A model of the basic particles and forces featuring six quarks, three charged leptons, three massless neutral leptons and four fundamental force carrying bosons. The twelve fermions are arranged into three generations, while the bosons serve to explain the electromagnetic interaction plus the strong ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

8
votes
1answer
693 views

Anti particles: What exactly is inverted?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiparticle says "Corresponding to most kinds of particles, there is an associated antiparticle with the same mass and opposite electric charge." and What is anti-matter? ...
6
votes
2answers
407 views

More questions on string theory and the standard model

This is a followup question to How does string theory reduce to the standard model? Ron Maimon's answer there clarified to some extent what can be expected from string theory, but left details open ...
5
votes
4answers
688 views

Why are neutrino oscillations considered to be “beyond the Standard Model”?

Is this just a historical artifact - that the particle physics community decided at some point to call all of the pre-oscillation physics by the name the "Standard Model"? The reason I ask is because ...
4
votes
1answer
596 views

Relationship between hierarchy problem and higgs fine tuning?

I often hear of hierarchy problem being used synonymous with Higgs fine tuning (esp with regards with motivations for SUSY). What exactly is the relationship between the two problems? As I understand ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Fermion mass Higgs mechanism

How get fermion like a electron a mass through the higgs-mechanism? Can someone explain me this with formulas (Lagrangian)? I know that the Yukawa interaction has something to do with, is that right? ...
0
votes
0answers
193 views

Weak isospin and types of weak charge

My understanding is that QCD has three color charges that are conserved as a result of global SU(3) invariance. What about SU(2) weak? Does it have two types of charges? What I'm getting at is: U(1) ...
-1
votes
1answer
467 views

Can photons and gluons be holes in an aether?

Consider photons and gluons have 0 mass and 0 charge. In many respects they're already understood as the absence of a particle by mathematical models. Couldn't this be interpreted to mean they ...
10
votes
1answer
67 views

N=2 SSM without a Higgs

In arXiv:1012.5099, section III, the authors describe a supersymmetric extension to the standard model in which there is no Higgs sector at all, in the conventional sense. The up-type Higgs is a ...
8
votes
1answer
467 views

Do color-neutral gluons exist?

If I'm correct a quark can change color by emitting a gluon. For example a blue up quark $u_b$ can change into a red up quark by emitting a gluon: $$u_b \longrightarrow u_r + g_{b\overline{r}}$$ ...
8
votes
2answers
562 views

Why do leptons and quarks mix?

Is the fact that weak eigenstates are not mass eigenstates completely arbitrary? Or is there a deeper reason for the existence of the PMNS and CKM matrices?
6
votes
1answer
154 views

Is color confinement detected?

I'm a graduate student studying QFT. I'm quite interested that is color confinement detected or proved? (both directly and indirectly) Or it is just an assumption?
6
votes
1answer
218 views

What is the origin of flavor? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Origin of lepton/quark generations? In the standard model (and in nature), Fermions appear in different generations, or flavors. Besides up and down quarks and ...
5
votes
0answers
127 views

What is the rate of B violation expected in the standard model during high energy collisions?

In a recent question Can colliders detect B violation? I asked about detecting B violation in collisions. Here I am interested in the theory aspect. (I asked both questions originally in the same ...
5
votes
1answer
244 views

Why are WW gg ττ branching ratios so similar for a 115 GeV SM Higgs?

In a previous question on Higgs branching ratios, I find this image (originally from page 15 here). I am VERY intrigued by the fact that decays to WW, gg, and ττ are almost equally probable, for ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

What if EM or QCD was spontaneously broken?

Suppose that Standard Model Higgs mechanism broke electromagnetism, by e.g. veving the charged component of the doublet, so that the photon was massive with $m_\gamma\sim v$. Could such a Universe ...
4
votes
2answers
739 views

What is the Standard Model equation which unified Strong, Weak, and Electromagnetism?

I always heard that three atomic force in small scale structure (Strong, weak and electromagnetic) are unified through the standard model, but I've never seen its unified equation. What is single ...
4
votes
1answer
254 views

Lepton Number Conservation

What is the global symmetry of the electroweak Lagrangian that gives rise to lepton number conservation? As I understand it, electric charge is some linear combination of the conserved quantities ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Fine Tuned Universe

Is the fine tuning that cosmologists talk about (that our Universe is fine tuned for intelligent life) is the same as the fine tuning of the squared mass parameter of the Higgs in the Standard Model? ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

The Higgs field a new Luminiferous aether?

As of this writing it has been made clear to me that classical physics' Luminiferous aether was a terriblly poor discriptor of space. With the advent of Special Relativity and General Relativity, that ...
4
votes
1answer
971 views

Why are there 3 quarks in proton?

A few quark related questions (I don't knowmuch about them other than there are 2 flavours concerning protons and neutrons) Why are there 3 quarks in a proton or neutron? Why not 2 or 4? Is there an ...
3
votes
2answers
368 views

What is difference between the different 'flavours' of neutrinos?

Moreover, how-come scientist know that muon-neutrino are different from electron-neutrino when they didn't even know what the difference was? Did they interact differently with other particles?
2
votes
2answers
174 views

$\left(H^\dagger H\right)^2$ is invariant under $U(1)\times SU(2)$?

Is it true that $\left(H^\dagger H\right)^2$ is invariant under $U\left(1\right) \times SU\left(2\right)$ where $H$ is the Higgs field $(1,2,1/2)$? Does this invariance imply that its hypercharge ...
2
votes
2answers
301 views

Some very basic questions on the Higgs Boson

What exactly is a boson? Is the Higgs boson the cause of gravity or a result of it? Does the collision of particles at the LHC create a gravity field or waves or somehow interact with the gravity ...
2
votes
1answer
859 views

Quark Radius Upper Bound

If quarks had internal structure (contradicting current beliefs), what is the lowest upper bound on their "radius" based on current experimental results? If possible, I'd prefer to only consider ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Similar masses and lifetimes of the $\Delta$ baryons

Why do the four spin 3/2 $\Delta$ baryons have nearly identical masses and lifetimes despite their very different $u$ and $d$ quark compositions?
1
vote
2answers
371 views

Gravity and the Standard Model

Gravity is ignored in the SM. The proton rest mass is ~0.938 GeV/$c^2$. LHC protons will move with 7 TeV energy, presumably with a relativistic mass about 7,450 times rest mass. A cosmic ray with the ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

Notation for Standard Model Charges?

Does anybody know what these following numbers describing an electron $(1, 1, -1)$ represent in $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1)$? Or, these numbers that describe an up quark: $(3, 1, 2/3)$? I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
442 views

What is the relationship between the Higgs field and quarks?

I have some difficulty considering the relative size of each and the meaning behind the shape of Higgs boson. I ask relating to the structures of both the Higgs field and quarks. How is it that the ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

What mechanism produced the baryon excess in the universe?

A baryon is a composite subatomic particle made up of three quarks (as distinct from mesons, which comprise one quark and one antiquark). Baryons and mesons belong to the hadron family, which are the ...
-1
votes
1answer
133 views

Symmetry groups [closed]

I am quite new to this subject. I am just repeating in a few words, what I have learned so far: There are 4 fundamental forces of nature: strong, weak, electromagnetism and gravity. Physicists are ...
-4
votes
1answer
310 views

Pion Decay and Fractional electric Charge disappeared, why?

Since the charged pions decay into two particles, a muon and a muon neutrino Fractional electric Charge disappeared, why? The decay proceeds by the weak interaction $W^{+}$ and can be visualized in ...