As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

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Clocks in moving inertial frames

A clock $C$ is at rest at the spatial origin of an inertial frame $S$. A second clock $C'$ is at rest at the spatial origin of an inertial frame $S'$ moving with constant speed $u$ relative to $S$. ...
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2answers
44 views

Is it possible to travel ONLY through Time and not Space?

The question is as stated above. I although think, the most probable answer is no, but I really want to know the reason to it. If, One can travel through only space by travelling at the speed of ...
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1answer
68 views

Is it possible to define time without light? [on hold]

IS time an illusion? I have tried thought experiment after TE and quite frankly I can't find any instance where time is not defined wholly on its own. It is always a measurement of the interim ...
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1answer
44 views

Time relativity / paradox [duplicate]

After watching the movie Interstellar, the theory of time relativity / paradox really mind-boggles me. If it is true that gravity controls everything even to the extent of time, then it might as well ...
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0answers
54 views

What field of physics studies space and time? [closed]

What field of physics studies space and time? How active is that field? Is there any research going on? I was always fascinated by time-travel and space-warp science fictions since I was a kid, ...
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0answers
93 views

What are the photon/electron consequences of matter in a gravitational time dilation?

So I saw Interstellar, and it got me thinking. I won't even mention all the plot holes, but I wanted to ask about a planet orbiting a black hole. I always thought you had to travel near the speed of ...
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1answer
40 views

Are we really sure that the whole universe is expanding?

Haven't we thought about the possibility of only a region of the universe is expanding? What about space is expanding in this region and space is compressed in another region, that satisfies the ...
3
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1answer
59 views

The actual space curvature

What is the curvature of our physical space, according to the latest experimental data? I've found it somewhat difficult to find a definitive answer to the question, because the spacetime curvature ...
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0answers
44 views

Can the Milky Way's halo be considered to be curved spacetime? [duplicate]

Scientists are beginning to understand dark matter fills 'empty' space. Dark matter which fills 'empty' space would be displaced by the matter. The Milky Way's halo would be the state of displacement ...
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2answers
66 views

Theory of relativity. Relative to what? [duplicate]

If I properly understand relativity, time ticks faster for an object sitting still than for an object passing by. So, in a universe with only two objects which have the same "age", object A is ...
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1answer
65 views

Exactly which components of special relativity are contained in Minkowski spacetime?

In other words, which components or concepts in special relativity are reflected in Minkowski spacetime? If I'm not mistaken, Lorentz covariance is one of these concepts, correct? I'm trying to ...
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59 views

Spacetime in Loop quantum gravity

In LQG, does spacetime consist of interconnected loops? Are those loops real? If spacetime does not consist of the aforementioned loops, what it consists of?
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1answer
51 views

How does a wormhole form? [duplicate]

I heard about wormholes. I know that they are paths that can be got by contracting spacetime. But, how does a wormhole form?
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4answers
222 views

How do we know dark matter isn't curved spacetime?

Could Dark Matter actually just be spacetime with curvature "leftovers" from the big bang or the inflationary epoch?
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3answers
101 views

Why would the curvature in space-time attract photons which have zero mass? [closed]

I know that we are surrounded by dark matter, does the dark matter affects space time ???and I know the reason for gravity according to explanations in general relativity. But all the explanation ...
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2answers
94 views

Does mass curve space?

Just to be sure, according to the theory of General Relativity, my understanding is that mass curves space-time. My question is, can mass also curve space?
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0answers
19 views

Is there any possibility that space fabric was always there, only matter and time got created through the big bang?

We can't say there was nothing before big bang, we need to difine nothingness. What if the force in the big bang created time in order of accelerating material. Accelerating material which caused due ...
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2answers
34 views

Space: a vacuous void or an entity?

I am a chemist and, until recently, a senior Research Manager with a major chemical company. Please excuse the potentially naive ramblings of an idiot in what follows, but I do not have the ...
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0answers
41 views

Space and time variant? But together invariant?

I admit I'm having difficulty with spacetime. I don't understand how unifying space and time, seemingly variant quantities, results in an invariant spacetime. All texts and references talk about using ...
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3answers
111 views

How can we justify dropping the absolute time hypothesis?

In some approaches to Special Relativity the theory is motivated talking about the Michelson-Morley experiment and how this relates to the postulate that the speed of light is the same in every ...
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2answers
30 views

Is there a friction or retarding force in creating spacetime?

As matter and energy expand with the big bang, they create spacetime (or so I've been told). Is there any evidence that this creation of spacetime has a retarding force on the expansion? If not, ...
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0answers
29 views

Does radar distance depend on the future of the observer in special relativity? [closed]

Radar time and distance which are defined as $\tau^\star = \frac{\tau^+ + \tau^-}{2}$ and $r^\star = \frac{c(\tau^+ - \tau^-)}{2}$, can be used in the context of general relativity to attribute time ...
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2answers
50 views

Expanding universe and speed of light [duplicate]

Galaxies are moving away from us proportional to the distance between us and them , but nothing can travel faster than light, so even the farmost galaxies should be travelling away from us along with ...
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3answers
182 views

Is a nuclear bomb in some sense a bullet travelling at the speed of light, but along time rather than along space?

Apologies if this is a silly or perhaps obvious question, but $E=mc^2$ just looks so much like classical kinetic energy (except for the factor of 2). So I'm thinking of the to-be-fissioned-away ...
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1answer
34 views

Relationship bewtween the principle of Galilean Relativity and absolute time

The principle of Galilean Relativity is: The laws of Mechanics are invariant in every inertial frame of reference. I say "laws of Mechanics" specifically because I'm referring to the principle ...
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2answers
71 views

Allowable spacetime deformations [closed]

What deformations are possible with spacetime? By 'deformation' I am referring to the kind of change in spacetime caused by the presence of a mass which deforms spacetime sufficiently to deflect ...
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0answers
40 views

Are reversible and irreversible processes frame dependent?

since it is all about time. If I have a look at an irreversible process from a frame where time runs really slow. is there a possibility of considering that process reversible from that frame?
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1answer
77 views

Does spacetime have symmetric curvature around an object? If yes, then why do planets revolve around the Sun in elliptical orbits?

Does spacetime have symmetric curvature around an object? If yes, then why do planets revolve around the Sun in elliptical (as opposed to circular) orbits?
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2answers
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Why are orbits around black holes stable?

Black hole theory involves space (or space-time), itself, being sucked into the black-hole, with the event horizon marking the point at which space/space-time is moving faster than the speed of light. ...
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2answers
76 views

Off-diagonal terms in metric for 4D space-time [closed]

Consider a delta between two events in 4D space-time written as a 4-vector, $x^\mu=(dt, dR)$. The time $dt$ is a scalar difference in time. The 3-vector $dR$ points some direction in space. One ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Can energy bend space? [duplicate]

I know mass bends the space around it and I also remember matter can be converted into energy and vice versa, so my question is: can energy interact with space in a similar fashion as matter does?
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6answers
3k views

Is it possible to watch the same distant star's supernova event twice?

Usually relativistic time dilation effects require something traveling near the speed of light. But the high speed requirement can be replaced with a high distance requirement instead. Traveling away ...
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2answers
48 views

Can I see stars in my light-cone that you can never see?

The light cone of our galaxy is a lot different to the light-cone of a galaxy 5 bly away. Our Hubble volumes are much different. Everyone is born in/at a different space/time. Can I see stars in my ...
11
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3answers
479 views

Space is expanding so what is time doing? [duplicate]

Space is expanding and as we know space and time are intrinsically linked to be now known as spacetime. What is happening to time during expansion? Is there more time, longer time or is the time part ...
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2answers
67 views

Can a point in empty space be motionless with respect to light?

Being that the speed of light is constant throughout the universe, can a point in empty space be motionless with respect to light?
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1answer
71 views

Is gravity instantaneous? [duplicate]

I want to know if (hypothetically) a star appears out of nowhere at a certain distance (say 20 light seconds) away from me, how long will it take for me to get the feel of it's gravity? Will I know it ...
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1answer
82 views

Physical interpretation of distances

Suppose we have a universe with only two distinguishable particles, neglecting gravitation. These particles start off next to each-other, ostensibly "touching" each-other and at rest. If it takes ...
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2answers
1k views

Can quaternion math be used to model spacetime?

Quaternions are commonly used to model 4 dimensional systems where the quaternion consists of a real 3 dimensional vector and an imaginary scalar. So on the surface Quaternions seem well suited to ...
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2answers
91 views

What spacelike, timelike and lightlike really mean?

Suppose we have two events $(x_1,y_1,z_1,t_1)$ and $(x_2,y_2,z_2,t_2)$, then we can define $$\Delta s^2 = -(c\Delta t)^2 + \Delta x^2 + \Delta y^2 + \Delta z^2$$ which is called the spacetime ...
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1answer
49 views

Infinite halving of a distance

If an object is, say, 100 cm. from a wall, and I move the object halfway to the wall and stop, then the distance is reduced to 50 cm. If I continually move the object by one half of the remaining ...
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2answers
59 views

Gravity and the Speed of Light

Let's assume that I am on an airplane that is at about 4,000 altitude and now let's also assume that I am standing on one of the wings with a light torch, if I point the light torch below to the ...
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3answers
65 views

Need of Fourth Time dimension

What is the need of 4th dimension in GR. Can we solve the problem without assuming 4th dimension. If we specify in three dimensional grid values of relative time in all the elements of grid, can we ...
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0answers
19 views

Higher dimension world possibility [duplicate]

Could it be possible that all of the unexplained phenomena (like uncertainty) in our 4D world might be originated from a higher dimension universe? If so, then of course we'll never observe the ...
2
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2answers
144 views

Is the universe 5 dimensional space-time or 4?

we've been told that in General Relativity (GR), matter tells space how to curve and space tells matter how to move. But my question is, if 3 dimensional space was curved by matter then it should be ...
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1answer
83 views

How can I use Einstein's field equations? [duplicate]

Every time I try to find the answer to this question I get redirected to different pages that ultimately do not end up answering my question. I have some understanding of Riemannian geometry but have ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible to stop time? [duplicate]

Assuming the spacetime principle, if the space is modified the time does too. So if the velocity in the space is increase, does the time slow down? What happens if the speed is the speed of light, ...
2
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2answers
88 views

Proper length in GR

What meaning/use is associated with the notion of proper length in general relativity? Do you know an example of any quantity that depends on it? I have so far found statements like "the length ...
8
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3answers
147 views

Why doesn't $ds^2 = 0$ imply two distinct points $p$ and $p'$ on a manifold are the same point?

Let's suppose I have a spacetime manifold $M$. Let $p$ be a point on my manifold. Now I move from $p$ to some other point $p'$. Presumably I should have moved some "distance" right? How can I speak of ...
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1answer
41 views

Quantum physics and constructable numbers [duplicate]

I do not know much about quantum physics. However, I do know it believes the world is discrete ( has quanta). This seems to contradicts the fact that we can create an object of length root 2 since you ...
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1answer
42 views

How can extra (non-curled up) dimensions be hidden from us?

Wikipedia says: If extra dimensions exist, they must be hidden from us by some physical mechanism. One well-studied possibility is that the extra dimensions may be "curled up" at such tiny ...