An object such as a metal coil or air-filled tube which provides a force opposing the direction of deformation.

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27 views

Finding time period of oscillations in a multiple spring system attached to a solid cylinder [on hold]

A solid cylinder of mass $m$ and radius $R$ is kept in equilibrium on horizontal rough surface. Three unstretched springs of spring constant $k$, $2k$, $3k$ are attached to cylinder as shown in the ...
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1answer
25 views

Period of small oscillations of rotational disk [on hold]

This is a question on a university physics exam paper, and it doesn't seem immediately intuitive how the problem works. The answer is given, but not any details of the working. Also, I'm not sure if ...
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0answers
35 views

Forces on a block with a spring [on hold]

So I got this problem for HW but I dont think my results are okay: The 5 kg block rests on the surface with kinetic coefficient of friction 0.2. It is attached to a spring that is extended by 2 m. ...
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1answer
42 views

Two masses on a frictionless surface connected with a spring

I have a problem with an assignment with two masses on a frictionless plane connected with a spring. Both masses are 1 kg, and the distance between them (the length of the spring) is 0.4 m. The ...
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0answers
28 views

Derivation of natural frequency of free vibration equation [duplicate]

How can the equation for the natural frequency of free vibration of a mass-pulley system be derived from $F=ma$? Is this possible?
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1answer
25 views

Spring pulled with one end fixed [closed]

As the title says, if one end of a spring of mass $m$ is fixed to say, a wall, and the other one is pulled at a constant velocity $v$ by some external agent, we have to find the kinetic energy of the ...
2
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1answer
31 views

2D square lattice, nearest neighbor and next-nearest connected by springs

For my field theory class I am trying to build the Lagrangian for the following system. Consider a 2D square lattice where the nearest and next-nearest neighbor interactions are modeled by springs ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Potential energies of charges and spring

I wonder if someone could sanity check this very simple calculation. Consider a pair of charges $+q$ at rest separated by a spring of length $d$ and stiffness $k$. The spring provides the force that ...
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0answers
30 views

Torsion Spring Moment Calculation

I'm trying to extend the idea of a translational spring to a rotational spring. Consider a spring that acts on all displacements of a body: $$ \mathbf{F} = \begin{bmatrix} F_x \\ F_y \\ F_z ...
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3answers
56 views

On the definition of elastic restoring force in a spring

How is the elastic restoring force defined exactly for a spring? We know by hooke's law that $$F_{restoring} = -kx$$ but what does $F_{restoring}$ really mean? I thought up till now that it was the ...
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1answer
76 views

Hooke's Law vs. Elastic Potential Energy

I am currently learning about elastic potential energy and this is a question that was given to us by my teacher: When a 13.2-kg mass is placed on top of a vertical spring, the spring compresses ...
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2answers
42 views

Calculate damping constant / coefficient

I am trying to graphically simulate a series of springs in 2D. Now one of the forces I am stuck with calculating is the damping force. The given formula is $F = -k_d v$. I know that $v$ is the ...
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1answer
123 views

Imposing symmetries on asymmetrical dynamic systems

Let us say we have a one dimensional system of masses connected by springs. All the masses are equal and the springs alternate with spring constants of $k$ and $6k$. The appropriate way to analyze ...
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0answers
14 views

Say we have the following springs and weights as given. Find the equilibrium displacement

Assume we have a ceiling and from it three springs $c_1$, $c_3$ and $c_4$ are attached to it. Mass $m_1$ is connected by $c_3$ and $c_1$. $c_2$ connects mass $m_1$ to $m_2$ below it and $c_4$ ...
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1answer
35 views

Mass spring system, elongation of the spring [closed]

Is it possible to calculate the elongation of a spring with only the length of the spring, a spring constant and the mass that is attached to the spring?
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2answers
33 views

Assume two springs with constant $c_1$ and $c_2$ are based in the following scenarios. Figure out the masses for equal displacement

Assume two springs with constant $c_1$ and $c_2$ are based in the following scenarios. Figure out the masses for equal displacement. More specifically I am to figure out what masses $m_1$, $m_2$ ...
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0answers
16 views

Coupled Oscillation With Four Springs and Three Masses [duplicate]

"Four identical springs and three identical masses lie between two walls. Find the normal modes" The situation looks something like this:$$|---m_1---m_2---m_3---|$$ To start this problem off, I looked ...
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1answer
24 views

What can take kinetic energy, transform it into potential energy when pressed on, and put back out as kinetic energy when released (besides a spring)?

A spring can only hold so much of the kinetic energy. For example, a 1 cm spring can hold less than 5 J. Is there anything that can hold a large amount of energy but be fairly small?
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2answers
45 views

Why is the gravitational potential energy of ideal uniform massive spring $mgx/2$, not $mgx$?

In this Wikipedia page, $$L= T-V = \frac{1}{2}\frac{m}{3}\dot{x}^2 + \frac{1}{2}M \dot{x}^2 - \frac{1}{2} k x^2 - \frac{m g x}{2} - M g x$$ where $mgx/2$ refers to gravitational potential energy of ...
4
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2answers
135 views

What factors influence the spring constant?

For certain springs we have been taught that Hookes law, $F=-kx$ works. For such springs, what factors determine k. For instance, k is proportional to length. Can k be expressed in terms of ...
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0answers
55 views

Simple harmonic motion and elasticity

Question: One end of a long metallic wire of length L is tied to the ceiling. The other end is tied to a massless spring of spring constant K. A mass m hangs freely from the free end of the ...
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2answers
85 views

An interesting problem on springs [closed]

If I place two identical objects of mass $m$ at either end of a spring with spring constant $k$ and the whole system is placed on a horizontal frictionless surface, then what is the frequency of ...
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1answer
56 views

Very confused about effective spring constant

I know that for springs in parallel, the effective spring constant is $k_1+k_2$ and for springs in series the constant is $1/(1/k_1+1/k_2)$. But there are some weird problems where finding the ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Springs at an angle [closed]

I'm trying to find the equation of motion for the following system: This is how I proceeded: Let's call the length of the hypotenuse $s$. Then, $$F = 2 \sin{\theta}\cdot-k(s - l_o) = -2kx ...
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1answer
39 views

If a place a spring in a box and drop the box, what happens?

Suppose I a holding a box in my hands, and inside the box a spring with some mass attached hangs from the cieling of the box. Initial the system is at equilibrium, then I let go of the box and it ...
3
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1answer
50 views

How to determine sign of coefficients in simple spring, damper, mass system?

For a system of the sort shown below: I have come to realize that I continuously make mistakes when it comes to determining the signs (or specifically the direction of the forces) of the ...
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1answer
48 views

simple harmonic motion and center of mass

We choose a system to be a spring + a connected body. If we stretch the body and leave it, it will make a simple harmonic motion. The center of mass of this system is approximately the center of mass ...
28
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4answers
3k views

Stretch length of horizontal and vertical springs

If the spring in Figure A is stretched a distance d, how far will the spring in Figure B stretch? The spring constants are the same. The answer is "by half". I don't get it, to me it's the same.
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1answer
86 views

Spring Stiffness Calculation Problems

This may sound like a trivial question but please hear me out. I am trying to model a 1 DoF electromagnetic vibration sensor (geophone) analytically and with finite elements. A geophone consists of ...
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1answer
47 views

How to determine angular frequency of this system?

I am self studying on harmonic motion and springs. One of the problems is: Two identical objects of mass m are placed at either end of a spring of spring constant k and the whole system is placed on a ...
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0answers
26 views

How would a network of connected springs deform when connections slip

I'm working on modeling polymer networks, and I'm stuck on the following problem. If you apply a fixed force to a bunch of firmly connected springs, sort of like this... You'd expect the network ...
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92 views

Tension of 2 massless springs joined together

A cable is formed by joining two massless springs with different spring constants. Spring A has constant k1. Spring B has constant k2. If mass M1 hangs from the cable, is the tension greater on ...
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2answers
66 views

How to check if a system is in SHM in two spring systems?

I must determine if the system (a) is in SHM. I must arrive to the conclusion that there is a linear restoring force such that $a=-w^2x$. The solution's manual affirms that according to Newton's ...
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1answer
81 views

How do I incorporate friction and mass when analyzing spring motion?

Problem 12 of section B of this PDF file reads Two springs with spring constant k1 and k2 are attached to a body of mass (m) in two different configurations in 2 cases (A and B) as shown. ...
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0answers
38 views

What happens when an object attached to a spring is stretched and then let go?

This is on a horizontal surface. I've just been wondering what exactly happens...when you stretch it and let go, I know it goes back to equilibrium, but does it go past equilibrium, compress itself a ...
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0answers
80 views

State space equation for spring pendulum

Let's say we have a spring pendulum, where the spring itself is massless, and there is no damping at the hinge. That is, the only things we are concerned about are the forces applied by the spring and ...
1
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1answer
121 views

Three masses on a circle connected by spring

How would I go about finding the normal modes of three masses on a circular hoop, with springs connecting them across the circle, in a triangle (assume the spring constants and masses are the same). I ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Pulling fabric in a saddle shape tight with a spring

Jokingly a friend and I thought of a way to suspend a tarp-like material over my porch, very similar to they way a trampoline is sprung. However, this fabric is a rectangle and fits over arches. My ...
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2answers
55 views

Can the relative position of two masses connected by a spring become negative?

Consider the following diagram. Two masses of 1 kilogram each are attached by a spring of 1 N/m. The $x$-axis is chosen such that $x_1(0)=0$ and $x_2(0)=L$ where $L$ is the length of the spring in ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Can Hooke's law go along with Newton's 3rd law & how is momentum conserved in case of spring?

Let there be a spring in its relaxed state- that is neither compressed nor extended. One end is fixed on the left and other end is free in the right. Now, I stretch the spring by pulling the free-end ...
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0answers
27 views

Isolate an electronic drum from the ground

Please note that I know nothing about this part of physics, so sorry if I make some mistakes. Drum is an awesome instrument, yet it can easily make your neighbours very angry.The vibrations caused by ...
1
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1answer
160 views

Work-Energy theorem vs conservation of mechanical energy? [closed]

Bodies A and B are moving in the same direction in a straight line with constant velocities on a frictionless surface. the mass and the velocity of A are: 2kg and 10m/s. The mass and the velocity ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Question about massive spring and SHM [closed]

A mass $M$ is resting on the end of a spring with constant $K$. The mass of the spring is $m$, and the displacement of each element of the spring is proportional to the distance from the fixed end ...
1
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1answer
112 views

Potential Energy of Springs and Gravity, and Work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
19
votes
4answers
914 views

How is potential energy actually stored in a steel spring at the atomic level?

Elasticity is one the most intriguing phenomena, wiki gives a summary explanation of what happens in a steel spring: the atomic lattice changes size and shape when forces are applied (energy is ...
1
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1answer
113 views

A two-masses-three-springs system [closed]

Question: If two identical masses are attached to two walls facing each other and the two masses themselves are connected by a third spring (all springs have same initial length and spring ...
0
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2answers
158 views

Simple harmonic motion frequency [closed]

I already did part a and b by using kinematics but I'm stuck for the next part A particle moves along the x axis. It is initially at the position 0.300 m, moving with velocity $0.070 m/s$ and ...
2
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2answers
597 views

Why does the acceleration $g$ due to gravity not affect the period of a vertically mounted spring?

For a vertically mounted spring, I was looking at the formula $ T= 2\pi \sqrt{m/k}$ for a period. Why doesn't the gravitational acceleration $g$ factor in?
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1answer
97 views

How to find an effective spring constant of a quadratic potential

If a potential energy is given like $U(r)=A^3/r^2+2B^3r$, how do I find the effective spring constant using Taylor Expansion? I compared spring constant $k$ to be equal to second derivative of ...
0
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1answer
171 views

Affect on Spring constant on cutting the spring into 2 unequal parts

Question : A uniform spring with a constant 120 N/m is cut into two pieces, one twice as long as the other. What are the spring constants of the two pieces? I know that when a spring is cut ...