other time we've done a ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Is the force experienced by a particle influenced by its distance to the focus of the force? [closed]

Is the force experienced by a particle influenced by its distance to the focus of the force?
1
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0answers
31 views

Non-linearity of a guitar pickup

I basically understand induction and why a pickup generates a signal. (From: http://www.brighthubengineering.com/consumer-appliances-electronics/64277-the-physics-behind-the-electric-guitar/) What ...
2
votes
3answers
160 views

Why do these standing waves appear to be traveling?

Take a look at this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKF6nFzpHBU You would expect guitar strings to produce standing waves, and in fact, the upper, thickest string does often produce long, ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

Calculation of tension in a loop with force acting outwards

I'm having a few problems with understanding how to calculate tension in a loop. If I have a circular loop, and some force is applied uniformly radially outwards in such a way that the force acting ...
0
votes
2answers
404 views

When is tension constant in a rope?

Suppose we have a massless rope with pulling forces applied at each end. In which scenarios is the tension in the rope constant throughout? For example if there is a knot in the rope the tension is ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Unusual waves and one of its parameter

I'm messing up with this java app on the web about waves on a string and i'm really curious about something. The java app is the following : ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Tension of rope. Different Answers?

The tension of a rope in a tug of war with unequal forces is equal to the least force on the rope. Am I right? (If group A pulls the wire with 20 newton leftwards and the group B pulls with 30 newton. ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Finding the one-dimensional wave equation the vibrating string

It's a relatively simple problem and I've been able to solve it in a different way before, but the current book I'm learning from left me with some questions: After a few idealizations we get the ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Question on a variant of Atwood machine with strings unwinding in one side

The figure is standard Atwood machine except that for the right object string tension acts on the left side of the object, and strings unwind from the object. No slip condition on a rolling ...
2
votes
2answers
209 views

Nature of tension in a massless rope [duplicate]

I'm faced with a conceptual problem, where I am supposed to describe the motions of the following system (two masses on each end of a totally inelastic rope hanged on a pulley): I understand that ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Beads flying out of flask

There is a popular youtube video of some metal beads being thrown out of a flask, literally hovering out of the container My question is how detailed a physical explanation of this phenomenon we ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Energy in a string [closed]

A nylon string of length L = 50 cm and under a tension of T = 70 N is plucked with an amplitude of 5 mm. What is the energy in the string? Please give me the relationship between energy of the ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Moments of vibrating string

I have to calculate first 10 moments for vibrating string with damping, but I don't know how to do it. I read about moments and in definition they mention linear system $$x'=Ax+Bu, \qquad y=Cx$$ with ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Determining the decay constant for a damped wave [closed]

My question is short and simple. If a damped, travelling wave (say on a string) could be described as $y\left( x,t\right) =Ae^{-\gamma x}\sin \left( kx-\omega t\right)$ how could/would one ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

How did tension developed in a string when two equal and opposite forces are applied on the same body?

As per Newton's 3rd law every action has an equal and opposite reaction, but both of these forces are on different bodies under consideration Now when a single body (say rope in this case) is ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

Massive ropes and tension

Consider the diagram bellow, a massive string hanging in equilibrium My question is this: Can we take any 2 random point on the rope, say A and B and then use $\sum F=0$ on the rope between them: ...
0
votes
1answer
919 views

How does friction and mass of the string influence the tension force?

According to my book, "tension is the reaction of a rope when it is stressed". Then it also said when the string is massless, tension is same everywhere. However in a,let, pulley-rope system,when ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

Resonant Frequency & Opera Singers [closed]

Would it be possible under math of strings to note the frequency of each string vibrations? And in doing so, in hand with using the technique opera singers use to shatter glass with their voice, would ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Finding the Shape of a Hanging Massive Wire

This came from a physics wave book. I have a static, massive wire on the x-axis, with a y-displacement due to a force per unit length $F_y$. I start with the equation $F_y = ...
0
votes
0answers
581 views

Tension on a string pulled by unequal forces

Suppose two cases where masses are attached to massless, inextensible strings. In the first case a body which has a weight of 20 Newtons(downwards) is attached to a string which is acted upon ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Tension in an Atwoods machine conceptual?

Assuming $T_1$ is the force that acts on box $1$ and $T_2$ is the force that acts on box $2$. Exactly what causes the Tension? Why does $T_1 = T_2$? The problem is we are told to memorize that ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Which Force would help find the mass?

Two masses, A and B, are connected to a rope. A constant upward force 86.0N is applied to box A. Starting from rest, box B descends 12.1m in 4.70s . The tension in the rope connecting the two boxes is ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

String vibration

In many textbooks an illustration of a vibrating string at a fundamental mode shown (and wikipedia) shown like this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Standing_waves_on_a_string.gif). However if you ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Ratio of energy of normal modes of string

Suppose there's a wave on a string represented by fourier series: $$y(x,t) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} (-1)^n \frac{1}{2n+1} \sin(nx)\cos(nct)$$ I know the energy is $\propto y^2 n^2$, where $y$ is the ...