The speed of light is a fundamental universal constant that marks the maximum speed at which energy and information can propagate. Its value is $299792458\frac{\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}}$.

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Is there a limit to how hot an object can get?

If heat is the measure of how fast the atoms are moving in an object, than isn't there a limit to how hot that object can get as nothing can go as faster than the speed of light. So because the atoms ...
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1answer
92 views

Maximum wavelength of a photon/electromagnetic radiation?

This asked; What is the minimum wavelength of electromagnetic radiation? And also this; What is the maximum possible frequency and wavelength? The second question is contradictory; maximum ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Incomprehensible substance: information traveling faster than light? [duplicate]

Say I'm holding a rod composed of an incomprehensible solid, and this solid rod is 1 light second long. Then say I poke you with the rod and at the same time I flash a light on you. If light is the ...
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1answer
51 views

Does slowing light violate relativity?

Last year Scottish scientists managed to slow down photons in vacuum by changing their shape. Does this violate the special theory of relativity?
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3answers
5k views

How can muons travel faster than light through ice?

When a neutrino traveling through ice hits and interacts with an oxygen atom, muons are created. Cherenkov radiation can be created when muons travel through ice faster than light and create a ...
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4answers
201 views

Could the Heisenberg uncertainty principle be derived from the speed of light limit? [closed]

Background: As I was thinking about an alternative approach to the question: "why is there a finite speed of light, and why its magnitude corresponds to c?" –ultimately, I was trying to understand ...
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1answer
64 views

how long will take for an astronal travel in near lightspeed in his point of view

I always had a question about relativity. Suppose an astronaut in orbit Saturn just must reach earth fast as possible. Your ship can travel at any speed between 0 and the speed of light. the distance ...
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2answers
145 views

Can the constancy of the speed of light in vacuum be derived from a deeper theory?

Einstein's second postulate of special relativity is: The speed of light in vacuum takes the same value ($c$) for any observer in an inertial frame of reference. I know there is a lot of ...
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1answer
34 views

Speed of light and sound

Speed of light is universally constant so in denser media its collision increases so effective speed will decrease so how we distinguish this effective speed and $3\times10^8$ m/s. But why sound ...
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0answers
15 views

A Question about Time Dilation and different observers [duplicate]

This is a question about time dilation and different observers. Say you had two observers. One on earth and the other one traveling around 20% of the speed of light. The observer on earth will age ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Would forcing a photon to travel under $c$ even after it leaves a medium break Relativity? [duplicate]

So, I stumbled onto this article which really blew my mind (http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-30944584). To sum it up, these researchers set up some kind of material that slowed a ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Does light always travel at *c* even when moving through a medium?

The title of the question is a bit misleading, but with limited space it was all I could think of. So, I know that light travels at fractions of c when traveling through a medium; however, as I ...
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1answer
51 views

3 points in space, relative motion, and the speed of light

I'm new to thinking about relativity, as well as phenomena related to the speed of light, time dilation, length contraction, simultaneity, etc. I am pondering a paradox. Assumptions: Motion is ...
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2answers
75 views

Is the speed limit as light speed just based on what we see? [duplicate]

I know, the title makes no sense, generally. Let me explain. I am just asking a question for which I found an answer nowhere (not even here). i think similar questions has been asked before and, no ...
2
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3answers
163 views

Why is speed of light a constant while distance in space is not?

Disclaimer: I asked this at Astronomy.SE, but got no answer whatsoever, so I am trying my luck here. As you probably know current state-of-the art physics (i.e. gravitational waves, cosmic expansion) ...
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3answers
2k views

Is there a maximum energy for a relativistic particle?

So I was told today that the Standard Model breaks down at really, really high energies. The lecturer mentioned particles such as electrons hypothetically having energies equivalent to that of entire ...
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2answers
97 views

Can we watch the light travelling in slow motion?

If light travels 3 lac km in 1 second we cannot see it moving and it seems to be continuous. Everything in our lives are far slower than this. Like we cannot differentiate between the different ...
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1answer
47 views

Motion in space

Does a space shuttle travelling in space experience any resistance to its motion? If a body in space is applied constant force, does it attain speed of light after sufficient time?
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1answer
76 views

Will relative velocity of light exceed $c$? [duplicate]

Suppose I'm standing a few light minutes away from a light emitting object, as soon as the light is turned on, I project myself towards the object with some speed. Will the relative velocity of my ...
5
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2answers
106 views

How does the propagation of gravity work for photons?

As explained in the answers to this post, photons apparently exert a gravitational pull on other objects. It has also been explained on this site, that gravity propagates at the speed of light. I'm ...
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0answers
48 views

Could someone please answer these questions? [duplicate]

I have tried asking this question a number of different ways but I seem to keep messing it up. Please let me try another way. I know that the number of times a photon oscillates per second (it's ...
0
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3answers
222 views

Two “devil's advocate” questions related to LIGO measurement results interpretation

"If you would be a real seeker after truth, it is necessary that at least once in your life you doubt, as far as possible, all things." Rene Descartes Laymen like me typically refers to Wikipedia ...
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2answers
83 views
-3
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1answer
60 views

Why is there a cap on the speed at which we can attain? [duplicate]

Also, If you are traveling 1 mph under the speed of light on a train and throw a baseball in front of you at 20mph what would a viewer outside the train see?
5
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2answers
205 views

How does light change directions? [duplicate]

To the best of my knowledge, light will always travel at the speed of light. How then does it get reflected and change directions? Wouldn't it have to decelerate, come to a stop, and then accelerate ...
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2answers
89 views

Does anything exist between singularity and the event horizon of a black hole

It is said that anything that falls into the event horizon, quickly reaches the singularity. That would imply - there should be nothing between event horizon, and the singularity. Is that true? If ...
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2answers
53 views

Speed of light and infinite energy [duplicate]

While browsing some physics websites, I saw that to make an object reach the speed of light, it requires infinite energy and talked about its relation with Einstein's famous equation $E=mc²$. However, ...
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3answers
136 views

Newton's gravity vs Einstein's gravity

Hello so if i were to simplify the difference between gravity as seen from Newton and gravity as seen from Einstein, could i say that Einstein's gravity is just adding the fact that gravity does not ...
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1answer
53 views

Event horizon, and Hawking radiation [duplicate]

When the escape velocity from EH is c, then how can Hawking radiation escapes it? Does it travel faster than c? Or, it escape from outside the EH? If so, how a BH can evaporate beyond EH?
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1answer
76 views

Relative velocity of light in a medium

The speed of light in a medium is independent of motion of source relative to medium but it depends on the motion of observer relative to the medium. I don't understand why it is so.
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1answer
117 views

Beyond the speed of light [closed]

Suppose that I can walk/run/travel (not sure if this matters) faster than the speed of light. What would I experience? I know speed of light is a constant and cannot be reached. If someone were to ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Does light accelerate as it nears a black hole? [duplicate]

As light is affected by gravity ( gravitational lending and black holes), it would seem that gravity causes acceleration. Acceleration has two parts: direction and magnitude. It is clearly evident ...
3
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3answers
142 views

Is the maximum possible measurable velocity = 2c

What is the maximum velocity that can be measured between two objects? Is 2C the correct answer? Two photons (A & B) are emitted simultaneously from my position; photon A going north and photon ...
0
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3answers
73 views

If light slows down while passing through a material, does it speed back up while in a vacuum?

Light slows down while passing through, say, water. After passing through the water, does the light speed back up to the "speed of light"? If so, how and why?
2
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4answers
147 views

Does light in vacuum actually travel at the speed of light? [duplicate]

I know my question sounds like a joke (and I suppose on some level it is) but I'm confounded by the following: As the thought experiment goes, if I'm in a spaceship flying rapidly the people on earth ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Change in momentum in a photon collision?

Let's say I drop a ball on the ground and it bounces up. According to classical physics, once the ball hits the ground it goes trough a short phase of deceleration until the velocity reaches zero, ...
0
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1answer
24 views

What happens to light when an optical cavity path length doubles instantaneously?

Let's say we have light contained in a cavity (of initial length $L$) and then instantaneously remove the second mirror, thus removing the barrier between the first and a third mirror which is some ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Is it possible to travel faster than the speed of light under extreme warping of spacetime?

The event horizon of a black-hole is defined as the point at which light itself cannot escape, supposedly due to a black-hole's immense gravity and effect on spacetime. However, would this not require ...
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1answer
81 views

Neutrinos are slower than gravitational waves according to their mass?

Neutrino bursts are observed before the visible light of supernovas, most famously SN 1987A. Astronomers likewise expect gravitational waves. Gravitational waves are supposed to travel at exactly the ...
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1answer
31 views

Velocity of propagation of an EM field in vacuum

I am asked to find the speed of propagation $\vec{v}$ of an electromagnetic field, in a region of empty space. The magnetic field is described by $\vec{B} = B_0e^{ax}\sin{(ky-\omega t)} \hat{z}$. I ...
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0answers
68 views

Light at the Speed of Light [duplicate]

Since light particles travel at the speed of light, we know it's possible for something to travel at that speed. However, since all things are relative, and if time does stop at the speed of light, ...
2
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2answers
83 views

If the speed of light was infinite would elementary particles still have a property called spin?

From what I understand the spin of elementary particles comes from combining relativity with quantum mechanics so if the speed of light was infinite would elementary particles still have spin?
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4answers
158 views

How is it that we can send signals faster than the speed of light?

I came across this while reading The Feynmann Lectures on Physics (Vol.1,Ch.7)- According to Newton, the gravitational effect is instantaneous, that is, if we were to move a mass, we would at once ...
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1answer
87 views

Do/Would Gravitational Waves have these properties? [closed]

I haven't done a ton of research on Gravitational Waves, but I have done some theorizing. Are these properties confirmed (by theory or observation) characteristics of GW? Gravitational Waves travel ...
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2answers
79 views

Boldly taken postulates

Einstein's Special theory of relativity was a landmark in physics, which totally changed our viewpoint of observing physical phenomena. While proposing his new theory, Einstein assumed two simple but ...
2
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2answers
72 views

Why can't we use this method to achieve extreme speeds?

Turn an axle with diameter 1 inch at 1 mile per hour, and an attached wheel with diameter 5 inches will spin at 5 miles per hour. Why can't we apply this principle on a much bigger scale? Say you put ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Can the value of $c$ be calculated from Relativity? [duplicate]

I have three related questions about what theories or equations can calculate and what is an input parameter/constant to the theories. This question is not about parameter units (as another similar ...
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4answers
71 views

Are there any known non-zero mass objects travelling at almost $c$ observed in the universe so far?

Have we ever observed a body or particle with non zero mass traveling at almost $c$? I'm asking this because according to relativity as an object approaches light speed it's mass approaches infinity, ...
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3answers
104 views

Can speed of light be $c$ in air or other medium?

I know that the speed of light in a vacuum is $c\sim 3\ 10^8\ \mathrm{m/s}$, but I also know that speed of light in a medium (e.g., air) is less than that in vacuum. Special relativity says that ...
3
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2answers
71 views

Does the speed of light change? [duplicate]

I know that there is a similar questions, but I think mine is a bit different. I wonder if with the expansion of the universe the speed of light changes. It seems that the speed of light is very ...