Are there formulae for calculating stellar luminosity and effective temperature as a function of age?
Is there a manageable formula or set of formulas or simple algorithms that approximate stellar luminosity and effective temperature (or radius) as a function of stellar age? I'm aware that accurate ...
On long enough cosmological time scales, hydrogen and helium nucleii will become scarce in the Universe. It seems to me that any advanced civilisations that might exist in that epoch would have the ...
A stellar-mass black hole has recently been discovered in the Andromeda galaxy. One interesting part of the release is that this black hole shines close to its Eddington limit. Quasars are ...
So this probably stems from my massive ignorance about post-Newtonian physics but the supernova results of 1987 which measured neutrinos arriving 3 hours before the light from the supernova have been ...