The special theory of relativity describes the motion and dynamics of objects moving at significant fractions of the speed of light.

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How is the speed of light an absolute maximum speed in the universe? [closed]

Under the heading which came first, the chicken or the egg, which came first: the maximum velocity of electrons orbiting the atom, or the speed of light as the maximum velocity limit? Is it possible ...
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122 views

Defining simultaneity with a central light vs with clocks

So there's the classic example of the relativity of simultaneity involving two people on a train, with a light source exactly between them. Moments after the lights turn on, observers on the train ...
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165 views

Is there an official name for “Lorentz Pairs” like energy and momentum?

In learning about relativity I've noticed that in the construction of Lorentz invariants (specifically four-vectors) two physical quantities that were previously considered distinct are instead ...
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46 views

Do two synchronous clocks have simultaneous indications?

Considering two clocks, $C$ and $D$, which were at rest to each other throughout a sufficiently extended trial, and given their time parametrizations $t_C : {\text{ ordered set of}}C{\text{'s ...
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1answer
129 views

What do subatomic particles look like for a 'speed of light - observer'?

Let's say that an observer is moving with the speed of light relatively to an atom that he wants to look into. He has equipment that precise that he can observe the atom and what is inside. From ...
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1answer
30 views

Flat space current conservation sign confusion

It is said that in Minkowski spacetime, the current conservation law for the number current $N^\mu$ where $N^0$ is the number density and $N^i, i=1,2,3$ is the particle flux in the $x^i $ direction, ...
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1answer
155 views

Properties of Lorentz transformation generator?

In chapter 2 of Srednicki, the author defines: $$ U(1+\delta \omega) = I +\frac{i}{2h}\delta \omega_{\mu \nu} M^{\mu \nu} $$ where the $M^{\mu\nu}$s are hermitian operators and are the generators of ...
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1answer
42 views

Does a “midpoint between” 2 members of an inertial system belong to the same IS?

This answer to a recent question related to Einstein's thought-experimental definition of (how to determine) simultaneity contained the following statement: Suppose two people, $C$ and $D$, stand ...
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1answer
60 views

How to make appropriate statements concerning simultaneity or sequence of pitches

This answer to a recent question related to Einstein's thought-experimental definition of (how to determine) simultaneity contained the following statement: Suppose two people, $C$ and $D$, stand ...
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1answer
104 views

Lorentz transformation - need a little clarification

So the question states: A's and B's systems are related by the standard Lorentz transform. B simultaneously fires off two photons from transmitters distance D apart along the x' axis, and in the ...
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0answers
79 views

What is wrong in following arguments about connection of local gauge invariance and causality?

There is a question and corresponding downvoting of my answer, so I decided to ask this question. There is my answer on it: "...The most theories of free fields are invariant under global gauge ...
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0answers
49 views

Time reversal invariance and statistics

To what extend does the behaviour of time reversal invariance depend on the statistics of the particle under consideration? More explicitly: To what extend does the action of the time reversal ...
4
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1answer
164 views

Is $E=mc^2$ false?

Recently I have found a Youtube video saying that $$E=mc^2$$ is false. It is said that the real one is $$ E^2=m^2 c^4 + p^2 c^2 $$ where $E$=energy, $m$=mass, $c$=speed of light, $p$=momentum. Is ...
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1answer
130 views

The example of relativity of simultaneity given by Einstein

I understand (supposedly) the mathematics concerning the relativity of simultaneity in Special Relativity, but I have a nagging question regarding the original example given by Einstein supporting it ...
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0answers
69 views

does light beam bend when moving with a constant velocity?

I'm studding special relativity and there is a famous example where there is a moving train witch has a light source on its floor and a mirror attached to its roof. an observer in the train sees a ...
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1answer
175 views

twin paradox question

I'm trying to wrap my mind around the twin paradox, but I can't figure out this one problem from my textbook. It uses the relativistic Doppler effect to demonstrate how the paradox works. The first ...
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2answers
98 views

Length contraction as $v>c$

What would theoretically happen to an observed object's length (let it be a 5 meter line) moving at some speed greater than that of light in a straight path?
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1answer
513 views

How do I derive the Lorentz contraction from the invariant interval?

Reviewing some basic special relativity, and I stumbled upon this problem: From the definition of the proper time: $$c^2d\tau^2=c^2dt^2-dx^2$$ I was able to derive the time dilation formula by using ...
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1answer
146 views

Is mass an inherent property?

Suppose I have an electronic weighing machine placed in a uniform gravitational field. Now I put a mass above it and register the reading. Now I give the system (mass + machine) an impulse so that it ...
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47 views

What is the relation between retarded potential and the Lorentz transformation of EM fields?

In Griffiths' ED book he derives the field of a moving charge by two ways: LW retarded potential. Lorentz transformation of EM fields. (eq10.68 and eq12.92 and the discussion that follows,3rd ...
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4answers
228 views

A question abou $E=pc$ for massless particles

Since photon has no (rest)mass and $$E^2=(pc)^2+(mc^2)^2$$ we derive that $E=pc$ for particle with no (rest)mass. However, if we transform the non-relativistic formula for kinetic energy ...
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1answer
123 views

Speed of approach between image and object

A plane mirror image approaches the object at the same rate the object approaches the mirror. So the speed of approach is twice the speed at which the object approaches the mirror. If the object ...
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1answer
85 views

What axiomatizations exist for special relativity?

Einstein 1905 gives the following axiomatization of special relativity (Perrett and Jeffery's translation): The laws by which the states of physical systems undergo change are not affected, whether ...
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241 views

Is special relativity axiomatic?

Can special relativity be somewhat described by the following statement? If the speed of light is a universal constant, and if light can be placed in separate frames of motion, then time must be ...
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398 views

The reference frame of $c$

I don't have a lot of knowledge of special relativity and associated topics; some of the few things I know are that "all motion is relative" (that is, there is no 'stationary reference frame'), and ...
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2answers
269 views

The relation between electric field and magnetic potential

In every electrodynamics book there is one chapter on special relativity which includes one section about" covariant formulation of electrodynamics" which uses tensor to describe the two fields and ...
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109 views

Does light initially accelerate? [duplicate]

Light travels with a speed of $3\times10^8{m\over s}$. My question is that was the light initially accelerating or it archived the speed in an instance? If it was accelerating then why it did not ...
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1answer
211 views

Galilean invariance of a subset of Maxwell equations

I read in Feynman's proof of Maxwell equations the statement that the subset of Maxwell equations comming from the Bianchi identity: $$ \nabla \cdot {\bf B} = 0, \quad \nabla \times {\bf E} + ...
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1answer
119 views

Magnetic induction in Relativity

As we know magnetic phenomenon is a mere relativistic effect.My question is how to explain the magnetic induction in a relativistic manner?
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1answer
144 views

Classically, how can an electron orbiting a proton radiate given its relativistic energy

In classical relativistic Electrodynamics, we are often told that any accelerating point charge inherently radiates (Bremstrallung). (This is the basis for the need for a QM conception of electrons.) ...
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1answer
460 views

Why magnetic field lines and force are not orthogonal with magnets?

The below explanation why magnetism exists is superb in this video. The explanation about magnets is also great in this video. A magnet has atoms with unpaired electrons forming mini magnets. The ...
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Why moving charges causes Magnetic Field (module and direction)?

Why an constant electric current in a wire produces a magnetic field, that circles that wire? I know that this question was posted before. However, all answers talk about Maxwell equations, axioms, ...
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2answers
175 views

Can a scalar field model gravity? How accurate would be the results? Are there any difficulties with such a model?

Newtonian gravity can be described by the equation: $$ \nabla^2 \phi = 4 \pi \rho G $$ where $\rho$ is the mass density, $\phi$ is the gravitational potential, and G is the universal gravitational ...
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6answers
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If I am travelling on a car at around 60 km/h, and I shine a light, does that mean that the light is travelling faster than the speed of light?

The title says it all. If I was on a bus at 60 km/h, and I started walking on the bus at a steady pace of 5 km/h, then I'd technically be moving at 65 km/h, right? So my son posed me an interesting ...
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554 views

Why acceleration is not relative in General Relativity?

I was thinking of it, If I say: "I'm moving at a velocity $v_1$ relative to a reference frame $M$ then the acceleration will be the derivative of $v_1$ relative to the reference frame $M$." In other ...
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2answers
208 views

How is relativity equation approximated

What is the technique with which I can approximate the equation $$\frac{mc^2}{\sqrt{1-(\frac{v}{c})^2}}-mc^2$$ when $v\ll c$? Any hint would be much appreciated
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1answer
187 views

Why there is the requirement for derivatives no higher than second order in free quantum field equations? [duplicate]

Why there is the requirement for derivatives no higher than second order in free quantum fields equations? We can get the equations for the free fields of an arbitrary spin by using the requirements ...
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1answer
75 views

Finding the EOM for a charged relativistic particle

For an exercise sheet of a course in general relativity I'm asked to derive the equations of motion for a charged particle in an EM-field given by a potential $A^\mu$. I am give the action: $$S = ...
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1answer
52 views

Parametric equations of a hypersurface

In light-front QFT, in the Minkowski space, we define a hypersurface, $\Sigma_+ : x^3+ x^0 = 0 $. How can I write its parametric equations?
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1answer
151 views

Newton's second law invariant under law of addition of velocities

I'm currently reading Schutz' first course in general relativity, and on the second page (already) I've encountered a problem: We have the Galilean law of addition of velocities: $ v(t) = v'(t) = ...
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2answers
356 views

Derivation of relativistic uniformly accelerated motion

I'm trying to understand solution of the following problem from Landau, Lifshitz, Classical Theory Of Fields: (ending skipped). What I see when I "write out the expression for $w^iw_i$", using ...
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3answers
354 views

Jacobian, Lorentz and Fourier Transformation

Jacobian, Lorentz and Fourier Transformation. I am confused with the physical interpretation/meaning of all these transformations. As far as I understood, Jacobian transforms from one coordinate ...
16
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2answers
354 views

In relativity, can/should every measurement be reduced to measuring a scalar?

Different authors seem to attach different levels of importance to keeping track of the exact tensor valences of various physical quantities. In the strict-Catholic-school-nun camp, we have Burke ...
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0answers
69 views

Direct sum of the spinors and EM field tensor

EM field tensor refer to the direct sum of $(1, 0), (0, 1)$ spinor representation of the Lorentz group. How to show it? Each of these spinor representations corresponds to the symmetrical spinor ...
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0answers
129 views

Role of time dilation in relativistic beaming

This picture is an excerpt I chose from a Wiki article under "Relativistic beaming" Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relativistic_beaming For theta=0,what I don't understand is why the equation ...
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2answers
162 views

Proper time for an accelerating object

As far as I have read so far, proper time is the time measured on the clock of an inertial frame moving uniformly with respect to another inertial frame. The concept and the mathematical expression ...
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1answer
129 views

The relativity of simultaneity: a classical example

Look at the following example: I have two questions: The observer $B$ is in rest respect the sources of light, so he sees the two photons emanating by the two light sources coming from the same ...
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3answers
441 views

What are good examples to demonstrate Einstein's mass-energy relation [duplicate]

According to Einstein's mass-energy relation mass and energy are interchangeable. Can you provide some examples where: Mass gets converted into energy. Energy gets converted into mass.
2
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2answers
129 views

Distinguish between Past and Future

When writing the metric in Minkowski space, how can we distinguish between the past and the future? I understand the answer after drawing the light cone but I want to know how we get that by just ...
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3answers
219 views

Is there an upper limit on the radius of a rotating wheel?

Is there an upper limit on the radius of a real wheel which is rotating at an Angular frequency of $\,\omega \,$ along its axis, such that we just require a finite amount of energy to rotate it? ...