Physicists classify matter according to the state of matter, which are gas, liquid and solid. A material is either in one of these states depending on the temperature and/or pressure applied to it. One characterises the state of matter by the mechanical response of a material under pressure.

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Why is there ice at the Earth's poles? [duplicate]

I beg your pardon for such a silly question, but I've never really understood the explanation they gave in the Geography textbooks. If the slanting Sun's rays due to the Earth's axial tilt can cause ...
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31 views

Why are the slopes of the melting and evaporation curves not the same?

I would like to know why the slope of the melting curve, on the left part, isn't the same as the slope of the evaporation curve on the right (or the other way around)? This graph represents the ...
3
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3answers
93 views

How does pressure cooker work?

If you increase the pressure, the boiling temperature increases as well. In the other direction: if you decrease the pressure enough you could even make water boil at 18 dergees C. However I met this ...
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0answers
21 views

Gaseous ionic compound = plasma?

I know that ionic compounds have a boiling point and a melting point. Like for example sodium chloride melts into individual NaCl units at 801 degrees Celsius. It boils at 1,413 degrees Celsius. Since ...
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2answers
121 views

Red Photon Blue Photon

Why in space red light travels farther and is more observed in dying stars before a star becomes a black hole? while on Earth in water and air the blue light travels the farthest. For example: a ...
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1answer
25 views

What happens when an astronaut opens cork of a bottle with water at 30°C on moons surface? [closed]

The answer to this question is given as : water will start to boil and freez ultmately . How and why is it like this.??
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1answer
16 views

Does paraffin wax solidification makes melting point increase or decrease or none?

Does paraffin wax on solidification makes temp increase or decrease ? Or it is not related woth solidification ?
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3answers
64 views

Relation between boiling, vapour pressure and atmospheric pressure

The boiling point of water is always defined as the temperature at which the vapour pressure of water is equal to the atmospheric pressure. How does the definition relate to why there is intense ...
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1answer
61 views

How does a physical knock initiate freezing of supercooled water? [duplicate]

I just stumbled across this YouTube video: http://youtube.com/watch?v=iihz16t6MHs What's the mechanism behind it? With a knock, I added some energy. So what? With a knock, I also increased ...
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5answers
2k views

What is a state in physics?

What is a state in physics? While reading physics, I have heard many a times a "___" system is in "____" state but the definition of a state was never provided (and googling brings me totally ...
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0answers
17 views

Why does heating eggs not change the State of matter from solid to liquid [duplicate]

i'm not sure how much sense this question makes, but my physical education is not very great, so i'm just curious. Normally, when we heat matter, it changes the state it at some level, but eggs don't ...
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3answers
97 views

Can a single particle be “heated” by radiation?

From the point of view of statistical thermodynamics, a single particle doesn't have a phase (state of matter), nor temperature. What would happen if heat is transported to this single particle via ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the phase (state of matter) of a single particle? [duplicate]

Compressing a gas (or reducing its temperature) can form "agglomerations" in the form of liquid drops and solid grains. But if there's only one particle in the system, can it be assigned with a phase ...
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1answer
231 views

Does matter found at densities of white dwarfs “feel” more like a solid, liquid or gas?

I'm wondering what it would be like to touch or interact with very dense degenerate matter like this found at white dwarfs. I understand that white dwarfs are initially very hot, but for the sake of ...
3
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0answers
206 views

Do any substances have the same density when solid and liquid

I know that as you heat something it expands, but this is proportional to the change in temperature, so if I compare the density of a liquid right before freezing and right after then the thermal ...
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1answer
34 views

Does every particle/ substance belongs to one of the state of matter?

Does every particle/ substance belongs to one of the state of matter? If yes, then which of the state does these belong to?: Light (consider it as matter or wave) Nucleons Electron
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1answer
353 views

Can solids behave like liquids?

Basically, the more I look at things the more it seems like there's entirely no difference between a liquid and gas, it all just depends on the relative density of what's around it. This being said, ...
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2answers
47 views

Compression of non-gaseous substances

I learned about gas laws and their ability to compress. My science teacher told me that solids and liquids are incompressible. But when I learned about nuclear fission in bombs, it talks about ...
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0answers
31 views

Do exotic states of matter have high fusion cross-sections?

The Lawson criterion suggests that a chain fusion reaction will only occur in a confined plasma. Since it's a product of temperature and pressure (or density) a chain reaction would be virtually ...
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2answers
47 views

How much energy is released per unit mass from depressurizing degenerate matter?

A neutron star remnant consists mostly of neutron degenerate matter. If you happened to suddenly have 1 kg of it in your lap without the pressure necessary to keep it degenerate, I suppose it would ...
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1answer
166 views

If big bang theory is real.. then why do scientists do not accept “matter CAN disappear to Void”? [closed]

I believe in the big bang theory.. perhaps it was a big lightning not an explosion.. but even that is pretty much same as "big bang theory".. so matter came from "nothing" (zero). and existence is ...
5
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1answer
94 views

What is the viscosity difference between a solid and a liquid

The pitch drop experiment, for example, shows bitumen as a liquid, even though it appears to be a solid, and then there is the "glass: solid or liquid" debate. Is there a numerical value in viscosity ...
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1answer
96 views

Is it always true that solid state matter is made up of repeating patterns?

In the chemistry book that I'm reading, it says: At even lower temperatures, the molecular movement becomes even more sluggish. The water molecules begin to align in a regularly repeating ...
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1answer
48 views

Is plasma an intermediate stage of matter? [duplicate]

Can it truly be called a stable state? Fire is stable while it has fuel but isn't it really just a transition point for solid to gas?
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0answers
55 views

Is it possible to have a line rather than a point where the three states of a substance can exist?

Most of us are familiar with state diagrams that define which of the three states a substance will take given the pressure and temperature. And that some substances, such as water for example, exhibit ...
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2answers
329 views

Is Marshmallow solid or liquid?

A marshmallow is a sugar candy that, in its modern form, typically consists of sugar, whipped to a spongy consistency, molded into small cylindrical pieces, and coated with corn starch. Link ...
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0answers
48 views

Can I plot a phase diagram (P against T) of a mixture if the mole compositions are known?

Is it possible? Or do I have to actually experiment it in a lab? If it's possible, what data would I need? I'm right now only given the mole percentages and the weight percentages. I do know I can ...
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4answers
129 views

What is the state of water at exactly 0°C?

Theoretically speaking, what is the state of water at bang on 0°C - not any lower or higher? Any lower would make it a solid whereas any higher would make it a liquid. But what about bang on 0°C? ...
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5answers
415 views

What compounds or elements only have one phase or two phases?

Wood appears to be one. I think gases like helium and hydrogen cannot exist in the solid state under normal pressures, correct? And why do those "phase cheaters"-- those elements/compounds which ...
3
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1answer
421 views

Is there an Ideal Liquid Law? Or Solid Law?

There is an Ideal Gas Law, but why isn't there one for liquids or solids? Is it because they are much too hard to predict or that solids and liquids vary drastically in their reaction to temperature ...
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3answers
186 views

Do different plasmas from different elements have different properties?

If so, what are some differences? Like between iron and gold? EDIT: Sorry, I need to clarify: By 'difference' I mean... do they retain their chemical properties from more normal temperatures? Like is ...
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1answer
120 views

Is it possible to have frozen clouds floating in the sky?

Not really a spoiler, but in the movie Interstellar there was a planet that had frozen clouds. Is this actually possible? I know ice is less dense than water and so can float, but I'm having a hard ...
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1answer
82 views

What distinguishes the difference states of matter from solid to BEC and perhaps fermionic condensate? [closed]

Is it something to do with the behavior of electrons? How many states are there either discovered or predicted?
4
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1answer
265 views

How does the notion of topological order relate to the Landau-Ginzburg theory of phase transitions?

As per Landau-Ginzburg (LG) theory, we write down a theory (Hamiltonian) with all possible interactions/operators (in terms of some order parameter) that respects certain symmetries. The ground state ...
3
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4answers
361 views

Can a single molecule have a state?

I was studying a book about thermodynamics of nanosystems and I got stuck with this question in my mind which I couldn't find an answer for. For instance, does a single water molecule have a state, ...
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3answers
186 views

What would happen if you open a bottle of fizzy drink in a weightless environment?

On Earth, pouring a fizzy drink into a glass or opening a bottle, you see the gas start to condense out into bubbles which rise upwards. You can't pour a Coke into a glass on the ISS but you could (I ...
2
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1answer
161 views

Can a fuzzball collapse into a singularity?

I've been reading Kip Thorne's Black Holes and Time Warps and got curious about extreme states of degenerate matter; a little research reveals that since the book was written quark and preon ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Electron degeneracy and helium flashes in stars

I have a question regarding the above mentioned. When a star have a mass of about 3-8 it does not go through the so-called helium flash phase, but instead just run along as nothing had happened, turn ...
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1answer
137 views

What does a sample of the Sun look like? Does it look like fire or gas?

Suppose that in the future a highly resistant spacecraft went to the Sun and collected three samples of the Sun: one from its surface, one from its core, and one midway. The three samples were put ...
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0answers
33 views

What does high-pressure ice look like? [duplicate]

Suppose one had a pressure chamber of extreme strength, strength enough to hold 100s of MPa worth of pressure inside. So you put some ice cubes in the chamber (regular ice), keeping the temperature ...
2
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2answers
551 views

Why does iron sink in molten iron instead of floating?

Why does iron sink in molten iron whereas ice floats on water? Both are solid states of their own form, so why is one floating and the other sinking?
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6answers
4k views

Is there a state beyond gas?

If you could boil water in a sealed container until it became vapor and you still kept applying heat to it would something happen? Maybe gas to super-gas? This has been on my mind for a long time I ...
7
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1answer
633 views

To what extent can the superconducting order parameter be thought of as a macroscopic wavefunction?

I know that the order parameter does not obey the Schrodinger equation; it instead obeys the Ginzburg-Landau equation. However, I am unclear as to the situations under which the view of the ...
7
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5answers
433 views

What keeps water molecules in air from falling down?

I was thinking about evaporative cooling, how the particles in water with the most velocity fly out of the water, leaving it colder. But then I thought, how come these water molecules stay in the air ...
8
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4answers
831 views

Is a plasma necessarily made of monoatomic ions?

Is it possible to have a plasma made of polyatomic ions instead of monoatomic ions? I want to know all the details why such a thing may be attainable or not and, if possible, what methods we can use ...
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2answers
97 views

(Why) is dumping liquid nitrogen on your head dangerous?

A chemist who dumped liquid nitrogen on his head described the act as very dangerous; yet, at the same time, he mentioned that the Leidenfrost effect would protect him from the dangers of this act. ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Quantum description of Raman effect

In the classical description of Raman effect the object of study is the electric polarizability of the system. Since I'm interested in learning the quantum description of the Raman effect and in ...
1
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1answer
183 views

Density of Solid States of Compounds

One of the wonderful properties of water (as my high school biology teacher would say) is that in its solid form, it is lighter than its liquid form. This means that when temperatures drop below 0 ...
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2answers
42 views

Pellet of lithium in a vacuum

What would happen to a grain of sand sized pellet of lithium in a vacuum? Because there is no pressure, would it become more like a sticky liquid?
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1answer
92 views

Stellar remnants in a state of matter denser than neutron-degenerate

When discussing the stellar life cycle, it's often stated that if the collapsing core of a star is bigger than the mass limit for a stable neutron star, it must collapse to a black hole. However, ...