As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.

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The origin of the universe and its current movement

Our universe started with the big bang, which was not within our universe, since it didn't exist. Let's assume it was the result of a quantum fluctuation in time. I have 2 questions: The common ...
-3
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40 views

Twin paradox without gravity

Suppose we have 3 people Person1 was already born on a spaceship that travels in the speed of 0.5c toward person2 Person2 was born in a point in point in the space also in the exact time of person1 ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Is the age of the Universe relative to where you are within it? [duplicate]

The accepted age of the Universe is 13 billion years give or take. If you were a super space being and hypothetically had spent a large portion of this time sitting next to a black hole then your ...
0
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1answer
42 views

How can I send a message to myself in the past? [duplicate]

It is easy to send a message to myself in the future: I can put a letter in the post and will receive it tomorrow. Can you think about a way to send a message to myself in the past; it does not need ...
0
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1answer
27 views

What is the fate of a hyper-sphere universe?

This PBS video postulates a positively curved universe which is in the shape of something the narrator calls a "hypersphere". http://youtu.be/AwwIFcdUFrE?t=6m33s Such a universe would have no edge, ...
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29 views

Can orbiting a black hole 99.99% speed of light make other object with relatively fast clock travel faster than light, relative to me?

If i orbit a black hole, 99.9% speed of light, time for me is moving slowly, relative to me, planet earth is aging fast, and i have traveled 10 years into the future(relatively) in 1 second, suppose ...
2
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1answer
40 views

How to construct a space which is translation invariant but not rotation invariant

I am just confused by the following idea. Consider a 3-dimensional translation invariant space, we now have 3 translation generators. Then let us start with a point, the full 3-dimensional space ...
5
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2answers
85 views

What is “a general covariant formulation of newtonian mechanics”?

I am a little confused: I read that there are general covariant formulations of Newtonian mechanics (e.g. here). I always thought: 1) A theory is covariant with respect to a group of transformations ...
0
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0answers
76 views

What would a universe with 2 time dimensions be like? [duplicate]

In a universe with 2 dimensions of time, and 3 spatial dimensions, the equation for finding the change in time is: $\Delta T= \sqrt{(\Delta \alpha_1)^2+(\Delta \alpha_2)^2} \geq 0$ Where $T$ is the ...
6
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1answer
229 views

Emergence of space from quantum mechanics

Once talking to a visiting professor at my institute, I heard about some simple model that captures the emergence of space coordinates as the eigenvalues of some infinite-dimensional quantum ...
1
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1answer
82 views

How is Riemann tensor related to the curvature in the coordinates?

I came across statements such as "the acceleration observed in a weak gravitational field is mainly due to curvature in the time coordinate. " I want to know how we can explicitly find the curvature ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Homogenity and Isotropicity of space

In school it is given that law of conservation of momentum is a result of homogeneity of space and law of conservation of angular momentum is a result of isotropicity of space but what is isotropicity ...
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28 views

Behavior of an object in a region of uniform spacetime curvature

Let's say there is some spherical region of space. In this region, there is a large curvature of spacetime. This curvature is completely uniform throughout the region. I decide to stick some object ...
0
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1answer
64 views

How to prepare mental skills to understand relativity theory? [closed]

Upto the high- school, I had to admit and write-on-exam the strange, counter-intuitive statements of relativity theory; those I could not believe. Now, I'm not a physics or math-student, (and indeed ...
1
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2answers
66 views

In the classical inflation and big bang theory how can the universe grow to infinity?

Some astronomers make the conjecture that the universe is actually infinite in extent (which is a bad manner of expressing, I know). If so, how could it grow to this size in the classical theory of ...
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1answer
49 views

Can reality be explained in 2 dimensions? [closed]

First, I apologize if this question is too long or too incoherent to respond to on your website. Second, I am no mathematician or physicist, only a thinker. Third, what follows is all part of my ...
2
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1answer
202 views

Herbert Dingle's paradox modified

Suppose two spaceships A and B have on them clocks A and B move along the same straight line at uniform speeds differing by 161 miles per second. And suppose they are at positions A and B in space ...
1
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2answers
57 views

How does rotation of a mass affect the geometry of space? [closed]

I understand (or rather, I have been told, but do not understand) that a large mass can distort space by its rotation. While I am somewhat familiar with the concept of a mass distorting space and ...
0
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4answers
107 views

Does the $t = 0$ hypersurface of simultaneity constitutes the universal present?

Does the hypersurface of simultaneity in the diagram below represent the universal present moment? Source: Einstein for Everyone - Spacetime
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2answers
107 views

How does gravity truly work in the bend of spacetime?

If gravity is caused from the bend in space time from a large mass, why do all objects fall towards earths center and not strait down to below earth? Sorry i am not an expert in any fields just trying ...
1
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4answers
113 views

Why is acceleration of expansion of space unexplained?

I didn't know how to better phrase the question so here we go. It says that the farther we see from our galaxy the faster the other object seems to be going away (accelerating). My common sense ...
4
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2answers
62 views

Is the effect of mass density on the expansion of the universe linear?

The average expansion rate for large scales parsec and above measured is $\approx 73\,{\rm km}\,{\rm s}^{-1}\,{\rm Mpc}^{-1}$. This expansion is calculated for average densities of space volume across ...
2
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1answer
81 views

What is the latest science on closed timelike curves? [closed]

In Scientific American (Sept 2014), Lee Billings writes: Lloyd, though, readily admits the speculative nature of CTCs. “I have no idea which model is really right. Probably both of them are wrong,”...
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1answer
106 views

Does space itself fall into a black hole? [duplicate]

Long time ago I heard someone say that it is space itself that falls into a black hole. Yesterday I saw a little animation that suggested the same (although I´m not sure, because the person who put ...
4
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4answers
111 views

Conservation of Energy vs Expansion of Space

My question pertains to a possible inconsistency between the first law of thermodynamics and the general expansion of space itself. First, the knowns: Space itself has, and continues to expand - ...
3
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2answers
115 views

Is a spacetime of constant positive curvature just a 4-hypersphere?

In discussions of basic cosmological models, I don't see "spacetime of constant positive curvature" described more simply as a "4-hypersphere". What am I missing?
0
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0answers
38 views

A photon lives life as a flat-lander? [duplicate]

Think length contraction... I was thinking about going close to the speed of light the other day, and I was thinking about the idea that, if you went close to the speed of light, time would slow down ...
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2answers
191 views

Is it possible for the Higgs Field strength, to increase with time? [closed]

Magnetic fields are created when an electric current flows: the greater the current, the stronger the magnetic field. What influences could affect the Higgs Field? If the Higgs field grew in ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Does the rate of observable change within space-time change as time passes?

Mass seems to be one thing the effects the "relativeness of time". Assuming the big bang, if the universe had mass in one central location and the mass is moving away from a singular point it would ...
2
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1answer
87 views

If the universe has no center, how it can collapse?

After reading Does the universe have a center? and trying to find a place in my mind for "There exists no center", I asked myself: If there is no center, in what direction our universe will collapse, ...
2
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1answer
92 views

How much Gravity is required to stop time?

Clocks free of gravitational influence run faster than those experiencing gravity. Is it possible for gravitational influence to bring time to a stop? Additionally can acceleration affect clocks in ...
3
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3answers
139 views

Mathematical Formulation of Classical Spacetime

I have seen two formulations of Classical Mechanics: Newtonian spacetime (learned it from the lectures of Professor Frederic P. Schuller): Definition: A Newtonian spacetime is a quintuple $(M, \...
1
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1answer
71 views

Spacetime background of Quantum mechanics [closed]

Why is it said that the Schrodinger equation suggests a fixed, non-dynamical background spacetime, with time as an external parameter? How does this interpretation come about from the Schrodinger ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Conserved quantity in a spacetime with Killing vector

I am trying to prove that that the expression $Q=-\frac{1}{\kappa}\int_{S_\infty} \nabla^i \xi^k \mathrm{d}\sigma_{ik}$ is a conserved quantity for a spacetime with Killing vector $\xi^i$ where $S_\...
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1answer
49 views

How is the Earth moving in a elliptical orbit around the Sun? [duplicate]

If gravity is transmitted by a four-dimensional fabric of spacetime and the Sun creates a bend in it ,which causes planets to orbit it , shouldn't the planets move in a circular orbit around the Sun ...
2
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2answers
76 views

Do any two points in Minkowski spacetime determine a unique line?

Any two points in a Euclidean space determine a unique line, but I wasn't sure if this result generalized to Minkowski spacetime given that the latter is not a Euclidean 4-space, but is, instead, a ...
2
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2answers
83 views

What is the difference between time and space in general relativity?

I know that similar questions have been asked before, I will try to be specific. In special relativity time is the coordinate with minus sign in metric tensor. In general relativity the components of ...
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0answers
32 views

Where is the origin of cosmic expansion? [duplicate]

Perhaps, a rudimentary or dumb question, but nevertheless am curious. There is the idea that space is expanding at an exponential rate. From where? If everywhere, why doesn't this rapid creation of ...
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1answer
97 views

Calculating speed in four dimensions [closed]

If you are moving at $c$ in 3D space and $c$ in time axis too, What would be your total speed? Edit: Since question has been voted to be closed, I shall make an Edit. In 4D world all objects move ...
4
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4answers
170 views

Is time an observable in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics?

Relativistic Quantum Mechanic is based, as far as I know, in the Dirac Equation. Now, the Schrödinger equation, in the abstract state space takes the form: $$i\hbar \dfrac{d|\psi(t)\rangle}{dt}=H|\...
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0answers
83 views

The path that a light beam takes in empty space

First excuse me if this question is very simple for you but for me and for my friend is not. Recently we were discussing what path a light beam will follow in a box moving at a constant velocity in ...
1
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2answers
74 views

Trouble understanding spacetime and invariant interval

First, how is the invariant interval useful? How can it help us understand things around us in the universe? Second, I know that they changed time into space or better say SPACETIME in order to ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Does an object creates gravitational waves when only accelerating in one direction?

I know from reading about the gravitational waves detected by Ligo, that when an object has angular acceleration, it produces gravitational waves. I'm wondering if an object creates gravitational ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Stretching of spacetime

If spacetime is being stretched because of dark energy and dark matter, than, wont the sinks of gravity be filled up? For example, you have a square sheet of fabric(spacetime) and four people are ...
4
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3answers
198 views

If an astronaut had stationed in International Space Station for the duration of mission, 17 years, would he be older?

Today the NASA International Space Station started the 100000 orbit after 17 years in the space. I just wonder if there were a team of astronauts which were in the Lab for all the duration of last 17 ...
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0answers
44 views

Will two entangled particles changing Synchronously while one is in a black hole and the other is not?

1.If you change the attribute of one entangled particle then the other one changes too and instantaneously. 2.The time will go slower in (or near to) a black hole compare to our normal place like on ...