As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
56 views

If a point r lies in the boundary of the chronological future of another point p, why does the chronological future of r belong to that of p?

I am studying the global causality of the spacetime. Here, I come across a problem. Suppose a point $r\in \partial I^+(p)$. $I^+(p)$ is the chronological future of a different point $p$ in ...
4
votes
2answers
866 views

Is my interpretation of how a gravitational wave is formed correct?

I'm sure many here are familiar with the following image showing the 2D representation of how the fabric of spacetime is warped by the presence of mass:- Can this fabric be interpreted as an ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Infinite space or finite space?

I have been reading about the nature of space (Brian Greene's and Max Tegmark's recent books) and have a question on the size of space. Both references acknowledge that general relativity equations ...
-1
votes
2answers
81 views

Infinite space, nothingness, and the concept of infinity [on hold]

These two questions are a follow-up to my previous Phys.SE question on finite space. The first question challenges the concept of infinite space. Space is something: it is ruled by laws, and ...
17
votes
5answers
4k views

Why is gravitation force always attractive?

Why is the gravitational force always attractive? Is there another way to explain this without the curvature of space time? PS: If the simple answer to this question is that mass makes space-time ...
4
votes
2answers
231 views

Is the Assumption That Space-time Has to Be a Continuum Just a Matter of Mathematical Taste?

Is the assumption that space-time has to be a continuum just a matter of mathematical taste? Isn't there any physical significance associated with it?
-2
votes
1answer
92 views

Why is it legitimate to only observe motion, but call it time, such that concepts like “the relativity of simultaneity” are seen as possibly genuine? [duplicate]

My question is asking for evaluation of a new concept or paradigm within the framework of the current mainstream physics understanding of Relativity. Specifically, that concept or paradigm being that, ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Can a wormhole be created in space?

Is the concept of a wormhole a practical one? If not, then what did the scientists do to theorize it? Does it have any limitations pertaining to the speed of light?
-7
votes
3answers
184 views

Where in, Einstein’s “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” (Relativity), is “Time” reasonably shown to exist, or why is it a valid assumption? [closed]

Given the widespread acceptance that “Einstein’s Relativity” reasonably proves the existence of Space-‘Time’, and thus “Time”... Can any member of the Physics StackExchange please show precisely ...
-4
votes
1answer
34 views

Why isn't time axis vertical?

Why isn't time axis vertical? I don't find any reason behind it. This graph is drawn in tree frame. Though the tree isn't moving the time axis isn't vertical. Please help me to understand it. This ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does string theory require 9 dimensions of space and one dimension of time?

String theorists say that there are many more dimensions out there, but they are too small to be detected. However, I do not understand why there are ten dimensions and not just any other number? ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there, and if there is, what is the name of the concept that matter is made out of void/space?

I can't recall where I heard about this, but it was rather intriguing. I recall the notion that matter is compressed void/space, where I remember an example of a bedsheet representing space, and the ...
51
votes
6answers
3k views

What is known about the topological structure of spacetime?

General relativity says that spacetime is a Lorentzian 4-manifold $M$ whose metric satisfies Einstein's field equations. I have two questions: What topological restrictions do Einstein's equations ...
4
votes
2answers
286 views

What does it mean to “convert energy into time”?

In a recent article about creating electron-positron pairs by colliding photons in a laboratory, Andrei Seryi, director of the John Adams Institute at Oxford University, was quoted to said: It's ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How can the Big Bang singularity exist in spacetime if it has zero volume? [closed]

How can the Big Bang singularity exist if it has zero volume? I tried googling to find the answer - no help. Can someone give a general idea how can the big bang singularity exist even if it has zero ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

A model that predicts the universe is finite in space and time

A physics professor talked in a YouTube video about a paper he and his colleagues published. The paper presents a model that ties the mass of particles to the size of the universe. He summarizes their ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Spacetime - Fact, Hypothesis, or Working Model? [closed]

Are the concepts of spacetime an accepted fact or something less? I have a limited background in modern physics and just finished a great book by Andrew Thomas that explains in very common language ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Questions about MTW's “thousand” tests of the Einstein principle

In Misner, Thorne, Wheeler (henceforth written as "MTW"), "Gravitation", Box 16.4, there's an experimental setup construction (or method) presented by which "Each geodesic clock is constructed and ...
3
votes
8answers
6k views

How does velocity cause time dilation?

I've been trying to learn about the speed of light and time dilation, but I'm at an impasse. The presented facts say that if I travel around the solar system at 50% the speed of light and then come ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Timelike curves in Special Relativity

I have a question that probably might sound silly to most of you. We know that a natural Lorentz-invariant parametrization of a timelike curve is provided by: $$\tau$$ the Lorentz-invariant proper ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Can isotropy (or anisotropy) be expressed in terms of intervals ($s^2$) between pairs of events?

Considering a set $\mathcal S$ of events and given the values of intervals $s^2[~P, Q~] \in \mathbb R$ for all pairs of events $P, Q \in \mathcal S$ (up to a common non-zero scale factor): how can ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why does Venus rotate the opposite direction as other planets?

Given: Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum. Reverse spinning with dense atmosphere (92 times > Earth & CO2 dominant sulphur based). Surface same degree of aging all over. Hypothetical large ...
3
votes
1answer
297 views

Does time dilation correct for the Doppler effect?

Knowing that a body in motion experiences time dilation, "also" knowing when two objects travel at a great speed away from one an other, both observers experience the others clock as moving slower ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Expanding universe space through matter or matter through space? [duplicate]

So the universe is expanding, rather space is expanding. By expanding we mean space is coming into existence at all points.  Is that an equal rate of expansion everywhere? Now the expansion does not ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Space curvature based on net energy = 0

In Neil DeGrass Tyson's epic video, at 2:26:50 ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Expanding metre sticks [duplicate]

Given the Universe is expanding. Therefore everything within the U is expanding, in all dimensions, subatomic to cosmic. Then all metre sticks are expanding. The question: How can we measure U ...
0
votes
3answers
92 views

Why does time slow down the closer you are to a mass?

When ever i look this up all I get is sites saying how its because general relativity says "-" why does it do it though? it is because there is more motion near gravity than further away? Or is it ...
2
votes
3answers
120 views

Expansion of the Universe regarding Time and lightspeed

According to our current understanding, the universe is expanding... it is often said that every galaxy is moving away from us (I'm assuming that isn't true for galaxies in our local group), and it's ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Why are objects at rest in motion through spacetime at the speed of light?

I read that an object at rest has such a stupendous amount of energy, $E=mc^2$ because it's effectively in motion through space-time at the speed of light and it's traveling through the time dimension ...
-1
votes
1answer
53 views

Gravity in spacetime

Can the effect of gravity in spacetime be thought of as if nearby particles have a tendency to "align" their four velocity direction? I.e. "to point in the same direction".
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Can someone explain effects of time dilation on expansion of universe [duplicate]

I'm not a physics guy, but this is something I have always wondered about. If a clock flown by an object of high mass runs slower, what is the effect of this in regards to the density of the universe. ...
0
votes
3answers
54 views

Quantum Scales and the Flatness of Space-time

I know that on the smallest scales, general relativity predicts that space-time is flat. But I've also read that space-time can be described as a sort of "quantum foam" for distances smaller than the ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

How to determine the order of indications of a clock?

Given the description of a clock $\mathcal A$, as (1) a set $A$ of all (more than 2) distinct indications of this clock, in no particular order (where the individual indications contained in set ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What can currently be deduced about empty hyperspace?

Michio Kaku's explanation of universes in hyperspace in this youtube video gives a metaphor of our universe being the surface of a hyperspace bubble that's currently becoming larger. He also says ...
14
votes
6answers
853 views

Proving that interval preserving transformations are linear

In almost all proofs I've seen of the Lorentz transformations one starts on the assumption that the required transformations are linear. I'm wondering if there is a way to prove the linearity: Prove ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Is there a “forwards” and “backwards” in one dimension?

Take a displacement in three dimensions and reduce the number of dimensions by one. The original displacement loses one degree of freedom; giving it two parameters to specify a magnitude and an ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How did the gravity of the particles/objects behave at the edge of the expanding universe moments after big bang?

During a very short time after the big bang, the universe must have had an edge of space-time which is very close to all the matter in the universe. The particles which are close to or on the edge ...
36
votes
7answers
2k views

Is 3+1 spacetime as privileged as is claimed?

I've often heard the argument that having 3 spatial dimensions is very special. Such arguments are invariably based on certain assumptions that do not appear to be justifiable at all, at least to me. ...
5
votes
3answers
240 views

A thought experiment on vision and curved spacetime

What follows is a long self-made example to deal with my conceptual issues of visualizing curved spacetime. Imagine an observer floating somewhere in space. He feels no strain on his body, ...
13
votes
3answers
846 views

A Sphere of Black Holes

Imagine a sphere of black holes surrounding a piece of space. Will this piece be separated from the rest of normal spacetime (at least for some time, till these black holes finally attracted ...
0
votes
2answers
553 views

Spacetime around a Black Hole

If we consider the sun, then space-time is curve around it. My question is that what is the kind of curvature of space and time around the black hole. Is that space and time more curved around the ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

How exactly and WHY does matter affect space-time? [closed]

According to general relativity, inertial mass and gravitational mass are the same, and all accelerated reference frames (such as a uniformly rotating reference frame with its proper time dilation) ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is there an absolute center of mass exist in the universe? [duplicate]

By the "absolute center of mass" I mean the center of all the matter that exists in a given moment. My friend asserted that today and it intrigued us very much but since we only have a CS degree and ...
3
votes
3answers
617 views

Does (it make sense to say that ) the universe has a center?

I was reading this page: http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/oct/23/brian-cox-jeff-forshaw-answers and I found this sentence by Brian Cox: That seems to imply that everything is flying away ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Wick rotation and special relativity

CMIIW, but as I understand it, Wick rotation replaces the Minkowski basis (t,x,y,z) with the Euclidean basis (it,x,y,z). Suppose that $t_2=t_1 \cosh \beta+x_1 \sinh \beta$ and $x_2=t_1 \sinh \beta+x_1 ...
5
votes
2answers
380 views

Is it possible to derive Lorentz transformation equation without Einstein's postulates?

Overview Einstein's proof for the Lorentz transformation is given here: From $O$'s view point, $x^2+y^2+z^2 = (ct)^2$. Form $O'$'s view point, $x'^2+y'^2+z'^2 = (ct')^2$. We find that Einstein ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

The universe appears to have a lower bound in the time dimension, why not an upper bound?

The Big Bang looks like a lower bound to the "size" of the universe in the time dimension. Could it also have an upper bound, some furthest point in time from the Big Bang?
3
votes
1answer
142 views

How far can something travel in a straight line?

Suppose you have an object some distance from you and moving at a velocity different to the Hubble velocity you'd expect at that point. How does the motion of this object change with time? Does it ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

In an Evolving Block Universe, does the growth rate of the universe give the value of C

In an Evolving Block Universe (http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.0808, http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.7243) the future does not exist. The present moment is the bounding edge of the universe in the time dimension. ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

The Alcubierre drive and closed timelike curves

Under what conditions would it be possible to create closed timelike curves, assuming an Alcubierre drive could exist? Would it be possible to have the latter without the former? See here for ...