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3
votes
1answer
696 views

Why does glass break at the line where you score it?

Why does it take such a small incision for the glass to break at that spot? Why is the structural strength of the material influenced by such a small imperfection?
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Is shear elasticity the same as shear modulus?

I've encountered both the terms "shear elasticity" and "shear modulus". Are these the same?
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Why can we analyse force balance on a dislocation?

Dislocation (like screw or edge dislocation) is not a 'real' thing, while Newton's laws only apply to a real object (no matter macroscopic, like stars, or microscopic, like atoms). In the derivation ...
5
votes
1answer
244 views

What happens when a piezo crystal is exposed to a vacuum?

Application of mechanical stress to a piezo crystal generates a charge. Quoting from wikipedia, a 1 cm3 cube of quartz with 2 kN (500 lbf) of correctly applied force can produce a voltage of 12500 ...
7
votes
3answers
245 views

How wide does a wall of ice need to be to stay in place?

Let us say that we have unlimited manpower to construct a huge wall of water ice e.g. 200 m tall (700 feet). -and that the wall is placed in a climate, where the temperature never (for your purpose) ...
2
votes
1answer
381 views

What is the two dimensional equivalent of a spring?

I'm trying to model isotropic linear elastic deformation in two dimensions. In one dimension, I know that a linear elastic material can be thought of as a spring which obeys Hooke's law $F=-k\Delta ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

Decomposition of deformation into bend, stretch and twist?

I'm wondering is there any way to decompose the deformation of an object into different components? For example, into stretching, bending and twisting part respectively? The decomposition could be ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Formulas for compressibility of solids

I am taking a course in mechanics this semester, as well as a course in reservoir physics. Both courses have sections devoted to pressure/compressibility of solids, but the formulas look slightly ...
2
votes
0answers
312 views

Free body diagram of stresses governing fracture propagation in a solid material

Reading this, I can intuitively understand that fractures propagate along the path of least resistance, creating "width in a direction that requires the least force". However, it is less intuitive ...
1
vote
1answer
352 views

Euler's buckling formula applicable for impact calculations?

$$F = \frac{\pi^2 EI}{(KL)^2}$$ Is Euler's buckling formula applicable for impact calculations, considering speeds relevant for a car or aircraft crash? If there is a level where the formula ...
2
votes
1answer
416 views

Poisson effect formula for large deformations

English Wikipedia in the Poisson's ratio article gives an equation for large deformation: $$ \frac{\Delta d}{d}=-1+\frac{1}{\left(1+\dfrac{\Delta L}{L}\right)^\nu} $$ I couldn't find any reference ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Is there analysis library for stress-strain data?

I have three column data that has time-displacement-force from 1D tensile/compression test. Now I would like to get the standard mechanical properties of the material, like Young modulus, yield ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Physical meaning of elastic constants of a monoclinic crystal

For the elasticity of a material, Hook's law can be written in tensorial form as: $$\sigma = \mathsf{C}\, \varepsilon$$ where $\sigma$ is the Cauchy stress tensor, $\varepsilon$ is the infinitesimal ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

What is a strain gauge and how do I use one?

As the title says, I have no idea what these things are or how to get or use one. Can I receive a simple explanation or links to one? I'm a computer engineer so I have very little physics/mechanical ...
2
votes
1answer
279 views

Is there symmetry in 2d stress tensor in linear elastic fracture mechanics?

Assumptions: Cross terms in strain tensor are defined as equal $\varepsilon_{xy} = \varepsilon_{yx}$. pure mode I crack. Far from crack tip, material is purely elastic and we are way below yield ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the shear stress of a fluid?

One book defines the shear stress $\tau$ of a (Newtonian) fluid as $$\tau = \eta \frac{\partial v}{\partial r} $$ where $\eta$ is the viscosity. There is not much context, so I've made some guesses. ...
4
votes
3answers
506 views

Calculating stress without strain

I am working on an algorithm for a real-time simulation. I would like to calculate to extremely permissive tolerances approximate values for the stress within a 2D geometry. It will not be difficult ...
3
votes
0answers
270 views

Does a thermally expanding torus experience internal stress?

I'm trying to learn continuum mechanics and thermo-mechanics. As we know, heating an object increases the mean atomic distance $a_0$ of the atoms in a rigid body. Let's assume it is a linear elastic ...
3
votes
2answers
513 views

What is the mathematical formulation for buckling?

Argument: Buckling is an engineering concept that can only be applied to thin columns with compressive loading. (Is it possible to) Prove the above sentence right or wrong with mathematical ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

stress work of uniformly deforming continuum

I have a volume which is deforming (using explicit time-integration scheme) uniformly with velocity gradient $L$ and stress tensor $\sigma$. I would like to determine work done by the volume ...
8
votes
3answers
22k views

Hollow Tube Stronger than Solid bar of same Outside Diameter (O.D.)?

I was listening to some co-workers talking about problems meeting stiffness requirements. Someone said that even with a solid metal rod (instead of the existing tube) we could not meet stiffness ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

What is the cause of strain hardening and strain softening? [closed]

Why is it, that - if displayed in a strain/stress-diagram - the curve will at first be linear, and then change into a "curved shape", where it will first decrease again, and only later increase again? ...
1
vote
1answer
289 views

Stresses put through joints on a steel climbing wall

Being a fan of stackoverflow, I thought I could try this question here, hope its not too off topic. I'm wanting to build a free standing climbing wall in my garden and dont know where to start ...
2
votes
2answers
298 views

What is the shape of a clamped bent bar?

How would I figure out the Cartesian graph that describes a bar clamped flat for a length on one end with downward force being applied to the other? I have an idea that the bar will try to average ...