The speed of light is a fundamental universal constant that marks the maximum speed at which energy and information can propagate. Its value is $299792458\frac{\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}}$.

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Do we know why there is a speed limit in our universe?

This question is about why we have a universal speed limit (the speed of light in vacuum). Is there a more fundamental law that tells us why this is? I'm not asking why the speed limit is equal to ...
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2answers
1k views

How can individual photons have different amounts of energy?

If photon is an elementary particle, how can different photons have different energy, if $E=mc^2$ and all photons have (or don't have) the same mass and the speed of photon is constant shouldn't it ...
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1answer
39 views

When travelling in the direction of light, what is my relative velocity?

If suppose I am traveling in the same direction as that of light, the relative velocity I am traveling with is speed of light + my speed in the direction of light. Is this correct? Does this have ...
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1answer
46 views

Cold Solid Matter at the End of a Black Hole's Acceleration Disk?

Is it possible that black holes magnetic field are rapidly cooling matter using a type of magneto caloric effect and cold fusion creating new matter only possible with a black hole's gravity? A type ...
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39 views

Explanation about the speed of light according to Maxwell from the book : “ A brief History of Time”

I just started reading Hawking's book: " A brief history of time" and there is a section that I don't understand referring to the speed of light moving through the "ether". In the second chapter, ...
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1answer
43 views

Is light relative? [duplicate]

I was wondering, if two cars (A and B) are going at different velocities let's say A=90km/h, B=80km/h then if we add the two speeds we get 170km/h meaning they are relative to each other. But if one ...
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0answers
29 views

How can you find the $u$ using time dilation if you only know $\Delta t_o$? [on hold]

I've come across two problems dealing with time dilation now that ask how fast should an astronaut go in order to travel EG: 400 LYears in 10 Years. What I can not wrap my head around is how this is ...
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1answer
97 views

Why does time stop its flow? [duplicate]

According to the "list verse" time gets to a pause when someone or something travels at the speed of light. But a question still lies in my mind, if time always travels forward and does not stop at ...
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1answer
63 views

Thought experiments about c [closed]

Poincarre had a brilliant thought about what if everything in the universe doubled in size , would anybody notice any difference or even be able to measure anything that can be compared with previous ...
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1answer
64 views

Interpretation of time dilation

Is there any interpretiation of time dilation for photons? I mean, how does time work for them? Do photons have any distinction between their own and observer's time? Or is it something like ultimate ...
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2answers
1k views

Rotating mirror - Foucault's measurement of light speed

Some time ago I came across a secondary web source on measurement of light speed in water made by Foucault around 1850. I append its redrawn scheme below (light is reflected from the rotating mirror ...
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3answers
255 views

How is it possible for the wavelength of light to change in a medium?

So my physics class has just finished a long unit on optics while at the same time I've been trying to teach myself relativity. I admit my understanding is probably rudimentary, but I figured all the ...
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282 views

Is false vacuum bubble nucleation possible in our universe?

Is it possible that a false vacuum bubble to nucleate into our universe rather than a true vacuum one ? If yes,it will expand at speed of light within our spacetime or what ?
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2answers
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Help understanding why can't we measure absolute velocity?

(This is probably a clone of some other question, but I haven't been able to find a satisfactory answer, so I hope this is okay.) So, I know that in special relativity, there's no such thing as a ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Time and velocity

Suppose two cars are traveling at a velocity of $c/2$ ($c$=speed of light) in two straight lines parallel to each other but in opposite direction in vacuum. Then what will a person sitting in one of ...
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1answer
65 views

Constancy of speed of light in vacuum? [closed]

Have scientists tried their best to calculate speed of light in vacuum? It seems very absurd to me that light of all frequencies have same velocity in space. Can someone find in future if this speed ...
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3answers
280 views

Why isn't a Photon justified in concluding that it is at rest and everything else is moving past it at c? [duplicate]

Why isn't a photon moving at c not justified in concluding that it is at rest and everything else is moving past it at c since relativity postulates that the laws of physics are invariant (i.e. ...
3
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1answer
523 views

Why does light not slow down?

Clearly light bounces off of things, going really really fast. I'm curious to understand how light interacts with matter in order to bounce without: Applying force to the object Losing speed So my ...
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1answer
51 views

Implication of Relativity [duplicate]

According to relativity, no useful matter can travel faster than light. Suppose that your are a light beam travelling. Now you have a parallel light beam travelling beside you. Suppose you look at the ...
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1answer
35 views

light in black holes and space time

I watched videos, read articles, learned a lot about black holes and got confused: Lets say that a light is doing its way inside a black hole toward the singularity. If it's inside the event ...
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2answers
80 views

Speed of light invariance (once again)

The answer to this very good question seems to be favored by a large amount of users. Yet it seems to imply that the constancy of the speed of light and its finiteness stems from the underlying ...
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3answers
199 views

Inertia on relativistic mass when particle is near speed of light

Inertia is directly proportional to mass but what happens when something travel to speed near to light. Its relativistic mass tends to infinity but that is false mass so I want to know if inertia is ...
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1answer
107 views

Speed of light or speed of time?

Proxima Centauri is about 4.22 Light Years, so if there is anyone that could see us, the image of us would be 4.22 years old, if we depart at 99.99% the speed of light we would arrive almost instantly ...
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1answer
60 views

Field of view from travelling at (almost) the speed of light?

As we go faster, our field of view increases, but would happen if we travelled at (almost) the speed of light? My questions: Can we see a 360 degree view while travelling at (almost) the speed of ...
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0answers
38 views

Impossible? Or not? [closed]

If the universe is expanding at light speed, and you stand on the edge moving out, if you look across the universe, then you will see twice the light speed, why is that?
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2answers
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If our eyes see at the speed of light, how do we know about the current states of stars and galaxies far away?

As you guys know that we see at the speed of light, it means that we see the past of stars and galaxies. So say a star went supernova right now, how are we able to know current state of that star that ...
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3answers
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Can we tell when an established theory is wrong?

I was reading the following answer from this question: In physics, you cannot ask / answer why without ambiguity. Now, we observe that the speed of light is finite and that it seems to be the ...
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0answers
60 views

Would a “better” speed of light be possible? [closed]

The vast distances in space make it almost impossible to reach anywhere in a reasonable timeframe, since we have the speed of light as an upper bound and even getting close to that speed takes a lot ...
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3answers
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Why is the speed of light defined as 299792458 m/s?

Why is the speed of light defined as $299792458$ $m/s$? Why did they choose that number and no other number? Or phrased differently: Why is a metre $1/299792458$ of the distance light travels in a ...
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1answer
30 views

Can absolute speed of object be measured? [closed]

Let's say there are two objects in space - Station and huge non-transparent sphere. Sphere starts to move from station 5000 km/h. Inside the sphere, beam of light is produced in direction the sphere ...
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3answers
85 views

Why is the speed of light not 3 x $10^{8}$ m/s, or why not a round figure for the meter [duplicate]

This question is not about why the speed of light is not greater than 299,792,458 m/s. It's about why it's that exact value. This was a question from a book(I know homework questions are frowned upon ...
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0answers
25 views

How much is the maximum posible information travel speed in medium?

Light has slower speed in medium. Should we consider this when we use special relativity in atmosferic(or any other type of medium) motions? If we should use vacuum light speed, does it mean photons ...
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6answers
154 views

Light in mass moving at high velocity

Imagine if you will, a strand of fiber optic cable 186,000 miles long. A pulse of light is sent through the stationary cable: it takes 1 second for light to travel the entire length of the cable. Now ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Gravity is Instant [duplicate]

Without being able to manipulate gravity. How do we know that gravity is restricted to the speed of light? or gravitational effects from an exploding star would be felt (if we were near) before we ...
2
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4answers
141 views

From the photons perspective

Probably been answered but couldn't find the answer. From the perspective of a photon: - For the photon to travel from body A to body B would take 0 secs. - The universe would be one point in ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Is near light speed travel possible? Likely?

I was contemplating the possibility of sending an interstellar probe that can produce results in a reasonable time frame. For such a mission to be realistic, the spacecraft would have to travel at ...
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3answers
55 views

Is mass directly or inversely proportional to time? [closed]

From a Newtonian perspective: F = ma F dx = ma dx E = m (dv/dt) dx m = (E dt) / (dv dx) Mass is directly proportional to time, if time slows down then mass goes down or decreases. From a ...
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3answers
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Einstein's first postulate implies the second?

Einstein's two postulates of special relativity are as follows, 1. The principle of relativity: The laws of physics are the same in all inertial systems. There is no way to detect absolute ...
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0answers
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Variable speed of light impact on spectral absorption lines in distance luminous objects?

There are many other arguments as to the constancy of the speed of light (or more precisely, c). One thing I have been curious is what would the impact be on spectral measurements from distant ...
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3answers
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Why does red light travel faster than blue light?

I know that light of all frequencies travel at the same speed in vacuum. But I wonder why their speed differ in any other medium, why does red light travel faster if it has less energy than blue ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Is it experimentally proven that photons travel at speed $c$ in vacuum?

Are there experiments which show that single photons (not classical em waves) travel exactly at $c$ in vacuum? What is the error bar in that case? The question is posed due to the fact that loop ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Variable speed of light in loop quantum gravity

Loop quantum gravity predicts a variable speed of light. What is the range of such a variation in its speed?
2
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4answers
427 views

Does the special theory of relativity form the foundation of modern physics?

Does the Special Theory of Relativity "form" the foundation of Modern Physics? My question is in reference to Geoff Brumfiel's Scientific American article "Particles Found to Travel Faster than Speed ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Slow light that does not go back to it's original speed in vacuum [closed]

I have watched today episode of scishow where Hank claims that photons can be permanently slowed down to speed that is less than speed of light. ...
0
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2answers
134 views

Is it possible to go faster than the speed of light in vacuum?

If it is possible for particles to go faster than the speed of light in certain events, would it be possible to create a situation in which the barrier of the speed of light can be crossed?
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4answers
768 views

Why Sun light can reach us if Time is dilating?

I understand that if something is moving with constant speed in respect to an observer, the time of the moving one runs slower, so the more your speed is, the more your time ticks slower. Which ...
0
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2answers
505 views

What is the maximum time dilation between two objects, if one is standing still and the other is moving at $c$?

What is the maximum ratio in the rate of change in time in reference to object $A$ which is standing still and object $B$ which is moving at the speed of light?
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1answer
53 views

Objective velocity (Relativity theory) [closed]

Suppose that I have a velocity of (approximately) $c$. Then I decelerate with $c$ per hour for exactly one hour. Then I would know that I would be standing still in the end, because the decelleration ...
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2answers
61 views

Does the speed of light differ for two frames moving at different speeds relative to an non moving observer?

Wikipedia says that: The speed of light in a vacuum is the same for all observers regardless of the motion of the light source. How can this be true and and returning to my question, if there is ...
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0answers
39 views

Does time dilation affect the speed of a moving object?

Imagine you are traveling at 99% of the speed of light. Will the speed of the moving object slow down for both objects and for the resting observer or either one?