An object such as a metal coil or air-filled tube which provides a force opposing the direction of deformation.

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2D square lattice, nearest neighbor and next-nearest connected by springs

For my field theory class I am trying to build the Lagrangian for the following system. Consider a 2D square lattice where the nearest and next-nearest neighbor interactions are modeled by springs ...
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1answer
30 views

Potential energies of charges and spring

I wonder if someone could sanity check this very simple calculation. Consider a pair of charges $+q$ at rest separated by a spring of length $d$ and stiffness $k$. The spring provides the force that ...
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0answers
21 views

Launching a Spring from a meter stick [on hold]

In class we are engaging in 'war games'. We receive a random spring and launch it from a meterstick at a target flat on a nearby table. we will have the variables for: ...
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3answers
38 views

On the definition of elastic restoring force in a spring

How is the elastic restoring force defined exactly for a spring? We know by hooke's law that $$F_{restoring} = -kx$$ but what does $F_{restoring}$ really mean? I thought up till now that it was the ...
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0answers
19 views

Torsion Spring Moment Calculation

I'm trying to extend the idea of a translational spring to a rotational spring. Consider a spring that acts on all displacements of a body: $$ \mathbf{F} = \begin{bmatrix} F_x \\ F_y \\ F_z ...
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1answer
120 views

Imposing symmetries on asymmetrical dynamic systems

Let us say we have a one dimensional system of masses connected by springs. All the masses are equal and the springs alternate with spring constants of $k$ and $6k$. The appropriate way to analyze ...
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2answers
145 views

Physical interpretation of initial conditions for damped mass-spring system

I have background in pure mathematics so my question is about physical meaning. If we consider equation for damped mass-spring system, it is linear ordinary second order differential equation. So to ...
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2answers
34 views

Calculate damping constant / coefficient

I am trying to graphically simulate a series of springs in 2D. Now one of the forces I am stuck with calculating is the damping force. The given formula is $F = -k_d v$. I know that $v$ is the ...
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1answer
47 views

Hooke's Law vs. Elastic Potential Energy

I am currently learning about elastic potential energy and this is a question that was given to us by my teacher: When a 13.2-kg mass is placed on top of a vertical spring, the spring compresses ...
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1answer
104 views

Potential Energy of Springs and Gravity, and Work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
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0answers
13 views

Say we have the following springs and weights as given. Find the equilibrium displacement

Assume we have a ceiling and from it three springs $c_1$, $c_3$ and $c_4$ are attached to it. Mass $m_1$ is connected by $c_3$ and $c_1$. $c_2$ connects mass $m_1$ to $m_2$ below it and $c_4$ ...
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2answers
31 views

Assume two springs with constant $c_1$ and $c_2$ are based in the following scenarios. Figure out the masses for equal displacement

Assume two springs with constant $c_1$ and $c_2$ are based in the following scenarios. Figure out the masses for equal displacement. More specifically I am to figure out what masses $m_1$, $m_2$ ...
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1answer
24 views

Mass spring system, elongation of the spring [closed]

Is it possible to calculate the elongation of a spring with only the length of the spring, a spring constant and the mass that is attached to the spring?
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0answers
14 views

Coupled Oscillation With Four Springs and Three Masses [duplicate]

"Four identical springs and three identical masses lie between two walls. Find the normal modes" The situation looks something like this:$$|---m_1---m_2---m_3---|$$ To start this problem off, I looked ...
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1answer
228 views

How to calculate the new positions of other vertices in spring-mass system graph, when one vertex is actively moved by the user?

I am developing an android based game. I have 10 soldiers uniformly spaced in the scene using some kind of formation. Example - banks of 3 3 and 4 or banks of 4 4 2 or banks of 4 2 and 4 etc... Now ...
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2answers
60 views

How is energy converted when massless spring is attached to a rigid support

Say a massless spring of length l is attached to a rigid support. It is extended to length l + x. Now at this position, the ...
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3answers
6k views

If you place a spring on a neodymium hard-drive magnet, it appears to vibrate in slow-motion. Why is that so?

By chance(playing around really) I saw that a spring(mainly from a pen) placed on a neodymium hard-disk magnet(and then flicked by your finger at the top) makes a nice-effect (see youtube video ). It ...
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2answers
9k views
1
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1answer
23 views

What can take kinetic energy, transform it into potential energy when pressed on, and put back out as kinetic energy when released (besides a spring)?

A spring can only hold so much of the kinetic energy. For example, a 1 cm spring can hold less than 5 J. Is there anything that can hold a large amount of energy but be fairly small?
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2answers
42 views

Why is the gravitational potential energy of ideal uniform massive spring $mgx/2$, not $mgx$?

In this Wikipedia page, $$L= T-V = \frac{1}{2}\frac{m}{3}\dot{x}^2 + \frac{1}{2}M \dot{x}^2 - \frac{1}{2} k x^2 - \frac{m g x}{2} - M g x$$ where $mgx/2$ refers to gravitational potential energy of ...
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3answers
76 views

Tension of 2 massless springs joined together

A cable is formed by joining two massless springs with different spring constants. Spring A has constant k1. Spring B has constant k2. If mass M1 hangs from the cable, is the tension greater on ...
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2answers
78 views

What factors influence the spring constant?

For certain springs we have been taught that Hookes law, $F=-kx$ works. For such springs, what factors determine k. For instance, k is proportional to length. Can k be expressed in terms of ...
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1answer
38 views

If a place a spring in a box and drop the box, what happens?

Suppose I a holding a box in my hands, and inside the box a spring with some mass attached hangs from the cieling of the box. Initial the system is at equilibrium, then I let go of the box and it ...
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4answers
3k views

Stretch length of horizontal and vertical springs

If the spring in Figure A is stretched a distance d, how far will the spring in Figure B stretch? The spring constants are the same. The answer is "by half". I don't get it, to me it's the same.
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2answers
77 views

An interesting problem on springs [closed]

If I place two identical objects of mass $m$ at either end of a spring with spring constant $k$ and the whole system is placed on a horizontal frictionless surface, then what is the frequency of ...
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0answers
39 views

Simple harmonic motion and elasticity

Question: One end of a long metallic wire of length L is tied to the ceiling. The other end is tied to a massless spring of spring constant K. A mass m hangs freely from the free end of the ...
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1answer
49 views

Very confused about effective spring constant

I know that for springs in parallel, the effective spring constant is $k_1+k_2$ and for springs in series the constant is $1/(1/k_1+1/k_2)$. But there are some weird problems where finding the ...
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1answer
76 views

Springs at an angle [closed]

I'm trying to find the equation of motion for the following system: This is how I proceeded: Let's call the length of the hypotenuse $s$. Then, $$F = 2 \sin{\theta}\cdot-k(s - l_o) = -2kx ...
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1answer
37 views

How to determine sign of coefficients in simple spring, damper, mass system?

For a system of the sort shown below: I have come to realize that I continuously make mistakes when it comes to determining the signs (or specifically the direction of the forces) of the ...
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1answer
38 views

simple harmonic motion and center of mass

We choose a system to be a spring + a connected body. If we stretch the body and leave it, it will make a simple harmonic motion. The center of mass of this system is approximately the center of mass ...
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1answer
98 views

Electrical Analog of a Chain of Springs

I'm trying to wrap my head around the Force $\rightarrow$ Voltage analogy between mechanical and electrical systems. I have a mechanical system where masses are connected by springs in series, and ...
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1answer
29 views

Pulling fabric in a saddle shape tight with a spring

Jokingly a friend and I thought of a way to suspend a tarp-like material over my porch, very similar to they way a trampoline is sprung. However, this fabric is a rectangle and fits over arches. My ...
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1answer
65 views

Spring Stiffness Calculation Problems

This may sound like a trivial question but please hear me out. I am trying to model a 1 DoF electromagnetic vibration sensor (geophone) analytically and with finite elements. A geophone consists of ...
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1answer
43 views

How to determine angular frequency of this system?

I am self studying on harmonic motion and springs. One of the problems is: Two identical objects of mass m are placed at either end of a spring of spring constant k and the whole system is placed on a ...
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0answers
24 views

How would a network of connected springs deform when connections slip

I'm working on modeling polymer networks, and I'm stuck on the following problem. If you apply a fixed force to a bunch of firmly connected springs, sort of like this... You'd expect the network ...
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2answers
433 views

Why does the acceleration $g$ due to gravity not affect the period of a vertically mounted spring?

For a vertically mounted spring, I was looking at the formula $ T= 2\pi \sqrt{m/k}$ for a period. Why doesn't the gravitational acceleration $g$ factor in?
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4answers
872 views

How is potential energy actually stored in a steel spring at the atomic level?

Elasticity is one the most intriguing phenomena, wiki gives a summary explanation of what happens in a steel spring: the atomic lattice changes size and shape when forces are applied (energy is ...
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2answers
1k views

Slinky base does not immediately fall due to gravity

Why does the base of this slinky not fall immediately to gravity? My guess is tension in the springs is a force > mass*gravity but even then it is dumbfounding.
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2answers
63 views

How to check if a system is in SHM in two spring systems?

I must determine if the system (a) is in SHM. I must arrive to the conclusion that there is a linear restoring force such that $a=-w^2x$. The solution's manual affirms that according to Newton's ...
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1answer
66 views

How do I incorporate friction and mass when analyzing spring motion?

Problem 12 of section B of this PDF file reads Two springs with spring constant k1 and k2 are attached to a body of mass (m) in two different configurations in 2 cases (A and B) as shown. ...
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0answers
34 views

What happens when an object attached to a spring is stretched and then let go?

This is on a horizontal surface. I've just been wondering what exactly happens...when you stretch it and let go, I know it goes back to equilibrium, but does it go past equilibrium, compress itself a ...
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0answers
67 views

State space equation for spring pendulum

Let's say we have a spring pendulum, where the spring itself is massless, and there is no damping at the hinge. That is, the only things we are concerned about are the forces applied by the spring and ...
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1answer
91 views

Three masses on a circle connected by spring

How would I go about finding the normal modes of three masses on a circular hoop, with springs connecting them across the circle, in a triangle (assume the spring constants and masses are the same). I ...
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2answers
3k views

Finding max height of a mass launched by a spring?

I have the following problem on my homework. The actual problem has numbers, but I figure using symbolic notation will help me understand the concept in the long run. A block of mass $M$ is launched ...
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2answers
52 views

Can the relative position of two masses connected by a spring become negative?

Consider the following diagram. Two masses of 1 kilogram each are attached by a spring of 1 N/m. The $x$-axis is chosen such that $x_1(0)=0$ and $x_2(0)=L$ where $L$ is the length of the spring in ...
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1answer
67 views

Can Hooke's law go along with Newton's 3rd law & how is momentum conserved in case of spring?

Let there be a spring in its relaxed state- that is neither compressed nor extended. One end is fixed on the left and other end is free in the right. Now, I stretch the spring by pulling the free-end ...
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27 views

Isolate an electronic drum from the ground

Please note that I know nothing about this part of physics, so sorry if I make some mistakes. Drum is an awesome instrument, yet it can easily make your neighbours very angry.The vibrations caused by ...
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1answer
143 views

Work-Energy theorem vs conservation of mechanical energy? [closed]

Bodies A and B are moving in the same direction in a straight line with constant velocities on a frictionless surface. the mass and the velocity of A are: 2kg and 10m/s. The mass and the velocity ...
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42 views

Question about massive spring and SHM [closed]

A mass $M$ is resting on the end of a spring with constant $K$. The mass of the spring is $m$, and the displacement of each element of the spring is proportional to the distance from the fixed end ...
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1answer
106 views

A two-masses-three-springs system [closed]

Question: If two identical masses are attached to two walls facing each other and the two masses themselves are connected by a third spring (all springs have same initial length and spring ...