1
vote
0answers
52 views

What is the origin of the kinetic theory of temperature?

Count Rumford's experiments with canon barrels are often cited here, but the kinetic theory certainly precedes them. Another candidate is Daniel Bernoulli, who, in his 1738 book Hydrodynamica showed ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

fitting van der waals law on real data

For an examples class on thermodynamics, I would like to fit Van der Waals law on data of real gasses, say $CO_2, H_2O_2, CH_4$. I want to set out measurements of pressure and volume at constant ...
6
votes
3answers
388 views

Confusion regarding entropy, reference papers request

1.a In paragraph at Wikipedia/Entropy it is stated: This is because energy supplied at a high temperature (i.e. with low entropy) tends to be more useful than the same amount of energy ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Reference paper to support information — energy relation ($kT \ln2 \rm\frac{J}{bit}$)

In answer to Maxwell's Demon Constant (Information-Energy equivalence) there is stated that one bit of information allows to perform $kT \cdot \ln2$ Joules of work. Which paper supports the ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Good references for specific heats

Does anyone know of a good reference for specific heats? It seems that it is no longer popular to publish values. I am especially interested in the specific heats of polymers.
0
votes
1answer
341 views

Energy versus free-energy diagram

Energy versus free energy diagram. I haven't been able to find an adequate definition of these two terms in relation to each other. Could someone point me in the right direction, please? From Borrell ...
0
votes
1answer
563 views

Deriving an Expression for Entropy

How to derive an expression for entropy in form of $S = \ln \Omega$ from the form $\displaystyle{S = - \sum_i \; p_i \ln p_i}$ ? That is the last formula taken as a definition of entropy. Just a ...