Fundamental characteristic property of particles which together with orbital angular momentum acts as the generator of rotations and which doesn't have a classical equivalent but is sometimes compared to and contrasted with classical intrinsic angular momentum.

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95 views

Is there a way of measuring the spin along an arbitrary direction of a spin 1 particle?

I am familiar with the expression for spin 1/2 but haven't seen one for spin 1.
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108 views

Possible spin states?

Given a system of two particles with spin up and down, I have troubles to understand the possible states of this system. I would have normally thought, that the possible states are the tensor ...
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2answers
98 views

How do you measure proton's spin?

I've probably read it somewhere in Sakurai but I cannot recall it at the moment. So how does one really measure the proton's spin? I mean the proton's spin and not its constituents. Do you measure ...
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85 views

In which field theories with fermions do string- and fivebrane structures not come up?

A year ago, username @Greg Graviton asked in a thread here about the Spin group as covering of the spatial rotations. A subquestion was: What other groups, even larger than SU(2) are there that ...
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146 views

Which of these two different forms of spin-orbit interaction is correct?

I am seeing the spin-orbit interaction in two different ways: $\lambda [\mathbf{p} \times \nabla V]\cdot \sigma$ $\lambda [\nabla V \times \mathbf{p}]\cdot \sigma$ I don't see how these two ...
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23 views

Geometric Interpretation of Rotated basis of Hamiltonian and collective Dicke states

Suppose I start with a basis of states for a two spin-1/2 particle system, namely, $\{\left|\uparrow\uparrow\right\rangle, \left|\downarrow\downarrow\right\rangle, ...
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1answer
126 views

Spin eigenvalues and eigenvectors problem. Is this the correct way to solve it?

An electron is described by the Hamiltonian $ H=\frac{e}{mc}\bar{S}\cdot\bar{B} $ where $\bar{S} =(S_x,S_y,S_z)$ is the spin operator and $\bar{B}$ the magnetic field. For $t>0$ ...
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1answer
167 views

Why has a gravitational wave spin 2? (Group theoretically?)

How can I see, using group theoretic arguments, that a the quantum of a gravitational wave has spin 2? How can one show that it is described by a 5 dimensional representation of $SO(3)$? I know the ...
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3answers
82 views

At what point is the spin determined in a Stern-Gerlach Apparatus

Consider a particle with spin that travels through a Stern Gerlach box (SGB), which projects the particle’s spin onto one of the eigenstates in the $z$-direction. The SGB defines separate trajectories ...
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105 views

Reducing massive representation of the Poincare group to the massless one

I want to ask about the connection for massive and massless representation of the Poincare group. Sorry for the awkwardness. First I must to represent the formalism for both of cases. Massive ...
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0answers
43 views

What are the ways of finding the spin of a particle [duplicate]

How many ways are there for this mission? Any article about that on the internet. I heard about TODAI made a reprogrammable quantum computer. Any more ideas are welcome
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2answers
192 views

Polarization vectors of massive and massless particles

I read from Mandl & Shaw that when quantizing massless vector particles such as photons in Lorentz gauge, there are 4 linearly independent polarization vectors (2 of them being able to "gauged ...
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1answer
159 views

Is the spin-rotation symmetry of Kitaev model $D_2$ or $Q_8$?

It is known that the Kitaev Hamiltonian and its spin-liquid ground state both break the $SU(2)$ spin-rotation symmetry. So what's the spin-rotation-symmetry group for the Kitaev model? It's obvious ...
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1answer
119 views

Is the spin 1/2 rotation matrix taken to be counterclockwise?

The spin 1/2 rotation matrix around the z-axis I worked out to be $$ e^{i\theta S_z}=\begin{pmatrix} \exp\frac{i\theta}{2}&0\\ 0&\exp\frac{-i\theta}{2}\\ \end{pmatrix} $$ Is this taken to be ...
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1answer
85 views

Addition of spin?

There is something I don't fully understand. When I have a problem like this: Let's look at a system with $j_1=1$ and $j_2=2$ spins. Let our system be in the state in which the total spin is $2$ and ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Did the Goudsmit-Uhlenbeck analysis of spin consider relativity?

It's frequently mentioned in introductory quantum mechanics texts that Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck conjectured that the magnetic moment of an electron was due to angular momentum arising from the electron ...
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2answers
412 views

Why can't a spin-1 particle decay into two identical spin-0 particles?

I've got this far: Suppose a spin-1 particle with $j$,$l$,$s$ decays into a system of two identical spin-0 particles with $J$,$L$,$S$. The RHS must have total spin $S=0$, so $J=L$ which must be even ...
2
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0answers
74 views

Half-integer Spin and “natural conformal dimension”

If we consider a classical field theory for a massless particle of integer spin $s$, in a curved space-time, one finds that it is "naturally" conformal in a space-time of dimension $2+2s$ For ...
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42 views

Stern Gerlach experiment - only two discrete beams?

The Stern Gerlach experiment was meant to prove the orbital quantization of electrons where there should be +ml,0,-ml states. So for l=2, there should be 5 beams. But they saw 2 beams, which was ...
3
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1answer
178 views

Nuclear Spin of Sodium 23

I am actually calculating the nuclear spin of Sodium 23. Here we have 11 protons and 12 neutrons. Now both the nuclei are short of the magic numbers. When I use the shell model for protons and ...
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2answers
149 views

Some small questions about quantum spin and rotations

I'm studying about quantum-spin (in a syllabus about non-relativistic quantum-mechanics though), but I have some trouble understanding everything. So I would like to ask some small questions, which ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Why does total spin conservation law forbid the spin wave gap in Heisenberg magnets?

What is the explanation for total spin conservation forbidding the spin wave gap in Heisenberg magnets?
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91 views

Spin Glass Prince Rupert's Drop

Spin Glass is known to converge to its ground state under Simulated Annealing. The word choice is especially interesting since annealing is also the name of a process performed on actual glass. ...
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1answer
46 views

Measuring spin direction by means of coherent light?

Let us assume that we have the ferromagnetic surface where all atoms have the same direction of spins. And we can interact with the single atom in such lattice. Is it possible to measure the ...
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1answer
109 views

Ensemble average of product of spin operators?

How do you evaluate the canonical ensemble average of a product of spins, e.g.: $$[S_zS_x]$$ Where: $$S_x = \frac{\hbar}{2} \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1\\ 1 & 0\\ \end{pmatrix}$$ $$S_y = ...
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1answer
71 views

Why is an optical magnon with k=0 not an eigenenergy state?

I found in a paper the following explanation. Unfortunately, I can't understand it. Can anyone help me on this? In the limit of equal spins an optical magnon with k=0 gets an acoustical one at the ...
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2answers
275 views

Angular momentum conservation in pion decay?

I have seen the charged pion decay $$\pi^{-}~\to~ \bar{\nu}_{\ell} +\ell^{-}$$ represented with diagrams containing a $W^-$ in the $s$-channel. The $\pi^-$ and $W^-$ have angular momentum $0$ and $1$ ...
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43 views

XX coupling vs Heisenberg coupling

I am going through CURVATURE OF SPIN NETWORKS by Jonckheere et al. The first line of the abstract mentions XX coupling and Heisenberg coupling. What is the difference between these two couplings?
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126 views

Typical time scales for spin dynamics and lattice vibrations in magnetic solids

In a paper from the 1990s ([1]) on magnetovolume effects in ferromagnets, it is written that in most real situations, the moment (or spin) autocorrelation time is much larger than the period for ...
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0answers
14 views

What is the difference between single electron spin vs multiple electron spin polarization?

What is the difference between single electron spin vs multiple electron spin polarization? Particularly the case of nitrogen vacancy center in nanodiamonds.
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1answer
219 views

How do I measure the spin along an arbitrary direction?

I need to measure the atoms spin along a direction perpendicular to the z-axis but at an angle $$ \phi $$ with the x-axis. They then get the output of the spin measured is + with probability $$ ...
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1answer
156 views

Spinors and Probabilities of Electron-Positron Pair

Question: An electron and positron are moving in opposite directions, and are in the spin singlet state. Two Stern-Gerlach machines are orientated in some ...
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1answer
47 views

Splitting of degenerate states due to perturbation

In band structures we see avoided crossing when we have degenerate eigenstates (caused by perturbation due to potential energy). However along some direction in first Brillouin zone, even though the ...
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1answer
191 views

Eigenvectors of the angular momentum operator $S_x$ [closed]

For a spin of $\frac{1}{2}$ the angular momentum operator can be written as $\vec{S} = \frac{\hbar}{2} \vec{\sigma}$ in matrix form. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of $S_x$ where $\sigma_x = ...
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1answer
205 views

Is the symmetry group of two spin 1/2 particles $SU(2) \times SU(2)$ or $SU(4)$?

This is a simple question. Please forgive me, as I am a lowly experimentalist. Suppose we have two free spin 1/2 particles, i.e. a 4-fold degenerate system. What is the set of symmetry operations ...
4
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3answers
251 views

If space and time are equivalent, what's Spin in time dimension

This troubles me: We are talking about time and space being equivalent, but still only consider Spin in the $x$, $y$ or $z$-direction. What's Spin in time dimension? Is it distinction between ...
2
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1answer
105 views

What is the spin state of a spin-1/2 particle when it comes out of a Stern-Gerlach apparatus?

Having a particle entering the apparatus with spin state $|+\rangle$, for which $\hat S_x|+\rangle=+\frac\hbar 2|+\rangle$, I have a question about how to express the spin state when it comes out. I ...
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1answer
77 views

What spin-statistics is a magnetic monopole expected to obey?

What statistics (or spin) is a magnetic monopole expected to have? Does it depend on the theory used?
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54 views

Does classical axial current conservation prevent the spontaneous emission of a photon by an electron?

I understand the axial current conservation (in the massless limit) in classial field theory to mean that the difference between right handed and left handed electrons is conserved in QED. $$j^{\mu ...
7
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1answer
149 views

Is the third spin vector of a photon always suppressed?

I like to tell people interested in light polarization that the photon is a vector boson for which the third spin axis, the one in the direction of travel, is suppressed due to photons being massless ...
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0answers
45 views

Adiabatic evolution for initial Hamiltonian on Hadamard basis and problem Hamiltonian as diagonal

This is spawned from a comment at the answer to one of my previous questions. Someone suggested to me that claiming the following statement might be NP-hard. Could anyone please help me to figure out ...
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1answer
57 views

Confusion about a lemma on the time constraint of an adiabatic evolution (arXiv:quant-ph/0604077)

I am going through the paper Quantum adiabatic evolutions that can't be used to design efficient algorithms by Zhaohui Wei and Mingsheng Ying. On the second page they prove a lemma. The statement goes ...
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73 views

Photons angular momentum / spin

I have a textbook that says that photons have a spin of absolute value $\hbar$ and at some other point, they say that it has angular momentum of absolute value $\hbar$. Now, since they are different ...
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1answer
74 views

Simple QM question about Sy matrix

Given a spin 1/2 particle in state $|\alpha\rangle=\begin{bmatrix}a \\b\end{bmatrix}$, what is the probability of it being measured in the $S_{y+}$ state. Is this equivalent to, if $S_y$ is measured ...
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2answers
290 views

What is the significance of electron spin quantum number?

Somewhere I read that spin quantum number is a particularly interesting theory of quantum mechanics as what it really implies is that particles like electrons do not come back to the initial state of ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Demo of Classical Example of a Spin 1/2 System

I was wondering if there are demos of spin 1/2 systems that anyone knows of. Are there any classical systems that are symmetric under a rotation of $4\pi$ and not $2\pi$?
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93 views

Trajectories of particles with spin in Einstein-Cartan theory

The Einstein-Cartan theory is a generalisation of General Relativity insofar as the condition that the metric affine connection is torsion-free is dropped. In other words, the space time is a ...
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1answer
168 views

Has the spin and parity of the Higgs boson been experimentally confirmed? [closed]

I read in a newspaper that the Higgs boson might be the new boson but that this was not confirmed, because we don't know its properties, e.g. its spin or parity. Now I see it confirmed that it is the ...
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4answers
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Why do same/opposite electric charges repel/attract each other, respectively?

I know plus pushes another plus away, but why, really, do they do that? On the other hand, molecules of the same type are attracted to each other. I find that weird. I do know some stuff about four ...
8
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2answers
374 views

What do the four components of Dirac Spinors represent in the Standard Model?

I've been trying to get my head around the formalisms used in the Standard Model. From what i've gathered Dirac Spinors are 4 component objects designed to be operated on by Lorentz Transformations ...