Tagged Questions

The study of large systems through coarse graining microscopic descriptions, providing a more detailed understanding of thermodynamics.

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What is “number degrees of freedom for frequency ν”. Frequency is 1D right?

The book QM Demystified states this about black body radiation spectrum: An attempt to explain these results using classical theory was codified in the Rayleigh-Jeans formula, which is an ...
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Grand canonical ensemble: 0 particle state

The partition function of the grand canonical ensemble can be generally stated as $$\mathcal{Z} = \sum_{r} e^{-\beta(E_{r} - N_r\mu)}\tag{1}$$ where $E_{r}$ is the energy of the micro-state $r$ of ...
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Why Landau Level quantization is observed only in low temperature and strong magnetic field in real experiment?

I know that Quantum Hall Effect and Fractional Quantum Hall Effect origin from Landau Level quantization. In magnetic field, the energy of in-plane(plane perpendicular to magnetic field) degree of ...
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What are the key properties of and differences between classical and quantum statistical mechanics?

I'm studying different ensembles and different statistics (M-B, B-E, F-D), and I have some ambiguities about which of these models are applicable to quantum systems and which are usable for classical ...
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How to calculate the exchange constant of the Ising model?

The Ising model is a mathematical model of ferro-magnetism in statistical mechanics. The model consists of discrete variables that represent magnetic dipole moments of atomic spins that can be in one ...
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What is known about the statistical mechanics of systems with normally distributed energies?

Consider a system taking on N states with energies $\epsilon \sim \mathcal{N}(\mu,\sigma^2)$. Are such systems well-studied in any context? I ask because I'd like to be able to take certain ...
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Is there really such a thing as an irreversible process?

If an isolated system goes from a state A to B, will it always eventually fluctuate back to state A? If not, give an simple example. Is it right to say that entropy only says that the probability ...
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How does physicists calculate the gravitational self collapsing force of a star?

The nuclear fusion taking place inside the stars opposes its gravitational self collapsing force. But, how does physicists calculate it? I just know the classical gravitational theory and not a bit of ...
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Why doesnt this violate 2nd law of thermodynamics?

Consider an ideal gas in a cylindrical container in a gravitational field, with a piston on top pushing down by gravity. The piston has some locking mechanism that locks it in place if it is displaced ...
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Configuration space of particles in the box

The notion of entropy says that we can count microstates that correspond to macrostate. But, I do not understand how this can be done. Does it imply that the state space is discrete (finite or ...
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What is the difference between scale-free network and small-world network? [closed]

What is the difference between scale-free network and small-world network? I can't understand from the definitions around the web if they are both the same name for one thing. Do both follow a ...
What is life?'' by a physicist definition [closed]
The question is about defining What is life?'' in the field of Physics. Whether there is any (insightful) way of defining What is life?'' from physicists. There are pioneer works, including ...