An object such as a metal coil or air-filled tube which provides a force opposing the direction of deformation.

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Can the relative position of two masses connected by a spring become negative?

Consider the following diagram. Two masses of 1 kilogram each are attached by a spring of 1 N/m. The $x$-axis is chosen such that $x_1(0)=0$ and $x_2(0)=L$ where $L$ is the length of the spring in ...
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845 views

A spring with two masses in an inelastic collision

An ideal spring is attached to a wall, and the other end is attached to a mass $m$. The spring is initially compressed a distance $x$. After it is released, the mass collides with another mass $2m$ ...
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234 views

Physical interpretation of initial conditions for damped mass-spring system

I have background in pure mathematics so my question is about physical meaning. If we consider equation for damped mass-spring system, it is linear ordinary second order differential equation. So to ...
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1answer
170 views

Lagrangian for a moving spring device [closed]

How can I write the proper Lagrangian for such as system as the one shown in picture? Am confused about what is the suitable way to designate the coordinate.
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935 views

Atwood machine with spring

I'm just beginning to learn about Lagrangian mechanics, and I am asked to find the kinetic energy of this Atwood machine (See figure). I am told, that the kinetic energy should be: ...
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2answers
290 views

Why do springs have helical shapes? Why do we not use a cylindrical rod as a spring? [duplicate]

A spring is a mechanical flexible element and has to absorb energy from outside gradually. We are manufacturing springs in helical shapes on a large scale. What is the reason behind this?
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2k views

Time period for spring connected body

Two identical springs with spring constant $k$ are connected to identical masses of mass $M$, as shown in the figures above. The ratio of the period for the springs connected in parallel (Figure 1) ...
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611 views

Mass points of a Mass-spring model

Let's say I have a mass spring model like the one in the picture below: So, there are 3 parts of the spring joined together in an equilateral triangular manner. Each of the joints has a mass of ...
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19k views

What is the formula for max kinetic and max potential energy of a spring?

What is the formula for max kinetic and max potential energy of a spring?
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472 views

Question about finding $k$ in Hooke's Law

My textbook (Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Dennis Zill) offers the following explanation of Hooke's Law: By Hooke's Law, the spring itself exerts a restoring force $F$ opposite to the ...
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1answer
438 views

if a force is 1 newton metre, what is it at 2 meters?

If I have a force, say 24 kg/cm what would that equate to at 2cm? I would like to know the formulae for calculating this. For example. If a motor can hold an object of 24kg at 1cm from its pivot ...
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33 views

Force applied by a spring stretched to a different direction

This may be a bit basic but I am unsure of the answer. Assume the following simple setup: a spring with a spring constant k and of length L, connected to mass m. What is the force applied by the ...
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44 views

Work done by a spring

I've done enough research before asking this question. The work done by a spring is defined as $$W_\mathrm{spring}=\left|\frac{1}{2}kx^2\right|$$ Where $ k$ is the spring constant and $x$ is the ...
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34 views

Decomposition of Spring

Can a spring respectively its stiffness in a 2D-system be decomposed into its x- and y- components (stiffnesses)? Assuming a spring located in an 2D coordinate system with positions p(x,y), length l ...
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54 views

Mass hanging from spring: potential energy [closed]

I have encountered a problem with a mass $m$ hanging from a spring. I want to find the maximum distance it will be stretched from the spring's equilibrium. At the maximum distance the spring is ...
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1answer
124 views

Object Falling on spring

This is problem #23 from the 2015 F=ma contest: A 2.0 kg object falls from rest a distance of 5.0 meters onto a 6.0 kg object that is supported by a vertical massless spring with spring constant k ...
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59 views

Given force as function of position, find the total energy as function of time [closed]

Given that the force for a non-linear spring connected to a mass $m$ sitting on a table is $$f(x) = -kx -ax^3,$$ Find the total energy as a function of time $E(t)$. I have no clue where to ...
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41 views

Does really a spring compresses placed between two blocks when one block is given force on a frictionless surface?

When Spring is placed between two bodies on a frictionless surface it gets compressed when one block is given kinetic energy as told by my physics teacher. But it should not compress as there's no ...
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1answer
57 views

Speed of waves in a spring

I recently bought a small Slinky spring so as to observe the speed of a wave along its length. I stretched it out quite tightly in a HORIZONTAL position on a spring holder and then plucked at it on ...
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155 views

Spring-block system, simple harmonic motion, time period

In the case of simple harmonic motion of spring block system, why time period of the simple harmonic motion of the block is independent of acceleration of the system (spring-block system)?
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1answer
66 views

How to set up equations of forces for 3 springs connected to each other in an elevator?

In the above diagram the elevator is moving downward with acceleration $a_E$ and velocity $v_E$. All 3 masses are given as $m1,m2,m3$. The question is how much has the middle spring stretched from ...
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1answer
168 views

Harmonic oscillator :Two masses are attached to one unfixed spring from both sides (vertically) [closed]

while ($t<0$) the system is still ($\Sigma$ F=0). Mass $m_2$ is held while $t<0$. Mass $m_1$ is located $h_0$ meters above the ground and the spring is currently stretched $L$ meters. The ...
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2answers
66 views

Does the spring effect a moving ball? [closed]

There is a ball attached to spring which is streched out. The ball is held by a machine on the ground so it does not move, but when it is released it will quickly contract. At the same time a ...
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107 views

rotational springs

With a normal spring, you compress it using a linear force to store energy and then it decompresses and releases the energy, again in a form of linear force. Is there a mechanical mechanism that ...
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1answer
81 views

Hooke's Law Problem [closed]

This question assumes that the spring obeys Hooke's law. Say we have a spring Length $L$. The energy of said spring when extended will be $E=(kx^2)/2$. The extension $x_1$ of said string would be ...
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140 views

Conceptual question regarding work

Here is a problem I am having some trouble with: The solution is below, my question is, why is conservation of energy valid in this situation. From my understanding, just before the box hits the ...
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1answer
137 views

Period of a spring in SHM (simple harmonic motion)

An object with unknown mass M is hanged on a vertical spring with unknown spring constant K, the spring is in rest and is 14 cm from its normal point (if it didn't had the mass hanged it had less 14 ...
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62 views

Condition for sliding of two blocks placed one over another and connected by spring

A constant force F is applied to smaller mass till M slides. The spring constant is k. Now it is asked to find k. I'm confused with the condition at which the block will start sliding. Can ...
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1answer
94 views

How is a strength of a pull spread across two springs?

I started thinking about it when I came up with a puzzle which is probably way too elementary for this site, but it is hard for me to understand clearly. I just bought this small scale thing and I ...
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1answer
150 views

Oscillation of a vertical rod supported by horizontal spring [closed]

The system seems to oscillate with $\omega = \sqrt{\frac{\frac{3}{2}mgl + 3k a^2}{ml^2}}$ for small angle $\theta$, and in particular for whatever stiffness $k$ chosen relative to gravitational ...
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1answer
123 views

Determining the force of a spring

How can I determine the maximum force a spring can release when it pops up? Is there even a formula for this?
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1answer
101 views

Spring pulled with one end fixed [closed]

As the title says, if one end of a spring of mass $m$ is fixed to say, a wall, and the other one is pulled at a constant velocity $v$ by some external agent, we have to find the kinetic energy of the ...
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2answers
78 views

Why is the gravitational potential energy of ideal uniform massive spring $mgx/2$, not $mgx$?

In this Wikipedia page, $$L= T-V = \frac{1}{2}\frac{m}{3}\dot{x}^2 + \frac{1}{2}M \dot{x}^2 - \frac{1}{2} k x^2 - \frac{m g x}{2} - M g x$$ where $mgx/2$ refers to gravitational potential energy of ...
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275 views

An interesting problem on springs [closed]

If I place two identical objects of mass $m$ at either end of a spring with spring constant $k$ and the whole system is placed on a horizontal frictionless surface, then what is the frequency of ...
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1answer
1k views

Very confused about effective spring constant

I know that for springs in parallel, the effective spring constant is $k_1+k_2$ and for springs in series the constant is $1/(1/k_1+1/k_2)$. But there are some weird problems where finding the ...
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1answer
240 views

How do I incorporate friction and mass when analyzing spring motion?

Problem 12 of section B of this PDF file reads Two springs with spring constant k1 and k2 are attached to a body of mass (m) in two different configurations in 2 cases (A and B) as shown. ...
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1answer
352 views

Can Hooke's law go along with Newton's 3rd law & how is momentum conserved in case of spring?

Let there be a spring in its relaxed state- that is neither compressed nor extended. One end is fixed on the left and other end is free in the right. Now, I stretch the spring by pulling the free-end ...
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1answer
75 views

Mimic Magnetic Repulsive Resistance through a spring

I have two identical magnets and I push them towards each other so that they are repelling. Is it possible to accurately mimic this repulsion effect (magnetic energy) just using a metal spring ...
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1answer
246 views

Is there a difference between spring fatigue and plastic deformation in springs?

Is there a difference between spring fatigue and plastic deformation in springs? Plastic deformation means permanent deformation in springs caused due to stretching in springs.
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1answer
1k views

Final velocity of a spring [closed]

I need to calculate the velocity of an object when it is thrown by a spring; we have to calculate the velocity from $U=\frac 12 kx^2$. Now I know that $U=L=F\cdot S$ and $S=\frac{v_f^2-v_0^2}{2a}$. ...
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1answer
59 views

How to model mechanical systems that change configuration over time?

If I have some simple mechanical system, say - a mass attached to one end of a spring fixed at the other end, I can write differential equations describing such systems which can also be handled ...
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1answer
5k views

Maximum length stretch of vertical spring with a mass? [closed]

Having a vertical spring, if we hang a mass to it, what is the maximum stretch length of spring? and how big should be mass to break the spring?
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2answers
136 views

Deriving spring oscilation period [duplicate]

We have a spring attached to a wall and at the other part an object on a frictionless surface. I tried to calculate the spring oscilation period. I used the conservation of energy and kinematics ...
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1answer
76 views

Doing a spring experiment, and need to find the stretch required

I'm doing an experiment where I have to calculate the stretch of a spring needed for it to launch itself into a trashcan located some distance away. The spring is located on the edge of a ramp that is ...
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1answer
382 views

Double-spring mass system

We just had a lesson about elementary mass-spring systems (SHO), and I thought about a horizontal situation with two springs with the test mass oscillating in between. If we are to manually stretch ...
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1answer
220 views

Two masses attached by a spring [closed]

Suppose there is a system of two masses $M_1$ and $M_2$ connected by a spring with constant $K$ on a frictionless surface. What is the frequency of this system's oscillation? So I have fixed a ...
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1answer
582 views

Minimum separation distance between two masses cushioned by a spring [closed]

I think this problem is much more difficult than what I've learned so far. B) is the problem I'm having a hard time with. I think it is much more difficult to consider because as the red object ...
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2answers
372 views

Spring force vs Spring Potential Energy?

Which strategy should I use to approach a problem? Sometimes I'll use $U= 1/2kx^2$ when I should use $F=-kx$ and vice versa. What are clues in a problem that would let me identify the correct approach ...
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1answer
126 views

Balloon Expansion

I would like to do a calculation of an expanding balloon represented by a triangular spring-damper mesh system. Also the behavior of the balloon when it is put in a container, where its shape conform ...
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1answer
2k views

Relationship between angles [closed]

Question: Find the relationship between angles $\theta$ and $\phi$ using the equations of equilibrium and solve for $\theta$. Express your equation for $\theta$ in terms of $\phi$. ...