As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

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51 views

Is this video's notion of general relativity correct?

In this video it explains the path of the apple in the general relativity version of gravity as being a straight line on a curved surface. Is this valid? Edit: this isn't a duplicate of the supposed ...
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0answers
19 views

Is most of what everything is made from in another dimension?

If there are eleven dimensions as M-Theory asserts would that mean that the majority of what we are made from exists in the seven other dimensions?
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0answers
12 views

Zeroth component of 4-momentum and relativistic energy-momentum relation

As I understand it one is forced to use 4-vectors since we require objects that transform as vectors under Lorentz transformations and 3-vectors do not. Equivalenty, if one starts off with Minkowski ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Inertial coordinate systems [duplicate]

In Newtonian mechanics, by the following two assumptions: (i) The time is absolute. (ii) The length is absolute. it is easy find the relations betweem two coordinate systems with uniform motion ...
6
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2answers
163 views

What manifold is spacetime?

In General Relativity, spacetime is a $4$-dimensional manifold with one Lorentzian metric tensor defined on it. In the Special Relativity case what manifold is spacetime is quite clear: it is ...
0
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0answers
25 views

How does Einstein's curved space time produce acceleration in a free falling object? [duplicate]

I never really thought much about all of this before so I'm definitely a newbie. Please excuse my ignorance. If I understand what I have read so far: if spacetime is curved time would click by at a ...
0
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0answers
28 views

What is quantum foam?

Can someone please explain me what quantum foam is? Is it the space-time fabric or just any other field? Also please explain this image
3
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2answers
146 views

Does all of spacetime exist?

In Brian Greene’s 2004 book, The Fabric of the Cosmos, he quotes Einstein on the meaning of time, …the distinction between past, present and future is only an illusion, however persistent. ...
5
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1answer
70 views

How to motivate the importance of the spacetime interval

The spacetime interval is a rather important thing in Special Relativity. It allows us to define the separation between any two events as spacelike, timelike or lightlike and more importantly, the ...
0
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1answer
162 views

Is the Universe infinite or it's just expanding to infinity?

According to the WMAP data in the past years we can say that our universe is considered flat or at least nearly flat and we also know that flat universe is allowed to be both infinite or finite in ...
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0answers
31 views

What is the best possible explanation of Space and that its something we can interact with? [on hold]

i would like to know of Space which is the most important part of existence.What is the explanation for it.I see it as the most vital part of our existence in which other things exist. What is space ...
7
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1answer
209 views

Equilibrium for a rope hanging in a Schwarzschild spacetime

Update: Trimok and MBN helped me solve most of my confusion. However, there is still an extra term $-(2/r)T$ in the final result. Brown doesn't write this term, and it seems physically wrong. Update ...
1
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1answer
25 views

How are the frequency and wavelength of electromagnetic waves affected within an event horizon?

I apologize if this has been asked previously or if my thinking is way off base, but I am inexperienced with relativity (and this is my first question on the site). I am wondering; as one (not ...
2
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2answers
80 views

What the live streaming of a time traveler will look like?

Consider a hypothetical situation: In which a time traveler travels in a spaceplane at close to speed of light circling the earth and I get a live telecast of inside of that plane to my television. ...
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0answers
32 views

Scale invariance

Physically why should scale invariance break down at the Planck limit? If not what are the other possibilities to save the quantum granularity of spacetime? I would really appreciate professional ...
2
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3answers
164 views

Is it possible to express various nonlinear motions as straight lines in transformed spacetime?

I am trying to understand simple examples of space-time curvature. Assume for the moment that $c$ is infinite (classical curvature due to Newton's laws). Also, I will only consider 1+1-dimensional ...
2
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1answer
639 views

Is Space-Time Quantisation necessary or even meaningful?

It is believed among people working on Quantum Gravity, that space-time must be quantised at the Planck scale. Although it is very hard to verify such proposition, it is interesting from a ...
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3answers
191 views

Is Bekenstein entropy limit inconsistent with universal continuity?

It is unknown whether the universe is discrete or continuous in its intricate quantum level structure. See for example: Can universal continuity be experimentally falsified? Is the universe finite ...
3
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1answer
41 views

How is a result of no time variation in the gravitational constant $G$ related to a measurement of no local expansion?

In this answer @PhillS linked to the paper Progress in Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of Relativistic Gravity which has given me a great start. While its main focus is on the Equivalence Principle (EP) ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Do December 2015 Fermilab Holometer experiment results suggest space-time not discretely emergent?

I read the December 2015 paper Search for Space-Time Correlations from the Planck Scale with the Fermilab Holometer available here and looked at the various related posts here at PSE. It seems to me ...
-1
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0answers
28 views

What are the effects of relativity on the universe itself? [on hold]

I'm obviously not anything like an expert on the subject, but it occurs to me that the relativity of objects or lack thereof would affect the environment around it. Time moves fastest when there is ...
-1
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0answers
47 views

If Black Holes Consume Space What Is The Space Traversing? [duplicate]

I've heard it stated by physicists that space moves into (Or through/down into if you like) black holes faster than the speed of light and that this is possible because the speed of light is a ...
0
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1answer
31 views

If black hole is a “hole”, how can its position be pinpointed from every position in universe? [closed]

Ok, this is going to sound lame but, here goes: When we say that a black hole is situated at a distance of 1 light year(let) FROM EARTH, that means it may situated at a distance of 100 light years ...
-2
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1answer
105 views

How far does a photon move in the 4th dimension when it travels one light second? [closed]

In one second a photon moves 3x10^8 meters through the three spatial dimensions. Light's velocity is 3x10^8 m/s. If the photon moved at all in the fourth dimension, it's velocity would no longer be ...
2
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2answers
368 views

Stanford: “Objects in spacetime all move at constant speed $c$.” Are they right? [duplicate]

In this Stanford University lecture on Relativity, it is stated: Likewise, objects in spacetime all move at constant speed c in spacetime but if you change its direction, say by moving at speed v in ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Can electrons escape a black hole?

Assuming that when an electron that changes energy states in an atom, and moves to a different orbit around the nucleus, but does not move through the space between orbits when it changes states, an ...
0
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0answers
31 views

How much energy is there at a single point? [closed]

If we were to take all energy available in one point in spacetime located near the surface of earth, how much electric current could we generate ? In other words, if we could do the sum of all the ...
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2answers
44 views

can time dilation be used to determine if an object is moving

I know that movement is only relative to another object, but as you move faster you also experience time dilation, correct? So if one body is moving faster then it should have a dilation of time, ...
53
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4answers
3k views

GR and my journey to the centre of the Earth

[General Relativity] basically says that the reason you are sticking to the floor right now is that the shortest distance between today and tomorrow is through the center of the Earth. ...
26
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4answers
9k views

Is spacetime discrete or continuous?

Is the spacetime continuous or discrete? Or better, is the 4-dimensional spacetime of general-relativity discrete or continuous? What if we consider additional dimensions like string theory ...
3
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3answers
179 views

Why does matter curve space time? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that Einstein never explains in his General Theory of Relativity, why matter curves spacetime; could explanations please be given?
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1answer
43 views

What effect would a singularity have on the fabric of space time?

Galaxies are always moving and it seems that there are SMBHs at the heart of most galaxies. If black holes actually twist up spacetime so much thru infinite density how do we know that after the ...
0
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2answers
46 views

2 space and 1 time dimensions [closed]

I know it is impossible to visualise a 3 space and 1 time dimensions. But what about 2 space and 1 time dimensions? Will it be like similar to 3 space dimensions or different? If different will it be ...
-10
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2answers
140 views

Einstein wrote $x^4=ict$, where $c$ is the speed of light. Does this mean the fourth dimension is moving? [closed]

Saw this on a forum: Einstein wrote$x^4=ict$, where $c$ is the speed of light. Does this mean the fourth dimension is moving? We can write $x^4=ict$ as $dx^4/dt =ic$. The fourth dimensions is thus ...
-2
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2answers
64 views

Do Einstein's postulates of relativity emerge from the Minkowski spacetime metric?

Does the constancy of the speed of light for all observers naturally emerge from the Minkowski spacetime metric? Do Einstein's two postulates of relativity emerge from the Minkowski spacetime metric? ...
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0answers
38 views

General theory of relativity proves beginning of the universe? [duplicate]

As I'm not a physics student, i only have some basic idea about how the theory works. As Hawking quoted in his book - "A brief history of time " Roger Penrose and I showed that Einstein’s ...
0
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3answers
60 views

Space time curvature and gravity [duplicate]

Is Space time curvature responsible for gravity or Gravity responsible for the curvature in space-time.
0
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1answer
52 views

Distorting the space-time fabric

If point masses could be generated in a controlled manner distorting the fabric of space-time objects could be made to move in any direction relative to each other and not simply attract as is ...
4
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1answer
377 views

Can universal continuity be experimentally falsified?

It is an unresolved question whether the universe is discrete or continuous in its intricate quantum level structure. See for example: Is the universe finite and discrete? How could spacetime become ...
-1
votes
1answer
22 views

How to express in terms of spacetime intervals the average speed of one participant having moved between two suitable others

Given a flat region of spacetime as set $\mathcal S$ of events together with values of spacetime intervals (up to a common non-zero constant) for each pair of events, $s^2 : \mathcal S \times \mathcal ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Can the curvature of the Universe be a function of time?

Apologies for the repetition here, but can our Universe experience (either physically or mathematically) non-constant curvature that is a function of time?
3
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3answers
133 views

Do gravitational waves affect light?

Gravity "bends" light, predicted with theory of relativity and subsequently observed: how does gravity and gravitational waves achieve this effect, and shouldn't this effect be present wherever ...
1
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1answer
16 views

How to express in terms of spacetime intervals whether two participants in a flat region were at rest to each other

Given a flat region of spacetime as set $\mathcal S$ of events together with values of spacetime intervals (up to a common non-zero constant) for each pair of events, $s^2 : \mathcal S \times \mathcal ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Spacetime manifold surgery: is this result still a valid etc. spacetime?

Given a valid classical GR spacetime manifold $M$ (i.e. 4D, Lorentzian, Hausdorff, paracompact, ?etc.), and $B\subset M$, a closed spatial subset (e.g. a closed ball at fixed $t$) to be excised, ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Gradient of $ct'$ axis in spacetime diagrams

This is either an unimportant piece of information or it's meant to be obvious, but I can't find anywhere what the gradient of the $ct'$ axis in a spacetime diagram should be. I know that the $ct'=1$ ...
0
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0answers
37 views

What´s the physical foundation of the assumption that the curvature of spacetime can be quantised? [duplicate]

At the moment different paths (by percentual very few people in the world) are taken to arrive (that is, if an arrival exists) at a theory that can quantise the curvature of spacetime. Considering the ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

How Far Does Gravity Extend? [duplicate]

How far does gravity's influence extend? I've recently (re-)seen 'The Universe' season 1 where it's said that 'take these two dice, place them perfectly still in empty space 1 inch apart and within ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Causal structure, time orientability and equivalence classes

Quoting from this Wikipedia article, if $(M,g)$ is a Lorentzian manifold then the tangent vectors at each point in the manifold can be classified into three different types. Using a $(+,-,-,-)$ metric ...
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0answers
24 views

What's the consensus on the block universe? Is time frozen? [duplicate]

What's the consensus view on the block universe? Is time frozen? Do the past and future exist? Was Einstein right when he said, “People like us, who believe in physics, know that the distinction ...
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1answer
40 views

Doesn't modelling using Lie Groups assume spacetime is continuous?

Lie groups are used to some behaviors of quantum mechanics, as well as forming a basis for Kaluza-Klein, Yang-Mills, and String theory. But Lie groups are defined as involving a differentiable ...