Space expansion is a cosmological phenomenon wherein the proper distance between two spatial points for a given inertial reference frame increases from one moment of time to another. That is, space itself expands; the added distance is not due to relative motion of points or objects.

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Equation for Hubble Value as a function of time

I am trying to write the equation for the situation where the Hubble parameter $H$ would be changing over time. In other words, it would represent an accelerated expansion of the Universe. That is, ...
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Inflation of universe and Information stored therein

In an inflationary model of our universe, the space-time expands within a finite boundary. Some other models are also proposed where the universe is not explained to have been expanding rather the ...
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Will a space traveller slow down due to space expansion?

Photons of relic radiation loose their energy as they propagate through space. Will a space traveler loose their peculiar velocity as he travels through vast distances? Will he stop somewhere or still ...
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If the universe can expand at a speed faster than that of light, why don't we feel the effect? [closed]

the universe, as I have read, is capable of inflating at a speed faster than that of light! How is that even possible if we don't feel the effect? or does it affect us?
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141 views

Metric expansion of space - past, present and future

Scientists say that out universe is expanding faster and faster. This was detected via the red-shift effect. Farther galaxies are moving from us faster than those that are more closely. But how can ...
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Is there a center of the Universe if the Universe is finite?

Ok, let me make myself clear. I saw all the other questions related to the question, but none of them actually asks the question the way I would put it and therefore no one answers it the way I want ...
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Does the radius of the Universe correspond to its total entropy?

I heard a claim that due to holographic principle, the surface area of the cosmic horizon corresponds to the universe's total entropy. As such the initial state had zero surface area and later ...
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4answers
323 views

The universe is expanding but why the galaxies have no motion?

It is said that the universe is expanding and the galaxies are moving apart. I understand that the space between every two galaxies is increasing. Doesn't this seem to imply that the galaxies will ...
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392 views

Metric Expansion Of Space

I just do not understand this concept of metric expansion of space. Shouldn't the galaxies move away from each other. How can the space between them expand if the galaxies are not moving away from ...
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How is it possible the universe expanded faster than the speed of light during inflation?

In a documentary written in collaboration with Stephen Hawking, the narrator (supposedly Stephen Hawkings) says that by the time the cosmos was 10 minutes old, it had already expanded thousands of ...
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Cosmological and gravitational redshift in physics

I am interested in knowing what are the differences between gravitational and cosmological redshifts?
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As the universe ages, will we see more stars or less?

After a very long time will we see more stars (due to the fact that more light is get to us) or less stars (as the universe expends and light have to pass larger distance)? In general, can stellar ...
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Are high redshift masses corrected for relativistic mass dilation? They would appear more massive right?

A distant quasar would be less massive in its frame of reference than our observations would suggest. Are such highly red-shifted objects corrected for relativistic mass dilation?
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Goodwins “proof” and space time

I read about Goodwin's "proof" that $\pi = 3.20$, it's BS and I know that. What I am wondering is whether his technique may have stumbled on something ( a warped space) years before Einstein. So I ...
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Will entropy continue to increase even if the universe begins to contract?

If the universe is heading for a big crunch, when the universe starts to collapse will entropy decrease and the arrow of time consequently reverse or not? I'm interested in the explanations, not just ...
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1answer
1k views

Does time expand with space? (or contract)

Einstein's big revelation was that time and space are inseparable components of the same fabric. Physical observation tells us that distant galaxies are moving away from us at an accelerated rate, and ...
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122 views

Will the Hubble parameter reach zero asymptotically in the far future?

In the current accelerated expansion universe model will the Hubble parameter $H$ reach zero asymptotically in the far future?
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87 views

What's the timescale until the Medium Crunch?

The future of the universe seems to be: clusters of galaxies drift apart due to space expansion until they all pass out of each other's cosmic event horizon. Gravitationally bound clusters overcome ...
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Does space expansion imply light will *never* reach objects currently distant enough?

Let's say two objects are at about twice the Hubble Distance from each other. One of them emits light towards the other. When light emitted from one reaches the Hubble Distance from its origin ...
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1answer
172 views

Quantum fluctuations and expanding universe

As far as I understand, Hawking radiation is formed at the edge of a black hole, when a particle/anti particle pair is formed and one of the particles falls into the black hole before the particles ...
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598 views

What limits range of gravitational attraction concerning space expansion?

Wikipedia says: Metric expansion is a key feature of Big Bang cosmology and is modeled mathematically with the FLRW metric. This model is valid in the present era only on large scales (roughly ...
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Variance in speed of light

While discussing this question (Does light have an unending journey?) I stumbled on the fact that light's speed is constant only in inertial frame. What I happened to do was add up the expansion of ...
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How distant is the origin of oldest space radiation reaching us?

A comment to my question straightens out a misconception. That places the furthest theoretically observable edge of universe at 13.798 bln light years away - this is how long light would take to ...
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Is the 74.2km/sec per megaparsec accidental? [duplicate]

The rate of expansion of the universe is 74.2km/sec per megaparsec The age of the universe is 13.798 bln years That places the furthest theoretically observable edge of universe at 13.798 bln light ...
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44 views

Calculate age of the Universe at 7 billion and 28 billion years old [duplicate]

If $1 / H_0 $ is about 14 billion years, then what happened when the universe was half its current age? Is the empirically determined $H_0$ supposed to have been twice its current value? And when ...
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366 views

Expansion of the Universe: Conversion of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy?

Suppose there is an object floating in space which over time begins to fall toward the source of a gravitational field. As it falls, its motion happens to be such that it gets locked in orbit around ...
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197 views

Big Bang, What is wrong with such thinking? [closed]

Also if I think the Expanding of Universe like this: At the Start : The Amount of Matter and Anti-Matter is equal and they annihilate and all we had is Large Amount of energy. But some 'X' Thing, ...
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Is “A Brief History of Time” still up to date?

I have recently found my copy of Hawkings' A Brief History of Time which I have never finished. This time I'm determined to read it all the way through. However, the book is now almost 25 years old. ...
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Red Shift and Light Speed

I read several questions/answers about red shift on this web site, but there is something I still don't understand. Why is red-shift considered to be the effect of expanding space-time, why it could ...
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130 views

How does pressure relate to cosmological expansion?

In my cosmology class, we've been talking about pressure in the Friedmann Equation for acceleration: $$ \frac{\ddot{a}}{a}=-\frac{4 \pi G}{3} \left(\rho+\frac{3p}{c^2} \right) $$ In particular, I've ...
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156 views

Does the black hole only increase?

I don't understand this: The more mass a Black Hole has, the more gravity it create! The more gravity it has, the more mass it can get! With this lines, someday, all the universe will be a black ...
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3answers
163 views

What happened to high temperatures in the universe?

We know that after the big bang the temperature was about 10^32 K. But now the average temperature of the universe is about 4 K. What happened to the temperature at that time? Where did it go?
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2answers
198 views

What is the universe expanding into? [duplicate]

Due to curiosity, it made me wonder what is outside of the universe, is it a new chemical or just empty space? But empty space have protons appearing and disappearing in it, it basically still has ...
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2answers
103 views

The speed of light through space and its effects on black holes

I was curious about a couple of things that don't quite make sense to me: (and probably won't when I get the technical answer, but I'll ask it anywise.) When light travels through space, is its ...
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284 views

What are the relativistic effects of expanding spacetime?

This is a question I've been mulling over for a while and I'm hoping someone here can point me in the right direction. Sorry if it's a bit of a novice question. For the record, I don't fully know GR, ...
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248 views

How fast is a true vacuum bubble going to expand?

If a true vacuum bubble will occur in our universe, how fast is it going to expand?
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159 views

Cosmic event horizon

I had a question regarding cosmic event horizon. Let's say that a far away solar system has just crossed the cosmic event horizon due to the expansion of the universe. In that solar system let us ...
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131 views

Why does a doppler red shift prove expansion?

My question boils down to this. If the Universe was contracting the stars closer to the center would move faster to the middle than stars that were further away from the center. That would also ...
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Scale factor and age of the universe

Why is the cosmological scale factor (expansion rate of the universe) not simply the time $t$, i.e. the age of the universe?
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Fulvio Melia's linear Universe

I would be interested in what people think of Fulvio Melia's argument for a linearly expanding Universe. I realize that the experimental evidence seems to be pointing to an accelerating Universe ...
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131 views

Red shift and the expanding universe

Given that the universe is expanding because space itself is expanding, is that expansion occuring in all places and on all scales? Consider a photon emitted from a source billions of years ago. As it ...
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2answers
197 views

Space expanding, or light slowing down? [duplicate]

This question seems a lot like one of those "Phylosoraptor" memes all over the Internet, and it might be very silly, but I've been thinking about this for a while. Is it possible that space is not ...
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What does string theory say about the metric expansion?

Specifically, what happens to those small intertwined hidden dimensions? Do those expand too?
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What would be the effect on gravity if space expanded at > $c$?

If space were to expand at > $c$ (as in inflation) would that mean gravity would no longer have any effect on the curvature of space, since gravity can only propagate at $c$?
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The Faint young Sun paradox: an alternative solution?

The faint young Sun paradox describes the contradiction between the fact that there must have been liquid water 3.5 billion years ago for life to have begun then and the fact that the Sun's power ...
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Additional merits to Wetterich's “Universe without expansion” compared to standard cosmological redshift interpretation?

A recent news item in Nature promotes Wetterich's preprint "A Universe without expansion". All sounds very exciting but hard to judge for non-experts. As I understand from the Nature's article, the ...
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Evidence that the Solar System is expanding like the Universe? [duplicate]

I've just come across Krasinsky and Brumberg's paper that claims, from an analysis of radiometric measurements, that the astronomical unit (earth-sun distance) is increasing at the rate: ...
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689 views

What does a point in space mean? What we humans think a point in space is in scientific term? (a broader picture)

I am a first year and general student. I Am just curious about the vacuum or space. I just don't get what actually space is. Well, I know our scientists are still working on it but still I just want ...
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339 views

What exactly is expanding when they say universe is expanding? [duplicate]

We know that universe is expanding and galaxies are moving away from each other. Does this mean the galaxies are also expanding in itself and therefore I guess growing larger in volume? Depending on ...
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Are we travelling at a speed close to the light speed? [duplicate]

This is a question which has been puzzling me quite a while. There was a news report saying that the farthest galaxy spotted so far is at 13.3 billion light-years away, and it is said that the galaxy ...