As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

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7
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4answers
505 views

Hamiltonian and the space-time structure

I'm reading Arnold's "Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics" but I failed to find rigorous development for the allowed forms of Hamiltonian. Space-time structure dictates the form of ...
3
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7answers
3k views

According to General Relativity, Does The Past “Exist”?

I'm curious about just what is meant by time being another dimension, like the three (observable) spatial dimensions. Does this imply, according to General Relativity, that the past and the future ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Why does string theory require 9 dimensions of space and one dimension of time?

String theorists say that there are many more dimensions out there, but they are too small to be detected. However, I do not understand why there are ten dimensions and not just any other number? ...
-8
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1answer
361 views

Speed of light is not fixed? [closed]

In my research, I found that the speed of light is not fixed. IS it true? Namely, We know that light refracts when the medium it travels through changes. Actually, light travels in the same medium ...
3
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1answer
110 views

Is GPS time measuring the proper time on the mean sea level or the GPS station itself?

LeapSecond.com states: Global Positioning System time is the atomic time scale implemented by the atomic clocks in the GPS ground control stations and the GPS satellites themselves. Does GPS ...
3
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4answers
234 views

Can a huge gravitational force cause visible distortions on an object

In space, would it be possible to have an object generating such a huge gravitational force so it would be possible for an observer (not affected directly by gravitational force and the space time ...
2
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0answers
495 views

de Sitter and anti de Sitter metric

Is the following correct for the distance $d$ from the origin $(0,0)$ to point $(t,x)$ in the 2-dimensional de-Sitter and anti de-Sitter spaces? Here, $t$ is time and the distance may be called the ...
4
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1answer
154 views

How should one interpret the de Sitter slicings?

When 'constructing' the usual de Sitter space in $\mathcal{M^5}$ by invoking the contraint $-X^{2}_{0} +X^{2}_{1} +X^{2}_{2} +X^{2}_{3} + X^{2}_{4} = \alpha^2$ we quickly see that we end up with a ...
5
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4answers
5k views

If gravity is a bend in Space-time then what is magnetism?

Einstein postulated that gravity bends the geometry of space-time then what does magnetism do in to the geometry of space-time, or is there even a correlation between space-time geometry and ...
0
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1answer
136 views

weak bosons and feynman-stueckelberg interpretation

from Wiki "The W bosons have a positive and negative electric charge of 1 elementary charge respectively and are each other's antiparticle." Q:If each is the other's antiparticle then which is ...
1
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1answer
443 views

How is traveling back in time possible in theory according to some scientists? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible to go back in time? Is time travel possible? I get the idea of traveling to the future and it makes perfect sense as we'd be somehow trapped in a ...
6
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3answers
332 views

Do objects with mass “suck in” spacetime?

I don't really understand the general theory of relativity (GTR) really deeply, but according to my understanding, the GTR say that gravitation is caused by the curvature of spacetime by objects with ...
3
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1answer
214 views

Hamiltonians and Lagrangians, Euclidean and Hyperbolic: Are they related?

The Lagrangian of a system is the difference between its kinetic energy $T$ and potential energy $V$, and is relativistically invariant: $L = T - V$ The Hamiltonian of the same system is the sum ...
6
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1answer
166 views

If a fundamental theory exibits e.g. a mirror symmetry, in what sense it the underlying geometry real?

Are the more recently discovered symmetries in string theory such that the theories based on mirroring geometries are absolutely the same from an observable point of view? I have mirror symmetry ...
1
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3answers
427 views

Is spacetime moving in general relativity?

Is spacetime moving in general relativity? If not, how does spacetime retain its past, while moving toward future?
0
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2answers
151 views

How is spacetime depicted in quantum field theory?

How is spacetime depicted in quantum field theory? Is space and time completely separate, and time is just nature of law as in Newtonian mechanics?
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1answer
951 views

Total Number of Dimensions in the Universe? [duplicate]

I have often heard that there are more than 4 (3 space and 1 time) dimensions of spacetime. What are the theories that say so, and how many does each predict? Has any experimental evidence been ...
1
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0answers
34 views

How can we know the size of a dimension? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Measuring extra-dimensions I was watching a layman's documentary and it said: "The 11th dimension is incredibly small, like a long tube about $10^-30m$ in diameter". ...
-5
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1answer
517 views

What do scientists believe about existence in dimensions? [closed]

I couldn't really think of a suitable question title, I'm not sure if it's completely related or not. But this is as far as I know (well, I thought it all up last night and it seemed extremely ...
0
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3answers
254 views

The metric expansion of space and Hawking

In a Wikipedia article I read that the "Metric Expansion of Space" exceeds the speed of light. If this is true then we must be being disconnected from very remote parts of the universe since gravity ...
0
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1answer
328 views

Time dilation at the speed of light

Does a massless particle travelling at the speed on light in a vacuum (c) experience an infinite time dilation effect? i.e. Would the time dilation extend from the perspective of the massless ...
1
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2answers
176 views

A question about multiverse

I have a question that I would like to ask here since I'm not an expert or any near to that. Actually I just came up with this question when I was watching The fabric of cosmos. I couldn't find where ...
0
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1answer
123 views

Is it possible to mould _ruptures_ in Space-time?

In one of the documentaries hosted by Morgan Freeman, a reference was made that just like an ordinary three-dimensional object like a ruler has scratches and cracks, in the same way there might be ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Is space infinitely divisible?

As a child I remember hearing the popular paradox presented by Zeno proposing that Achilles could never catch a tortoise in a race since he would have to traverse the infinite space between himself ...
3
votes
2answers
318 views

About space-time and its four dimensions

I explained to someone I know about General Relativity (as much as I know). He said that he didn't see how it could be correct. He argued: How is 4-dimensional space-time space different to ...
2
votes
1answer
865 views

$\pi$ and the Curvature of Space

If one draws a circle on a sphere and measures the ratio of the diameter to the circumference, that value varies depending on the diameter of the circle compared to the diameter of the sphere it is ...
2
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3answers
307 views

How to distinguish 4D and 3D vectors in handwriting?

Usually vectors are denoted with bold font in printbooks and with arrows above in handwriting. In Thorn's e al. Gravitation, 4D vectors are denoted with bold and 3D vectors with bold italic. How to ...
5
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1answer
387 views

Does the current acceleration of universe imply that our universe is open?

Does the current acceleration of universe imply that our universe is open? If the universe is closed, from the Friedmann's equation, the acceleration of universe wouldn't be possible, would it be? (Of ...
3
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1answer
554 views

Is the Portal feasible in real life?

Firstly, I assume prior knowledge/experience with the game Portal. Should it be possible that two openings (circles/unidentified-constructions) would work as interchangeable gates? With one opening ...
1
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2answers
275 views

Confusion regarding geodesic of thrown ball - curved or Cartesian coordinates?

I'm confused trying to understand what's happening in terms of spacetime geodesics when a ball is thrown and its trajectory plotted, height against time to give a parabola. I read (from more than ...
1
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1answer
131 views

Classical black holes?

How big should the black hole be so we can consider it to be classical? When they claim that we can not probe shorter distances than the Planck length, can it be true? The argument says that, ...
13
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3answers
1k views

Why do objects follow geodesics in spacetime?

Trying to teach myself general relativity. I sort of understand the derivation of the geodesic equation ...
13
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3answers
780 views

Space-time in String Theory

I would like to understand how Physicists think of space-time in the context of String Theory. I understand that there are $3$ large space dimensions, a time dimension, and $6$ or $7$ (or $22$) extra ...
1
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2answers
295 views

How does gravitation propagate along curved spacetime?

In this wikipedia article it is described how a beam of light, with its locally constant speed, can travel "faster than light". That is to say it travels a distance, which, from a special relativistic ...
0
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1answer
160 views

“Conceptualizing” neutrinos

Layman here. EE and BS physics. I am "content" in viewing photons/electromagnetic radiation as an "emergent" property of spacetime? due to the electrons ("particles..?") and all their activity jumping ...
6
votes
1answer
371 views

Do spacelike junctions in the Thin-Shell Formalism imply energy nonconservation and counterintuitive wormholes?

The Thin Shell Formalism (MTW 1973 p.551ff) is used to properly paste together different vacuum solutions to the Einstein equations. At the junction of the two solutions is a hypersurface of matter – ...
19
votes
4answers
904 views

Does the universe have a center?

If the big bang was the birth of everything, and the big bang was an event in the sense that it had a location and a time (time 0), wouldn't that mean that our universe has a center? Where was the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the universe finite and discrete?

Is the universe finite, both in the sense of being a closed spacetime manifold, as viewed from the macro level, but also in the sense of being fully discrete and finite in all of its intricate quantum ...
5
votes
2answers
296 views

Why does the homogeneity of the universe require inflation?

They say inflation must have occured because the universe is very homogeneous. Otherwise, how could one part of the universe reach the same temperature as another when the distance between the parts ...
4
votes
1answer
570 views

The nature of time, according to quantum field theory

I will try my best to ask the question that best fits something I have been pondering on for a few days. Are virtual particles really constantly popping in and out of existence? Or are they ...
1
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3answers
317 views

Evidence that “space exists rather than just particles”

What is (theoretical) evidence that you need to define all of space with properties rather than just stating where all particles are? I mean, does every single coordinate x, y, z have a meaning or ...
5
votes
3answers
839 views

Why are there 4 Dimensions and 4 Fundamental Forces?

Is it a coincidence that there are four fundamental forces and four spacetime dimensions ? Does a universe with three spacetime dimension contain four fundamental forces? Can magnetism be realized in ...
7
votes
4answers
831 views

Does the “Andromeda Paradox” (Rietdijk–Putnam-Penrose) imply a completely deterministic universe?

Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rietdijk–Putnam_argument Abstract of 1966 Rietdijk paper: A proof is given that there does not exist an event, that is not already in the past for ...
0
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1answer
199 views

Wormhole related experiments? [closed]

Are there any simple "experiments" that can be done in a high school science lab that could demonstrate some sort of basic principals of wormholes or spacetime? Or sort of proving how long something ...
3
votes
5answers
826 views

Can you use a wormhole to travel through space not time?

I want to know if you could theoretically travel from your house to work via a wormhole but stay in the present day...without changing time. Kind of like teleportation but harnessing the energy of a ...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

What does a closed time-like curve look like?

I want to see a plot of closed time-like curve in $(t,x)$. $t$ - vertical axis $x$ horizontal axis (the usual setting just neglect $y$ and $z$ components of $(t,x,y,z)$). What does it look like?
1
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2answers
262 views

How to concile flat spacetime and big bang?

After reading How do we resolve a flat spacetime and the cosmological principle? I still remain perplex. Please excuse my ignorance and try explaining to me : I thought that basically, when we ...
0
votes
2answers
572 views

Can the expansion space time reverse itself and contract the same way?

If there's a mechanism for space-time expanding faster than the speed of light, is there an example of It contracting in the same manner? If whatever mechanism is causing it to expand, can the ...
15
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3answers
664 views

Has the concept of non-integer $(n+m)$-dimensional spacetime ever been investigated by theoretical physicists?

The following image serves to aid the reader in understanding the "privileged character" of $3+1$-spacetime. The wikipedia article on spacetime, and the sub-article "The priveleged character of ...
8
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2answers
428 views

Some questions regarding $n+m$-dimensional spacetime [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Has the concept of non-integer $(n+m)$-dimensional spacetime ever been investigated by theoretical physicists? The following image: serves to aid the reader in ...