As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-3
votes
1answer
91 views

Calculating speed in four dimensions

If you are moving at $c$ in 3D space and $c$ in time axis too, What would be your total speed? Edit: Since question has been voted to be closed, I shall make an Edit. In 4D world all objects move ...
4
votes
4answers
134 views

Is time an observable in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics?

Relativistic Quantum Mechanic is based, as far as I know, in the Dirac Equation. Now, the Schrödinger equation, in the abstract state space takes the form: $$i\hbar ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

The path that a light beam takes in empty space

First excuse me if this question is very simple for you but for me and for my friend is not. Recently we were discussing what path a light beam will follow in a box moving at a constant velocity in ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Trouble understanding spacetime and invariant interval

First, how is the invariant interval useful? How can it help us understand things around us in the universe? Second, I know that they changed time into space or better say SPACETIME in order to ...
-3
votes
0answers
27 views

What is at the centre of the universe? [duplicate]

If the big bang theory is correct then shouldn't there be an expanding mass at the centre of the universe. A black hole or something of that nature?
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Does an object creates gravitational waves when only accelerating in one direction?

I know from reading about the gravitational waves detected by Ligo, that when an object has angular acceleration, it produces gravitational waves. I'm wondering if an object creates gravitational ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Stretching of spacetime

If spacetime is being stretched because of dark energy and dark matter, than, wont the sinks of gravity be filled up? For example, you have a square sheet of fabric(spacetime) and four people are ...
4
votes
3answers
127 views

If an astronaut had stationed in International Space Station for the duration of mission, 17 years, would he be older?

Today the NASA International Space Station started the 100000 orbit after 17 years in the space. I just wonder if there were a team of astronauts which were in the Lab for all the duration of last 17 ...
-4
votes
0answers
38 views

Why cannot light go faster than 299792458m/s? [duplicate]

Is there any derivation behind this ? How was speed of light found?
-4
votes
0answers
52 views

Can wormholes transfer fire to a different place or time, when it is made stable? [closed]

Can a wormhole transfer fire? I have tried searching the answer but I couldn't find it. Mostly all wormholes collapse so quickly that not even light can make through it; but a wormhole can be made ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

The universe flat but how thick? [closed]

After reading about measurements of background radiation as evidence of a flat universe, I can not reconcile what is meant by 'flat', in both the observable and whole universe. Is it flat in all ...
-4
votes
0answers
42 views

Is matter shrinking rather than,or additionally to, the universe expanding? [duplicate]

If the universe came into existence in nothing, then shouldn't the spaces between the smallest elements of matter be filled with nothing? Then shouldn't the primarily attractive forces of the universe ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Will two entangled particles changing Synchronously while one is in a black hole and the other is not?

1.If you change the attribute of one entangled particle then the other one changes too and instantaneously. 2.The time will go slower in (or near to) a black hole compare to our normal place like on ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Could it be theorically posible “cut off” a piece of space-time? [closed]

I know I may not have an accurate idea of what are the properties of space-time, but here is the idea: By doing an analogy with moving from 2 to 3 dimensions, I have been wondering if in theory it ...
-4
votes
1answer
54 views

How energy would be consumed for bending spacetime?

If we could assume that relativity theory is correct about spacetime bending. Can we calculate energy used for moving 1 kg of object in 1 meter by changing the shape of spacetime (simulate gravity)? ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Spacetime surgery - why are there unglueable points?

In The time travel paradox by S. Krasnikov (2002), Deutsch-Politzer spacetime is constructed by making two cuts and rejoining the manifold by gluing opposite "banks" of the cuts... omitting the ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Why Newton's gravitational constant remains unchanged in relativity though gravity is not a force?

I know that Einstein described gravity as a curvature of spacetime. So, It is not a "force" but why Einstein had to accept Newton's gravitational force constant?
1
vote
0answers
27 views

A point on a disc travelling at the speed of light [duplicate]

This might be a duplicate of this. I had an interesting thought experiment: suppose that you have a disc of a 1 m radius, where a point P2 inside the disc travels at the speed of light. You have a ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Speed of gravitational waves and light

We all know that speed of gravitational waves (GW) and that of light in space are exactly the same (= $c$). We also know that space is medium for GW. Does that mean space is also the medium for ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Gravitational waves and it's interaction with matter

I have been reading an article on gravitational waves here. There, it is written that the gravitational wave, unlike the electromagnetic waves, interact very weakly with matter. The principle of LIGO ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

At a center of Gödel's universe

A few quick questions clarifying a picture about Gödel's universe, they bug me badly! Taken from here. So Gödel's universe is made out of dust particles. All of them have angular velocity. Do this ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Energy of a particle as measured by an observer at infinity

I'm wondering if it is possible to make a definition for the energy of a particle as measured by an observer at infinity. I've looked through Wald for this but wasn't able to find anything - I may be ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

About relativity [duplicate]

We know that the curvature of spacetime is gravity itself and it is not a force.so,why do we feel our weight in a curve spacetime but not in a straight(I mean not curve) space time like zero gravity ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Is It Possible to look at our own past if we find a giant reflecting galaxy as distant as needed for a telescope? [duplicate]

Can a telescope catch light reflected from object distant away so that we see our own planet hundreds/thousands/millions years ago. Another suggestion is that we send the giant mirror as far as needed ...
-5
votes
1answer
70 views

Could Dark energy and Dark matter just simply be a warping of spacetime? [closed]

Why do most theories about what Dark energy and Dark matter is make it so that these substances (or not) need to be some kind of undiscovered particle? Would it be possible for Dark energy to simply ...
4
votes
0answers
22 views

Gravitational lensing and cosmic strings

Say we have a straight cosmic string lying along the $z$-axis, with energy-momentum tensor $$T_{\mu\nu}=\mu\delta(x)\delta(y)\operatorname{diag}(1,0,0,-1)\tag{1}\label{1}$$ for some small positive ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Why does two masses with energy attract each other?

I have heard that every mass attract another mass with a force directly proportional to the multiplication of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of distance between them, but newton ...
-3
votes
2answers
69 views

Gravity and circular logic [closed]

My research into gravity indicates that warped spacetime, with time as the major influence, is gravity. It also indicates gravity causes time dilation. Why is this not a circular argument. It is ...
8
votes
3answers
648 views

Speed of gravitational waves vs speed of light

I own an educational YouTube channel on physics and astronomy. I am currently working on a gravitational waves video extension to my "How Fast Is It" video book on relativity theory. I have a question ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Space expanding within atoms [duplicate]

I'm hoping that "all questions are good questions." I'm a layman enthusiastically trying to comprehend cosmology and physics, and the more I learn the more questions I have. My understanding is that ...
-1
votes
0answers
49 views

How big is the universe from the point of view of light?

In the context of General Relativity, assuming an universe that is infinite in extent (which seems to be a popular idea nowadays) how big would the universe be from the point of view of light? Would ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

How to interpret Hermann Minkowski's comments on the construction of spacetime

What did Minkowski mean by his statement: "The views of space and time which I wish to lay before you have sprung from the soil of experimental physics, and therein lies their strength. They are ...
-4
votes
0answers
69 views

Does absolute motion exist?

Is it possible to determine if an object is in absolute motion by putting a (massless) accelerometer on it (from the moment it came into existence), and see if a flat line is recorded? An object is ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Can bending spacetime produce electromagnetic fields?

Let's say that we can somehow bent spacetime, can this produce electromagnetic fields? or EMF can only be emitted from charged particles of matter?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Does curved spacetime arise from inhomogeneity of gravitational field?

In general relativity textbooks such as Sean Carroll's Spacetime and Geometry, there is often a line of reasoning that goes like this: Strong equivalence principle states that free falling frames ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Is time a coordinate or a parameter in Newtonian mechanics?

In classical (Newtonian) mechanics we only ever seem to consider 3-dimensional space, with physical quantities being represented by 3-vectors. My understanding for this is because in classical ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Motivation for usage of 4-vectors in special relativity

I understand that if one considers a 4-dimensional space-time from the outset then 4-vectors are the natural quantities to consider (as opposed to 3-vectors as in Newtonian mechanics), since the ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Zeroth component of 4-momentum and relativistic energy-momentum relation

As I understand it one is forced to use 4-vectors since we require objects that transform as vectors under application of Lorentz transformations and 3-vectors do not (technically they do under ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Is most of what everything is made from in another dimension?

If there are eleven dimensions as M-Theory asserts would that mean that the majority of what we are made from exists in the seven other dimensions?
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Inertial coordinate systems [duplicate]

In Newtonian mechanics, by the following two assumptions: (i) The time is absolute. (ii) The length is absolute. it is easy find the relations betweem two coordinate systems with uniform motion ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Is this video's notion of general relativity correct? [duplicate]

In this video it explains the path of the apple in the general relativity version of gravity as being a straight line on a curved surface. Is this valid? Edit: this isn't a duplicate of the supposed ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What is quantum foam?

Can someone please explain me what quantum foam is? Is it the space-time fabric or just any other field? Also please explain this image
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How does Einstein's curved space time produce acceleration in a free falling object? [duplicate]

I never really thought much about all of this before so I'm definitely a newbie. Please excuse my ignorance. If I understand what I have read so far: if spacetime is curved time would click by at a ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

How to motivate the importance of the spacetime interval

The spacetime interval is a rather important thing in Special Relativity. It allows us to define the separation between any two events as spacelike, timelike or lightlike and more importantly, the ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Scale invariance

Physically why should scale invariance break down at the Planck limit? If not what are the other possibilities to save the quantum granularity of spacetime? I would really appreciate professional ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How are the frequency and wavelength of electromagnetic waves affected within an event horizon?

I apologize if this has been asked previously or if my thinking is way off base, but I am inexperienced with relativity (and this is my first question on the site). I am wondering; as one (not ...
6
votes
2answers
185 views

What manifold is spacetime?

In General Relativity, spacetime is a $4$-dimensional manifold with one Lorentzian metric tensor defined on it. In the Special Relativity case what manifold is spacetime is quite clear: it is ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

How is a result of no time variation in the gravitational constant $G$ related to a measurement of no local expansion?

In this answer @PhillS linked to the paper Progress in Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of Relativistic Gravity which has given me a great start. While its main focus is on the Equivalence Principle (EP) ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

What the live streaming of a time traveler will look like?

Consider a hypothetical situation: In which a time traveler travels in a spaceplane at close to speed of light circling the earth and I get a live telecast of inside of that plane to my television. ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Do December 2015 Fermilab Holometer experiment results suggest space-time not discretely emergent?

I read the December 2015 paper Search for Space-Time Correlations from the Planck Scale with the Fermilab Holometer available here and looked at the various related posts here at PSE. It seems to me ...