As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

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Are all galaxies we see really our Milky Way? Any possibility?

There is a possibility for our universe to be the surface volume of a (higher-dimensional) hyperspace. So if this possibility is true,then is there also a possibility that the other galaxies we see ...
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29 views

How does Einstein's gravity work? [duplicate]

I'm a chemistry student interested in physics. Hope the question doesn't sound funny. As opposed to Newton's gravity, which doesn't explain how gravity works, Einstein explained gravity as a result ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Why is space (almost) flat? Is it because masses are approximately homogeneously distributed? [duplicate]

The question I have is: Why is space (almost perfectly) flat in our neighbourhood? (I am disregarding the deviations due to the sun and the planets.) Is it correct to say that space is (almost) flat ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Is my diagram of spacetime curvature valid (relatively)?

I've been wracking my brain trying to understand what "curved spacetime" really is, and I think replacing one dimension with the time dimension then drawing the world-lines through time was the "aha!" ...
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90 views

What evidence is there of a universe older than 13.8 billion years

I've read an analogy that finding iron-rich galaxies just 900 years after the Big Bang is like finding an old man in a crib in a nursery. We just recently found a supermassive black hole 12 billion ...
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2answers
104 views

Can a sufficiently large black hole be singularity-free?

This came to me after reading that a black-hole that has the mass of the observable universe will also have an event horizon that covers the observable universe. Since the definition of a black hole ...
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1answer
46 views

Even the universe is infinite, it could keep expanding? [closed]

the study showed Cantor, that there are infinite types, the universe would be expanding as well as the possibility of Stephen Hawking. http://phys.org/news/2015-02-big-quantum-equation-universe.html
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30 views

How do we know the expansion of the universe is “of space” and not “in space” or “into space” or another less intuitive arrangement?

How do we know the expansion of the universe is "of space" and not "in space" or "into space" or another less intuitive arrangement? For example, what implicit and explicit assumptions underlie the ...
3
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3answers
125 views

Is it valid to apply Einstein's Relativity to scenarios involving expansion of space?

IIs it valid to apply Einstein's Relativity to scenarios involving expansion of space? For a practical example of this: Is it legitimate to speak of distant red-shift galaxies as experiencing time ...
6
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107 views

Does the existence of instantons imply non-trivial cohomology of spacetime?

Gauge theories are considered to live on $G$-principal bundles $P$ over the spacetime $\Sigma$. For convenience, the usual text often either compactify $\Sigma$ or assume it is already compact. An ...
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2answers
48 views

Why does the thought experiment of a photon bouncing of a mirror imply anything for other objects?

Okay, so I am reading a book, "The Elegant Universe" by Brian Greene, which talks about motion and its effect on time. Greene makes the point that time changes with motion by saying that if you have ...
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0answers
51 views

Problem in special relativity [closed]

Einstein discarded the notion of Newtonian relativistic mechanics and adapted the Minkowski to formulate the special theory of relativity. In his theory we can see that combined space and time to ...
1
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1answer
66 views

How can the universe by infinite when it has known start and finite time since? [duplicate]

Just watched the 'How Big is the Universe?' TV program and it indicated that the universe is believed to be infinite in size. They used an approach involving measuring the internal angles of ...
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1answer
59 views

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? [duplicate]

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? If we consider the BB to be the Beginning of of our universe, can we call this the Origin of all of the 3 ...
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4answers
151 views

What is Minkowski spacetime?

I was browsing through an article on spacetime when I caught the words Minkowski Spacetime. A Wikipedia search brought me an article too complex for me to totally understand. So what is Minkowski ...
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0answers
66 views

Questions about “geodesic path” and “arc length of a geodesic path” in the context of GTR and “Lorentzian manifolds”

I'd like to check my understanding of the notions "geodesic path" and "arc length of a geodesic path" in the context of GTR and "Lorentzian manifolds". Considering a set of "spacetime events", ...
0
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0answers
85 views

Is there a known reason for mass causing space to curve? [closed]

If not, which hypotheses/law, if any, could to explain it? I mean, is there a more fundamental hypothesis/law in the base of which the curving the space in presence of masses could be explained? (To ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Why is space 3 dimensional and could it be different? [duplicate]

Is there any particular physical law or property which caused space to be 3 dimensional, and is there theoretical possibility of having more or less dimensions in physical space?
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0answers
70 views

Do past and future exist? [closed]

Ok, first thing I want to say is that I'm a layman. No high school math background whatsoever, so I'd be greatful if you could provide an explanation without equations. Now I'm quite interested in ...
3
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0answers
80 views

Do clocks really measure time?

Each time I listen to this quote from The man from Earth, I'm absolutely intrigued: Dan: Time... you can't see it, you can hear it, you can't weigh it, you can't... measure it in a laboratory. It ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Why is spacetime not Riemannian?

I apologize if this is a naïve question. I'm a mathematician with, essentially, no upper-level physics knowledge. From the little I've read, it seems that spacetime is Lorentzian. Unfortunately, the ...
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0answers
24 views

About a *center of the universe* [duplicate]

I understand that the history of our universe began with an explosion - the Big Bang. Now, I saw a comment in some old post, that "the universe has no center". Is that true? If there was initially a ...
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1answer
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Can surrounding masses influence the speed of time (excluding the time dilation due to gravity)?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ev9zrt__lec @6:22-7:22 If you removed the middle and front spaceships, will the time of the last spaceship flow differently? As this is what it appears to suggest.
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1answer
46 views

How would an observer distinguish between space and time in a “Lineland” universe?

Note: "Lineland" here is borrowed from the Flatland novella. If you were placed as an observer inside a "Lineland" universe, i.e. a Minkowski spacetime that has one space dimension and one time ...
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2answers
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Is it better to define the observable universe as the universe?

This is somewhat triggered by this question: It's established that universal energy is not constant. But is the net change positive or negative? When I say entire universe, is that equivalent to ...
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25 views

Could the gravitional pull of all the travelling photons “relativistic mass” in our galaxy explain “dark matter”? [duplicate]

Does that make sense mathematically? If we could sum up all the photons in-transit in our galaxy and calculate the total gravitational pull, could it provide an alternate explanation instead of ...
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1answer
86 views

Could there be a time dilation of 2,000,000x between Earth and other parts of the universe?

Don't ask me why, but you may be able to guess why I would ask such a question. The question is, what kind of conditions would have to be present in a universe in order for billions of years pass in ...
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3answers
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How come some people are claiming that the Big Bang never happened?

A news story is going viral on social media networks claiming that two physicists have found a way to eliminate the Big Bang singularity, or in layman's terms (as claimed by many sensationalist news ...
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1answer
83 views

What is the role of the spacetime algebra?

For Minkowski space $M^4=\mathbb{R}^{1,3}$ the Clifford algebra $Cl_{1,3}$ (Dirac algebra) with $\{\gamma^\mu, \gamma^\nu \}=2 g^{\mu \nu}$ is sometimes called "spacetime algebra". What is its ...
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20 views

Measuring speed of an object relative to what? [duplicate]

I understand that everything in the universe is moving through spacetime and the spacetime vector is equal for all the objects. So if If something is moving at speed of light, the mass of it is zero ...
2
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4answers
465 views

Why do we theorize that the Big Bang created space? [duplicate]

I just asked this astronomy question about how far away the light is that would show us the beginning of time, the Big Bang. Some answers claim that the light I ask about doesn't exist, because "The ...
4
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2answers
172 views
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Is there an exact formal definition of the Universe?

I've read several articles about observable Universe, Universe and Hubble volume, including Wikipedia article and references on it, and I wondered: Is there a formal, rigorous definition in physics of ...
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84 views

Theories that predict the number of space-time dimensions

My impression in that most theories assume three spatial dimensions and one temporal dimension, though could in principle be formulated in others numbers of dimensions without inconsistencies. I know, ...
3
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2answers
71 views

The creation of time in the early universe

I have seen roger Penrose video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sM47acQ7pEQ. In it explains that time origins are related to the rise of mass in the early universe. In the video it relates mass from ...
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37 views

Does the curvature of spacetime by gravity affect homogeneity and isotropy of the space of the universe?

The FLRW metric starts with the assumption of homogeneity and isotropy of space.(Wikipedia) FLRW metrics of the universe have no or only very weak curvature - It is curved space. In contrast, ...
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171 views

Is a spinor in some sense connected to space?

Spinors transform under the representation of $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ which is the double cover of the Lorentz group $SO(1,3)$ - or in the non-relativistic case under $SU(2)$, the double cover of $SO(3)$. ...
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94 views

Gravity: Is there curved space besides curved spacetime?

Wikipedia: Curved spaces play an essential role in General Relativity where gravity is often visualized as curved space. Is the Wikipedia article "curved space" talking about curved space or ...
3
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2answers
85 views

Why isn't the Heisenberg uncertainty principle stated in terms of spacetime?

As I understand it, there are two "versions" of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle: Position-Momentum uncertainty \begin{equation} \sigma_x \sigma_p \geq \frac{\hbar}{2} \end{equation} where ...
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35 views

What does the phrase 'muons are brought to rest' mean?

I have a physics question in a text sheet. I am currently doing work on relativity where calculations of rest frames and laboratory frames are being completed. The formula: $t(\text{laboratory frame}) ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Can invisible galaxies exist? [duplicate]

Is it possible that there are newly formed galaxies which are moving so fast that we will can't see them, even though they exist "inside" our visible universe? I've been wondering if this could be a ...
2
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2answers
138 views

Why do things slow down when you move faster, rather than speed up?

I've been trying to get to grips with SpaceTime. As I understand it, we move at a set rate through spacetime. Any increase in our rate of travel through space results in a decrease in our rate of ...
2
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1answer
27 views

Is the term “Lagrangian density” specific to spacetime?

Wikipedia talks about Lagrangian densities here. But they never actually say whether they're just applying the concept to spacetime or that Lagrangian density is the analog for Lagrangians but for ...
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1answer
43 views

Is a black hole really a hole in space? [closed]

What if when a supernova occurs, instead of it condensing into a singularity it creates enough force to tear a hole into the fabric of space? Is a black hole just what is sounds like, a hole in space? ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Are we living in a Universe with 3 time dimensions and 1 spatial dimension? [duplicate]

If I said that we are living in a Universe with 3 time dimensions and 1 spatial dimension, would I be wrong? By that I mean if the spacetime interval was evaluated as ...
5
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2answers
126 views

Lorentz transformation paradox

I got to solve a simple exercise about special relativity when I kinda came to the conclusion it doesn't stroke with my intuition. The homework-problem The problem was about two people Sam and ...
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1answer
51 views

Space-Time and Entropic gravity [closed]

Gravity warps space-time, and Gravity can be thought of as Entropy. (Entropic gravity) So, as spacetime expands, how is space-time Entropy (or the inverse of gravity) effected? (If this is a noob ...
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44 views

With the new time cloak technology could it be possible to stop time for everything except one person

So I was just reading up on some new research on national geographic from the Cornell University scientists and it seems that they've managed to bend waves of light around something to hide it from ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Why isn't the center of the galaxy “younger” than the outer parts?

I understand that time is relative for all but as I understand it, time flows at a slower rate for objects that are either moving faster or objects that are near larger masses than for those that are ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Does the payload of an Alcubierre drive have to be on board during the preparation phase?

I was thinking about the practical aspect of using an Alcubierre drive, assuming one existed. I'm no expert, but my understanding is that, since the destination has to be in the forward light-cone of ...
1
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3answers
72 views

How strong must gravity be to stretch time?

I'm not sure if this is true or not but I heard that gravity has the ability to stretch time, and I was wandering if this is true. If so, how intense/powerful does the gravitational force have to be ...