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4
votes
2answers
417 views

What do “local” and “global” mean when talking about standard deviations in experimental particle physics?

I found the following sentence: The excess is most compatible with a SM Higgs hypothesis in the vicinity of 124 GeV and below, but the statistical significance (2.6σ local and 1.9σ global after ...
5
votes
1answer
292 views

Finding coefficient of proportionality

Recently in my AP Physics class I did a lab in which I measured k for a spring by setting up an oscillating system with it, and timing the period, repeating for different masses. Since ...
0
votes
1answer
791 views

What's the meaning of negative accuracy for measurements of physical quantities?

What's the meaning of negative accuracy for measurements of physical quantities? Can measured values of a physical quantity ever have a negative accuracy? I read some materials about accuracy and am ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

More data points or more averages?

Perhaps an elementary questions. Given a time limited measurement situation, would it be better for one to measure more averages or more data points? More averages will increase the SNR by ...
1
vote
2answers
368 views

How do derive this result in stat-mech style

I'm going through (well, at least I'm planning to) Rief's book about statistical mechanic (I want to improve my knowledge). I want to be serious about this so I'm trying to solve as much problem as I ...
5
votes
6answers
959 views

Why don't experimental physics groups have statisticians in it?

Perhaps someone can clear up a bit a cognitive dissonance I am experiencing. Pollsters are under constant scrutiny of statisticians for even the most mundane of survey topics. With so much riding on ...
8
votes
1answer
10k views

How do you find the uncertainty of an weighted average?

The following is taken from a practice GRE question: Two experimental techniques determine the mass of an object to be $11\pm 1\, \mathrm{kg}$ and $10\pm 2\, \mathrm{kg}$. These two ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a stable numerical algorithm for FWHM that isn't 2.35*sigma?

This is a question that should have a simple answer, but which I can find no proper discussion of in the literature or on the internet. I start from the assumption that I have a noisy numerical ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Products of Gaussian stochastic process variables

In the classic experimental physics text "Statistical Theory of Signal Detection" by Carl. W. Helstrom, Chapter II, section 4 concerns Gaussian Stochastic Processes. Such a process is observed at ...
8
votes
2answers
234 views

How to predict how much data to collect

The same question on CrossValidated Apologies if I'm being a bit vague in what follows, I've been asked to keep certain aspects of the experiment confidential for the time being. An analogous ...
5
votes
2answers
373 views

Photon statistics of an incandescent light source

We usually calibrate the cameras on our microscopes by capturing 20 images of a blurry (not sharp) fluorescent particle. For each pixel in this stack of 20 images we calculate the intensity variance. ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Standard Deviation in Particle Physics

I'm familiar with sigma, and how its usually calculated and used, but would like to know how it's applied to particle physics. I recall reading that the discovery of the Higgs would only be credible ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How do we know that some radioactive materials have a half life of millions or even billions of years?

If a radioactive material takes a very long time to decay, how is its half life measured or calculated? Do we have to actually observe the radioactive material for a very long time to extrapolate its ...
1
vote
1answer
397 views

Metrology: What is precision for a measurement? [closed]

Is precision a "quality" of a measurement? Is there a better (accepted by the literature) word?
2
votes
1answer
447 views

Astronomical detection significance from magnitude error

At this website: http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/swift/analysis/threads/uvot_thread_afterglows.html The passage at the bottom states that a V-band magnitude of 17.62, with an error $\pm$0.02 is a ...
3
votes
2answers
288 views

Relating the power to weather variables [closed]

Could you please help me in this problem? I have 3 independent variables, (T,H,t) , as inputs and one output P ( I have all data for these inputs and the output, done experimentally measured every ...