Space expansion is a cosmological phenomenon wherein the proper distance between two spatial points for a given inertial reference frame increases from one moment of time to another. That is, space itself expands; the added distance is not due to relative motion of points or objects.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
0answers
137 views

Does the radius of the Universe correspond to its total entropy?

I heard a claim that due to holographic principle, the surface area of the cosmic horizon corresponds to the universe's total entropy. As such the initial state had zero surface area and later ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

Metric Expansion Of Space

I just do not understand this concept of metric expansion of space. Shouldn't the galaxies move away from each other. How can the space between them expand if the galaxies are not moving away from ...
11
votes
2answers
710 views

How is it possible the universe expanded faster than the speed of light during inflation?

In a documentary written in collaboration with Stephen Hawking, the narrator (supposedly Stephen Hawkings) says that by the time the cosmos was 10 minutes old, it had already expanded thousands of ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Cosmological and gravitational redshift in physics

I am interested in knowing what are the differences between gravitational and cosmological redshifts?
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Are high redshift masses corrected for relativistic mass dilation? They would appear more massive right?

A distant quasar would be less massive in its frame of reference than our observations would suggest. Are such highly red-shifted objects corrected for relativistic mass dilation?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

The influence of the expanding universe on the wave function

I was puzzled by a question on a physics fora about a possible connection between the expansion of the universe and the wave function. So, a photon's red shift tells us something about the expansion, ...
0
votes
2answers
166 views

Goodwins “proof” and space time

I read about Goodwin's "proof" that $\pi = 3.20$, it's BS and I know that. What I am wondering is whether his technique may have stumbled on something ( a warped space) years before Einstein. So I ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Cosmic event horizon

I had a question regarding cosmic event horizon. Let's say that a far away solar system has just crossed the cosmic event horizon due to the expansion of the universe. In that solar system let us ...
4
votes
5answers
646 views

Does the expansion of the universe soon after the Big Bang affect the amount of time that light takes to reach us?

If faster than light travel is impossible, how is it that light emitted from matter so close together in the time soon after the Big Bang is only now just reaching us? I would assume that there would ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Elasticity of Space; How does the expansion of Space affect gravity?

Does space have an elastic quality? What I was thinking about was if space is expanding, is it being 'stretched', like a balloon being blown up, and if so, is this causing gravity to weaken? Imagine ...
0
votes
3answers
232 views

Cosmological redshift interpretation

Can the cosmological redshift be interpreted as atomic frequencies increasing by the scale factor as the Universe expands? This explanation seems closer to the truth than the popular idea that a ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

What's the timescale until the Medium Crunch?

The future of the universe seems to be: clusters of galaxies drift apart due to space expansion until they all pass out of each other's cosmic event horizon. Gravitationally bound clusters overcome ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Quantum fluctuations and expanding universe

As far as I understand, Hawking radiation is formed at the edge of a black hole, when a particle/anti particle pair is formed and one of the particles falls into the black hole before the particles ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Does space expansion imply light will *never* reach objects currently distant enough?

Let's say two objects are at about twice the Hubble Distance from each other. One of them emits light towards the other. When light emitted from one reaches the Hubble Distance from its origin ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

What limits range of gravitational attraction concerning space expansion?

Wikipedia says: Metric expansion is a key feature of Big Bang cosmology and is modeled mathematically with the FLRW metric. This model is valid in the present era only on large scales (roughly ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

Variance in speed of light

While discussing this question (Does light have an unending journey?) I stumbled on the fact that light's speed is constant only in inertial frame. What I happened to do was add up the expansion of ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

How distant is the origin of oldest space radiation reaching us?

A comment to my question straightens out a misconception. That places the furthest theoretically observable edge of universe at 13.798 bln light years away - this is how long light would take to ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Is the 74.2km/sec per megaparsec accidental? [duplicate]

The rate of expansion of the universe is 74.2km/sec per megaparsec The age of the universe is 13.798 bln years That places the furthest theoretically observable edge of universe at 13.798 bln light ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Calculate age of the Universe at 7 billion and 28 billion years old [duplicate]

If $1 / H_0 $ is about 14 billion years, then what happened when the universe was half its current age? Is the empirically determined $H_0$ supposed to have been twice its current value? And when ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Big Bang, What is wrong with such thinking? [closed]

Also if I think the Expanding of Universe like this: At the Start : The Amount of Matter and Anti-Matter is equal and they annihilate and all we had is Large Amount of energy. But some 'X' Thing, ...
2
votes
3answers
585 views

If everything in the universe doubled in size overnight, would it be noticeable?

By my understanding, if everything doubled in size, such as the Sun and the Earth, and because the space in between them (which is nothing) can't expand, would the gravities greatly change and the ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Trapping Light in a shell

I was curious about this. Is it theoretically (mathematically) possible to create a shell such that when a photon 'hits' the shell, the spacetime at the shell surface is such that the photon travels ...
4
votes
1answer
394 views

Is “A Brief History of Time” still up to date?

I have recently found my copy of Hawkings' A Brief History of Time which I have never finished. This time I'm determined to read it all the way through. However, the book is now almost 25 years old. ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

Shear, viscosity and expansion of universe

What is the meaning of expansion, shear and viscosity in context of universe? How can we conclude a result after getting a numerical value of above terms?
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Red Shift and Light Speed

I read several questions/answers about red shift on this web site, but there is something I still don't understand. Why is red-shift considered to be the effect of expanding space-time, why it could ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

How does pressure relate to cosmological expansion?

In my cosmology class, we've been talking about pressure in the Friedmann Equation for acceleration: $$ \frac{\ddot{a}}{a}=-\frac{4 \pi G}{3} \left(\rho+\frac{3p}{c^2} \right) $$ In particular, I've ...
4
votes
3answers
483 views

Why cosmic background radiation is not ether?

why cosmic background radiation is not ether? I mean it's everywhere and it' a radiation then we can measure Doppler effect by moving with a velocity.
1
vote
2answers
154 views

Does the black hole only increase?

I don't understand this: The more mass a Black Hole has, the more gravity it create! The more gravity it has, the more mass it can get! With this lines, someday, all the universe will be a black ...
1
vote
2answers
452 views

If the Big Bang theory suggests that the Universe is “expanding” then what is it expanding INTO? [duplicate]

I am a software engineer and not an astrophysicist but I want to know if anyone is working on sorting out what exists outside the universe? So what about outside spacetime? what is there? or shall I ...
0
votes
2answers
172 views

What is the universe expanding into? [duplicate]

Due to curiosity, it made me wonder what is outside of the universe, is it a new chemical or just empty space? But empty space have protons appearing and disappearing in it, it basically still has ...
1
vote
3answers
120 views

What happened to high temperatures in the universe?

We know that after the big bang the temperature was about 10^32 K. But now the average temperature of the universe is about 4 K. What happened to the temperature at that time? Where did it go?
0
votes
2answers
87 views

The speed of light through space and its effects on black holes

I was curious about a couple of things that don't quite make sense to me: (and probably won't when I get the technical answer, but I'll ask it anywise.) When light travels through space, is its ...
1
vote
0answers
180 views

How fast is a true vacuum bubble going to expand?

If a true vacuum bubble will occur in our universe, how fast is it going to expand?
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Red shift and the expanding universe

Given that the universe is expanding because space itself is expanding, is that expansion occuring in all places and on all scales? Consider a photon emitted from a source billions of years ago. As it ...
4
votes
1answer
504 views

Additional merits to Wetterich's “Universe without expansion” compared to standard cosmological redshift interpretation?

A recent news item in Nature promotes Wetterich's preprint "A Universe without expansion". All sounds very exciting but hard to judge for non-experts. As I understand from the Nature's article, the ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Why does a doppler red shift prove expansion?

My question boils down to this. If the Universe was contracting the stars closer to the center would move faster to the middle than stars that were further away from the center. That would also ...
5
votes
3answers
314 views

What does string theory say about the metric expansion?

Specifically, what happens to those small intertwined hidden dimensions? Do those expand too?
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Fulvio Melia's linear Universe

I would be interested in what people think of Fulvio Melia's argument for a linearly expanding Universe. I realize that the experimental evidence seems to be pointing to an accelerating Universe ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Space expanding, or light slowing down? [duplicate]

This question seems a lot like one of those "Phylosoraptor" memes all over the Internet, and it might be very silly, but I've been thinking about this for a while. Is it possible that space is not ...
3
votes
2answers
766 views

Galaxies moving away at the speed of light

As an arts student, I really find those cosmological questions hard to understand and hence come here to seek your kind help. The Hubble constant $H_0$ is estimated to be about 65 km/s/Mpc, where 1 ...
3
votes
3answers
169 views

What would be the effect on gravity if space expanded at > $c$?

If space were to expand at > $c$ (as in inflation) would that mean gravity would no longer have any effect on the curvature of space, since gravity can only propagate at $c$?
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Evidence that the Solar System is expanding like the Universe? [duplicate]

I've just come across Krasinsky and Brumberg's paper that claims, from an analysis of radiometric measurements, that the astronomical unit (earth-sun distance) is increasing at the rate: ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

The Faint young Sun paradox: an alternative solution?

The faint young Sun paradox describes the contradiction between the fact that there must have been liquid water 3.5 billion years ago for life to have begun then and the fact that the Sun's power ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the extent of the universe?

Is there any realistic, understandable, provable (even in some extent) explanation/model for the extent of the universe? What is its shape? and Why? I mean physical explanations not philosophical ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Effect of Cosmological Expansion at the Atomic Level [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why does space expansion not expand matter? Does cosmological expansion have any effects at the atomic level?
7
votes
3answers
738 views

A Cosmological horizon at the Hubble radius?

I have calculated that if one extends a rigid ruler into space by a fixed proper distance $D$ then a clock at the end of the ruler, running on proper time $\tau$, will run more slowly than time $t$ at ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Is there anything physically infinite?

I can't think of a single thing that could be infinite. Because the universe is expanding, isn't it? But there is an ever-changing barrier, so why could there be anything infinite, both ...
16
votes
5answers
575 views

What experiments, other than Hubble Expansion, support the Dark Energy theory?

Dark energy is introduced as a constant inside Einstein's equations. Its primary purpose, from what I understand, is to make Einstein's equations compatible with the accelerating expansion of the ...
0
votes
1answer
333 views

What does a point in space mean? What we humans think a point in space is in scientific term? (a broader picture)

I am a first year and general student. I Am just curious about the vacuum or space. I just don't get what actually space is. Well, I know our scientists are still working on it but still I just want ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

What exactly is expanding when they say universe is expanding? [duplicate]

We know that universe is expanding and galaxies are moving away from each other. Does this mean the galaxies are also expanding in itself and therefore I guess growing larger in volume? Depending on ...