the practice of separating a signal by frequency (or sometimes energy or momentum) and analyzing the resulting spectrum.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
224 views

How can we describe the electrons of multi-electron atoms (i.e. not Hydrogen) when equations/analytic solutions only exist for Hydrogen?

I've been digging into emission spectra of different elements and found that such things as the Rydberg equation, Bohr's model, and quantum mechanics can only fully describe the single electron in the ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Can one compute the vibrational spectrum of a bond by the Fourier transform of the dipole moment vector autocorrelation function $C_{\mu\mu}(t)$?

Is it true that one can calculate the vibrational spectrum of a bond by the Fourier transform of the dipole moment vector autocorrelation function $C_{\mu \mu}(t)$? For example, suppose that I have ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Does the spectrum of Sol's emission change as it ages?

A follow-up to my earlier question How would one navigate interstellar space? that just occurred to me; albeit on a different tack. Sol is probably in a state of continuous flux. The change of state ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

How small of a depletion signal can the best modern mass spectrometers detect?

So I know the answer to this question varies widely across mass spec techniques, masses, and, of course, budgets, but my question is about the best case scenario for all of these variables (although ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

SHS Interferometer and diffraction limit

I'm currently researching Spatial Heterodyned Spectrometers (SHS) and I'm a bit at a loss understanding the influence of the diffraction limit. I'll be measuring a diffuse visible light source with ...
2
votes
2answers
299 views

Why are overtones forbidden within the harmonic approximation?

In vibrational spectroscopy only transitions between neighboring vibrational states ($\Delta \nu = \pm 1$, $\nu$ being the vibrational quantum number) are allowed within the harmonic approximation. ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

How to smooth the spectrum of a light source?

Could somebody please tell me if there's a reasonably cheap substance or device can I use to smooth the spectrum of a light source? For example, if the spectrum has spikes as in the blue graph below, ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why in professional spectroscopes diffraction gratings are used instead of prisms?

Why in professional spectroscopes diffraction gratings are used instead of prisms? I guess transparency is not an issue, as we need optics anyway.
2
votes
2answers
345 views

Do cosmological and Doppler redshift produce different patterns?

For a given black body radiation curve, would the changes to the spectrum resulting from cosmological expansion and those from Doppler effects be distinguishable on the basis of the shapes of the ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between Raman scattering and fluorescence?

What is the difference between Raman scattering and fluorescence? Both phenomena involve the emission of photons shifted in frequency relative to the incident light, because of some energetic ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

THT (Tetrahydrothiophene) absorption spectrum

I am looking for the absorption spectrum of THT. What is the best way to find these types of exotic material's spectral characteristics?
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Gravitational Stark Effect

Could gravity induce line splittings in the optical spectrum of a molecule similar to the Stark or Zeeman Effects? Naively, a gravitational potential would be a simple addition to the Hamiltonian ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

Why is the planck function continuous and not discrete?

If we imagine a object made up of Hydrogen gas that is optically thick to all radiation, and is in thermal equilibrium, then, microscopically, photons will be emitted and absorbed as ...
2
votes
3answers
694 views

Unstable energy levels

Well, reading about "Raman Effect" I saw that when the electron absorb some energy, with frequency $ \omega_{abs} $, that is different from $ \omega_{n} - \omega_{n-1} \neq \omega_{abs1} $, it go to ...
2
votes
3answers
819 views

Photon absorption probability for a given molecule in gas phase

So I'm pretty sure I'm approaching this problem in the wrong way and I need some guidance (my first hint is that I think I'm thinking about a quantum mechanical problem too classically) Suppose there ...
2
votes
3answers
129 views

Can a multipass x-ray absorption cell be constructed?

I've been trying to understand the various concepts behind x-ray optics compared to standard visible/IR optics like mirrors and such. However, the x-ray mirrors I've been finding typically have ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Apparent color of flame as superposition of spectral lines?

In some cases one can identify a substance by the color emitted as it burns in a flame. A green flame might indicate the presence of copper. So here is the question. If we know wavelength and ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Why can I see the 5D0 to 7F3 transition in the trivalent Eu?

According to the selection rules of the intra-configurational f-f transitions, if the J of the initial or final state is zero, a transition with $\Delta J = 3$ is forbidden by electrical dipole, ...
2
votes
1answer
630 views

Bleaching groundstate

I'm reading an article about two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy and I don't understand the following sentence. Bleach or stimulated emission contributions yield negative signals. What are ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

How do micro-channel plates detect neutral molecules?

Micro-channel plate (MCP) detectors are used to detect photons, electrons or charged particles. But how can MCPs be used to detect neutral particles? In ion traps, the neutral molecules (after being ...
2
votes
1answer
533 views

How can I subtract Spectra?

I am writing an application that should allow to view and manipulate spectra (Raman). I am only given one normal spectrum consisting of 1024 coordinate points. Plus I have a background spectrum that ...
2
votes
2answers
500 views

Absorption Spectral Broadening

I'm working on a research project involving absorption spectra of particulates in solution. I was curious if someone could clarify or direct me to a resource that explains broadening mechanisms ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do electron configuration microstates map to term symbols?

I am trying to understand energy levels of electron configurations. I visited the NIST web site and discovered that the notation used here are called term symbols. After reading corresponding ...
2
votes
3answers
486 views

Light emission spectrum units

Do someone knows the units of the spectra provided here ? It seems obvious enough that it's said nowhere, but even Wikipedia and other sites are quite blurry on this point. So, is it power ($W$), ...
2
votes
3answers
132 views

Why is spectrum obtained by sunlight, said to be continuous?

My sir spoke about atomic spectra today. Sir said that, unlike the spectrum obtained by analyzing the sunlight, the spectra of atoms are not continuous. I got a doubt here, i,e even the sunlight ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Driving a solution of optical isomer molecules with the resonant frequency

What happens when we drive a solution of optical isomer molecules (enantiomers) with a microwave radiation in resonance with the tunneling frequency of the molecules (the frequency of the transition ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Confusion concerning the use of wavenumber in exercise about Fabry-Perot etalon

In the exercise we are given that the spectrum of a light source consists of two spectral lines, which both have wavelengths around $500 \text{ nm}$ and the separation between them - given in ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Unknown peaks on RBS spectrum

I was given a sample, that it is supposed to be a medium thickness Rhodium on top of an infinite silicon waffer. The experimental RBS spectrum along with the simulation looks like that Apparently, ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Relative weights in rotational bands of symmetric diatomic molecules

In an old paper, Ehrenfest 1931, the introduction starts off as follows: The band spectra of symmetric diatomic molecules show certain striking differences from those of asymmetric molecules. For ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Line-shape asymmetry in undergraduate Hydrogen-Deuterium experiment

I'm working as an LA (undergraduate TA) for an undergraduate physics laboratory experiment where students test the Bohr model and use reduced mass to determine the approximate mass of the neutron. In ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

How large would the electric field need to be to split the mj -/+1 626.6 nm line of neon?

I am an undergraduate considering an extension on a quantum beats experiment with neon. The premise is to excite neon atoms coherently from a metastable 'ground' state into a superposition of excited ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Full Width Half Maximum (FWHM) of a transmission spectrum

I have a transmission spectrum of a material which has been fit to a Lorentzian. According to Wikipedia here and here, FWHM is the spectral width which is wavelength interval over which the ...
1
vote
3answers
416 views

How would you explain spectrum and spectral analysis to grandma?

E.g. what the light or sound spectrum is, what it's useful for - in very simple terms that a grandmother or a child would understand.
1
vote
1answer
131 views

How much can a laser's position be fine-tuned?

Suppose you wanted to do a time-resolved experiment with a molecular beam traveling at, say, 300 m/s involving a mobile excitation (pump) laser that scans across the length of the molecular beam and a ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Doppler spectroscopy to verify Earth's speed around the sun

I'm looking for data points to check changes in $z$ as the Earth moves towards and away from a star. I'm finding lots of data for various objects [1] but lots of variation too (for eg, the results for ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

How do we demonstrate that all spectral colors exist in nature?

Spectral emission by elements occurs in discrete wavelengths. There are only about 118 elements. My question is whether there are pure colors either disfavored in nature or even disallowed? The sun ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Ba K Lines in a Cs-137 gamma ray spectrum

I'm looking at a spectrum for the gamma ray spectrum of a 137-Cs source and I'm not sure where the peak in the lower energies of ~32keV comes from. I understand that it's to do with some sort of ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Resonance Raman spectroscopy vs fluorescence

In Resonance Raman Spectroscopy we often want to avoid the fluorescence. But what is the problem with fluorescence . What we want is a shift between exciting line and emitted radiation and both can ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Where to find detailed measured emission spectra of all chemical elements?

I'd like to have something like this, but for single atoms and with more extended range of wavelengths. All I could find e.g. for hydrogen was lots of talks about Rydberg formula etc. and plots of ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Intereference rings by light transmission?

Recently I recorded UV-Vis spectra of liquids with a two-beam spectrometer (Perkin Elmer 900). Lack of proper racks for cells of 0.5 cm optical path length let me use a stack consisting of a 0.2 cm ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Limits of laser spectroscopy for determining size of a molecule or particle

Say you have a number of particles respectively molecules suspended in air. The diameter of the particles $d_{particle}$ are of the order 1 to 100nm. Can you actually, i.e. in practice, measure the ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Electronic, vibrational and rotational autoionization

Can anyone please explain me the concept of electronic, vibrational and rotational autoionization. What I understood is, autoionization usually occurs when the ion core is rotationally or ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Mysterious spectra?

In my blog post Why riemannium? , I introduced the following idea. The infinite potential well in quantum mechanics, the harmonic oscillator and the Kepler (hygrogen-like) problem have energy spectra, ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Can I prove boundedness of an operator without checking it for its whole domain?

(I don't have a direct reference so this is a little fishy and I'll delete it if nobody recognises what I'm talking about, but I though for starters I'll ask anyway) I've heard at university that if ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Blackbody radiation and Spectral Lines [duplicate]

Blackbody radiation is thermal radiation from a hot object emitted over a continuous range of wavelengths. But why are spectral lines, lines (i.e., you only get certain wavelengths when an element is ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Difference between photo electron spectrum and photoelectron angular distribution

I am trying to learn the Photoelectron velocity map imaging. While I was going through the article "Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009,38,2169-2177", it is said that the "photoelectron spectrum reflects the energy ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Molecular spectroscopy for atomic spectroscopers

My experience is with atomic spectroscopy of alkali atoms, I've recently been asked by a friend to help with some advice on analyzing molecular spectrophotometry data in the context of molecular ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Rutherford Scattering Spectra

I am using SimNRA to simulate the classical Rutherford Scattering. Playing around with it, I came across some spectra that I cannot explain... First of all, if someone plots the spectrum of ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Franck Condon Principle and Born Oppenheimer approximation

My question here is purely fundamental. I am confused with the concept in Franck Condon (FC) principle and Born Oppenheimer (BO) approximation. The FC principle is in accordance with the BO ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Dividing two star spectra

I am doing some work that involves dividing two stellar spectra from the same star. Those stellar spectra are constructed by summing random samples of multiple spectra from the same star to improve ...