The near-vacuum extending between the planets and stars, containing small amounts of gas and dust. Also called outer space to refer to the physical universe beyond the Earth's atmosphere.

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Know altitude and speed of an object in orbit, with true anomaly

I'm quite stuck with this problem. I know that I have an object in orbit. I know the eccentricity of that orbit, as well as the semi-major axis of the orbit. Giving a true anomaly, how do I find ...
3
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0answers
100 views

Videos of changing the orientation of an astronaut in space

Kane, Headrick and Yatteau describe in their paper "Experimental investigation of an astronaut maneuvering scheme" possible maneuvers to change the orientation in space without external torque. Is ...
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5answers
478 views

what are dimensions?

First, discrete examples. In a computer screen I can specify any "2D" point with just one single number (pixel order starting count from first at upper left, and going on, left2right and up2down ...
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3answers
183 views

Temperature in space

Temperature is a measure of kinetic energy transferred to particles, henceforth, space being vacuum, temperature cannot be measured. But then, there is cosmic background radiation. It is the leftover ...
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5answers
640 views

Why is everything floating in space so cold?

Of course there is pretty hot stuff too. For example Suns. But isn't the vacuum of space the perfect containment for heat? And shouldn't the rare collision with particles even heat up an object that ...
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3answers
796 views

If the earth left the solar system for interstellar space. How long would it take for atmosphere to freeze

If the earth left the solar system for some reason. Assuming its moving at the same velocity it's currently exhibiting. How long would it take for the atmosphere to freeze. Would we get methane ...
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3answers
398 views

What is the relationship between the radius of a ring in a rotating space station and the strength of the artificial gravity generated?

Suppose engineers built a rotating space station similar to Space Station V from the film 2011: A Space Odyssey, but with multiple concentric rings where astronauts can live. ...
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3answers
930 views

How do spacecraft cameras work?

When I look at pictures taken by a modern spacecraft (like that one showing the surface of Titan: and taken by Cassini) I kinda understand how they might be produced. There might be some kind of ...
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3answers
129 views

New physics at high energies, cosmic rays, particle-detectors in space

New physics is expected at high energies and cosmic rays have high energies, so have there been or are there any plans to put particle detectors in space to study cosmic rays for new physics ?
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686 views

Spaceships travelling through space and debris

How can a spaceship travel through space if there is space debris flying around at very high speeds? Wouldn't even a small rock crack through the spaceship?
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2answers
1k views

In summer are the upper storey flats more hot or the lower storey flats?

I have often heard neighbours talking things like in a multi storied apartment, the upper flats are more hot in summer then lower flats (or vice versa?) and similarly for some comparison in winter? ...
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2answers
183 views

Curved space or curved spacetime?

As I understand it, you can have time + flat space = curved spacetime. So, when one is trying to emphasise that there is a curvature to the space, is it more technically correct to say curved space ...
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1answer
124 views

Is it possible to use a powder-based firearm in space?

A firearm relies upon some kind of explosive powder to drive the slug out of the barrel. My guess however is that in space (at GEO, or higher) a firearm would be unusable due to the extremes of ...
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3answers
523 views

Would a Helium powered balloon vehicle work on Mars?

Would a Helium powered balloon vehicle work on Mars? Things that might need to be answered: How much liquidHelium would you need to pack in order to fill a balloon with enough helium gas to travel ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the temperatures of objects in Low Earth Orbit (LEO)?

What is the temperature of objects in Low Earth Orbit? Consider LEO to be 600km to 800km.
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3answers
94 views

Would we be able to hear the sun if space were full of air? [duplicate]

I was wondering if the sun could be audible from earth in an air-filled space scenario. We can ignore all the other disastrous consequences! Thanks!
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1answer
105 views

Can a rotating-ring space-station design be applied to a rotating sphere?

Suppose engineers built a rotating space station similar to Space Station V from the film 2001: A Space Odyssey (circa 1968), but with a large sphere, instead of a ring? Could this be rotated or ...
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1answer
141 views

The range of light

It occurs to me that the empirical evidence shows that there is a point out in space where light stops coming from. Putting aside the expansion of the universe for a second, and focusing strictly on ...
2
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1answer
123 views

How do I convert tangential speed to angular speed in an elliptic orbit?

I am running an animation of a satellite in an elliptic orbit (defined by a parametric equation for $x$ and $y$ as a function of $t$) and want to make sure the spacecraft is traveling at the right ...
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1answer
252 views

What are the odds of 2012 DA14 hitting a satellite or the moon?

Asteroid 2012 DA14 will pass by close to Earth. Very close. So close, in fact, that it's inside the orbit of the moon and even inside the orbit of geostationary satellites, as shown by this ...
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2answers
172 views

Is there a map of the particles in outer space?

Since outer space is not quite a vacuum, and the distribution of various heavenly bodies is locally inhomogeneous, it seems reasonable to expect that the density and variety of particles ...
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2answers
335 views

Speed of light in a vacuum

I see many references to the speed of light in a vacuum implying that it is only truly a constant measurement in a vacuum. I can live with that, but what kind of vacuum? Are we still talking about ...
2
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1answer
687 views

Tiling hexagons on a sphere surface

In attemopt to understand basic principles of non-Euclidean geometry and its relation to physical space, I am reading General Relativity by Ben Crowell. On page 149 there is a discussion of hexagons ...
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1answer
174 views

Is time the rate at which one moves through space

I'll start out with the cliche attempt in a protective shield of my dignity. I am a young highschool kid just eager to learn and understand. If I'm way off or this is already a known idea, or maybe ...
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1answer
88 views

Is the environment around an asteroid harsher than in interplanetary space?

In the wikipedia article about NEAR Shoemaker it is mentioned that the craft stopped operating under these conditions: At 7 p.m. EST on February 28, 2001 the last data signals were received from ...
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2answers
92 views

Interstellar bodies

As a solar system evolves the planets interact, and in trying to achieve a harmonious state some bodies are ejected. Space is big, but I have heard that some meteorites have been found with anomalous ...
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1answer
361 views

Steady State Temperature of an Object Orbiting the Earth

This may be irrelevant or stupid to ask but I couldn't come up with a good answer. At least, we could not agree on with my friend the other day. I would like an estimate of the temperature of a human ...
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1answer
275 views

Heat reflection on distant planets

I was watching a documentary last night on the first planet discovered outside our solar system. The first one apparently is a giant gas planet that orbits very close to its sun over a very fast ...
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1answer
300 views

Distinguishing mechanical systems from general dynamical systems

[Remark: I admit that my first attempt on What makes a space a real space? was rather ill-posed and led to some confusion. Sorry for that, but please give me a second try. Part of the confusion arose ...
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1answer
131 views

Is matter a continuous part of the field of space-time? [duplicate]

I recently found this quote by Einstein (in On the Generalized Theory of Gravitation, 1950), and it seems to me like he is saying that matter is a part of the field of space-time, and is nothing more ...
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1answer
46 views

How far from a spacecraft would it's exhaust cool to BR temperatures?

Just a thought that came to mind ... The rockets on interplanetary scouts fire to impart motive/braking force to the craft. This force, I understand, is simply a reaction engine - the exhaust ...
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1answer
450 views

Does the metal foam “whiffleball” orbital reentry idea make any sense?

Planetary Resources is a company speaking publicly about mining near Earth asteroids for resources. I'm interested the physicality of a claim they make in a video here: ...
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1answer
98 views

Macroscopic quantum gravity phenomena

A theory of quantum gravity is said to be needed when quantum and gravitational effects are strong at the same time i.e. at black hole singularities and at the big bang. This also makes it difficult ...
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1answer
325 views

Calculating spacecraft water leak flow rate

A large container of heated water is floating in space. How can I calculate leak rate if a small puncture is opened? I'm assuming the water is kept at 298K and in the liquid state inside the chamber. ...
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1answer
38 views

How to measure the effects of the rotation around the Sun?

It is well know that we can measure the spinning of the Earth with a Foucault pendulum. But, is there a similar experiment for the rotation of the Earth around the Sun? I would like to know if we ...
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73 views

Current state of the existence of absolute space debate [closed]

Samir Okasha writes about the controversy concerning the existence of absolute space in Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction (2002): One of the intriguing things about the ...
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0answers
63 views

What is the voltage difference between the Moon and the Earth?

The Moon and Earth are approximately spherical conductive balls and the Earth has a self-capacitance of around 710uF. Is there ever a significant potential difference in the Earth-Moon system? Is ...
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0answers
109 views

Laser divergence/convergence over large distance

I have hit a roadblock in my simulation, where there are 2 authors with contradicting equations on the model. So I have simulated both, and drew it out for a few diameters. My dish size is 40m. I am ...
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0answers
58 views

Dirichlet's work on gravity in non-Euclidean space?

In the book The Norton History of Astronomy and Cosmology by the late John North I have found the following statement (page 514): "The German mathematician Lejeune Dirichlet studied the law of ...
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0answers
308 views

What is the name of the physical space enveloping all universes? [closed]

Please excuse my question, as i don't come from a physics background, but i was really wondering. Assuming we are in one of numerous universes which all have physical dimensions: What is the name of ...
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6answers
5k views

Does vacuum (empty space) exist? [closed]

Added: 5 times down vote for now! Down voter is this religion or physics, please try to explain your decision. I'm confused about this. In physics we know for a vacuum, but I think that there is a ...
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5answers
815 views

Is there perfect vacuum 10000 billion lightyears away?

Is there perfect vacuum about some 10,000 billion light years away? With perfect vacuum, I mean that there are no particles, not even virtual photons! I had this idea by assuming that all particle ...
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4answers
535 views

Why Can We See Stars In The Sky

Why is it when we look up into the night sky we can see stars. but when you see pictures taken from the ISS you don't see any stars. Why is this?
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2answers
233 views

Will a rotating object traveling along a linear path continue to rotate forever in space?

Suppose engineers built a cylinder-shaped space ship which rotates to create artificial gravity: ...
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2answers
88 views

On constancy of cometary orbits

how are the comets able to keep to a nearly fixed orbital period, though they lose a certain amount of mass during their perihelion?
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5answers
657 views

Nothing vs. empty space

This question quotes Hawking saying: [...] you enter a world where conjuring something out of nothing is possible (at least, for a short while). That's because at this scale particles, such as ...
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2answers
172 views

Get into orbit from the Redbull jump position to a satellite position by using a cord/rope?

Its difficult to put this into the title. I was watching the Redbull Jump and noticed that the height of this is at 39 kilometres (24 mi) the atmosphere pressure is at I believe about 0.4% of that at ...
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2answers
521 views

what about there is no time, only space [closed]

what about a theory where no time exists, only discrete space, steady states and occasion chains. what would speak against this? ;-)
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3answers
180 views

If there's no atmosphere in space shielding from particles, why is not dangerous for spaceships/humans?

Some time ago I was thinking about this. We know that space is almost matter-free, and also is plenty of particles and objects orbiting around all planets and sattellites. If objects orbit around ...
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1answer
996 views

Star visibility in outer space even during the day?

Say I am in a space shuttle and have reached outer space. Is it true that during the day it possible to see stars outside through the window? Do I have to wait until night? Why is this the case?