Tagged Questions

Space expansion is a cosmological phenomenon wherein the proper distance between two spatial points for a given inertial reference frame increases from one moment of time to another. That is, space itself expands; the added distance is not due to relative motion of points or objects.

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358 views

Light coming from distant galaxies

Some of the distant galaxies appear to be receding from us faster than the speed of light due to stretch of the space between us and those galaxies. By an analogy with the ant on a rope paradox, the ...
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5answers
396 views

Space Expansion vs. Relative Motion

Inspired by a recent dialogue from another question: Given 2 objects moving at some velocity $v$ relative to one another, is it possible to determine whether they are moving or whether the space ...
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1answer
905 views

Does the large red shift value of galaxies mean they are far away?

When the red shifts of galaxies are large, why do we think that they are far away? I know about Hubble's law, Tully-Fisher relation of spiral galaxies, Faber-Jackson relation of elliptical ...
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4answers
959 views

As the universe expands, why do some things stretch but not others?

I got into watching a video on Olbers' Paradox a few days ago, and from there read about the origins of the universe, its expansion, and so on... it's always fascinated me, but now something about it ...
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2answers
136 views

Cosmological constant of standard model of cosmology and observational data

I am curious whether the current Lambda-CDM model of cosmology matches well with observational data, especially expansion of the universe. How well does Lambda-CDM defend its established status from ...
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2answers
985 views

How is dark energy consistent with conservation of mass and energy?

I initially thought that dark energy must in some way violate conservation of mass and energy since the component of the energy density of space that comes from dark energy is constant, and space is ...
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0answers
33 views

Expansion of space [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: spacetime expansion and universe expansion? So I've heard that space is expanding very quickly and that the redshift we see when we look at other galaxies is evidence of ...
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1answer
237 views

The expansion of space time (EST)..and the one directional flow of time?

Time flows one way...cause creates effect. Could the expansion of the universe also cause an expansion of space time in a similar fashion?...and if so, would this phenomenon explain the one way ...
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6answers
1k views

Does gravity slow the expansion of the universe?

Does gravity slow the expansion of the universe? I read through the thread http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=322633 and I have the same question. I know that the universe is not being ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Does cosmic expansion imply the possibility of the universe splitting in half; multiple big-crunches?

There is an event horizon where cosmic expansion leads to superluminal recession speeds for sufficiently distant objects -- the Hubble Volume. 1) Does matter beyond the event horizon affect us ...
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2answers
369 views

Will acceleration rate of expansion of space become faster than speed of light?

From watching cosmology lectures, it seems that the space between galaxies is expanding at an accelerating rate, my question is since it is the space that is (acceleratingly expanding), the special ...
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0answers
25 views

Expansion of Universe [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why space expansion affects matter? If the Expansion is prevalent, i.e. it is observable and true then shouldn't that result in the expansion of the Milky Way galaxy, ...
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3answers
514 views

Can the big bang be “light turning into space” at the edge of the universe? [closed]

The theory I've recently come to postulates that: The volume of space filling the universe is finite and is constantly growing, thus the boundaries of the universe are constantly expanding. The ...
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1answer
497 views

spacetime expansion and universe expansion?

First of all, does the expansion of spacetime solely cause the expansion of universe? Secondly, if spacetime is the sole cause, do objects(matter with mass) themselves expand? Thirdly, by spacetime ...
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1answer
252 views

Is the FRW metric describing the shape of the universe or the shape of the expansion applied to the universe?

Is it (the output, i.e, spherical, flat, hyperbolic) describing the physical shape of the universe and its curvature at any given instance of time or is it describing the shape of the expansion ...
3
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1answer
310 views

Curvature, Omega, the Flatness problem, and the evolving shape of the universe

I'm a little confused by this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flatness_problem Which seems to imply the universe is more curved now than it was soon after the Big Bang. Look at the graph on the right ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Hubble time, the age of the Universe and expansion rate

The Hubble time is about 14 billion years. The estimated current age of the Universe is about 13.7 billion years. Is the reason these two time are so close (a) a coincidence, or (b) a reflection that ...
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2answers
130 views

How to test whether galaxies are moving away from each other in a static background or whether space is being created beween them?

Observations show that galaxies are moving away from one another on the macroscopic scale. Now, scientists interpret this by saying this happens not because galaxies are really moving away from each ...
2
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1answer
533 views

Superluminal expansion of the early universe how is this possible?

Is this a postulate? I get the expansion of the universe, the addition of discrete bits of space time between me and a distant galaxy, until very distant parts of the universe are moving relative to ...
2
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1answer
425 views

How is the expansion of space itself explained in LQG?

To explain the expansion of space I have often heard people saying that space is continuously created. This picture is usually applied to cosmological scales but I`m nevertheless curious if some ...
2
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1answer
325 views

how many times have the first photons lapped the universe?

I'm not really interested in the actual number of times, but rather an explanation of a closed Universe. How do we still measure the background radiation of the Big Bang? Those electromagnetic waves ...
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2answers
1k views

Elasticity of Space; How does the expansion of Space affect gravity?

Does space have an elastic quality? What I was thinking about was if space is expanding, is it being 'stretched', like a balloon being blown up, and if so, is this causing gravity to weaken? Imagine ...
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1answer
150 views

The range of light

It occurs to me that the empirical evidence shows that there is a point out in space where light stops coming from. Putting aside the expansion of the universe for a second, and focusing strictly on ...
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2answers
2k views

Value of the Hubble parameter over time

There is something I don't understand about the Hubble parameter $H$, as it seems to clump two concepts together that I can't quite unify in my head. On the one side, we have $$V = D H$$ which means ...
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3answers
213 views

Universe is expanding at enormous speed

I'm not an expert but I've come to understand that the universe is expanding at enormous speed. That means that all of the visible galaxies are moving away from us at great speed. I also came to ...
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2answers
131 views

Space expansion effect on wavelengths across two points in space

Is the expansion of space taken into consideration when calculating light or any (Radio to Gamma) wave length distance and speed? I know C is a constant, but my concern is if "space expansion" is ...
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3answers
287 views

Reformulated: Universe expansion or collapse

I reformulate the question a little bit because I feel that I was misunderstood. There are cosmic observations that tell us the universe seems to expand. It also seems to expand always faster ...
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3answers
340 views

How long does it take for expanding space to double in size

I have been reading about Hubble's constant and trying to make 'sense' of the theory of the expanding Universe. Is is possible that space in the universe expands uniformly? If so, absent of other ...
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1answer
232 views

Is the number of wavelengths of light spanning a distance invariant with respect to spacetime distortion?

I was recently asked by a friend how the expansion of spacetime affects photons. I gave him what I feel is a satisfactory general response, but it got me wondering how, exactly to calculate this ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Cosmic bubble collision

I'm reading this review right now. The claim seems to be that when you have an expanding "false vacuum", finite size bubbles form due to phase transition (cause by finite action instantons) (which, in ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the extent of the universe?

Is there any realistic, understandable, provable (even in some extent) explanation/model for the extent of the universe? What is its shape? and Why? I mean physical explanations not philosophical ...
2
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1answer
246 views

Since the universe is expanding, does anything ever occupy the same point in space?

Let's say we can observe expansion in a supercluster. We define origin of our frame of reference at the center of the supercluster. We observe an object/atom at point A at time T. The object is ...
8
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4answers
869 views

At what speed does our universe expand?

Conceivably it expands with the speed of light. I do not know, but curious, if there is an answer. At what velocity, does our universe expand?
2
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1answer
172 views

Virtual particle production in space-time.

Are virtual particles created within existing space-time, or do they create new space-time for them to occupy?
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3answers
1k views

How can a quasar be 29 billion light-years away from Earth if Big Bang happened only 13.8 billion years ago? [duplicate]

I was reading through the Wikipedia article on Quasars and came across the fact that the most distant Quasar is 29 Billion Light years. This is what the article exactly says The highest redshift ...
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2answers
343 views

Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and its relation to Inertial Frames

We know that the CMB is isotropic when viewed outside of the spinning and revolving earth. Is it homogeneous? Can we relate the CMB to an inertial frame in the Newtonian sense (in which space and ...
2
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0answers
264 views

composition of space expansion and movement as a gauge invariance

suppose i have a space-time where we have one point-like object* which we will call movement space probe or $\mathbf{M}_{A}$ for short, and it will be moving with constant velocity $V^A_{\mu}$ in ...
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2answers
193 views

Is there a consensus on the fate of our universe?

We all know that our universe is inflating from what is known as the Big Bang. However, will our universe continue to inflate at the current rate? Or after reaching a maximum size, will it collapse in ...
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7answers
5k views

Why is the observable universe so big?

The observable universe is approximately 13.7 billion years old. But yet it is 80 billion light years across. Isn't this a contradiction?
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3answers
2k views

What has been proved about the big bang, and what has not?

Ok so the universe is in constant expansion, that has been proven, right? And that means that it was smaller in the past.. But what's the smallest size we can be sure the universe has ever had? I ...
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2answers
856 views

Will the night sky eventually be bright?

I have read that the night sky should have been bright because every spot should end up pointing to a star in the infinite universe but this is not the case because the universe is expanding. I am ...
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3answers
134 views

Seeing cosmic activity now, really means it happens millions/billions of years ago?

A Recent report about a cosmic burst 3.8 billion light years away. It is written as though it is happening now. However, my question is, if the event is 3.8 billion light years away, doesn't that mean ...
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4answers
614 views

Are scientists missing the point with distant cosmic objects, or is it just me?

I was reading this article this morning: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-13539914 Scientists have discovered a gamma-ray burst whose light has taken 13.14 billion years to reach Earth. ...
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2answers
300 views

Have CMB photons “cooled” or been “stretched”?

Introductory texts and popular accounts of why we see the "once hot" CMB as microwaves nearly always say something about the photons "cooling" since the Big Bang. But isn't that misleading? Don't ...
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2answers
266 views

Expanding universe

If we know the universe is expanding in whatever direction we look, can't we reasonably estimate where the 'center' of the Universe is? Is the rate of expansions in all directions the same?
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2answers
463 views

If the Big Bang theory suggests that the Universe is “expanding” then what is it expanding INTO? [duplicate]

I am a software engineer and not an astrophysicist but I want to know if anyone is working on sorting out what exists outside the universe? So what about outside spacetime? what is there? or shall I ...
2
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3answers
245 views

Distance in cosmology

How can we calculate the change in distance over time between (say) two galaxies that they are at rest in respect to each other? In other words, how do we modify the "classical" equation: $$ ...
2
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2answers
382 views

Do cosmological and Doppler redshift produce different patterns?

For a given black body radiation curve, would the changes to the spectrum resulting from cosmological expansion and those from Doppler effects be distinguishable on the basis of the shapes of the ...
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7answers
1k views

If the universe is expanding, what is it expanding into?

If the universe is expanding, what is it expanding into? When the big bang happened where did it occur? When the big bang happened how did it occur? Where did the energy come from? Energy can not ...
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1answer
239 views

Shear, viscosity and expansion of universe

What is the meaning of expansion, shear and viscosity in context of universe? How can we conclude a result after getting a numerical value of above terms?