A model of the basic particles and forces featuring six quarks, three charged leptons, three massless neutral leptons and four fundamental force carrying bosons. The twelve fermions are arranged into three generations, while the bosons serve to explain the electromagnetic interaction plus the strong ...

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2
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1answer
303 views

What is meant by the rest energy of non-composite particle?

When talking about the rest energy of a composite particle such as a proton, part of the rest energy is accounted for by the internal kinetic energy of its constituent quarks. But what is physically ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Similar masses and lifetimes of the $\Delta$ baryons

Why do the four spin 3/2 $\Delta$ baryons have nearly identical masses and lifetimes despite their very different $u$ and $d$ quark compositions?
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Is the long range neutron-antineutron interaction repulsive or attractive?

I can model this interaction as Zee does in "Quantum field theory in a nutshell". In chapter I.4 section "from particle to force" he uses two delta functions for the source. The integral gives ...
23
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is there no theta-angle (topological term) for the weak interactions?

Why is there no analog for $\Theta_\text{QCD}$ for the weak interaction? Is this topological term generated? If not, why not? Is this related to the fact that $SU(2)_L$ is broken?
2
votes
3answers
784 views

Hilbert space and Lie algebra in quantum mechanics

We are looking for a publication or website that explains the Standard Model in terms of Hilbert space and Lie algebra. We are reading Debnath's Introduction to Hilbert Spaces and Applications and ...
18
votes
2answers
198 views

Values of SM parameters at one certain scale

The general question is: What are the values of Standard Model parameters (in the $\bar{MS}$ renormalization scheme) at some scale e.g. $m_{Z}$? As its parametrization in Yukawa matrices is not unique ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are the quarks so named?

Quarks have a variety of names (or flavours): Up Down Strange Charm Bottom or Beauty Top or Truth Why do they have such odd names?
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1answer
628 views

Can photons and gluons be holes in an aether?

Consider photons and gluons have 0 mass and 0 charge. In many respects they're already understood as the absence of a particle by mathematical models. Couldn't this be interpreted to mean they ...
7
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2answers
275 views

Simulation of QED

Can anyone point me to a paper dealing with simulation of QED or the Standard Model in general? I will particularly appreciate a review paper.
2
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1answer
330 views

Has CERN recently found evidence for a Z-prime boson?

In the recent Higgs seminar at 73:38 Guido Tonelli the spokesman for CMS, makes a mistake and refers to a Z-prime in a context that would imply that they see them frequently. He swiftly backpedals ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the Standard Model width of a 125 GeV Higgs?

There's a fairly broad mass spread in the new results out of Atlas and CMS. I'm curious how this fits with the expected SM width.
11
votes
1answer
111 views

Higgs Field - Is its discovery truly “around the corner”?

Rather surprised I haven't seen many questions or discussion regarding the rumored confirmation of the Higgs field. As I understand it, the energies where they saw things were actually quite a bit ...
4
votes
2answers
460 views

Sparticles: Relationship to supersymmetry and dark matter?

I was attempting to read this paper after watching a show with Brian Greene. As I understand it, sparticles are a prediction of supersymetry, so I was wondering: Wouldn't the discovery of ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

If LHC searches of a Higgs boson won't be a success, what consequences for the theory of electroweak interaction it can bear?

Whether it is necessary to search still for variants of an explanation of spontaneously breaking gauge symmetry, giving masses for a W, Z-bosons? Goldstone bosons are bosons that appear necessarily ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Are quarks and leptons actually fundamental particles? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are quarks made of? Are quarks and leptons actually fundamental, or are they made up of even more fundamental particles? And is it true that many consider quarks ...
7
votes
1answer
530 views

Why does the Higgs field only couple to opposite-chiralities fermions?

According to the Wikipedia page on the Standard Model, the Higgs field interact with fermions through a Yukawa interaction coupling only left to right chiralities. What is the reason for that? Is that ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What is lepton number?

What exactly is a lepton number of a particle? With the charge (eg proton is just 1, not the exact charge), I can understand because it's a physical property, put a particle with charge + next to ...
-1
votes
1answer
269 views

Is the Standard Model experimentally verified? [closed]

Has the Standard Model of Particle Physics been experimentally verified? Or is it still waiting for experimental verification? OR, What aspects/predictions of the Standard Model have been ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

What lepton neutrino would be in this reaction?

If I have a reaction (shown below), and I'm supposed to work out what the products will be, what would the lepton neutrino $\nu$ be? e.g electron neutrino: $$ \nu + p \to $$
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Hypercharge for $U(1)$ in $SU(2)\times U(1)$ model

I understand that the fundamental representation of $U(1)$ amounts to a multiplication by a phase factor, e.g. EM. I thought that when it is extended to higher dimensional representations, it would ...
6
votes
1answer
695 views

Is there a concise-but-thorough statement of the Standard Model?

I’m a grad student in high-energy physics. I’m familiar enough with the Standard Model, but I’ve always wondered whether there existed a canonical statement of, effectively, “what we talk about when ...
10
votes
1answer
82 views

N=2 SSM without a Higgs

In arXiv:1012.5099, section III, the authors describe a supersymmetric extension to the standard model in which there is no Higgs sector at all, in the conventional sense. The up-type Higgs is a ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Do neutrinos 'become' other types of particles between oscillations?

In light of the recent kurfuffle of FTL neutrinos I wonder, do neutrinos 'become' other particles between their oscillations between the different flavors of neutrino? I'm slightly familiar with ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Masses of all the particles in the Standard Theory [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If photons have no mass, how can they have momentum? I'm sure this question has been asked here before but I wasn't able to find it clearly answered in one q/a session. ...
15
votes
3answers
727 views

Is there some explanation for $y_t=1$

The Yukawa coupling of the top quark is Dirac-natural in a too excellent way, it is within one sigma experimentally, and within 99.5% in absolute value, of being equal to one. Without some symmetry, ...
10
votes
1answer
399 views

Technical naturalness of Yukawa couplings

Naturalness in the sense of 't Hooft tell us that a small parameter is a signal of a symmetry such that the parameter will be zero when the symmetry is exact. I am puzzled about how this principle is ...
10
votes
2answers
141 views

ATLAS Higgs Interpretation

I came across this abstract, and I am curious as to what the ATLAS Team has actually discovered: Abstract Motivated by the result of the Higgs boson candidates at LEP with a mass of about ...
3
votes
2answers
622 views

Quarks as preons for the whole standard model

This is a sequel to an earlier question about Alejandro Rivero's correspondence, the "super-bootstrap". The correspondence itself was introduced in his "Supersymmetry with composite bosons"; see the ...
7
votes
4answers
390 views

AQFT and the Standard Model

The German physicist Rudolf Haag presented a new approach to QFT that centralizes the role of an algebra of observables in his book "Local Quantum Physics". The mathematical objects known as operator ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What is a quark condensate?

What is a quark condensate? is it a bound state between 2 quarks? can we have 3(or more)-quarks condensate? What mediates the interaction between the constituents of the condensate? Are the ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Left and Right-handed fermions

Is there a simple intuitive way to understand the difference between left-handed and right-handed fermions (electrons say)? How to experimentally distinguish between them?
7
votes
2answers
236 views

Particles mass determined by SO(D-2) vs SO(D-1)

I've recently come across this statement that massless particles arise from $SO(D-2)$ symetry and massive particles from $SO(D-1)$. I would have guessed that it would be the exact opposite way, but ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

How does one place QFT's reality in context with that of other areas of physics? [closed]

Okay, so I'm learning some QFT, I read through Bogoliubov, Shirkov Introduction to Quantized Fields up to the section on renormalization, and then wanted to see a more modern point of view- so I ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does the weak force distinguish left and right handedness?

I'm wondering why the weak interaction only affects left-handed particles (and right-handed antiparticles). Before someone says "because thats just the way nature is" :-), let me explain what I find ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

The Higgs field a new Luminiferous aether?

As of this writing it has been made clear to me that classical physics' Luminiferous aether was a terriblly poor discriptor of space. With the advent of Special Relativity and General Relativity, that ...
5
votes
1answer
268 views

Why are WW gg ττ branching ratios so similar for a 115 GeV SM Higgs?

In a previous question on Higgs branching ratios, I find this image (originally from page 15 here). I am VERY intrigued by the fact that decays to WW, gg, and ττ are almost equally probable, for ...
2
votes
2answers
290 views

Might the LHC see nothing new at all?

There's no guarantee that supersymmetry (or more exotic new physics) will be seen at the LHC. Meanwhile, it's standard lore that a Higgsless standard model becomes nonunitary somewhere in the vicinity ...
8
votes
1answer
712 views

Do color-neutral gluons exist?

If I'm correct a quark can change color by emitting a gluon. For example a blue up quark $u_b$ can change into a red up quark by emitting a gluon: $$u_b \longrightarrow u_r + g_{b\overline{r}}$$ ...
8
votes
1answer
255 views

Is there literature on a continuous mass spectrum for the Higgs field?

Various masses for the Higgs field are compatible with experiment, but is it possible that the Higgs field is not observable because it has a continuous mass spectrum? Work in the 60s and 70s on free ...
4
votes
2answers
431 views

Is the Higgs 3/4 detected already?

Can someone provide an expanded explanation on the statement that the Higgs field is already 3/4 detected? Link to ref (@nic, sorry I left it off, do a quick search on Higgs to find the right ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Fine tuning and parametric modelings

When I perform parametric modeling, if there is significant multicollinearity between variables I think should be independent, but in fact are not, I run into the case where one or more of the ...
0
votes
1answer
263 views

How is fine tuning of standard model conceptual different than the fine tuning of PI?

If I were to try to find pi using a ruler and a compass, I would first try to find out how many rational line segments of the diameter I could fit around the interior circumference and then continue ...
8
votes
0answers
189 views

Chiral fermions from torsion flux in M-theory?

Witten's 1981 paper "Search for a realistic Kaluza-Klein theory" is frequently cited for its observation that, in a compactification of d=11 supergravity on a manifold with SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) ...
0
votes
0answers
197 views

Does the Standard model allow for radioactive decay prediction? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Predicting Decay Rates via the Standard Model More specifically, does (any) current theory allow for approximate or exact predictions of atomic decay rates and types ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

If dark matter is a new type of particle, what does that imply?

My understanding is that dark matter cannot be (or is at least highly unlikely to be) an exotic form of any known particle. On the other hand, articles about particle accelerators seem to say that the ...
4
votes
1answer
547 views

Detection of W and Z bosons

What specific behaviour confirmed the existence of the W and Z bosons at the UA1 and UA2 experiments? Thanks!
10
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4answers
489 views

strange modulation of radiactive decay rates with solar activity

Recently i found out this uber strange article about nuclear decay rates being somehow showing seasonal variations with a high correlation with sun activity. Two very precise questions: 1) has this ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

115 GeV, 170 GeV, and the noncommutative standard model

Several years ago, noncommutative geometry was used to describe the standard model, somehow yielding a prediction of 170 GeV for the mass of the Higgs boson, a prediction which was falsified a few ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 'running' and 'current' quark mass?

When looking at the PDG, there is a difference between the 'running' and the 'current' quark masses. Does anyone know which is the difference between these two?
15
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2answers
2k views

Did the researchers at Fermilab find a fifth force?

Please consider the publication Invariant Mass Distribution of Jet Pairs Produced in Association with a W boson in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV by the CDF-Collaboration, ...