the practice of separating a signal by frequency (or sometimes energy or momentum) and analyzing the resulting spectrum.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
97 views

Help Interpreting Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS) data

I was given a batch of UPS data without any background other than the materials examined and I don't have any experiencing interpreting it. I wanted to reach out to some experts (hopefully, someone ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Photon yield of NaI

We have to calculate the photon yield of the scintillator NaI. We have measured his pulse height spectrum but we have no idea how to solve this problem. Can someone explain it? The source that we used ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

pGRE question on natural line width

The lifetime for the $2p \rightarrow 1s$ transition in hydrogen is $1.6 \times 10^{-9}$ s. The natural line width for the radiation emitted during the transition is approximately... Their solution: ...
5
votes
1answer
451 views

How are problems in astronomical spectroscopy solved?

Astronomers based on the ground telescopes, watch the stars and make predictions about them based on the spectrum of light. But when the light from those stars reach the telescopes through the ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Explain materials with 4 fold symmetry having same reflectance when shone with LCP and RCP

This is my first post here. I am currently reading "Optical planar chiral metamaterial designs for strong circular dichroism and polarization rotation" by Do-Hoon Kwon, Pingjuan L. Werner, and ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

How are different wavelength components collected by the same detector in a spectrometer?

Let's think, we have a detector array (128x1 and each CMOS detector responds 400 to 1000 nm TSL1401CL that way, each detector has 4.6875 nm interval). Then, basically in a spectrometer a prism reflect ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

What does a hot, optically thin gas *look* like?

In another question I tried to answer what a sample of the Sun's photosphere or core would look like, if it could be brought into the lab. Here is a broader question - if I have a small inert ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Spectrometer vs. Spectrophotometer

I have been researching about the difference of a spectrometer and a spectrophotometer. They both sound the same. What is the difference?
0
votes
1answer
435 views

What is harmonic and fundamental bands in IR spectroscopy?

What is harmonic and fundamental bands in IR spectroscopy? I'm trying to find exact definitions. I guess that fundamental is $1\leftarrow 0$ transition (the most intense and energetic) and harmonic ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Why doesn't the color of an object change when signal of different frequency impinge upon it?

Correct me if I'm wrong but I've always thought that the color that an object has is due to the oscillation of the atoms that makes up the material of that object. When white light is shine upon an ...
0
votes
0answers
145 views

Reason behind formation of doublets in diffraction spectrum

like if you see is Sodium (and also in Mercury), there are two discrete lines of Yellow color.. What's the reason behind formation of doublets?
0
votes
0answers
155 views

Why is the color of fire is yellow or blue sometimes? [duplicate]

If you light up any thing it burns in yellow and as well when you light up a gas stove it burns in blue color. What brings this color change?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

What methods are there to obtain flourescence?

Blackbody radiation is fairly easy to obtain. However, Atomic Emission spectrum based on fluorescence requires more work and provides more information. Traditional methods use a flame or plasma to ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Spectroscopy Question

So if we were to view the visible spectrum of a white dwarf star. Would the planetary nebula essentially block what would be an absorption spectrum? If so, would we all just see emission lines. I'm ...
3
votes
5answers
308 views

What's the difference between frequency domain and time domain spectra?

If I have a mechanical oscillator and want to observe the dynamical behavior of the oscillator, is there any additional information to observe it in time domain and frequency domain? Normally, we ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What is “Lifetime Intensity” in photoluminescence?

I'm reading an article "Surface plasmon enhanced Förster resonance energy transfer between the CdTe quantum dots". Link The reasearchers are writing about increase in "lifetime intensity" and even ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Vibrational quantum notation

Reading articles on spectroscopy I often see this notation: 30001 <- 01101, 00011 <- 00001 in context of molecular ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Total magnetic moment in an atom

I have a doubt regarding the calculation of total angular momentum of electron in an atom. Which is the right way to do it? Method 1: Total magnetic moment $$ \begin{align} \vec{\mu_J} &= ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

What is the 'triangle selection rule' in spectroscopy?

This paper states that However, the multiphonon relaxation bridging the $^5\!D_1$ and $^5\!D_0$ levels is a well-known exception because it is formally forbidden by the triangle rule and occurs ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How does change of pressure affect molecular rovibrational bands position and width?

Lets say I have $CO_2$ gas chamber with pressure $P_0$. How do rotation-vibrational transition bands alter when I change pressure P? Do they shift or not and why?
6
votes
2answers
913 views

Homemade Spectrometer

Recently I have had ideas of how to build a spectroscope, but I'm not sure if it will work. As can be seen in the diagram, the experiment is simple: it consists of a laser that generates the light ...
2
votes
4answers
472 views

Machine to identify substances

I was looking at Wikipedia's article on mass spectrometers, and realized that the method described was to heat a sample into its gas phase and separate the ions by mass using a large magnet. While I ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Is the emission spectrum of a muonic atom different?

From my quick investigation, the spectrum is based on the Rydberg formula, and with a small change, would lead to $$ {1 \over \lambda_\mu} = {m_\mu \over m_e} \left( R \left( {1\over n_1^2} - ...
3
votes
1answer
696 views

Why is cesium used to measure time in atomic clocks?

Seconds are measured by the frequency emission of cesium. Why is a frequency from the emission spectrum of cesium used as the standard in defining a second? Why particularly cesium?
3
votes
1answer
775 views

Can this simple spectrometer be precise without collimation?

Consider the following spectrometer structure: Here the slit can be changed in size, and the lens and detector can be moved closer to or farther from the diffraction grating. I was trying to get ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Hydrogen Spectra [closed]

I am talking about hydrogen spectral lines such as Lyman, Balmer etc. In order to make those spectral lines series more than one electron are needed to jump from higher orbits to lower orbit. But ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Dielectric resonance spectroscopy of thin and thick film

How does the technique vary for dielectric resonance spectroscopy for thin film of ~ 3 micrometer and a relatively thick film of 100 micrometer?
1
vote
2answers
422 views

Do all elements spectrum lines fall within the visible light range?

I was wondering if whether we were extremely lucky to have found spectral (absorption) lines of astronomical objects because they fell within the visible light range or if there something intrinsic ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

Autocorrelation function for deterministic nonlinear dynamical systems

I am quite puzzled with the problem that spectral analysis has been either applied to noisy dynamical systems or to chaotic ones. I was wondering why nobody makes analysis of non-linear dynamical ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Continuous spectra of photons

I guess this is a basic quantum mechanics problem, but I'm not entirely sure of my answer. Suppose we have an electron in a hydrogen atom having the state \begin{equation} ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What happens to light at sharp points? [closed]

At the tip of the sharp point shown, what will happen to light incident on it. This curiosity was invoked by a friend and also my childhood of watching shiny pointed swords in cartoons. Original ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Quantum description of Raman effect

In the classical description of Raman effect the object of study is the electric polarizability of the system. Since I'm interested in learning the quantum description of the Raman effect and in ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Spectral series' formula of a given atom (other than hydrogen-like)?

The hydrogen spectral series is given by the Rydberg formula: The energy differences between levels in the Bohr model, and hence the wavelengths of emitted/absorbed photons, is given by the ...
3
votes
1answer
501 views

Wigner Threshold law in Photodetachment and Photoionization

I am writing this question here because I have a problem in understanding the Wigner Threshold law in Photodetachment and Photoionization. The Wigner Threshold Law is given by: $\sigma$=$E^{L+1/2}$. ...
2
votes
3answers
443 views

What does the $y$-axis represent in the atomic spectra and what is its significance?

The picture is an emission spectrum of Helium. The spectrum has sharp lines (peaks) at certain wave lengths characterizing it as helium. Agreed that it characterizes Helium as atomic spectral line ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Why does inelastic X-ray scattering probe the longitudinal dielectric function as opposed to the transverse dielectric function?

Light is a transverse wave. Therefore, light in the optical range (i.e. visible light) couples to transverse collective excitations of a material when measuring the optical conductivity for instance. ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Why infrared absorption is a nonlinear technique?

I am looking for a good explanation and/or reference quotation explaining why infrared absorption technique is essentially nonlinear (eg. for carbon monoxide quantification). When using ...
1
vote
3answers
161 views

Can stimulated emitted photons be absorbed?

Typically a stimulated photon will be one of a pair with its stimulating photon. If the leading photon is absorbed by a particle in the ground state, will it then be re-emited by the stimulated ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

What will be the effect of placing a light source very close to a photodiode?

What will be the effect of placing a photodiode really close to a laser source and what should be the appropriate distance between a light source and photodiode to get maximum output current?
0
votes
2answers
57 views

For a planet which has a temperature gradient, hot in the center and cooler on the surface, why do we get absorption lines?

For a planet which has a temperature gradient, hot in the center and cooler on the surface, why do we see absorption lines? Similarly, why do we see emission lines if the planet is hot on the ...
4
votes
2answers
202 views

How hot is aurora?

Has anyone done research on how hot aurora is? I mean if it is plasma it should be hot and since it is emitting mostly green light due to nitrogen (~78%) in the air, could it then be considered that ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Absorption lines in the context of identifying elements in far away celestial objects

I understand that absorption lines are used to identify elements but how are individual absorption spectrums identified in the light that is received by a telescope?
3
votes
1answer
492 views

Calibrating the relative intensity of a spectrometer with a blackbody source?

I am trying to compare the relative brightness of H-Beta and H-Alpha lines using a CCD spectrometer. In order to correct for the different grating efficiency at the two different wavelengths. I took ...
3
votes
0answers
237 views

Absorption coefficient from HITEMP or HITRAN [closed]

How to calculate the absorption coefficient (for radiation) from HITEMP or HITRAN databases? Or where can I find some tables or plots for the absorption coefficient?
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Nuclear explosion wavelength data

I am looking for data source (or chart) of spectral data that is being emitted on detonation of nuclear or thermonuclear explosion. Reason I am looking is to see if this data has specific signature ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Spatial Resolution in Magnetocardiography

In the science paper called Development of an optical cardio-magnetometer by George Bison, it is mentioned that spatial resolution of 10-20mm is required for mapping MCG signal(page 52). What does the ...
1
vote
1answer
637 views

What causes the triplet state in Helium?

I am not familiar with the notation used on wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triplet_state). Is there a more physcial way to explain the cause of the triplet state (maybe without referencing ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Why is solar eclipse so important for sunlight spectrum analysis?

People wait for decades to catch the chance of a solar eclipse to observe the sun. Why cannot they do it every noon?
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Absorption line detected with a significance of $2.2\sigma$

What do we mean by the following statement? The SV $\lambda$ 786.46 line is detected with a equivalent width of $W = 22.7\pm10.2$ corresponding to a significance of $2.2\sigma$ How does one ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Interpretation of decay associated difference spetrum

We measured transient absorption spectra and we got $\Delta A(\lambda,t)=A(\lambda,t)-A(\lambda,0)$. If we use DAS (decay associated spectra) for interpretation, we assume that our data have this ...