The special theory of relativity describes the motion and dynamics of objects moving at significant fractions of the speed of light.

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74 views

Special relativity - Nokton theory [closed]

Is this theory described in this link Nokton theory respects special relativity conditions.
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54 views

Effects of FTL travel on time [closed]

The twin paradox explains, using relativity theory, what happens to a person travelling close to the speed of light. When he returns to Earth, he finds his twin brother much older because the ...
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2answers
114 views

Why invariance holds for the electromagnetic waves but not for the mechanical waves?

Why the electromagnetic wave equation provides a wave with constant speed in all reference frames, but the mechanical elastic wave equation (from linear elasticity) does not? The electromagnetic wave ...
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74 views

Trouble in understanding spacetime

I have a problem in understanding spacetime. What i understood from the conversion of time to distance is that the interval between any two events is always the same for any observer. But how is that ...
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4answers
209 views

Explanation for a much simpler version of the twin paradox?

I have seen the classical twin paradox before. It uses a twin stationary on Earth and the other traveling away and back. I have seen many contradictory solutions for it, some use general relativity, ...
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40 views

Confusion with Thomas precession

Suppose an inertial frame $S^\prime$ is moving with a relative velocity $\textbf{v}=v\hat{n}$ w.r.t another intertial frame S with their axes parallel and $\hat{n}$ is an arbitrary direction. In that ...
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154 views

How is it that we can send signals faster than the speed of light?

I came across this while reading The Feynmann Lectures on Physics (Vol.1,Ch.7)- According to Newton, the gravitational effect is instantaneous, that is, if we were to move a mass, we would at once ...
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38 views

Twin paradox on hypertorus [duplicate]

I will not describe the twin paradox again. But let's suppose we have two twins, one stationary and the other moving with uniform velocity $c/2$ for instance. And let's suppose that they live in a ...
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4answers
124 views

Does sound waves pick up the speed of its source?

I googled the speed of sound and found that it only depends on the medium (just like the speed of light but with different parameters). I can't see how it doesn't pick up the speed of its source! I ...
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2answers
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Boldly taken postulates

Einstein's Special theory of relativity was a landmark in physics, which totally changed our viewpoint of observing physical phenomena. While proposing his new theory, Einstein assumed two simple but ...
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75 views

Twin paradox with horns [closed]

I am trying to figure out if my conception of time dilation is correct. In order to avoid the acceleration-deceleration complexity in the traditional twin paradox statement, I came up with my own ...
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52 views

Geometrically deriving Lorentz transformation from Minkowski diagram

How can we derive Lorentz transformation from a Minkowski diagram (like below image) by using only geometry theorems such as sines theorem and Pythagoras theorem?
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64 views

Are there (interesting) Poincare-invariant QFTs with non-invariant Lagrangian densities?

In all QFTs I know, the Lagrangian density is completely invariant under the Poincare group, $$ \mathcal L \to \mathcal L. $$ On the other hand, the action would be invariant even if the Lagrangian ...
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Working with indices of tensors in special relativity

I'm trying to understand tensor notation and working with indices in special relativity. I use a book for this purpose in which $\eta_{\mu\nu}=\eta^{\mu\nu}$ is used for the metric tensor and a vector ...
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1answer
76 views

Can the value of $c$ be calculated from Relativity? [duplicate]

I have three related questions about what theories or equations can calculate and what is an input parameter/constant to the theories. This question is not about parameter units (as another similar ...
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1answer
67 views

Theory of relativity paradox? [duplicate]

I have seen the classical twin paradox before. It uses a twin stationary on Earth and the other traveling away and back. I have seen many contradictory solutions for it, some use general relativity, ...
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0answers
27 views

Special Relativity - Observing events multiple times [duplicate]

At t = -1, you observe an event to your left. At t = 0, you accelerate to 0.5c (to your right). Might you then observe that same event (to your left) again? For example, say you observe an event x = ...
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1answer
75 views

Special relativity and uniform circular motion

Suppose we have two observers A and B. A is in some inertial frame. B is undergoing uniform circular motion with some speed $v$ as observed by A. They each have a clock. My concern is with what A ...
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2answers
139 views

Speed bigger than light? [duplicate]

We know, according relativity theory, no information or matter can travel with velocity bigger than light. However, consider the following situation: a completely empty water hose is hypothetically ...
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2answers
180 views

Relativity gedanken experiment

Lets consider the following thought experiment: A spaceship is in circular orbit around Earth traveling at 99% of $c$ (the orbital distance is chosen in such a way that inside the ship there are no ...
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23 views

Rest mass of a moving particle that decys into two phtons

A particle of rest mass M is moving along the positive x direction. It decays into two photons having energies 1 GeV and 0.82 GeV, and these go in different directions making angles of 45 and 60 ...
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51 views

What does it mean to say that something is “relativistic for an electron”?

I want to understand a concept better. I did a homework problem where I solved it all the way, then checked my answer with a solution set. My answer was different, so I followed the solution set from ...
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26 views

Linkal causality in special relativity

I have a slight variation of the barn / ladder paradox, where there is a ladder too long to fit into a barn at rest, but when moving at a sufficient speed, it is length contracted with regards to the ...
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2answers
66 views

Exercise 18b in Schutz's First course in GR

The question is as follows: Show that a timelike vector and a non-zero null vector cannot be orthogonal. So we have a timelike vector $\vec{A}$, s.t $\vec{A}^2<0$; and a non-zero null vector, ...
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Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation and Relativity

It's well known that in QM the position and momentum of a particle cannot be known simultaneously. It's also well known that in special relativity the idea of simultaneity loses its meaning. Would it ...
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Can speed of light be $c$ in air or other medium?

I know that the speed of light in a vacuum is $c\sim 3\ 10^8\ \mathrm{m/s}$, but I also know that speed of light in a medium (e.g., air) is less than that in vacuum. Special relativity says that ...
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2answers
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What happens to a body if it rotates extremely fast?

I am thinking on a object, e.g. ball or planet that starts rotating with increasing speed. Let's assume that his speed get's closer to the speed of light, what happens to this object? There are ...
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What is time, does it flow, and if so what defines its direction?

This is an attempt to gather together the various questions about time that have been asked on this site and provide a single set of hopefully authoritative answers. Specifically we attempt to address ...
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Does the Lorentz transformation necessary follow from the two postulates of relativity?

The two postulates of special relativity are: The choice of what inertial frame to use is arbitrary: all laws of physics are invariant. (the principle of relativity) The metric $$(\Delta s)^2 ...
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1answer
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Special Relativity and the Light Clock and which direction was the laser pointing? [closed]

If I were to make a light clock, I would have some sort of laser pen attached to the top of one of two mirrors. That laser pen would be perpendicular to the surface of either/both mirrors. I would ...
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2answers
141 views

A classical explanation of why there is a speed limit in the universe [closed]

The question is - is there any flaw in this explanation, or it is the right explanation in general language? Let me break the explanation into two parts - Why there is a certain speed of ...
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1answer
101 views

Can a particle have an imaginary mass?

Now, I'm not very involved in the physical sciences, beyond some high-school classes - though I did listen to some college lectures for physics. I was reading "Do Tachyons Exist?" by John Baez, which ...
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2answers
64 views

Is the energy of a collision of two photons the same as one photon hitting a 'wall'?

Special relativity says that the speed of ligt is always the same. So when a photon meets another photon he will encouter it with the speed of light and also the other one. But in case of a wall, the ...
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Are objects like $a^{\mu \nu} a_{\mu \nu} b^{\mu \nu}$ consistent with Einstein summation?

I'm familiar with Einstein' summation notation and I understand objects like $a^{\mu \nu} a_{\mu \nu}$ just fine. But I'm wondering why I've never come across objects like this: $a^{\mu \nu} a_{\mu ...
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Twins paradox question [duplicate]

In the twins paradox, the twin that travels away from earth comes back to find that his (her) twin has aged much more due to relativity's effect on time. Why can't we posit that it is not the one twin ...
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1answer
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Is there any description of a mechanism of curving of space-time fabric

Most of us know about famous line - "mass tells space how to curve and space tells mass how to move". There is quantitative description of the curving and its effects in Einstein's theory. Mass and ...
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What is conformal symmetry physically?

I'm reading a paper by t'Hooft http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.6675. There is an argument in the paper that I could not understand: "Now that system, described by Maxwell’s equations, does have conformal ...
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Identifying Lorentz Covariant Equations

Statement: $\phi , A^{\mu}, T^{\mu \nu}$ are a Lorentz scalar, vector, and tensor. Which of the following equations are Lorentz covariant. a. $\phi = A_{0}$ b. $\phi = A^{\mu}A_{\mu}$ c. $\phi = ...
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Cold Solid Matter at the End of a Black Hole's Acceleration Disk?

Is it possible that black holes magnetic field are rapidly cooling matter using a type of magneto caloric effect and cold fusion creating new matter only possible with a black hole's gravity? A type ...
3
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1answer
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What am I doing wrong while proving time dilation using Minkowski space-time diagram?

Consider two events A and C. They have same value of x' and time interval between them is $\triangle \tau$. This is the proper time interval between the events. ...
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1answer
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Why does time stop its flow? [duplicate]

According to the "list verse" time gets to a pause when someone or something travels at the speed of light. But a question still lies in my mind, if time always travels forward and does not stop at ...
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2answers
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When does travelling at a fraction of the speed of light appear to the traveler as if they're going the speed of light? [closed]

If a spaceship is travelling to Proxima Centari, there is a fraction of the speed of light that would make the spaceship appear to reach Proxima Centauri in four years' time. What fraction of the ...
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2answers
69 views

Conversion of energy to matter? [closed]

Now, this answer has sort of been asked before. But I haven't really found the answer that I'm looking for. Exactly what is the mechanism by which energy can be converted into matter? By ...
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24 views

Decay of lepton into meson and neutrino using four-momentum

I'm learning about how to use four-momentums and am working through a problem involving the decay of a charged lepton into a charged meson and neutrino. The equation would be: $L^+ \to M^+ + \nu$ ...
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55 views

If humanity was to send a probe to Proxima Centauri, how long would the travel last?

If humanity was to send a probe to the nearest star: Proxima Centauri, at a distance of 4.24 light years from our sun, what would be the optimal propulsion technology to reach the destination as soon ...
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1answer
70 views

How do I know which observer is running the time faster or slower

Ok, I'm not a physicist, so I don't know if my question is silly (probably yes), but there is something in special relativity that I can't understand and I would really like it to be clarified. If ...
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1answer
58 views

What makes things move in a universe with blocktime? [closed]

In a universe with blocktime the past, present and future all exist at the same time. But what makes it appear that for example my body is going from one movement ...
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50 views

Where other frame observer will put new stick [closed]

my question is with relativity, if we draw two circle of same radii and fill the perimeter with stick (very small so it cover whole perimeter) now if we rotate a stick with veey high speed ...
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1answer
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Special Relativity problem - proper time interval

The supernova 1987A explosion in the Large Magellanic Cloud 170 000 light years from Earth produced a burst of anti-neutrinos ν ̄e which were observed in terrestrial detectors. If the anti-neutrinos ...
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Is any photon really moving? [duplicate]

I read that when something moves at the speed of light, length contracts at the direction of motion. Now consider a photon traveling in the z axis. Since it is travelling at the speed of light, the z ...