The special theory of relativity describes the motion and dynamics of objects moving at significant fractions of the speed of light.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (5)

1
vote
1answer
41 views

how to prove that two angles made by unprimed axes are same in minkowski diagram

I am reading special theory of relativity by resnick.In supplemntory topic A it is given that two inertial reference frame s and s' where s' is moving relative to s with uniform velocity.The diagram ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Using relative velocity between two frames and the time elapsed between events in one frame to find the time elapsed/event separation in the other [closed]

Q from text: A second transporternaut is beamed to a much more remote galaxy that is moving away form Earth at .87c. This time, too, she stays in the remote galaxy for one year as measured by clocks ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Universe without a fixed universal speed limit

What would a universe without a fixed universal speed limit (like $c$ in the actual universe) look like? Would it be paradoxical? Would time travel into the past become possible?
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Special relativity: where does this naive calculation go wrong?

Inspired by the recent question, "If all motion is relative, how does light have a finite speed?", I tried to work out a little calculation. Where does it go wrong? My friend Buzz is traveling in a ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Relative Velocity Problem: Light? [duplicate]

Assume 2 rockets coming towards each other at each other at 99% of speed of light, and so as they pass each other the relative velocity between 2 rockets would be 198% of Speed of Light and so what ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Twin paradox caused by gravitational difference in space

I am not a physicist, but have always been curious about the twin paradox. So, here is my question. There are two twins in space - Twin A and Twin B (both stationary). They are apart from each other ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

Difference between locality and causality?

I ask this question as the two seem to be very closely related and are sometimes taken to be one and the same (in the notion of microcausality in QFT), which has left me confused as to what meaning of ...
0
votes
3answers
72 views

How do I sum up speed though space and time to obtain c (in terms of units)?

I'm still learning SR and only recently I could scratch the surface of such beautiful, complex and deep topic. This post here was really enlightening, and even though it is somewhat basic, it helped ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Sum according to a function - composition of velocities

An observation more than a question. Take any function $f$ (additional hypotheses may follow) and evaluate it on any two points $x_1, x_2\in\mathcal{D}_f$. Define then the sum of these two points as ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Vector product in a 4-dimensional Minkowski spacetime

I'm studying relativity and I lost track of interpretation along the mathematical formalism. What does vector product mean as an event? I mean, how must one interpret the result of the vector product ...
1
vote
2answers
221 views

Why do we consider Lagrangian densities in QFT?

My question is: Why do we consider Lagrangian densities in QFT (as opposed to Lagrangians as in classical mechanics)? Is it simply because of the following? We wish the theories to be Lorentz ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Exact meaning of locality and its implications on the formulation of a QFT

As far as I understand it, locality in physics is the statement that interactions can only occur between physical objects if the spacetime interval separating them is null or time-like. Thus, if the ...
70
votes
11answers
11k views

If all motion is relative, how does light have a finite speed?

I've often heard that Einstein shattered the notion of absolute motion (i.e. all things move relative to one another) and that he established the speed of light as being absolute. That sounds ...
5
votes
2answers
149 views

Commutation relations in QFT and the principle of locality

My question is, given two space-time points $x^{\mu}$ and $y^{\mu}$, if the events that occur at these points are simultaneous, i.e. $x^{0}=y^{0}$, are the two events necessarily space-like separated? ...
0
votes
3answers
108 views

The relation between mass and speed

Massless particles (or luxons) have no (rest) mass ($m = 0$) and a speed equal to the speed of light ($v = c$). Massive particles (or bradyons) have mass ($m > 0$) and a speed lower than the speed ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Simple Harmonic Motion in Special Relativity

I was trying to see what results I would get if I were to incorporate relativistic corrections into the case of a harmonic oscillator in one dimension. I thought that if the maximum velocity of the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Is it possible for the light (photons) to turns into normal electromagnetic signal?

I want a theoretical opinion about this question: The relativistic Doppler Shift equation for the light is $$\frac{f_s}{f_o}=\sqrt{\frac{1+\beta}{1-\beta}}$$ where $\beta=v/c$ is the velocity of the ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

On the Lorentz Group representation [closed]

I am going through the notes on QFT by Srednicki (which is certainly a worth reading on the subject, and can be found online, see http://web.physics.ucsb.edu/~mark/qft.html). When describing ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Is it true that whenever any non rigid body moves, there must be a delay between the ends? [duplicate]

Very sorry if this is still considered a duplicate to this, but unfortunately the answer to this question cannot address this because mine is a nonrigid body and involve biological locomotion concepts ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Two apparent contradictions in SR involving time dilation and length contraction

So I've encountered the site "Alternative Physics" – a website proposing "alternative" theories to theories in modern physics. Of course, the site claims that both SR and GR are wrong. To show "why" ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Question on time dilation [duplicate]

When i studied physics we had this example where someone climbes into a rocked flyes into space comes back the time that passes for him one year time on earth 86 years. I think most know what thinking ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Is this an inertial frame of reference in relativistic context?

What I've learned from our special relativity lectures is that an inertial frame of reference in relativity is one that experiences no gravitational forces. Also, it is a frame where if a particle is ...
5
votes
0answers
121 views

Lorentz transformation of Gamma matrices $\gamma^{\mu}$

From my understanding, gamma matrices transforms under Lorentz transformation $\Lambda$ as \begin{equation} \gamma^{\mu} \rightarrow S[\Lambda]\gamma^{\mu}S[\Lambda]^{-1} = ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Energy and momentum of a relativistic electron

The question is to find the magnitude, $p$ of the electron's momentum in the unit of MeV/$c$, given that the kinetic energy of the electron is 2.53 MeV. The answer provided by the book says, ...
0
votes
4answers
111 views

Can a photon have little to no energy and/or speed?

Can a photon move more slowly than the speed of light and behave 'non-relativistically,' so to speak. Perhaps another way to express my thought is: could we stop a photon from moving?