Scalar quantity which is the magnitude of velocity.

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343 views

What does a speedometer measure?

When speaking of the velocity of a particle, we must specify a reference point. The same holds when we talk about the speed of a particle (is this correct?). If so, a speedometer measures instaneous ...
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2answers
2k views

Speed of a fly inside a car

A couple of weeks ago I was travelling in a car (120 km/h approximately) and I saw a fly flying in front of me (inside the car, near my nose, windows closed). I wonder how was that possible. Does it ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does time slow down when traveling at high speeds [duplicate]

One of the effects of traveling at high speeds is slowing down of clocks. I can understand gravity time dilation effect but not how would velocity affect clock speeds. How correct it is, if I say ...
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0answers
42 views

How to determine speed/energy of something dropped from a given height?

Say I dropped a ball from some height, which is measurable, is it possible to determine the speed of the ball when it hits the ground and thus the force exerted on the ball my the ground (or vice ...
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0answers
60 views

What does it look when we travel at the speed of light? [closed]

Suppose we're in a spaceship or in a car which runs at the speed of light. We are watching the light which is coming towards eyes at the speed of the light. What would it look like when the driver ...
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5answers
2k views

Force required to drive car

From what I know of Newtonian Mechanics, if an object is moving at a constant velocity, the net force acting on that object is equal to zero. If there is friction, then the applied force required to ...
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5answers
6k views

How fast would someone have to run to travel vertically up a wall?

I am currently doing a physics project on the effects of so-called 'super-speed'. I was wondering how fast you would have to run to vertically travel up a wall? That is, to negate the force of ...
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1answer
90 views

Rotating metal sphere

My knowledge of physics is not that great, but I am always willing to learn. I have the following question: If we have a sphere made out of metal with a radius of 1 meter, and it rotates in an ...
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4answers
4k views

Terminal speed of a body in a gravitational free fall? [closed]

What speed would a small body moving towards a large body reach under gravity alone? More importantly, is there a 'terminal speed' for the small body due to the increasing energy required to ...
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0answers
58 views

Force and Energy in robots

There are two similar and hypothetical robots that move with wheels powered by motors, Robot A and Robot B. Robot A has a gear ratio of 3:1 (The gear connected to the motor is three times larger than ...
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1answer
382 views

how does air pressure affect the speed of sound

How does air pressure affect the speed of sound in relation to its kinetic theory etc? I have tried searching this but i have not found a suitable answer as other websites simply related to air ...
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1answer
115 views

If we could not see, would we think that nothing can go faster than sound?

And if so, then why does everybody keep asserting nothing can go faster than light speed (I'm implicitly assuming there could be something which we do not observe, which goes faster than light)?
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8answers
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How to know if a vehicle is moving without any external source of information?

The situation is the following: I'm inside a vehicle (plane or a car, it doesn't matter) and I need to know if the vehicle is moving at a constant speed BUT I cannot perceive any external change like ...
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2answers
146 views

What is the speed of an electric spark/arc in vacuum?

I am just curious about the nature of an electric spark, how fast are the electrons moving? Will these electrons slow down when the spark occurs through a dielectric? (e.g., air)
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4answers
4k views

Why is there a controversy on whether mass increases with speed?

Some people say that mass increases with speed, some people say that the mass of an object is independent of its speed. I understand how some (though not many) things in physics are a matter of ...
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2answers
524 views

What causes an increase in sound speed in a medium?

Its an established fact that increase in the temperature causes increase in speed of sound waves but what is the property which is changed by changing temperature ? Does frequency and wavelength get ...
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6answers
3k views

Why does the speed of light $c$ have the value it does?

Why does light have the speed it does? why is it not considerably faster or slower than it is? I can't imagine science, being what it is, not pursuing a rational scientific explanation for the speed ...
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1answer
62 views

General equation of a wave

My book says that functions which represent a wave motions satisfy the differential equation : $$ \frac{\partial^2 y} {\partial^2t} = v^2 \frac{\partial^2 y} {\partial^2x} $$ where $v$ is the ...
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1answer
193 views

How fast would a bullet travel through liquid air?

According to Wikipedia, a bullet from a .22 Long Rifle travels at a speed of 320 m/s and the density of liquid air is 870 kg/m3. What equation would calculate the speed of a bullet fired into liquid ...
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5answers
760 views

Is speed an intensive property?

I remember being taught in elementary physics that while it makes sense to add volumes, masses, or heat, it makes no sense to add temperatures. As I wanted to use that to illustate some other issue, ...
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3answers
11k views

Why does an object with higher speed gain more (relativistic) mass? [duplicate]

Today, in my high school physics class, we had an introductory class on electromagnetism. My teacher explained at some point that an object with a very high speed (he said it started to get somewhat ...
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1answer
72 views

Helicopter blades

Why do the propellers on helicopter appear to be so slow when the propellers is going at full speed? Can you please explain this particular optical illusion to me?
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1answer
45 views

Acceleration format and interstellar units

Calculating with m/s$^2$ is very helpful when dealing with acceleration on the human range, as accelerating from rest at 4 m/s$^2$ for 3 seconds will give a velocity of 12 m/s. g is also a very ...
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2answers
197 views

Can a number of gravitational slingshot stop a planet?

The answers to Where does the extra kinetic energy come from in a gravitational slingshot? state that in a gravitational slingshot the object being accelerated "steal" speed from the planet (or moon). ...
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1answer
100 views

How do you find the average speed and average velocity? [closed]

The shuttle craft "Galileo" travels at a constant velocity of $2.73*10^3$ m/s up for $34.0$ min. and then turns around to travel $1.45*10^3$ m/s down for $15.0$ min. a) Find its average speed. b) ...
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2answers
254 views

Paradox while Cooling & Heating in Air? [duplicate]

I was thinking about how asteroids get "burned" up in the upper atmosphere as they approach the earth surface due to the atmosphere of earth heating the asteroids immensely as a result of air ...
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3answers
794 views

Does the speed at which sound travel depend on the volume (amplitude) of the sound?

Lets say you have a plank is you hit it once and get t time if you hit is 2x as hard will it travel t/2? will it be the same or will it travel only slightly faster?
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0answers
29 views

What if there was a hole between earth poles [duplicate]

Imagine if there was a hole between two earth poles, let's say 100 meters wide, as deep as the Earth's height between north and south poles - what would happen if we threw an object from the North ...
6
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2answers
331 views

Speed of sound in gaseous medium

Why does the speed of sound decrease as the density of the medium increases? I know why this happens mathematically, but I want to know what happens at the molecular level that results in higher speed ...
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9answers
8k views

Can a human size object move so fast that it ceases to be observable?

In many anime, comics, movies, etc, we see a lot of super human beings moving and fighting at such high speeds that a regular human being cannot see that they are fighting or moving pass by. In ...
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1answer
66 views

How can time-travel be possible if speed is relative? [duplicate]

I have heard that time-travel is possible...relative to some observer. So, as I understand it, the following example would be accurate: There are two twins- TwinA and TwinB. Both have very accurate ...
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1answer
59 views

Drift speed of electrons when the object is grounded

So I know that the drift speed of electrons is usually pretty slow. Let's say I have a charged sphere and I would ground it over a wire. How fast would the electrons leave the sphere? Would that drift ...
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1answer
1k views

Distinguish between instantaneous speed and instantaneous velocity

I encountered a line in my text book of physics that: Average speed over a finite interval of time is greater or equal to the magnitude of the average velocity. But instantaneous speed at an ...
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5answers
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comparing torque and 0-60 speed in cars

Im looking a two cars, both are the same model but ones got a 2.0L turbo petrol engine and ones got a 3.0L turbo diesel engine. These are the full specs 2.0L Petrol 3.0L Diesel what im ...
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1answer
58 views

What happens when the speed of a body is less than optimum speed?

Yesterday I learned about optimum speed. My teacher told that optimum speed is the speed with which one can take turns on banked road without wear and tear. $v_0=\sqrt{rg\tan\theta} $, $v_0$= ...
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3answers
224 views

How fast can fire spread?

You can build a home-made flamethrower by using a spray and a lighter: (from this YouTube video) But this can be dangerous if the fire gets in the can and the can explodes. So I guess the speed at ...
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1answer
82 views

Is there any significance to the negative sign on this speed?

A girl is riding a bicycle along a straight road at constant speed, and passes a friend standing at a bus stop (event #$1$). At a time of $60$ s later the friend catches a bus (event #$2$) If the ...
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3answers
276 views

How could we define speed without time?

This is a bit of a brain twister but it's a very serious question. Please be precise in your answer. I do not believe time exists. I believe it is simply an illusion of our perception, the ...
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2answers
587 views

Riddle about speed

This stems from a riddle I read in a magazine perhaps 20 years ago so I apologise for the imprecise recollection. A dog that can run infinitely fast is placed on an infinitely large flat surface and ...
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2answers
82 views

Where does energy go when performing a useless effort?

I went to school one day, so I thought I was able to get this simple one.. but it looks like I'm not anymore. :( One lonely little spaceship is resting into space. It has a small fuel capacity that ...
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1answer
58 views

How does acceleration affect the orbit?

I want to know what roughly happens if we hit an orbiting body a little. And how is it possible that most of the objects have seemingly circular orbits around. How do they stabilize? I ask because it ...
4
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4answers
931 views

How does the speed of electrons change around a circuit?

I have been thinking about ways of teaching electronics and I'm wondering if the following is true... For starters, when we talk about voltage as energy per unit charge, is this energy manifest ...
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0answers
24 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
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0answers
40 views

Speed of Water in a River

Does a river flow faster the higher the water level - or does it go at exactly the same speed? I was recently tubing in a river and the water seemed to be going faster with the water level being ...
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2answers
3k views

How to calculate fuel consumption of car (mpg) from speed and accleration knowing mass, drag coeff and rolling resistance?

How can I calculate the current (instantaneous) mpg of my car if I know the speed and acceleration of the car? From reading various answers for the "car going level or up/down hill" question asked ...
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3answers
1k views

Why does the speed of the propellant limit the speed of a space ship in open space?

Isn't speed a relative thing in space? If so, why would the speed of a propellant matter? Why can't a space ship accelerate infinitely?
2
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0answers
93 views

-Thought Experiment- At superluminal speeds, to what degree would vision be impaired? [closed]

I was thinking about superluminal travel when thinking about advanced civilisations in the future. I was also thinking about the Doppler effect; so I decided to think about how light may be affected ...
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3answers
161 views

Kinematics - Concept of average velocity

Average velocity, as I have heard, cannot be found simply by finding the average of two numbers. I have a question on average velocity, but am simply unable to proceed: A particle moving in a ...
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3answers
326 views

Geostationary orbit and rotation speed of a planet

Assume for planets similar to Earth but with different rotation speeds (including zero), and we put a satellites at altitude of 35 786 km/hr (similar to the Geostationary orbit or earth), with speed ...
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1answer
56 views

Effects of gravity on light [duplicate]

If gravity can bend light, why can't gravity slow light. At least momentarily? Wouldn't that give the illusion of the universe expansion speeding up?