An object such as a metal coil or air-filled tube which provides a force opposing the direction of deformation.

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Hooks Law and acceleration [closed]

A 435 gram sharpened piece of iron rebar into a spring loaded device. It takes a force of 355 Newtons to compress the spring by 27.5 cm. With what speed does the rebar shoot out of the device? ...
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145 views

How much of elastic energy is stored as entropy?

There are two cases of elastic stretching: springs and rubber. When you streach a spring or a piece of rubber both absorb some energy as Entropy (S) and some as plain energy (U) $$\displaystyle{ ...
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1answer
166 views

Simple Harmonic Motion homework [closed]

Suppose we have a rod of mass $m$ and length $l$ which is pivoted at center and two springs of spring constant $k$ are attached at opposite ends so that it performs simple Harmonic motion when ...
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1answer
1k views

Spring Powered Car - Which Design Is Best? [closed]

I'm in the preliminary stages of building a spring powered car to race over a distance of 10 metres. It is a yearly event held in my local area and so far we've only seen one spring powered car. I ...
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2answers
209 views

Using an electric winch to compress a spring and launch an object

I'm having trouble grokking the relationship between a winch's pull/torque and a spring's potential energy. I would like to compress a spring using an electric winch and figure out how far it will be ...
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161 views

Is strictly harmonic 2D lattice made of Hooke springs possible?

If we connect a set of point masses in a 1D lattice with Hooke springs and consider longitudinal oscillations, we'll have a strictly harmonic system, for which there exist eigenmodes and the frequency ...
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2answers
1k views

Vibration of pulley and string system [closed]

So here's the statement: A pulley of a mass $M$ is hanged using a spring (stiffness of the string being $k_1$), as shown in the image. What is the frequency of the pulley's oscillation? So that's ...
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0answers
59 views

Does the slinky base stay perfectly level during the initial free fall [duplicate]

In this related question: Slinky base does not immediately fall due to gravity It is observed that the base does not fall immediately. Obviously the center of mass is in free fall, and the tension ...
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266 views

Potential energy of a spring

I have a little problem with the potential energy of a spring... I hope you can help me! I have two coupled pendula, given by two masses $m$ fixed to two rigid bars (that haven't any mass) and with ...
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175 views

Hooke's Law and the shape of coils

I've learned in school that the force in a coil is $F=kx$, linear on how much the coil is stretched. Two questions: Is it always linear for every shape of a coil? Does it remain linear if we ...
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6answers
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17 Joules of Energy From a Mouse Trap

Do you think it would be possible to get 17 joules out of a standard size mouse trap. By my math, it is a torsion coefficient of 3.45 or so out of the spring.
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Pulley system: how can tensions be equal throughout a entire rope if the weights on opposite ends are different? [duplicate]

More weight means more pulling force, and thus more tension force. Like this answer says, however much force you pulling with is equal in magnitude to the tension force. If that is case, how then ...
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4answers
2k views

Hooke's law limitation question

Let's consider a spring. I am a strong man(well, lets assume) and I am pulling the spring. the work I do is being stored in the spring in the form of its elastic potential energy. Then suddenly, ...
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75 views

Springs, elastic potential energy, kinetic energy

If a ball with some kinetic energy collides with a spring, the ball doesn't lose its kinetic energy in an instant, right? it loses kinetic energy as the spring gains potential elastic energy. Right? ...
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2answers
85 views

Does contracted spring weigh more than stretched one?

(One of examples that potential energy contributes to mass.) Does hot object weigh more than cold one? (One of examples that kinetic energy contributes to mass.) If these are true and justified by ...
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3answers
107 views

Where does the spring's energy go?

I have learned that ideal spring has no mass. Suppose, I attach a ideal spring (spring constant $K$) to a wall and pull it a distance $x$ it will have a potential energy $U = \frac{1}{2}Kx^2$ and if I ...
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1answer
245 views

Momentum is conserved without the application of Newton's third law in cases of non-rigid bodies like spring

Let a spring be attached with a block moving with $v_1$; when another block with velocity $v_2(v_2 \gt v_1)$ hits the spring from the rear end, the spring gets compressed until both the blocks have ...
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2answers
814 views

equivalent spring constant for a drum floating in water

If I have a drum floating in water, how do I find the equivalent spring constant? I know that the water has density $\rho$, the drum has diameter $d$ and height $\ell$, and the positive direction is ...
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1answer
201 views

Where have I made a mistake? [closed]

Question Find the period of oscillation of the above figure, assuming frictionless and massless pulley? I figured the displacement from each side is the same thus $x(k_{1}+k_{2})=-ma$, after the ...
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2answers
135 views

Difference between stiffness and damping?

I understand stiffness as the extent to which an object (e.g. a mass spring) resists deformation from an applied force, or the rigidity of an object. And I understand damping as the energy ...
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3answers
122 views

What is the difference between these two springs?

I know that the stifness of the following springs are different. But how to find their spring constant? I think that one has the tension force is fully transmitted along the solid (but is it ...
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1answer
153 views

Two mass spring system

The equations of motion of the spring mass system with, m = 1 $ \ddot{y_1} = -k_1y_1 + k_1(y_2-y_1)$ $ \ddot{y_2} = -k(y_2-y_1) - ky_2$ My question is with the second term in the first equation. I ...
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40 views

How does my reference point affect the regresion of data about Hooke's law?

A vertical spring is used (subject to a universal support) whose length is $20$ $cm$ when no force is acting on it. We put on a weight of $1$ $N$ and the new length is $22$ $cm$. When writing the data ...
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2answers
346 views

How to estimate a person's mass from a sensor? [closed]

I'm trying to estimate the person's weight from some available sensors and I have an accelerometer, a gyrometer and a magnetometer. The triaxial accelerometer is fixed in a band in the person's chest,...
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410 views

Is my physics correct or torque correct?

I would like to put this into a differential equation. This is what I have. $$r \times F = I \ddot\theta + \mu \dot\theta + k \theta$$ What I need verified: $\text{Torque} = I\ddot\theta + \mu \...
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338 views

Understanding the concept of period of motion in simple harmonic motion formula

I have a spring system, whose position equation is $$x(t) = c_1cos(8 \sqrt{2}t) + c_2sin(8 \sqrt{2}t)$$ The textbook says it will have a period of motion of $\frac{2 \pi}{(8 \sqrt{2}t)}$. I ...
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70 views

Estimating Young's Modulus

In order to measure the Young's modulus of a rectangular sample of elastic material I subject it to a vertical load along its major axis using weights of gradually increasing importance and measure ...
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2answers
62 views

Force on a massless spring [closed]

Is classical mechanics applicable as to what extent F=dp/dt would make sense as p=0 but we are applying an external force,when a force is applied on one end of a massless spring while the other end is ...
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1answer
59 views

Finding speed of an object on an inclined spring [closed]

question posed here: http://puu.sh/nV7rw/504a7be88a.jpg method: Conservation of energy $E_{{mech}_i} = E_{{mech}_f}$ $U_i + KE_i = U_f + KE_f$ $\frac{1}{2}{k}{x^2} + {mgh_i} + 0 = \frac{1}{2}{m}{v^...
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4answers
88 views

When writing a differential equation, when do you take $+\text{d}x$ and when do you take $-\text{d}x$?

When writing a differential equation I'm confused as to when to write $+\text{d}x$ a and when to write $-\text{d}x$ a where $x$ represents some quantity. For example, I wanted to derive the equation ...
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2answers
173 views

Finding equation of motion for a two mass one spring system

I'm trying to find the equation of motion for the system below. As you see, there is a trailer connected to a car with a spring. There are a "b.v" force where b representing a coefficient of ...
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1answer
58 views

Spring Potential Energy [closed]

A spring whose spring constant is $k$, having an initial "free" length is $l$, is being pressed by $2$ hoops on a metal(the parabola) on his both sides. (see image below) I want to calculate the ...
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78 views

How to set up the Lagrangian for this kind of problem?

I'm currently studying rigid bodies in Goldstein's Classical Mechanics book but although I understand the theory I'm not yet understanding how to set up the Lagrangian in some situations. One such ...
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232 views

Relation of spring constant with mean radius of spring

My teacher says that spring constant depends on its radius. I tried to understand it, and checked many questions in this site and other sites. All of them say that spring constant depends on number of ...
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3answers
112 views

Compression of spring when an object of given mass is placed on it

A question in my textbook says - A block of mass $m$ is released from rest onto an ideal non deformed spring from a negligible height. Neglecting air resistance, find compression $x$ of the spring. ...
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1answer
801 views

Finding time period of oscillations in a multiple spring system attached to a solid cylinder [closed]

A solid cylinder of mass $m$ and radius $R$ is kept in equilibrium on horizontal rough surface. Three unstretched springs of spring constant $k$, $2k$, $3k$ are attached to cylinder as shown in the ...
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1answer
258 views

Two masses on a frictionless surface connected with a spring

I have a problem with an assignment with two masses on a frictionless plane connected with a spring. Both masses are 1 kg, and the distance between them (the length of the spring) is 0.4 m. The ...
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1answer
463 views

Hooke's Law vs. Elastic Potential Energy

I am currently learning about elastic potential energy and this is a question that was given to us by my teacher: When a 13.2-kg mass is placed on top of a vertical spring, the spring compresses 5....
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134 views

How to check if a system is in SHM in two spring systems?

I must determine if the system (a) is in SHM. I must arrive to the conclusion that there is a linear restoring force such that $a=-w^2x$. The solution's manual affirms that according to Newton's ...
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130 views

Can the relative position of two masses connected by a spring become negative?

Consider the following diagram. Two masses of 1 kilogram each are attached by a spring of 1 N/m. The $x$-axis is chosen such that $x_1(0)=0$ and $x_2(0)=L$ where $L$ is the length of the spring in ...
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2answers
1k views

A spring with two masses in an inelastic collision

An ideal spring is attached to a wall, and the other end is attached to a mass $m$. The spring is initially compressed a distance $x$. After it is released, the mass collides with another mass $2m$ ...
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291 views

Physical interpretation of initial conditions for damped mass-spring system

I have background in pure mathematics so my question is about physical meaning. If we consider equation for damped mass-spring system, it is linear ordinary second order differential equation. So to ...
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1answer
184 views

Lagrangian for a moving spring device [closed]

How can I write the proper Lagrangian for such as system as the one shown in picture? Am confused about what is the suitable way to designate the coordinate.
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1answer
1k views

Atwood machine with spring

I'm just beginning to learn about Lagrangian mechanics, and I am asked to find the kinetic energy of this Atwood machine (See figure). I am told, that the kinetic energy should be: $$T=2m\dot{x}^{...
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341 views

Why do springs have helical shapes? Why do we not use a cylindrical rod as a spring? [duplicate]

A spring is a mechanical flexible element and has to absorb energy from outside gradually. We are manufacturing springs in helical shapes on a large scale. What is the reason behind this?
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Time period for spring connected body

Two identical springs with spring constant $k$ are connected to identical masses of mass $M$, as shown in the figures above. The ratio of the period for the springs connected in parallel (Figure 1) to ...
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649 views

Mass points of a Mass-spring model

Let's say I have a mass spring model like the one in the picture below: So, there are 3 parts of the spring joined together in an equilateral triangular manner. Each of the joints has a mass of $m$....
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2answers
25k views

What is the formula for max kinetic and max potential energy of a spring?

What is the formula for max kinetic and max potential energy of a spring?
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492 views

Question about finding $k$ in Hooke's Law

My textbook (Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Dennis Zill) offers the following explanation of Hooke's Law: By Hooke's Law, the spring itself exerts a restoring force $F$ opposite to the ...
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1answer
452 views

if a force is 1 newton metre, what is it at 2 meters?

If I have a force, say 24 kg/cm what would that equate to at 2cm? I would like to know the formulae for calculating this. For example. If a motor can hold an object of 24kg at 1cm from its pivot ...