The near-vacuum extending between the planets and stars, containing small amounts of gas and dust. Also called outer space to refer to the physical universe beyond the Earth's atmosphere.

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2answers
55 views

How do we know singularities/black holes actually bend time?

Recently I read up on some articles about singularities / black holes, how they form and how they affect their surroundings. Just to clarify, I am no physicist and I found those articles on the ...
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1answer
361 views

Distinguishing mechanical systems from general dynamical systems

In the following let a "mechanical system" be a system of $n$ spatial objects moving in physical space. Consider you are given a function $q:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{M}^n$ with $\mathcal{M}$ a ...
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0answers
138 views

Traveling at speed of light - Seeing light [closed]

Assuming mankind was able to travel faster than the speed of light: Imagine someone floating in space with no object in front of himself, he is attached to a huge rocket with a fuel tank with a ...
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0answers
22 views

How does the Giant Impact Hypothesis resolve impulse for orbital insertion?

The Giant Impact Hypothesis describes that Earth's moon was formed from collision between a proto-Earth and another Mars-sized object. This collision ejected mass from the Earth into orbit, whereupon ...
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2answers
36 views

How strong is Earth's magnetic field in space?

I've been searching around Google and Youtube about the strength of Earth's magnetic field. By the help of wikipedia, I have found out that it's magnitude is 25 to 65 microtesla or 0.25 to 0.65 Gauss ...
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3answers
122 views

why isn't all space expanding? [duplicate]

Examining the metric tensor used to explain expansion, I see no reason why the expansion should not occur everywhere, i.e. between molecules, between the planets, between the stars in a galaxy, etc. ...
2
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3answers
163 views

Why do we not use the SI system for distance in space?

One of the closest stars to Sol is Alpha Centauri at 4.367 Ly according to wikipedia. Why do we not say that it is 41.343 Peta-meters rather? (4.367 Ly = 41.343 Pm) Why does Light-years or Parsecs ...
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0answers
9 views

Is the distorcion of the R3 space mesh made by matter a planification of a R4

I'm making a model of how matter distorts space and come to think that, may be the distorction of the R³ is a planificaticon (maybe a spacification) of R⁴, as much the poincaré disk is a planification ...
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1answer
138 views

At what altitude would the air be too thin to carry a sound wave?

A related question When does an aerobraking space craft create a sonic boom? has spawned a couple of answers, but so far no compelling answers. It is a common belief that in space there is no sound,...
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1answer
44 views

How to construct a space which is translation invariant but not rotation invariant

I am just confused by the following idea. Consider a 3-dimensional translation invariant space, we now have 3 translation generators. Then let us start with a point, the full 3-dimensional space ...
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1answer
60 views

Could vacuum chambers lighten the load for space bound technology?

Would cavities of near vacuums in the head (or in the 6 x 6 blocks surrounding the rocket [for reentry temperatures]) of a rocket make it lighter so it can be sent out easier?
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0answers
32 views

How do we measure curvature of space? [duplicate]

I know according to general relativity, space-time is curved near mass. But I have also read that at large distances space can be curved too, and that Gauss was the first one to measure it. My ...
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2answers
56 views

If two pieces of the same type of metal touch in space, will they bond and be permanently stuck together? [duplicate]

Yesterday I was watching discovery channel, on a program they said that 'if two pieces of the same type of metal touch in space, they will be permanently stuck to each other.' Is it true..? If yes... ...
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1answer
44 views

Space vacuum power

How strong is the vacuum in space? If possible in mph, or other easy to understand measurements...as someone else asked, "if you took a bottle of air into space and opened it, where would it go?" I'm ...
2
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1answer
33 views

What will happen if we establish a physical connection between ground and ionosphere?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionosphere The ionosphere is a shell of electrons and electrically charged atoms and molecules that surrounds the Earth, stretching from a height of about 50 km (31 mi) ...
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2answers
80 views

why cannot longitudinal waves travel through space (vacuum)

'The reason sound can't travel through a vacuum is that sound needs a medium (solid, liquid or gas with real vibrating molecules) and not because it is a longitudinal wave' How does this make sense as ...
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5answers
20k views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, where does it go?

It seems to me that space doesn't have any/much air, and if my bottle is full of air, when I open it, where does the air go?
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5answers
2k views

What would actually happen to a person jettisoned into space?

Alright, so we have all seen the movies where someone gets blasted out of the airlock on their starship, or their suit decompresses while on a space walk. The poor schmoe usually either decompresses ...
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1answer
69 views

What are the problems in the idea that a person would freeze to death in outer space?

It is said that the body would freeze to death, if left in outer space, which is true, since the temperature is around $3$K. But what are the flaws in this theory, in terms of thermodynamics (if we ...
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1answer
103 views

Can you see yourself in space? [closed]

Can one see them self in space if no near by star was in view? Is there enough star light to read once your eyes adjust?
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0answers
17 views

How could you slow down or change direction with photonic propulsion?

So you have a laser shooting at a sort of solar sail to transfer momentum in the forward direction but could you have an onboard laser and turn the laser around to hit another sail? How could you turn ...
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0answers
23 views

The force of a vacuum on a breached environment in space

Screenwriter and Physics newbie, not looking for hard numbers, but sort of a general idea of what the force of a breach in a sealed environment in space would be. In films in space, often the ship or ...
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1answer
37 views

Would a literal Air ship (boat) work?

If a set of very large airtight pontoons were made in the vacuum of space, would they float on top of the upper atmosphere? I thought about this while watching the last season of Mythbusters when they ...
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1answer
54 views

Will stars disappear from the sky when their particle horizon is outside the event horizon

Given that the universe is expanding at an accelerated rate, will there be a point where stars visible in the night sky will simply disappear from view when their particle horizon is outside the event ...
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0answers
45 views

Why does astronauts hair stick up, and not in other directions?

I understand that in microgravity it doesn't have to fall down, but why does it stick up, instead of each hair-strand going in a random direction?
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2answers
296 views

How does a particular galaxy's apparent recessional velocity CHANGE as the universe expands?

By this I mean will the light from distant galaxies continue to show red shift (i.e. if you look at light from a particular galaxy now and in 10000 years time, the spectra will have been shifted again)...
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3answers
2k views

Would a thinner atmosphere (such as high altitude) yield better solar panel energy generation?

I am curious. If you were to put a solar panel up in high altitude or on the surface of the moon, both of which have much less atmosphere to reflect/refract light, would that solar panel produce more ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Helmet to helmet in vacuum - can we talk?

Usual SciFi scene. In a spacesuit, in vacuum, with the comms out for some reason. They want to talk, so the butt helmets together so sound can pass through. Questions are: a) Would it really work in ...
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0answers
47 views

Questions regarding space

A difficulty I face is when I think of space. I haven't studied GR or SR yet, but I really want to know what it is. What is space? Is it just the empty place where things are in reality, or something ...
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0answers
30 views

When space containing an extended mass contracts, what delivers or absorbs energy?

As my understanding goes, general relativity and the many theories that have sprung from it allow for the contraction and expansion of space. When such expanding (or contracting) space contains a ...
2
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0answers
44 views

How to find out diameter of some crater on moon using meteorite size and velocity?

I am looking for a formula to find out the diameter of a crater using meteorite size and velocity.
2
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0answers
81 views

Should we consider space and time as separate entity?

In general relativity, we think of space and time in spacetime framework. As some people say, metric tensor sign difference, along with our inability to go backward in time suggests that space and ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Boiling Water in the Vacuum of Space [duplicate]

In space: When you depressurize ice with a temperature of -72 degrees Celsius would it turn into water? Is there a stable temperature range in which water stays liquid? Does the temperature ...
11
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1answer
2k views

How vacuous is intergalactic space?

You often hear intergalactic space is an example for a very good vacuum. But how vacuos is space between galaxy clusters and inside a huge void structure? Are there papers quoting a measurement/...
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7answers
6k views

Does anything exist in the intergalactic space?

I am a part time physics enthusiast and I seldom wonder about the intergalactic space. First, it is my perception that all(almost all) the objects in the universe are organized in the forms of ...
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1answer
149 views

Is space really empty? [duplicate]

This guy here says space is not empty.. It explains how space inside nucleus is Full of fields. Does it mean to say gluons are present everywhere, even outside nucleus? Consider a region without any ...
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0answers
26 views

What would happen if another big bang occurred at the centre of the current universe? [duplicate]

If another Big Bang occurred now, at the centre of our universe, what would happen? As the rate of expansion is increasing, the two "layers" (if there were any) would never meet, in which case, would ...
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0answers
22 views

Seeing ourselves in the past [duplicate]

If we can see billions of light years into space how do we know we're not looking at our galaxy in the past?
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0answers
38 views

Do relativistic frames imply different realities? [duplicate]

From Einstein's principle of relativity space-time and mass are relative to the frame from which they are being observed. Now would that mean a ball moving at the speed of light wrt to earth would ...
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0answers
32 views

Orbital period of a satellite in Kerbal Space Program

Let me start off by saying I am really bad at maths and physics, but lately I have been trying to calculate the orbital period of a satellite I have put in orbit around a planet called Kerbin in a ...
3
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3answers
95 views

Why would we freeze in space if there is no matter to conduct the heat away from us?

If a near perfect vacuum is assumed to be in space, how can heat leak around from our body for example? Although theoretically energy wishes to spread equally all around, it still needs a medium to ...
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0answers
49 views

Can a spheromak propagate in vacuum?

I recently learned about (and am now fascinated by) spheromaks. I am no expert on plasma physics, but as I understand they are analogous to propagating toroidal vortices (smoke rings), but with plasma ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Can the technology behind Particle accelerators can be used for space propulsion?

As I understand, the kinetic energy of the proton beam in a hadron collider is quite large. Can you build a space propulsion system that is based on accelerating a proton bean to relativistic speeds ...
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2answers
50 views

How is the temperature of a star related to gravity?

As far as I know the Sun gets its energy from the fusion reaction, where Hydrogen is converted into Helium. I was watching an episode of Cosmos: A spacetime odyssey. There Neil deGrasse Tyson said, ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Is near light speed travel possible? Likely?

I was contemplating the possibility of sending an interstellar probe that can produce results in a reasonable time frame. For such a mission to be realistic, the spacecraft would have to travel at ...
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2answers
245 views

Red Photon Blue Photon

Why in space red light travels farther and is more observed in dying stars before a star becomes a black hole? while on Earth in water and air the blue light travels the farthest. For example: a T....
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0answers
26 views

Simulating Debris Burn Up Upon Atmospheric Reentry

For work I need to model Debris (1 gram to no more than 1000 km) burn-up upon reentry. I can't seem to find much information regarding this. I feel like I am looking for the wrong terms or something. ...
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0answers
20 views

How to Calculate Pressure From Earth up to Space at Certain Height? [duplicate]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum#Measurements_relative_to_1_atm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pressure_measurement#Thermal_conductivity I wonder if there's a clear equation for this calculation. ...
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2answers
130 views

Why does a light wave fade as it travels through space?

It stands to reason: if it didn't, the entire sky would be covered with stars shining blindingly day and night. But what causes a light wave (or an electromagnetic wave) to fade if there are no ...
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1answer
31 views

Time dialation as observed on earth

Probably a silli q but, I wanted to know if someone has taken a wind up clock into space and observed time dialation? If all our observations are by electronic methods, we dont know if electrics/...